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Theorem setrec1 42966
Description: This is the first of two fundamental theorems about set recursion from which all other facts will be derived. It states that the class setrecs(𝐹) is closed under 𝐹. This effectively sets the actual value of setrecs(𝐹) as a lower bound for setrecs(𝐹), as it implies that any set generated by successive applications of 𝐹 is a member of 𝐵. This theorem "gets off the ground" because we can start by letting 𝐴 = ∅, and the hypotheses of the theorem will hold trivially.

Variable 𝐵 represents an abbreviation of setrecs(𝐹) or another name of setrecs(𝐹) (for an example of the latter, see theorem setrecon).

Proof summary: Assume that 𝐴𝐵, meaning that all elements of 𝐴 are in some set recursively generated by 𝐹. Then by setrec1lem3 42964, 𝐴 is a subset of some set recursively generated by 𝐹. (It turns out that 𝐴 itself is recursively generated by 𝐹, but we don't need this fact. See the comment to setrec1lem3 42964.) Therefore, by setrec1lem4 42965, (𝐹𝐴) is a subset of some set recursively generated by 𝐹. Thus, by ssuni 4611, it is a subset of the union of all sets recursively generated by 𝐹.

See df-setrecs 42959 for a detailed description of how the setrecs definition works.

(Contributed by Emmett Weisz, 9-Oct-2020.)

Hypotheses
Ref Expression
setrec1.b 𝐵 = setrecs(𝐹)
setrec1.v (𝜑𝐴 ∈ V)
setrec1.a (𝜑𝐴𝐵)
Assertion
Ref Expression
setrec1 (𝜑 → (𝐹𝐴) ⊆ 𝐵)

Proof of Theorem setrec1
Dummy variables 𝑎 𝑤 𝑥 𝑦 𝑧 are mutually distinct and distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 eqid 2760 . . . 4 {𝑦 ∣ ∀𝑧(∀𝑤(𝑤𝑦 → (𝑤𝑧 → (𝐹𝑤) ⊆ 𝑧)) → 𝑦𝑧)} = {𝑦 ∣ ∀𝑧(∀𝑤(𝑤𝑦 → (𝑤𝑧 → (𝐹𝑤) ⊆ 𝑧)) → 𝑦𝑧)}
2 setrec1.v . . . 4 (𝜑𝐴 ∈ V)
3 setrec1.a . . . . . . . . 9 (𝜑𝐴𝐵)
43sseld 3743 . . . . . . . 8 (𝜑 → (𝑎𝐴𝑎𝐵))
54imp 444 . . . . . . 7 ((𝜑𝑎𝐴) → 𝑎𝐵)
6 setrec1.b . . . . . . . 8 𝐵 = setrecs(𝐹)
7 df-setrecs 42959 . . . . . . . 8 setrecs(𝐹) = {𝑦 ∣ ∀𝑧(∀𝑤(𝑤𝑦 → (𝑤𝑧 → (𝐹𝑤) ⊆ 𝑧)) → 𝑦𝑧)}
86, 7eqtri 2782 . . . . . . 7 𝐵 = {𝑦 ∣ ∀𝑧(∀𝑤(𝑤𝑦 → (𝑤𝑧 → (𝐹𝑤) ⊆ 𝑧)) → 𝑦𝑧)}
95, 8syl6eleq 2849 . . . . . 6 ((𝜑𝑎𝐴) → 𝑎 {𝑦 ∣ ∀𝑧(∀𝑤(𝑤𝑦 → (𝑤𝑧 → (𝐹𝑤) ⊆ 𝑧)) → 𝑦𝑧)})
10 eluni 4591 . . . . . 6 (𝑎 {𝑦 ∣ ∀𝑧(∀𝑤(𝑤𝑦 → (𝑤𝑧 → (𝐹𝑤) ⊆ 𝑧)) → 𝑦𝑧)} ↔ ∃𝑥(𝑎𝑥𝑥 ∈ {𝑦 ∣ ∀𝑧(∀𝑤(𝑤𝑦 → (𝑤𝑧 → (𝐹𝑤) ⊆ 𝑧)) → 𝑦𝑧)}))
119, 10sylib 208 . . . . 5 ((𝜑𝑎𝐴) → ∃𝑥(𝑎𝑥𝑥 ∈ {𝑦 ∣ ∀𝑧(∀𝑤(𝑤𝑦 → (𝑤𝑧 → (𝐹𝑤) ⊆ 𝑧)) → 𝑦𝑧)}))
1211ralrimiva 3104 . . . 4 (𝜑 → ∀𝑎𝐴𝑥(𝑎𝑥𝑥 ∈ {𝑦 ∣ ∀𝑧(∀𝑤(𝑤𝑦 → (𝑤𝑧 → (𝐹𝑤) ⊆ 𝑧)) → 𝑦𝑧)}))
131, 2, 12setrec1lem3 42964 . . 3 (𝜑 → ∃𝑥(𝐴𝑥𝑥 ∈ {𝑦 ∣ ∀𝑧(∀𝑤(𝑤𝑦 → (𝑤𝑧 → (𝐹𝑤) ⊆ 𝑧)) → 𝑦𝑧)}))
14 nfv 1992 . . . . . . 7 𝑧𝜑
15 nfv 1992 . . . . . . . 8 𝑧 𝐴𝑥
16 nfaba1 2908 . . . . . . . . 9 𝑧{𝑦 ∣ ∀𝑧(∀𝑤(𝑤𝑦 → (𝑤𝑧 → (𝐹𝑤) ⊆ 𝑧)) → 𝑦𝑧)}
1716nfel2 2919 . . . . . . . 8 𝑧 𝑥 ∈ {𝑦 ∣ ∀𝑧(∀𝑤(𝑤𝑦 → (𝑤𝑧 → (𝐹𝑤) ⊆ 𝑧)) → 𝑦𝑧)}
1815, 17nfan 1977 . . . . . . 7 𝑧(𝐴𝑥𝑥 ∈ {𝑦 ∣ ∀𝑧(∀𝑤(𝑤𝑦 → (𝑤𝑧 → (𝐹𝑤) ⊆ 𝑧)) → 𝑦𝑧)})
1914, 18nfan 1977 . . . . . 6 𝑧(𝜑 ∧ (𝐴𝑥𝑥 ∈ {𝑦 ∣ ∀𝑧(∀𝑤(𝑤𝑦 → (𝑤𝑧 → (𝐹𝑤) ⊆ 𝑧)) → 𝑦𝑧)}))
202adantr 472 . . . . . 6 ((𝜑 ∧ (𝐴𝑥𝑥 ∈ {𝑦 ∣ ∀𝑧(∀𝑤(𝑤𝑦 → (𝑤𝑧 → (𝐹𝑤) ⊆ 𝑧)) → 𝑦𝑧)})) → 𝐴 ∈ V)
21 simprl 811 . . . . . 6 ((𝜑 ∧ (𝐴𝑥𝑥 ∈ {𝑦 ∣ ∀𝑧(∀𝑤(𝑤𝑦 → (𝑤𝑧 → (𝐹𝑤) ⊆ 𝑧)) → 𝑦𝑧)})) → 𝐴𝑥)
22 simprr 813 . . . . . 6 ((𝜑 ∧ (𝐴𝑥𝑥 ∈ {𝑦 ∣ ∀𝑧(∀𝑤(𝑤𝑦 → (𝑤𝑧 → (𝐹𝑤) ⊆ 𝑧)) → 𝑦𝑧)})) → 𝑥 ∈ {𝑦 ∣ ∀𝑧(∀𝑤(𝑤𝑦 → (𝑤𝑧 → (𝐹𝑤) ⊆ 𝑧)) → 𝑦𝑧)})
2319, 1, 20, 21, 22setrec1lem4 42965 . . . . 5 ((𝜑 ∧ (𝐴𝑥𝑥 ∈ {𝑦 ∣ ∀𝑧(∀𝑤(𝑤𝑦 → (𝑤𝑧 → (𝐹𝑤) ⊆ 𝑧)) → 𝑦𝑧)})) → (𝑥 ∪ (𝐹𝐴)) ∈ {𝑦 ∣ ∀𝑧(∀𝑤(𝑤𝑦 → (𝑤𝑧 → (𝐹𝑤) ⊆ 𝑧)) → 𝑦𝑧)})
24 ssun2 3920 . . . . 5 (𝐹𝐴) ⊆ (𝑥 ∪ (𝐹𝐴))
2523, 24jctil 561 . . . 4 ((𝜑 ∧ (𝐴𝑥𝑥 ∈ {𝑦 ∣ ∀𝑧(∀𝑤(𝑤𝑦 → (𝑤𝑧 → (𝐹𝑤) ⊆ 𝑧)) → 𝑦𝑧)})) → ((𝐹𝐴) ⊆ (𝑥 ∪ (𝐹𝐴)) ∧ (𝑥 ∪ (𝐹𝐴)) ∈ {𝑦 ∣ ∀𝑧(∀𝑤(𝑤𝑦 → (𝑤𝑧 → (𝐹𝑤) ⊆ 𝑧)) → 𝑦𝑧)}))
26 ssuni 4611 . . . 4 (((𝐹𝐴) ⊆ (𝑥 ∪ (𝐹𝐴)) ∧ (𝑥 ∪ (𝐹𝐴)) ∈ {𝑦 ∣ ∀𝑧(∀𝑤(𝑤𝑦 → (𝑤𝑧 → (𝐹𝑤) ⊆ 𝑧)) → 𝑦𝑧)}) → (𝐹𝐴) ⊆ {𝑦 ∣ ∀𝑧(∀𝑤(𝑤𝑦 → (𝑤𝑧 → (𝐹𝑤) ⊆ 𝑧)) → 𝑦𝑧)})
2725, 26syl 17 . . 3 ((𝜑 ∧ (𝐴𝑥𝑥 ∈ {𝑦 ∣ ∀𝑧(∀𝑤(𝑤𝑦 → (𝑤𝑧 → (𝐹𝑤) ⊆ 𝑧)) → 𝑦𝑧)})) → (𝐹𝐴) ⊆ {𝑦 ∣ ∀𝑧(∀𝑤(𝑤𝑦 → (𝑤𝑧 → (𝐹𝑤) ⊆ 𝑧)) → 𝑦𝑧)})
2813, 27exlimddv 2012 . 2 (𝜑 → (𝐹𝐴) ⊆ {𝑦 ∣ ∀𝑧(∀𝑤(𝑤𝑦 → (𝑤𝑧 → (𝐹𝑤) ⊆ 𝑧)) → 𝑦𝑧)})
2928, 8syl6sseqr 3793 1 (𝜑 → (𝐹𝐴) ⊆ 𝐵)
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
Syntax hints:  wi 4  wa 383  wal 1630   = wceq 1632  wex 1853  wcel 2139  {cab 2746  Vcvv 3340  cun 3713  wss 3715   cuni 4588  cfv 6049  setrecscsetrecs 42958
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1871  ax-4 1886  ax-5 1988  ax-6 2054  ax-7 2090  ax-8 2141  ax-9 2148  ax-10 2168  ax-11 2183  ax-12 2196  ax-13 2391  ax-ext 2740  ax-rep 4923  ax-sep 4933  ax-nul 4941  ax-pow 4992  ax-pr 5055  ax-un 7115  ax-reg 8664  ax-inf2 8713
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 197  df-or 384  df-an 385  df-3or 1073  df-3an 1074  df-tru 1635  df-ex 1854  df-nf 1859  df-sb 2047  df-eu 2611  df-mo 2612  df-clab 2747  df-cleq 2753  df-clel 2756  df-nfc 2891  df-ne 2933  df-ral 3055  df-rex 3056  df-reu 3057  df-rab 3059  df-v 3342  df-sbc 3577  df-csb 3675  df-dif 3718  df-un 3720  df-in 3722  df-ss 3729  df-pss 3731  df-nul 4059  df-if 4231  df-pw 4304  df-sn 4322  df-pr 4324  df-tp 4326  df-op 4328  df-uni 4589  df-int 4628  df-iun 4674  df-iin 4675  df-br 4805  df-opab 4865  df-mpt 4882  df-tr 4905  df-id 5174  df-eprel 5179  df-po 5187  df-so 5188  df-fr 5225  df-we 5227  df-xp 5272  df-rel 5273  df-cnv 5274  df-co 5275  df-dm 5276  df-rn 5277  df-res 5278  df-ima 5279  df-pred 5841  df-ord 5887  df-on 5888  df-lim 5889  df-suc 5890  df-iota 6012  df-fun 6051  df-fn 6052  df-f 6053  df-f1 6054  df-fo 6055  df-f1o 6056  df-fv 6057  df-om 7232  df-wrecs 7577  df-recs 7638  df-rdg 7676  df-r1 8802  df-rank 8803  df-setrecs 42959
This theorem is referenced by:  elsetrecslem  42973  elsetrecs  42974  setrecsss  42975  setrecsres  42976  vsetrec  42977  onsetrec  42982
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