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Theorem rusgrnumwlkg 26944
 Description: In a k-regular graph, the number of walks of a fixed length n from a fixed vertex is k to the power of n. This theorem corresponds to statement 11 in [Huneke] p. 2: "The total number of walks v(0) v(1) ... v(n-2) from a fixed vertex v = v(0) is k^(n-2) as G is k-regular.". This theorem even holds for n=0: then the walk consists of only one vertex v(0), so the number of walks of length n=0 starting with v=v(0) is 1=k^0. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 24-Aug-2018.) (Revised by AV, 7-May-2021.)
Hypothesis
Ref Expression
rusgrnumwwlkg.v 𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)
Assertion
Ref Expression
rusgrnumwlkg ((𝐺RegUSGraph𝐾 ∧ (𝑉 ∈ Fin ∧ 𝑃𝑉𝑁 ∈ ℕ0)) → (#‘{𝑤 ∈ (Walks‘𝐺) ∣ ((#‘(1st𝑤)) = 𝑁 ∧ ((2nd𝑤)‘0) = 𝑃)}) = (𝐾𝑁))
Distinct variable groups:   𝑤,𝐺   𝑤,𝐾   𝑤,𝑁   𝑤,𝑃   𝑤,𝑉

Proof of Theorem rusgrnumwlkg
Dummy variables 𝑓 𝑔 𝑝 are mutually distinct and distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 ovex 6718 . . . 4 (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∈ V
21rabex 4845 . . 3 {𝑝 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ (𝑝‘0) = 𝑃} ∈ V
3 rusgrusgr 26516 . . . . . 6 (𝐺RegUSGraph𝐾𝐺 ∈ USGraph)
43adantr 480 . . . . 5 ((𝐺RegUSGraph𝐾 ∧ (𝑉 ∈ Fin ∧ 𝑃𝑉𝑁 ∈ ℕ0)) → 𝐺 ∈ USGraph)
5 simpr3 1089 . . . . 5 ((𝐺RegUSGraph𝐾 ∧ (𝑉 ∈ Fin ∧ 𝑃𝑉𝑁 ∈ ℕ0)) → 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0)
6 rusgrnumwwlkg.v . . . . . . . . 9 𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)
76eleq2i 2722 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑃𝑉𝑃 ∈ (Vtx‘𝐺))
87biimpi 206 . . . . . . 7 (𝑃𝑉𝑃 ∈ (Vtx‘𝐺))
983ad2ant2 1103 . . . . . 6 ((𝑉 ∈ Fin ∧ 𝑃𝑉𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → 𝑃 ∈ (Vtx‘𝐺))
109adantl 481 . . . . 5 ((𝐺RegUSGraph𝐾 ∧ (𝑉 ∈ Fin ∧ 𝑃𝑉𝑁 ∈ ℕ0)) → 𝑃 ∈ (Vtx‘𝐺))
11 wlksnwwlknvbij 26871 . . . . 5 ((𝐺 ∈ USGraph ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0𝑃 ∈ (Vtx‘𝐺)) → ∃𝑓 𝑓:{𝑤 ∈ (Walks‘𝐺) ∣ ((#‘(1st𝑤)) = 𝑁 ∧ ((2nd𝑤)‘0) = 𝑃)}–1-1-onto→{𝑝 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ (𝑝‘0) = 𝑃})
124, 5, 10, 11syl3anc 1366 . . . 4 ((𝐺RegUSGraph𝐾 ∧ (𝑉 ∈ Fin ∧ 𝑃𝑉𝑁 ∈ ℕ0)) → ∃𝑓 𝑓:{𝑤 ∈ (Walks‘𝐺) ∣ ((#‘(1st𝑤)) = 𝑁 ∧ ((2nd𝑤)‘0) = 𝑃)}–1-1-onto→{𝑝 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ (𝑝‘0) = 𝑃})
13 f1oexbi 7158 . . . 4 (∃𝑔 𝑔:{𝑝 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ (𝑝‘0) = 𝑃}–1-1-onto→{𝑤 ∈ (Walks‘𝐺) ∣ ((#‘(1st𝑤)) = 𝑁 ∧ ((2nd𝑤)‘0) = 𝑃)} ↔ ∃𝑓 𝑓:{𝑤 ∈ (Walks‘𝐺) ∣ ((#‘(1st𝑤)) = 𝑁 ∧ ((2nd𝑤)‘0) = 𝑃)}–1-1-onto→{𝑝 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ (𝑝‘0) = 𝑃})
1412, 13sylibr 224 . . 3 ((𝐺RegUSGraph𝐾 ∧ (𝑉 ∈ Fin ∧ 𝑃𝑉𝑁 ∈ ℕ0)) → ∃𝑔 𝑔:{𝑝 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ (𝑝‘0) = 𝑃}–1-1-onto→{𝑤 ∈ (Walks‘𝐺) ∣ ((#‘(1st𝑤)) = 𝑁 ∧ ((2nd𝑤)‘0) = 𝑃)})
15 hasheqf1oi 13180 . . 3 ({𝑝 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ (𝑝‘0) = 𝑃} ∈ V → (∃𝑔 𝑔:{𝑝 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ (𝑝‘0) = 𝑃}–1-1-onto→{𝑤 ∈ (Walks‘𝐺) ∣ ((#‘(1st𝑤)) = 𝑁 ∧ ((2nd𝑤)‘0) = 𝑃)} → (#‘{𝑝 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ (𝑝‘0) = 𝑃}) = (#‘{𝑤 ∈ (Walks‘𝐺) ∣ ((#‘(1st𝑤)) = 𝑁 ∧ ((2nd𝑤)‘0) = 𝑃)})))
162, 14, 15mpsyl 68 . 2 ((𝐺RegUSGraph𝐾 ∧ (𝑉 ∈ Fin ∧ 𝑃𝑉𝑁 ∈ ℕ0)) → (#‘{𝑝 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ (𝑝‘0) = 𝑃}) = (#‘{𝑤 ∈ (Walks‘𝐺) ∣ ((#‘(1st𝑤)) = 𝑁 ∧ ((2nd𝑤)‘0) = 𝑃)}))
176rusgrnumwwlkg 26943 . 2 ((𝐺RegUSGraph𝐾 ∧ (𝑉 ∈ Fin ∧ 𝑃𝑉𝑁 ∈ ℕ0)) → (#‘{𝑝 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ (𝑝‘0) = 𝑃}) = (𝐾𝑁))
1816, 17eqtr3d 2687 1 ((𝐺RegUSGraph𝐾 ∧ (𝑉 ∈ Fin ∧ 𝑃𝑉𝑁 ∈ ℕ0)) → (#‘{𝑤 ∈ (Walks‘𝐺) ∣ ((#‘(1st𝑤)) = 𝑁 ∧ ((2nd𝑤)‘0) = 𝑃)}) = (𝐾𝑁))
 Colors of variables: wff setvar class Syntax hints:   → wi 4   ∧ wa 383   ∧ w3a 1054   = wceq 1523  ∃wex 1744   ∈ wcel 2030  {crab 2945  Vcvv 3231   class class class wbr 4685  –1-1-onto→wf1o 5925  ‘cfv 5926  (class class class)co 6690  1st c1st 7208  2nd c2nd 7209  Fincfn 7997  0cc0 9974  ℕ0cn0 11330  ↑cexp 12900  #chash 13157  Vtxcvtx 25919  USGraphcusgr 26089  RegUSGraphcrusgr 26508  Walkscwlks 26548   WWalksN cwwlksn 26774 This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1762  ax-4 1777  ax-5 1879  ax-6 1945  ax-7 1981  ax-8 2032  ax-9 2039  ax-10 2059  ax-11 2074  ax-12 2087  ax-13 2282  ax-ext 2631  ax-rep 4804  ax-sep 4814  ax-nul 4822  ax-pow 4873  ax-pr 4936  ax-un 6991  ax-inf2 8576  ax-cnex 10030  ax-resscn 10031  ax-1cn 10032  ax-icn 10033  ax-addcl 10034  ax-addrcl 10035  ax-mulcl 10036  ax-mulrcl 10037  ax-mulcom 10038  ax-addass 10039  ax-mulass 10040  ax-distr 10041  ax-i2m1 10042  ax-1ne0 10043  ax-1rid 10044  ax-rnegex 10045  ax-rrecex 10046  ax-cnre 10047  ax-pre-lttri 10048  ax-pre-lttrn 10049  ax-pre-ltadd 10050  ax-pre-mulgt0 10051  ax-pre-sup 10052 This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 197  df-or 384  df-an 385  df-ifp 1033  df-3or 1055  df-3an 1056  df-tru 1526  df-fal 1529  df-ex 1745  df-nf 1750  df-sb 1938  df-eu 2502  df-mo 2503  df-clab 2638  df-cleq 2644  df-clel 2647  df-nfc 2782  df-ne 2824  df-nel 2927  df-ral 2946  df-rex 2947  df-reu 2948  df-rmo 2949  df-rab 2950  df-v 3233  df-sbc 3469  df-csb 3567  df-dif 3610  df-un 3612  df-in 3614  df-ss 3621  df-pss 3623  df-nul 3949  df-if 4120  df-pw 4193  df-sn 4211  df-pr 4213  df-tp 4215  df-op 4217  df-uni 4469  df-int 4508  df-iun 4554  df-disj 4653  df-br 4686  df-opab 4746  df-mpt 4763  df-tr 4786  df-id 5053  df-eprel 5058  df-po 5064  df-so 5065  df-fr 5102  df-se 5103  df-we 5104  df-xp 5149  df-rel 5150  df-cnv 5151  df-co 5152  df-dm 5153  df-rn 5154  df-res 5155  df-ima 5156  df-pred 5718  df-ord 5764  df-on 5765  df-lim 5766  df-suc 5767  df-iota 5889  df-fun 5928  df-fn 5929  df-f 5930  df-f1 5931  df-fo 5932  df-f1o 5933  df-fv 5934  df-isom 5935  df-riota 6651  df-ov 6693  df-oprab 6694  df-mpt2 6695  df-om 7108  df-1st 7210  df-2nd 7211  df-wrecs 7452  df-recs 7513  df-rdg 7551  df-1o 7605  df-2o 7606  df-oadd 7609  df-er 7787  df-map 7901  df-pm 7902  df-en 7998  df-dom 7999  df-sdom 8000  df-fin 8001  df-sup 8389  df-oi 8456  df-card 8803  df-cda 9028  df-pnf 10114  df-mnf 10115  df-xr 10116  df-ltxr 10117  df-le 10118  df-sub 10306  df-neg 10307  df-div 10723  df-nn 11059  df-2 11117  df-3 11118  df-n0 11331  df-xnn0 11402  df-z 11416  df-uz 11726  df-rp 11871  df-xadd 11985  df-fz 12365  df-fzo 12505  df-seq 12842  df-exp 12901  df-hash 13158  df-word 13331  df-lsw 13332  df-concat 13333  df-s1 13334  df-substr 13335  df-cj 13883  df-re 13884  df-im 13885  df-sqrt 14019  df-abs 14020  df-clim 14263  df-sum 14461  df-vtx 25921  df-iedg 25922  df-edg 25985  df-uhgr 25998  df-ushgr 25999  df-upgr 26022  df-umgr 26023  df-uspgr 26090  df-usgr 26091  df-fusgr 26254  df-nbgr 26270  df-vtxdg 26418  df-rgr 26509  df-rusgr 26510  df-wlks 26551  df-wwlks 26778  df-wwlksn 26779 This theorem is referenced by: (None)
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