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Theorem stdpc5 2114
Description: An axiom scheme of standard predicate calculus that emulates Axiom 5 of [Mendelson] p. 69. The hypothesis 𝑥𝜑 can be thought of as emulating "𝑥 is not free in 𝜑." With this definition, the meaning of "not free" is less restrictive than the usual textbook definition; for example 𝑥 would not (for us) be free in 𝑥 = 𝑥 by nfequid 1986. This theorem scheme can be proved as a metatheorem of Mendelson's axiom system, even though it is slightly stronger than his Axiom 5. See stdpc5v 1907 for a version requiring fewer axioms. (Contributed by NM, 22-Sep-1993.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 12-Oct-2016.) (Proof shortened by Wolf Lammen, 1-Jan-2018.) Remove dependency on ax-10 2059. (Revised by Wolf Lammen, 4-Jul-2021.) (Proof shortened by Wolf Lammen, 11-Oct-2021.)
Hypothesis
Ref Expression
stdpc5.1 𝑥𝜑
Assertion
Ref Expression
stdpc5 (∀𝑥(𝜑𝜓) → (𝜑 → ∀𝑥𝜓))

Proof of Theorem stdpc5
StepHypRef Expression
1 stdpc5.1 . . 3 𝑥𝜑
2119.21 2113 . 2 (∀𝑥(𝜑𝜓) ↔ (𝜑 → ∀𝑥𝜓))
32biimpi 206 1 (∀𝑥(𝜑𝜓) → (𝜑 → ∀𝑥𝜓))
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
Syntax hints:  wi 4  wal 1521  wnf 1748
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1762  ax-4 1777  ax-5 1879  ax-6 1945  ax-7 1981  ax-12 2087
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 197  df-ex 1745  df-nf 1750
This theorem is referenced by:  2stdpc5  32941
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