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Theorem uvtx01vtx 26525
Description: If a graph/class has no edges, it has universal vertices if and only if it has exactly one vertex. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 12-Oct-2017.) (Revised by AV, 30-Oct-2020.) (Revised by AV, 14-Feb-2022.)
Hypotheses
Ref Expression
uvtxel.v 𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)
isuvtx.e 𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)
Assertion
Ref Expression
uvtx01vtx (𝐸 = ∅ → ((UnivVtx‘𝐺) ≠ ∅ ↔ (♯‘𝑉) = 1))

Proof of Theorem uvtx01vtx
Dummy variables 𝑛 𝑣 are mutually distinct and distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 uvtxel.v . . . . 5 𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)
21uvtxval 26512 . . . 4 (UnivVtx‘𝐺) = {𝑣𝑉 ∣ ∀𝑛 ∈ (𝑉 ∖ {𝑣})𝑛 ∈ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣)}
32a1i 11 . . 3 (𝐸 = ∅ → (UnivVtx‘𝐺) = {𝑣𝑉 ∣ ∀𝑛 ∈ (𝑉 ∖ {𝑣})𝑛 ∈ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣)})
43neeq1d 3002 . 2 (𝐸 = ∅ → ((UnivVtx‘𝐺) ≠ ∅ ↔ {𝑣𝑉 ∣ ∀𝑛 ∈ (𝑉 ∖ {𝑣})𝑛 ∈ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣)} ≠ ∅))
5 rabn0 4104 . . 3 ({𝑣𝑉 ∣ ∀𝑛 ∈ (𝑉 ∖ {𝑣})𝑛 ∈ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣)} ≠ ∅ ↔ ∃𝑣𝑉𝑛 ∈ (𝑉 ∖ {𝑣})𝑛 ∈ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣))
65a1i 11 . 2 (𝐸 = ∅ → ({𝑣𝑉 ∣ ∀𝑛 ∈ (𝑉 ∖ {𝑣})𝑛 ∈ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣)} ≠ ∅ ↔ ∃𝑣𝑉𝑛 ∈ (𝑉 ∖ {𝑣})𝑛 ∈ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣)))
7 falseral0 4220 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((∀𝑛 ¬ 𝑛 ∈ ∅ ∧ ∀𝑛 ∈ (𝑉 ∖ {𝑣})𝑛 ∈ ∅) → (𝑉 ∖ {𝑣}) = ∅)
87ex 397 . . . . . . . . 9 (∀𝑛 ¬ 𝑛 ∈ ∅ → (∀𝑛 ∈ (𝑉 ∖ {𝑣})𝑛 ∈ ∅ → (𝑉 ∖ {𝑣}) = ∅))
9 noel 4067 . . . . . . . . 9 ¬ 𝑛 ∈ ∅
108, 9mpg 1872 . . . . . . . 8 (∀𝑛 ∈ (𝑉 ∖ {𝑣})𝑛 ∈ ∅ → (𝑉 ∖ {𝑣}) = ∅)
11 ssdif0 4089 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑉 ⊆ {𝑣} ↔ (𝑉 ∖ {𝑣}) = ∅)
12 sssn 4492 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝑉 ⊆ {𝑣} ↔ (𝑉 = ∅ ∨ 𝑉 = {𝑣}))
13 ne0i 4069 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (𝑣𝑉𝑉 ≠ ∅)
14 eqneqall 2954 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (𝑉 = ∅ → (𝑉 ≠ ∅ → 𝑉 = {𝑣}))
1513, 14syl5 34 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (𝑉 = ∅ → (𝑣𝑉𝑉 = {𝑣}))
16 ax-1 6 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (𝑉 = {𝑣} → (𝑣𝑉𝑉 = {𝑣}))
1715, 16jaoi 844 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((𝑉 = ∅ ∨ 𝑉 = {𝑣}) → (𝑣𝑉𝑉 = {𝑣}))
1812, 17sylbi 207 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑉 ⊆ {𝑣} → (𝑣𝑉𝑉 = {𝑣}))
1911, 18sylbir 225 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝑉 ∖ {𝑣}) = ∅ → (𝑣𝑉𝑉 = {𝑣}))
2010, 19syl 17 . . . . . . 7 (∀𝑛 ∈ (𝑉 ∖ {𝑣})𝑛 ∈ ∅ → (𝑣𝑉𝑉 = {𝑣}))
2120impcom 394 . . . . . 6 ((𝑣𝑉 ∧ ∀𝑛 ∈ (𝑉 ∖ {𝑣})𝑛 ∈ ∅) → 𝑉 = {𝑣})
22 vsnid 4348 . . . . . . . 8 𝑣 ∈ {𝑣}
23 eleq2 2839 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑉 = {𝑣} → (𝑣𝑉𝑣 ∈ {𝑣}))
2422, 23mpbiri 248 . . . . . . 7 (𝑉 = {𝑣} → 𝑣𝑉)
25 ralel 3072 . . . . . . . 8 𝑛 ∈ ∅ 𝑛 ∈ ∅
26 difeq1 3872 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝑉 = {𝑣} → (𝑉 ∖ {𝑣}) = ({𝑣} ∖ {𝑣}))
27 difid 4095 . . . . . . . . . 10 ({𝑣} ∖ {𝑣}) = ∅
2826, 27syl6eq 2821 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑉 = {𝑣} → (𝑉 ∖ {𝑣}) = ∅)
2928raleqdv 3293 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑉 = {𝑣} → (∀𝑛 ∈ (𝑉 ∖ {𝑣})𝑛 ∈ ∅ ↔ ∀𝑛 ∈ ∅ 𝑛 ∈ ∅))
3025, 29mpbiri 248 . . . . . . 7 (𝑉 = {𝑣} → ∀𝑛 ∈ (𝑉 ∖ {𝑣})𝑛 ∈ ∅)
3124, 30jca 501 . . . . . 6 (𝑉 = {𝑣} → (𝑣𝑉 ∧ ∀𝑛 ∈ (𝑉 ∖ {𝑣})𝑛 ∈ ∅))
3221, 31impbii 199 . . . . 5 ((𝑣𝑉 ∧ ∀𝑛 ∈ (𝑉 ∖ {𝑣})𝑛 ∈ ∅) ↔ 𝑉 = {𝑣})
3332a1i 11 . . . 4 (𝐸 = ∅ → ((𝑣𝑉 ∧ ∀𝑛 ∈ (𝑉 ∖ {𝑣})𝑛 ∈ ∅) ↔ 𝑉 = {𝑣}))
3433exbidv 2002 . . 3 (𝐸 = ∅ → (∃𝑣(𝑣𝑉 ∧ ∀𝑛 ∈ (𝑉 ∖ {𝑣})𝑛 ∈ ∅) ↔ ∃𝑣 𝑉 = {𝑣}))
35 isuvtx.e . . . . . . . 8 𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)
3635eqeq1i 2776 . . . . . . 7 (𝐸 = ∅ ↔ (Edg‘𝐺) = ∅)
37 nbgr0edg 26476 . . . . . . 7 ((Edg‘𝐺) = ∅ → (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) = ∅)
3836, 37sylbi 207 . . . . . 6 (𝐸 = ∅ → (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) = ∅)
3938eleq2d 2836 . . . . 5 (𝐸 = ∅ → (𝑛 ∈ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) ↔ 𝑛 ∈ ∅))
4039rexralbidv 3206 . . . 4 (𝐸 = ∅ → (∃𝑣𝑉𝑛 ∈ (𝑉 ∖ {𝑣})𝑛 ∈ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) ↔ ∃𝑣𝑉𝑛 ∈ (𝑉 ∖ {𝑣})𝑛 ∈ ∅))
41 df-rex 3067 . . . 4 (∃𝑣𝑉𝑛 ∈ (𝑉 ∖ {𝑣})𝑛 ∈ ∅ ↔ ∃𝑣(𝑣𝑉 ∧ ∀𝑛 ∈ (𝑉 ∖ {𝑣})𝑛 ∈ ∅))
4240, 41syl6bb 276 . . 3 (𝐸 = ∅ → (∃𝑣𝑉𝑛 ∈ (𝑉 ∖ {𝑣})𝑛 ∈ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) ↔ ∃𝑣(𝑣𝑉 ∧ ∀𝑛 ∈ (𝑉 ∖ {𝑣})𝑛 ∈ ∅)))
431fvexi 6343 . . . 4 𝑉 ∈ V
44 hash1snb 13409 . . . 4 (𝑉 ∈ V → ((♯‘𝑉) = 1 ↔ ∃𝑣 𝑉 = {𝑣}))
4543, 44mp1i 13 . . 3 (𝐸 = ∅ → ((♯‘𝑉) = 1 ↔ ∃𝑣 𝑉 = {𝑣}))
4634, 42, 453bitr4d 300 . 2 (𝐸 = ∅ → (∃𝑣𝑉𝑛 ∈ (𝑉 ∖ {𝑣})𝑛 ∈ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) ↔ (♯‘𝑉) = 1))
474, 6, 463bitrd 294 1 (𝐸 = ∅ → ((UnivVtx‘𝐺) ≠ ∅ ↔ (♯‘𝑉) = 1))
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
Syntax hints:  ¬ wn 3  wi 4  wb 196  wa 382  wo 834  wal 1629   = wceq 1631  wex 1852  wcel 2145  wne 2943  wral 3061  wrex 3062  {crab 3065  Vcvv 3351  cdif 3720  wss 3723  c0 4063  {csn 4316  cfv 6031  (class class class)co 6793  1c1 10139  chash 13321  Vtxcvtx 26095  Edgcedg 26160   NeighbVtx cnbgr 26447  UnivVtxcuvtx 26510
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1870  ax-4 1885  ax-5 1991  ax-6 2057  ax-7 2093  ax-8 2147  ax-9 2154  ax-10 2174  ax-11 2190  ax-12 2203  ax-13 2408  ax-ext 2751  ax-rep 4904  ax-sep 4915  ax-nul 4923  ax-pow 4974  ax-pr 5034  ax-un 7096  ax-cnex 10194  ax-resscn 10195  ax-1cn 10196  ax-icn 10197  ax-addcl 10198  ax-addrcl 10199  ax-mulcl 10200  ax-mulrcl 10201  ax-mulcom 10202  ax-addass 10203  ax-mulass 10204  ax-distr 10205  ax-i2m1 10206  ax-1ne0 10207  ax-1rid 10208  ax-rnegex 10209  ax-rrecex 10210  ax-cnre 10211  ax-pre-lttri 10212  ax-pre-lttrn 10213  ax-pre-ltadd 10214  ax-pre-mulgt0 10215
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 197  df-an 383  df-or 835  df-3or 1072  df-3an 1073  df-tru 1634  df-fal 1637  df-ex 1853  df-nf 1858  df-sb 2050  df-eu 2622  df-mo 2623  df-clab 2758  df-cleq 2764  df-clel 2767  df-nfc 2902  df-ne 2944  df-nel 3047  df-ral 3066  df-rex 3067  df-reu 3068  df-rmo 3069  df-rab 3070  df-v 3353  df-sbc 3588  df-csb 3683  df-dif 3726  df-un 3728  df-in 3730  df-ss 3737  df-pss 3739  df-nul 4064  df-if 4226  df-pw 4299  df-sn 4317  df-pr 4319  df-tp 4321  df-op 4323  df-uni 4575  df-int 4612  df-iun 4656  df-br 4787  df-opab 4847  df-mpt 4864  df-tr 4887  df-id 5157  df-eprel 5162  df-po 5170  df-so 5171  df-fr 5208  df-we 5210  df-xp 5255  df-rel 5256  df-cnv 5257  df-co 5258  df-dm 5259  df-rn 5260  df-res 5261  df-ima 5262  df-pred 5823  df-ord 5869  df-on 5870  df-lim 5871  df-suc 5872  df-iota 5994  df-fun 6033  df-fn 6034  df-f 6035  df-f1 6036  df-fo 6037  df-f1o 6038  df-fv 6039  df-riota 6754  df-ov 6796  df-oprab 6797  df-mpt2 6798  df-om 7213  df-1st 7315  df-2nd 7316  df-wrecs 7559  df-recs 7621  df-rdg 7659  df-1o 7713  df-oadd 7717  df-er 7896  df-en 8110  df-dom 8111  df-sdom 8112  df-fin 8113  df-card 8965  df-cda 9192  df-pnf 10278  df-mnf 10279  df-xr 10280  df-ltxr 10281  df-le 10282  df-sub 10470  df-neg 10471  df-nn 11223  df-n0 11495  df-z 11580  df-uz 11889  df-fz 12534  df-hash 13322  df-nbgr 26448  df-uvtx 26511
This theorem is referenced by: (None)
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