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Theorem tz9.1 8768
 Description: Every set has a transitive closure (the smallest transitive extension). Theorem 9.1 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 73. See trcl 8767 for an explicit expression for the transitive closure. Apparently open problems are whether this theorem can be proved without the Axiom of Infinity; if not, then whether it implies Infinity; and if not, what is the "property" that Infinity has that the other axioms don't have that is weaker than Infinity itself? (Added 22-Mar-2011) The following article seems to answer the first question, that it can't be proved without Infinity, in the affirmative: Mancini, Antonella and Zambella, Domenico (2001). "A note on recursive models of set theories." Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic, 42(2):109-115. (Thanks to Scott Fenton.) (Contributed by NM, 15-Sep-2003.)
Hypothesis
Ref Expression
tz9.1.1 𝐴 ∈ V
Assertion
Ref Expression
tz9.1 𝑥(𝐴𝑥 ∧ Tr 𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑦((𝐴𝑦 ∧ Tr 𝑦) → 𝑥𝑦))
Distinct variable group:   𝑥,𝐴,𝑦

Proof of Theorem tz9.1
Dummy variables 𝑧 𝑤 are mutually distinct and distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 tz9.1.1 . . 3 𝐴 ∈ V
2 eqid 2770 . . 3 (rec((𝑤 ∈ V ↦ (𝑤 𝑤)), 𝐴) ↾ ω) = (rec((𝑤 ∈ V ↦ (𝑤 𝑤)), 𝐴) ↾ ω)
3 eqid 2770 . . 3 𝑧 ∈ ω ((rec((𝑤 ∈ V ↦ (𝑤 𝑤)), 𝐴) ↾ ω)‘𝑧) = 𝑧 ∈ ω ((rec((𝑤 ∈ V ↦ (𝑤 𝑤)), 𝐴) ↾ ω)‘𝑧)
41, 2, 3trcl 8767 . 2 (𝐴 𝑧 ∈ ω ((rec((𝑤 ∈ V ↦ (𝑤 𝑤)), 𝐴) ↾ ω)‘𝑧) ∧ Tr 𝑧 ∈ ω ((rec((𝑤 ∈ V ↦ (𝑤 𝑤)), 𝐴) ↾ ω)‘𝑧) ∧ ∀𝑦((𝐴𝑦 ∧ Tr 𝑦) → 𝑧 ∈ ω ((rec((𝑤 ∈ V ↦ (𝑤 𝑤)), 𝐴) ↾ ω)‘𝑧) ⊆ 𝑦))
5 omex 8703 . . . 4 ω ∈ V
6 fvex 6342 . . . 4 ((rec((𝑤 ∈ V ↦ (𝑤 𝑤)), 𝐴) ↾ ω)‘𝑧) ∈ V
75, 6iunex 7293 . . 3 𝑧 ∈ ω ((rec((𝑤 ∈ V ↦ (𝑤 𝑤)), 𝐴) ↾ ω)‘𝑧) ∈ V
8 sseq2 3774 . . . 4 (𝑥 = 𝑧 ∈ ω ((rec((𝑤 ∈ V ↦ (𝑤 𝑤)), 𝐴) ↾ ω)‘𝑧) → (𝐴𝑥𝐴 𝑧 ∈ ω ((rec((𝑤 ∈ V ↦ (𝑤 𝑤)), 𝐴) ↾ ω)‘𝑧)))
9 treq 4890 . . . 4 (𝑥 = 𝑧 ∈ ω ((rec((𝑤 ∈ V ↦ (𝑤 𝑤)), 𝐴) ↾ ω)‘𝑧) → (Tr 𝑥 ↔ Tr 𝑧 ∈ ω ((rec((𝑤 ∈ V ↦ (𝑤 𝑤)), 𝐴) ↾ ω)‘𝑧)))
10 sseq1 3773 . . . . . 6 (𝑥 = 𝑧 ∈ ω ((rec((𝑤 ∈ V ↦ (𝑤 𝑤)), 𝐴) ↾ ω)‘𝑧) → (𝑥𝑦 𝑧 ∈ ω ((rec((𝑤 ∈ V ↦ (𝑤 𝑤)), 𝐴) ↾ ω)‘𝑧) ⊆ 𝑦))
1110imbi2d 329 . . . . 5 (𝑥 = 𝑧 ∈ ω ((rec((𝑤 ∈ V ↦ (𝑤 𝑤)), 𝐴) ↾ ω)‘𝑧) → (((𝐴𝑦 ∧ Tr 𝑦) → 𝑥𝑦) ↔ ((𝐴𝑦 ∧ Tr 𝑦) → 𝑧 ∈ ω ((rec((𝑤 ∈ V ↦ (𝑤 𝑤)), 𝐴) ↾ ω)‘𝑧) ⊆ 𝑦)))
1211albidv 2000 . . . 4 (𝑥 = 𝑧 ∈ ω ((rec((𝑤 ∈ V ↦ (𝑤 𝑤)), 𝐴) ↾ ω)‘𝑧) → (∀𝑦((𝐴𝑦 ∧ Tr 𝑦) → 𝑥𝑦) ↔ ∀𝑦((𝐴𝑦 ∧ Tr 𝑦) → 𝑧 ∈ ω ((rec((𝑤 ∈ V ↦ (𝑤 𝑤)), 𝐴) ↾ ω)‘𝑧) ⊆ 𝑦)))
138, 9, 123anbi123d 1546 . . 3 (𝑥 = 𝑧 ∈ ω ((rec((𝑤 ∈ V ↦ (𝑤 𝑤)), 𝐴) ↾ ω)‘𝑧) → ((𝐴𝑥 ∧ Tr 𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑦((𝐴𝑦 ∧ Tr 𝑦) → 𝑥𝑦)) ↔ (𝐴 𝑧 ∈ ω ((rec((𝑤 ∈ V ↦ (𝑤 𝑤)), 𝐴) ↾ ω)‘𝑧) ∧ Tr 𝑧 ∈ ω ((rec((𝑤 ∈ V ↦ (𝑤 𝑤)), 𝐴) ↾ ω)‘𝑧) ∧ ∀𝑦((𝐴𝑦 ∧ Tr 𝑦) → 𝑧 ∈ ω ((rec((𝑤 ∈ V ↦ (𝑤 𝑤)), 𝐴) ↾ ω)‘𝑧) ⊆ 𝑦))))
147, 13spcev 3449 . 2 ((𝐴 𝑧 ∈ ω ((rec((𝑤 ∈ V ↦ (𝑤 𝑤)), 𝐴) ↾ ω)‘𝑧) ∧ Tr 𝑧 ∈ ω ((rec((𝑤 ∈ V ↦ (𝑤 𝑤)), 𝐴) ↾ ω)‘𝑧) ∧ ∀𝑦((𝐴𝑦 ∧ Tr 𝑦) → 𝑧 ∈ ω ((rec((𝑤 ∈ V ↦ (𝑤 𝑤)), 𝐴) ↾ ω)‘𝑧) ⊆ 𝑦)) → ∃𝑥(𝐴𝑥 ∧ Tr 𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑦((𝐴𝑦 ∧ Tr 𝑦) → 𝑥𝑦)))
154, 14ax-mp 5 1 𝑥(𝐴𝑥 ∧ Tr 𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑦((𝐴𝑦 ∧ Tr 𝑦) → 𝑥𝑦))
 Colors of variables: wff setvar class Syntax hints:   → wi 4   ∧ wa 382   ∧ w3a 1070  ∀wal 1628   = wceq 1630  ∃wex 1851   ∈ wcel 2144  Vcvv 3349   ∪ cun 3719   ⊆ wss 3721  ∪ cuni 4572  ∪ ciun 4652   ↦ cmpt 4861  Tr wtr 4884   ↾ cres 5251  ‘cfv 6031  ωcom 7211  reccrdg 7657 This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1869  ax-4 1884  ax-5 1990  ax-6 2056  ax-7 2092  ax-8 2146  ax-9 2153  ax-10 2173  ax-11 2189  ax-12 2202  ax-13 2407  ax-ext 2750  ax-rep 4902  ax-sep 4912  ax-nul 4920  ax-pow 4971  ax-pr 5034  ax-un 7095  ax-inf2 8701 This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 197  df-an 383  df-or 827  df-3or 1071  df-3an 1072  df-tru 1633  df-ex 1852  df-nf 1857  df-sb 2049  df-eu 2621  df-mo 2622  df-clab 2757  df-cleq 2763  df-clel 2766  df-nfc 2901  df-ne 2943  df-ral 3065  df-rex 3066  df-reu 3067  df-rab 3069  df-v 3351  df-sbc 3586  df-csb 3681  df-dif 3724  df-un 3726  df-in 3728  df-ss 3735  df-pss 3737  df-nul 4062  df-if 4224  df-pw 4297  df-sn 4315  df-pr 4317  df-tp 4319  df-op 4321  df-uni 4573  df-iun 4654  df-br 4785  df-opab 4845  df-mpt 4862  df-tr 4885  df-id 5157  df-eprel 5162  df-po 5170  df-so 5171  df-fr 5208  df-we 5210  df-xp 5255  df-rel 5256  df-cnv 5257  df-co 5258  df-dm 5259  df-rn 5260  df-res 5261  df-ima 5262  df-pred 5823  df-ord 5869  df-on 5870  df-lim 5871  df-suc 5872  df-iota 5994  df-fun 6033  df-fn 6034  df-f 6035  df-f1 6036  df-fo 6037  df-f1o 6038  df-fv 6039  df-om 7212  df-wrecs 7558  df-recs 7620  df-rdg 7658 This theorem is referenced by:  epfrs  8770
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