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Theorem rlimrege0 14518
Description: The limit of a sequence of complex numbers with nonnegative real part has nonnegative real part. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 10-May-2016.)
Hypotheses
Ref Expression
rlimcld2.1 (𝜑 → sup(𝐴, ℝ*, < ) = +∞)
rlimcld2.2 (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴𝐵) ⇝𝑟 𝐶)
rlimrege0.4 ((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝐵 ∈ ℂ)
rlimrege0.5 ((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝐵))
Assertion
Ref Expression
rlimrege0 (𝜑 → 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝐶))
Distinct variable groups:   𝑥,𝐴   𝑥,𝐶   𝜑,𝑥
Allowed substitution hint:   𝐵(𝑥)

Proof of Theorem rlimrege0
Dummy variables 𝑦 𝑧 𝑤 are mutually distinct and distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 rlimcld2.1 . . 3 (𝜑 → sup(𝐴, ℝ*, < ) = +∞)
2 rlimcld2.2 . . 3 (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴𝐵) ⇝𝑟 𝐶)
3 ssrab2 3836 . . . 4 {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)} ⊆ ℂ
43a1i 11 . . 3 (𝜑 → {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)} ⊆ ℂ)
5 eldifi 3883 . . . . . . 7 (𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)}) → 𝑦 ∈ ℂ)
65adantl 467 . . . . . 6 ((𝜑𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})) → 𝑦 ∈ ℂ)
76recld 14142 . . . . 5 ((𝜑𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})) → (ℜ‘𝑦) ∈ ℝ)
87renegcld 10659 . . . 4 ((𝜑𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})) → -(ℜ‘𝑦) ∈ ℝ)
9 fveq2 6332 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (𝑤 = 𝑦 → (ℜ‘𝑤) = (ℜ‘𝑦))
109breq2d 4798 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝑤 = 𝑦 → (0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤) ↔ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑦)))
1110notbid 307 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑤 = 𝑦 → (¬ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤) ↔ ¬ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑦)))
12 notrab 4052 . . . . . . . . 9 (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)}) = {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ ¬ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)}
1311, 12elrab2 3518 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)}) ↔ (𝑦 ∈ ℂ ∧ ¬ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑦)))
1413simprbi 484 . . . . . . 7 (𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)}) → ¬ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑦))
1514adantl 467 . . . . . 6 ((𝜑𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})) → ¬ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑦))
16 0re 10242 . . . . . . 7 0 ∈ ℝ
17 ltnle 10319 . . . . . . 7 (((ℜ‘𝑦) ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 ∈ ℝ) → ((ℜ‘𝑦) < 0 ↔ ¬ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑦)))
187, 16, 17sylancl 574 . . . . . 6 ((𝜑𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})) → ((ℜ‘𝑦) < 0 ↔ ¬ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑦)))
1915, 18mpbird 247 . . . . 5 ((𝜑𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})) → (ℜ‘𝑦) < 0)
207lt0neg1d 10799 . . . . 5 ((𝜑𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})) → ((ℜ‘𝑦) < 0 ↔ 0 < -(ℜ‘𝑦)))
2119, 20mpbid 222 . . . 4 ((𝜑𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})) → 0 < -(ℜ‘𝑦))
228, 21elrpd 12072 . . 3 ((𝜑𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})) → -(ℜ‘𝑦) ∈ ℝ+)
238adantr 466 . . . 4 (((𝜑𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)}) → -(ℜ‘𝑦) ∈ ℝ)
24 elrabi 3510 . . . . . . 7 (𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)} → 𝑧 ∈ ℂ)
2524adantl 467 . . . . . 6 (((𝜑𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)}) → 𝑧 ∈ ℂ)
266adantr 466 . . . . . 6 (((𝜑𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)}) → 𝑦 ∈ ℂ)
2725, 26subcld 10594 . . . . 5 (((𝜑𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)}) → (𝑧𝑦) ∈ ℂ)
2827recld 14142 . . . 4 (((𝜑𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)}) → (ℜ‘(𝑧𝑦)) ∈ ℝ)
2927abscld 14383 . . . 4 (((𝜑𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)}) → (abs‘(𝑧𝑦)) ∈ ℝ)
30 0red 10243 . . . . . 6 (((𝜑𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)}) → 0 ∈ ℝ)
3125recld 14142 . . . . . 6 (((𝜑𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)}) → (ℜ‘𝑧) ∈ ℝ)
3226recld 14142 . . . . . 6 (((𝜑𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)}) → (ℜ‘𝑦) ∈ ℝ)
33 fveq2 6332 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝑤 = 𝑧 → (ℜ‘𝑤) = (ℜ‘𝑧))
3433breq2d 4798 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑤 = 𝑧 → (0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤) ↔ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑧)))
3534elrab 3515 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)} ↔ (𝑧 ∈ ℂ ∧ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑧)))
3635simprbi 484 . . . . . . 7 (𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)} → 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑧))
3736adantl 467 . . . . . 6 (((𝜑𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)}) → 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑧))
3830, 31, 32, 37lesub1dd 10845 . . . . 5 (((𝜑𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)}) → (0 − (ℜ‘𝑦)) ≤ ((ℜ‘𝑧) − (ℜ‘𝑦)))
39 df-neg 10471 . . . . . 6 -(ℜ‘𝑦) = (0 − (ℜ‘𝑦))
4039a1i 11 . . . . 5 (((𝜑𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)}) → -(ℜ‘𝑦) = (0 − (ℜ‘𝑦)))
4125, 26resubd 14164 . . . . 5 (((𝜑𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)}) → (ℜ‘(𝑧𝑦)) = ((ℜ‘𝑧) − (ℜ‘𝑦)))
4238, 40, 413brtr4d 4818 . . . 4 (((𝜑𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)}) → -(ℜ‘𝑦) ≤ (ℜ‘(𝑧𝑦)))
4327releabsd 14398 . . . 4 (((𝜑𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)}) → (ℜ‘(𝑧𝑦)) ≤ (abs‘(𝑧𝑦)))
4423, 28, 29, 42, 43letrd 10396 . . 3 (((𝜑𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)}) → -(ℜ‘𝑦) ≤ (abs‘(𝑧𝑦)))
45 rlimrege0.4 . . . 4 ((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝐵 ∈ ℂ)
46 rlimrege0.5 . . . 4 ((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝐵))
47 fveq2 6332 . . . . . 6 (𝑤 = 𝐵 → (ℜ‘𝑤) = (ℜ‘𝐵))
4847breq2d 4798 . . . . 5 (𝑤 = 𝐵 → (0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤) ↔ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝐵)))
4948elrab 3515 . . . 4 (𝐵 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)} ↔ (𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝐵)))
5045, 46, 49sylanbrc 572 . . 3 ((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝐵 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})
511, 2, 4, 22, 44, 50rlimcld2 14517 . 2 (𝜑𝐶 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})
52 fveq2 6332 . . . . 5 (𝑤 = 𝐶 → (ℜ‘𝑤) = (ℜ‘𝐶))
5352breq2d 4798 . . . 4 (𝑤 = 𝐶 → (0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤) ↔ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝐶)))
5453elrab 3515 . . 3 (𝐶 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)} ↔ (𝐶 ∈ ℂ ∧ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝐶)))
5554simprbi 484 . 2 (𝐶 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)} → 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝐶))
5651, 55syl 17 1 (𝜑 → 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝐶))
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
Syntax hints:  ¬ wn 3  wi 4  wb 196  wa 382   = wceq 1631  wcel 2145  {crab 3065  cdif 3720  wss 3723   class class class wbr 4786  cmpt 4863  cfv 6031  (class class class)co 6793  supcsup 8502  cc 10136  cr 10137  0cc0 10138  +∞cpnf 10273  *cxr 10275   < clt 10276  cle 10277  cmin 10468  -cneg 10469  cre 14045  abscabs 14182  𝑟 crli 14424
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1870  ax-4 1885  ax-5 1991  ax-6 2057  ax-7 2093  ax-8 2147  ax-9 2154  ax-10 2174  ax-11 2190  ax-12 2203  ax-13 2408  ax-ext 2751  ax-sep 4915  ax-nul 4923  ax-pow 4974  ax-pr 5034  ax-un 7096  ax-cnex 10194  ax-resscn 10195  ax-1cn 10196  ax-icn 10197  ax-addcl 10198  ax-addrcl 10199  ax-mulcl 10200  ax-mulrcl 10201  ax-mulcom 10202  ax-addass 10203  ax-mulass 10204  ax-distr 10205  ax-i2m1 10206  ax-1ne0 10207  ax-1rid 10208  ax-rnegex 10209  ax-rrecex 10210  ax-cnre 10211  ax-pre-lttri 10212  ax-pre-lttrn 10213  ax-pre-ltadd 10214  ax-pre-mulgt0 10215  ax-pre-sup 10216
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 197  df-an 383  df-or 835  df-3or 1072  df-3an 1073  df-tru 1634  df-ex 1853  df-nf 1858  df-sb 2050  df-eu 2622  df-mo 2623  df-clab 2758  df-cleq 2764  df-clel 2767  df-nfc 2902  df-ne 2944  df-nel 3047  df-ral 3066  df-rex 3067  df-reu 3068  df-rmo 3069  df-rab 3070  df-v 3353  df-sbc 3588  df-csb 3683  df-dif 3726  df-un 3728  df-in 3730  df-ss 3737  df-pss 3739  df-nul 4064  df-if 4226  df-pw 4299  df-sn 4317  df-pr 4319  df-tp 4321  df-op 4323  df-uni 4575  df-iun 4656  df-br 4787  df-opab 4847  df-mpt 4864  df-tr 4887  df-id 5157  df-eprel 5162  df-po 5170  df-so 5171  df-fr 5208  df-we 5210  df-xp 5255  df-rel 5256  df-cnv 5257  df-co 5258  df-dm 5259  df-rn 5260  df-res 5261  df-ima 5262  df-pred 5823  df-ord 5869  df-on 5870  df-lim 5871  df-suc 5872  df-iota 5994  df-fun 6033  df-fn 6034  df-f 6035  df-f1 6036  df-fo 6037  df-f1o 6038  df-fv 6039  df-riota 6754  df-ov 6796  df-oprab 6797  df-mpt2 6798  df-om 7213  df-2nd 7316  df-wrecs 7559  df-recs 7621  df-rdg 7659  df-er 7896  df-pm 8012  df-en 8110  df-dom 8111  df-sdom 8112  df-sup 8504  df-pnf 10278  df-mnf 10279  df-xr 10280  df-ltxr 10281  df-le 10282  df-sub 10470  df-neg 10471  df-div 10887  df-nn 11223  df-2 11281  df-3 11282  df-n0 11495  df-z 11580  df-uz 11889  df-rp 12036  df-seq 13009  df-exp 13068  df-cj 14047  df-re 14048  df-im 14049  df-sqrt 14183  df-abs 14184  df-rlim 14428
This theorem is referenced by:  rlimge0  14520
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