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Theorem resqrex 14221
Description: Existence of a square root for positive reals. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 9-Jul-2013.)
Assertion
Ref Expression
resqrex ((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 ≤ 𝐴) → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ (0 ≤ 𝑥 ∧ (𝑥↑2) = 𝐴))
Distinct variable group:   𝑥,𝐴

Proof of Theorem resqrex
Dummy variable 𝑦 is distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 0re 10263 . . . . 5 0 ∈ ℝ
2 leloe 10347 . . . . 5 ((0 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐴 ∈ ℝ) → (0 ≤ 𝐴 ↔ (0 < 𝐴 ∨ 0 = 𝐴)))
31, 2mpan 671 . . . 4 (𝐴 ∈ ℝ → (0 ≤ 𝐴 ↔ (0 < 𝐴 ∨ 0 = 𝐴)))
4 elrp 12054 . . . . . . 7 (𝐴 ∈ ℝ+ ↔ (𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 < 𝐴))
5 01sqrex 14220 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝐴 ∈ ℝ+𝐴 ≤ 1) → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ+ (𝑥 ≤ 1 ∧ (𝑥↑2) = 𝐴))
6 rprege0 12067 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (𝑥 ∈ ℝ+ → (𝑥 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 ≤ 𝑥))
76anim1i 603 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((𝑥 ∈ ℝ+ ∧ (𝑥↑2) = 𝐴) → ((𝑥 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 ≤ 𝑥) ∧ (𝑥↑2) = 𝐴))
8 anass 455 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (((𝑥 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 ≤ 𝑥) ∧ (𝑥↑2) = 𝐴) ↔ (𝑥 ∈ ℝ ∧ (0 ≤ 𝑥 ∧ (𝑥↑2) = 𝐴)))
97, 8sylib 209 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((𝑥 ∈ ℝ+ ∧ (𝑥↑2) = 𝐴) → (𝑥 ∈ ℝ ∧ (0 ≤ 𝑥 ∧ (𝑥↑2) = 𝐴)))
109adantrl 696 . . . . . . . . 9 ((𝑥 ∈ ℝ+ ∧ (𝑥 ≤ 1 ∧ (𝑥↑2) = 𝐴)) → (𝑥 ∈ ℝ ∧ (0 ≤ 𝑥 ∧ (𝑥↑2) = 𝐴)))
1110reximi2 3161 . . . . . . . 8 (∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ+ (𝑥 ≤ 1 ∧ (𝑥↑2) = 𝐴) → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ (0 ≤ 𝑥 ∧ (𝑥↑2) = 𝐴))
125, 11syl 17 . . . . . . 7 ((𝐴 ∈ ℝ+𝐴 ≤ 1) → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ (0 ≤ 𝑥 ∧ (𝑥↑2) = 𝐴))
134, 12sylanbr 572 . . . . . 6 (((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 < 𝐴) ∧ 𝐴 ≤ 1) → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ (0 ≤ 𝑥 ∧ (𝑥↑2) = 𝐴))
1413exp31 407 . . . . 5 (𝐴 ∈ ℝ → (0 < 𝐴 → (𝐴 ≤ 1 → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ (0 ≤ 𝑥 ∧ (𝑥↑2) = 𝐴))))
15 sq0 13184 . . . . . . . . . 10 (0↑2) = 0
16 id 22 . . . . . . . . . 10 (0 = 𝐴 → 0 = 𝐴)
1715, 16syl5eq 2820 . . . . . . . . 9 (0 = 𝐴 → (0↑2) = 𝐴)
18 0le0 11333 . . . . . . . . 9 0 ≤ 0
1917, 18jctil 510 . . . . . . . 8 (0 = 𝐴 → (0 ≤ 0 ∧ (0↑2) = 𝐴))
20 breq2 4801 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝑥 = 0 → (0 ≤ 𝑥 ↔ 0 ≤ 0))
21 oveq1 6819 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (𝑥 = 0 → (𝑥↑2) = (0↑2))
2221eqeq1d 2776 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝑥 = 0 → ((𝑥↑2) = 𝐴 ↔ (0↑2) = 𝐴))
2320, 22anbi12d 617 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑥 = 0 → ((0 ≤ 𝑥 ∧ (𝑥↑2) = 𝐴) ↔ (0 ≤ 0 ∧ (0↑2) = 𝐴)))
2423rspcev 3465 . . . . . . . 8 ((0 ∈ ℝ ∧ (0 ≤ 0 ∧ (0↑2) = 𝐴)) → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ (0 ≤ 𝑥 ∧ (𝑥↑2) = 𝐴))
251, 19, 24sylancr 576 . . . . . . 7 (0 = 𝐴 → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ (0 ≤ 𝑥 ∧ (𝑥↑2) = 𝐴))
2625a1d 25 . . . . . 6 (0 = 𝐴 → (𝐴 ≤ 1 → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ (0 ≤ 𝑥 ∧ (𝑥↑2) = 𝐴)))
2726a1i 11 . . . . 5 (𝐴 ∈ ℝ → (0 = 𝐴 → (𝐴 ≤ 1 → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ (0 ≤ 𝑥 ∧ (𝑥↑2) = 𝐴))))
2814, 27jaod 875 . . . 4 (𝐴 ∈ ℝ → ((0 < 𝐴 ∨ 0 = 𝐴) → (𝐴 ≤ 1 → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ (0 ≤ 𝑥 ∧ (𝑥↑2) = 𝐴))))
293, 28sylbid 231 . . 3 (𝐴 ∈ ℝ → (0 ≤ 𝐴 → (𝐴 ≤ 1 → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ (0 ≤ 𝑥 ∧ (𝑥↑2) = 𝐴))))
3029imp 394 . 2 ((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 ≤ 𝐴) → (𝐴 ≤ 1 → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ (0 ≤ 𝑥 ∧ (𝑥↑2) = 𝐴)))
31 0lt1 10773 . . . . . . . . . 10 0 < 1
32 1re 10262 . . . . . . . . . . 11 1 ∈ ℝ
33 ltletr 10352 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((0 ∈ ℝ ∧ 1 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐴 ∈ ℝ) → ((0 < 1 ∧ 1 ≤ 𝐴) → 0 < 𝐴))
341, 32, 33mp3an12 1565 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝐴 ∈ ℝ → ((0 < 1 ∧ 1 ≤ 𝐴) → 0 < 𝐴))
3531, 34mpani 677 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝐴 ∈ ℝ → (1 ≤ 𝐴 → 0 < 𝐴))
3635imp 394 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 1 ≤ 𝐴) → 0 < 𝐴)
374biimpri 219 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 < 𝐴) → 𝐴 ∈ ℝ+)
3836, 37syldan 580 . . . . . . 7 ((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 1 ≤ 𝐴) → 𝐴 ∈ ℝ+)
3938rpreccld 12102 . . . . . 6 ((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 1 ≤ 𝐴) → (1 / 𝐴) ∈ ℝ+)
40 simpr 472 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 1 ≤ 𝐴) → 1 ≤ 𝐴)
41 lerec 11129 . . . . . . . . . 10 (((1 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 < 1) ∧ (𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 < 𝐴)) → (1 ≤ 𝐴 ↔ (1 / 𝐴) ≤ (1 / 1)))
4232, 31, 41mpanl12 683 . . . . . . . . 9 ((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 < 𝐴) → (1 ≤ 𝐴 ↔ (1 / 𝐴) ≤ (1 / 1)))
4336, 42syldan 580 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 1 ≤ 𝐴) → (1 ≤ 𝐴 ↔ (1 / 𝐴) ≤ (1 / 1)))
4440, 43mpbid 223 . . . . . . 7 ((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 1 ≤ 𝐴) → (1 / 𝐴) ≤ (1 / 1))
45 1div1e1 10940 . . . . . . 7 (1 / 1) = 1
4644, 45syl6breq 4838 . . . . . 6 ((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 1 ≤ 𝐴) → (1 / 𝐴) ≤ 1)
47 01sqrex 14220 . . . . . 6 (((1 / 𝐴) ∈ ℝ+ ∧ (1 / 𝐴) ≤ 1) → ∃𝑦 ∈ ℝ+ (𝑦 ≤ 1 ∧ (𝑦↑2) = (1 / 𝐴)))
4839, 46, 47syl2anc 574 . . . . 5 ((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 1 ≤ 𝐴) → ∃𝑦 ∈ ℝ+ (𝑦 ≤ 1 ∧ (𝑦↑2) = (1 / 𝐴)))
49 rpre 12059 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑦 ∈ ℝ+𝑦 ∈ ℝ)
50493ad2ant2 1155 . . . . . . . 8 (((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 1 ≤ 𝐴) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ℝ+ ∧ (𝑦 ≤ 1 ∧ (𝑦↑2) = (1 / 𝐴))) → 𝑦 ∈ ℝ)
51 rpgt0 12064 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑦 ∈ ℝ+ → 0 < 𝑦)
52513ad2ant2 1155 . . . . . . . 8 (((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 1 ≤ 𝐴) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ℝ+ ∧ (𝑦 ≤ 1 ∧ (𝑦↑2) = (1 / 𝐴))) → 0 < 𝑦)
53 gt0ne0 10716 . . . . . . . . 9 ((𝑦 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 < 𝑦) → 𝑦 ≠ 0)
54 rereccl 10966 . . . . . . . . 9 ((𝑦 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝑦 ≠ 0) → (1 / 𝑦) ∈ ℝ)
5553, 54syldan 580 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝑦 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 < 𝑦) → (1 / 𝑦) ∈ ℝ)
5650, 52, 55syl2anc 574 . . . . . . 7 (((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 1 ≤ 𝐴) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ℝ+ ∧ (𝑦 ≤ 1 ∧ (𝑦↑2) = (1 / 𝐴))) → (1 / 𝑦) ∈ ℝ)
57 recgt0 11090 . . . . . . . . 9 ((𝑦 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 < 𝑦) → 0 < (1 / 𝑦))
58 ltle 10349 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((0 ∈ ℝ ∧ (1 / 𝑦) ∈ ℝ) → (0 < (1 / 𝑦) → 0 ≤ (1 / 𝑦)))
591, 58mpan 671 . . . . . . . . 9 ((1 / 𝑦) ∈ ℝ → (0 < (1 / 𝑦) → 0 ≤ (1 / 𝑦)))
6055, 57, 59sylc 65 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝑦 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 < 𝑦) → 0 ≤ (1 / 𝑦))
6150, 52, 60syl2anc 574 . . . . . . 7 (((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 1 ≤ 𝐴) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ℝ+ ∧ (𝑦 ≤ 1 ∧ (𝑦↑2) = (1 / 𝐴))) → 0 ≤ (1 / 𝑦))
62 recn 10249 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (𝑦 ∈ ℝ → 𝑦 ∈ ℂ)
6362adantr 467 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((𝑦 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 < 𝑦) → 𝑦 ∈ ℂ)
6463, 53sqrecd 13241 . . . . . . . . 9 ((𝑦 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 < 𝑦) → ((1 / 𝑦)↑2) = (1 / (𝑦↑2)))
6550, 52, 64syl2anc 574 . . . . . . . 8 (((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 1 ≤ 𝐴) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ℝ+ ∧ (𝑦 ≤ 1 ∧ (𝑦↑2) = (1 / 𝐴))) → ((1 / 𝑦)↑2) = (1 / (𝑦↑2)))
66 simp3r 1250 . . . . . . . . 9 (((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 1 ≤ 𝐴) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ℝ+ ∧ (𝑦 ≤ 1 ∧ (𝑦↑2) = (1 / 𝐴))) → (𝑦↑2) = (1 / 𝐴))
6766oveq2d 6828 . . . . . . . 8 (((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 1 ≤ 𝐴) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ℝ+ ∧ (𝑦 ≤ 1 ∧ (𝑦↑2) = (1 / 𝐴))) → (1 / (𝑦↑2)) = (1 / (1 / 𝐴)))
68 gt0ne0 10716 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 < 𝐴) → 𝐴 ≠ 0)
6936, 68syldan 580 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 1 ≤ 𝐴) → 𝐴 ≠ 0)
70 recn 10249 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (𝐴 ∈ ℝ → 𝐴 ∈ ℂ)
71 recrec 10945 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐴 ≠ 0) → (1 / (1 / 𝐴)) = 𝐴)
7270, 71sylan 570 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐴 ≠ 0) → (1 / (1 / 𝐴)) = 𝐴)
7369, 72syldan 580 . . . . . . . . 9 ((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 1 ≤ 𝐴) → (1 / (1 / 𝐴)) = 𝐴)
74733ad2ant1 1154 . . . . . . . 8 (((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 1 ≤ 𝐴) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ℝ+ ∧ (𝑦 ≤ 1 ∧ (𝑦↑2) = (1 / 𝐴))) → (1 / (1 / 𝐴)) = 𝐴)
7565, 67, 743eqtrd 2812 . . . . . . 7 (((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 1 ≤ 𝐴) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ℝ+ ∧ (𝑦 ≤ 1 ∧ (𝑦↑2) = (1 / 𝐴))) → ((1 / 𝑦)↑2) = 𝐴)
76 breq2 4801 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑥 = (1 / 𝑦) → (0 ≤ 𝑥 ↔ 0 ≤ (1 / 𝑦)))
77 oveq1 6819 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝑥 = (1 / 𝑦) → (𝑥↑2) = ((1 / 𝑦)↑2))
7877eqeq1d 2776 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑥 = (1 / 𝑦) → ((𝑥↑2) = 𝐴 ↔ ((1 / 𝑦)↑2) = 𝐴))
7976, 78anbi12d 617 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑥 = (1 / 𝑦) → ((0 ≤ 𝑥 ∧ (𝑥↑2) = 𝐴) ↔ (0 ≤ (1 / 𝑦) ∧ ((1 / 𝑦)↑2) = 𝐴)))
8079rspcev 3465 . . . . . . 7 (((1 / 𝑦) ∈ ℝ ∧ (0 ≤ (1 / 𝑦) ∧ ((1 / 𝑦)↑2) = 𝐴)) → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ (0 ≤ 𝑥 ∧ (𝑥↑2) = 𝐴))
8156, 61, 75, 80syl12anc 854 . . . . . 6 (((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 1 ≤ 𝐴) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ℝ+ ∧ (𝑦 ≤ 1 ∧ (𝑦↑2) = (1 / 𝐴))) → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ (0 ≤ 𝑥 ∧ (𝑥↑2) = 𝐴))
8281rexlimdv3a 3185 . . . . 5 ((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 1 ≤ 𝐴) → (∃𝑦 ∈ ℝ+ (𝑦 ≤ 1 ∧ (𝑦↑2) = (1 / 𝐴)) → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ (0 ≤ 𝑥 ∧ (𝑥↑2) = 𝐴)))
8348, 82mpd 15 . . . 4 ((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 1 ≤ 𝐴) → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ (0 ≤ 𝑥 ∧ (𝑥↑2) = 𝐴))
8483ex 398 . . 3 (𝐴 ∈ ℝ → (1 ≤ 𝐴 → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ (0 ≤ 𝑥 ∧ (𝑥↑2) = 𝐴)))
8584adantr 467 . 2 ((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 ≤ 𝐴) → (1 ≤ 𝐴 → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ (0 ≤ 𝑥 ∧ (𝑥↑2) = 𝐴)))
86 simpl 469 . . 3 ((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 ≤ 𝐴) → 𝐴 ∈ ℝ)
87 letric 10360 . . 3 ((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 1 ∈ ℝ) → (𝐴 ≤ 1 ∨ 1 ≤ 𝐴))
8886, 32, 87sylancl 575 . 2 ((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 ≤ 𝐴) → (𝐴 ≤ 1 ∨ 1 ≤ 𝐴))
8930, 85, 88mpjaod 876 1 ((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 ≤ 𝐴) → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ (0 ≤ 𝑥 ∧ (𝑥↑2) = 𝐴))
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
Syntax hints:  wi 4  wb 197  wa 383  wo 863  w3a 1098   = wceq 1634  wcel 2148  wne 2946  wrex 3065   class class class wbr 4797  (class class class)co 6812  cc 10157  cr 10158  0cc0 10159  1c1 10160   < clt 10297  cle 10298   / cdiv 10907  2c2 11293  +crp 12052  cexp 13089
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1873  ax-4 1888  ax-5 1994  ax-6 2060  ax-7 2096  ax-8 2150  ax-9 2157  ax-10 2177  ax-11 2193  ax-12 2206  ax-13 2411  ax-ext 2754  ax-sep 4928  ax-nul 4936  ax-pow 4988  ax-pr 5048  ax-un 7117  ax-cnex 10215  ax-resscn 10216  ax-1cn 10217  ax-icn 10218  ax-addcl 10219  ax-addrcl 10220  ax-mulcl 10221  ax-mulrcl 10222  ax-mulcom 10223  ax-addass 10224  ax-mulass 10225  ax-distr 10226  ax-i2m1 10227  ax-1ne0 10228  ax-1rid 10229  ax-rnegex 10230  ax-rrecex 10231  ax-cnre 10232  ax-pre-lttri 10233  ax-pre-lttrn 10234  ax-pre-ltadd 10235  ax-pre-mulgt0 10236  ax-pre-sup 10237
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 198  df-an 384  df-or 864  df-3or 1099  df-3an 1100  df-tru 1637  df-ex 1856  df-nf 1861  df-sb 2053  df-eu 2625  df-mo 2626  df-clab 2761  df-cleq 2767  df-clel 2770  df-nfc 2905  df-ne 2947  df-nel 3050  df-ral 3069  df-rex 3070  df-reu 3071  df-rmo 3072  df-rab 3073  df-v 3357  df-sbc 3594  df-csb 3689  df-dif 3732  df-un 3734  df-in 3736  df-ss 3743  df-pss 3745  df-nul 4074  df-if 4236  df-pw 4309  df-sn 4327  df-pr 4329  df-tp 4331  df-op 4333  df-uni 4586  df-iun 4667  df-br 4798  df-opab 4860  df-mpt 4877  df-tr 4900  df-id 5171  df-eprel 5176  df-po 5184  df-so 5185  df-fr 5222  df-we 5224  df-xp 5269  df-rel 5270  df-cnv 5271  df-co 5272  df-dm 5273  df-rn 5274  df-res 5275  df-ima 5276  df-pred 5834  df-ord 5880  df-on 5881  df-lim 5882  df-suc 5883  df-iota 6005  df-fun 6044  df-fn 6045  df-f 6046  df-f1 6047  df-fo 6048  df-f1o 6049  df-fv 6050  df-riota 6773  df-ov 6815  df-oprab 6816  df-mpt2 6817  df-om 7234  df-2nd 7337  df-wrecs 7580  df-recs 7642  df-rdg 7680  df-er 7917  df-en 8131  df-dom 8132  df-sdom 8133  df-sup 8525  df-pnf 10299  df-mnf 10300  df-xr 10301  df-ltxr 10302  df-le 10303  df-sub 10491  df-neg 10492  df-div 10908  df-nn 11244  df-2 11302  df-3 11303  df-n0 11517  df-z 11602  df-uz 11911  df-rp 12053  df-seq 13031  df-exp 13090
This theorem is referenced by:  resqreu  14223  resqrtcl  14224
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