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Theorem refun0 21540
Description: Adding the empty set preserves refinements. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 31-Jan-2020.)
Assertion
Ref Expression
refun0 ((𝐴Ref𝐵𝐵 ≠ ∅) → (𝐴 ∪ {∅})Ref𝐵)

Proof of Theorem refun0
Dummy variables 𝑥 𝑦 are mutually distinct and distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 eqid 2760 . . . 4 𝐴 = 𝐴
2 eqid 2760 . . . 4 𝐵 = 𝐵
31, 2refbas 21535 . . 3 (𝐴Ref𝐵 𝐵 = 𝐴)
43adantr 472 . 2 ((𝐴Ref𝐵𝐵 ≠ ∅) → 𝐵 = 𝐴)
5 elun 3896 . . . 4 (𝑥 ∈ (𝐴 ∪ {∅}) ↔ (𝑥𝐴𝑥 ∈ {∅}))
6 refssex 21536 . . . . . 6 ((𝐴Ref𝐵𝑥𝐴) → ∃𝑦𝐵 𝑥𝑦)
76adantlr 753 . . . . 5 (((𝐴Ref𝐵𝐵 ≠ ∅) ∧ 𝑥𝐴) → ∃𝑦𝐵 𝑥𝑦)
8 0ss 4115 . . . . . . . . 9 ∅ ⊆ 𝑦
98a1i 11 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝐴Ref𝐵𝑦𝐵) → ∅ ⊆ 𝑦)
109reximdva0 4076 . . . . . . 7 ((𝐴Ref𝐵𝐵 ≠ ∅) → ∃𝑦𝐵 ∅ ⊆ 𝑦)
1110adantr 472 . . . . . 6 (((𝐴Ref𝐵𝐵 ≠ ∅) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ {∅}) → ∃𝑦𝐵 ∅ ⊆ 𝑦)
12 elsni 4338 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑥 ∈ {∅} → 𝑥 = ∅)
13 sseq1 3767 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑥 = ∅ → (𝑥𝑦 ↔ ∅ ⊆ 𝑦))
1413rexbidv 3190 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑥 = ∅ → (∃𝑦𝐵 𝑥𝑦 ↔ ∃𝑦𝐵 ∅ ⊆ 𝑦))
1512, 14syl 17 . . . . . . 7 (𝑥 ∈ {∅} → (∃𝑦𝐵 𝑥𝑦 ↔ ∃𝑦𝐵 ∅ ⊆ 𝑦))
1615adantl 473 . . . . . 6 (((𝐴Ref𝐵𝐵 ≠ ∅) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ {∅}) → (∃𝑦𝐵 𝑥𝑦 ↔ ∃𝑦𝐵 ∅ ⊆ 𝑦))
1711, 16mpbird 247 . . . . 5 (((𝐴Ref𝐵𝐵 ≠ ∅) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ {∅}) → ∃𝑦𝐵 𝑥𝑦)
187, 17jaodan 861 . . . 4 (((𝐴Ref𝐵𝐵 ≠ ∅) ∧ (𝑥𝐴𝑥 ∈ {∅})) → ∃𝑦𝐵 𝑥𝑦)
195, 18sylan2b 493 . . 3 (((𝐴Ref𝐵𝐵 ≠ ∅) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ (𝐴 ∪ {∅})) → ∃𝑦𝐵 𝑥𝑦)
2019ralrimiva 3104 . 2 ((𝐴Ref𝐵𝐵 ≠ ∅) → ∀𝑥 ∈ (𝐴 ∪ {∅})∃𝑦𝐵 𝑥𝑦)
21 refrel 21533 . . . . . 6 Rel Ref
2221brrelexi 5315 . . . . 5 (𝐴Ref𝐵𝐴 ∈ V)
23 p0ex 5002 . . . . 5 {∅} ∈ V
24 unexg 7125 . . . . 5 ((𝐴 ∈ V ∧ {∅} ∈ V) → (𝐴 ∪ {∅}) ∈ V)
2522, 23, 24sylancl 697 . . . 4 (𝐴Ref𝐵 → (𝐴 ∪ {∅}) ∈ V)
26 uniun 4608 . . . . . 6 (𝐴 ∪ {∅}) = ( 𝐴 {∅})
27 0ex 4942 . . . . . . . 8 ∅ ∈ V
2827unisn 4603 . . . . . . 7 {∅} = ∅
2928uneq2i 3907 . . . . . 6 ( 𝐴 {∅}) = ( 𝐴 ∪ ∅)
30 un0 4110 . . . . . 6 ( 𝐴 ∪ ∅) = 𝐴
3126, 29, 303eqtrri 2787 . . . . 5 𝐴 = (𝐴 ∪ {∅})
3231, 2isref 21534 . . . 4 ((𝐴 ∪ {∅}) ∈ V → ((𝐴 ∪ {∅})Ref𝐵 ↔ ( 𝐵 = 𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ (𝐴 ∪ {∅})∃𝑦𝐵 𝑥𝑦)))
3325, 32syl 17 . . 3 (𝐴Ref𝐵 → ((𝐴 ∪ {∅})Ref𝐵 ↔ ( 𝐵 = 𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ (𝐴 ∪ {∅})∃𝑦𝐵 𝑥𝑦)))
3433adantr 472 . 2 ((𝐴Ref𝐵𝐵 ≠ ∅) → ((𝐴 ∪ {∅})Ref𝐵 ↔ ( 𝐵 = 𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ (𝐴 ∪ {∅})∃𝑦𝐵 𝑥𝑦)))
354, 20, 34mpbir2and 995 1 ((𝐴Ref𝐵𝐵 ≠ ∅) → (𝐴 ∪ {∅})Ref𝐵)
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
Syntax hints:  wi 4  wb 196  wo 382  wa 383   = wceq 1632  wcel 2139  wne 2932  wral 3050  wrex 3051  Vcvv 3340  cun 3713  wss 3715  c0 4058  {csn 4321   cuni 4588   class class class wbr 4804  Refcref 21527
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1871  ax-4 1886  ax-5 1988  ax-6 2054  ax-7 2090  ax-8 2141  ax-9 2148  ax-10 2168  ax-11 2183  ax-12 2196  ax-13 2391  ax-ext 2740  ax-sep 4933  ax-nul 4941  ax-pow 4992  ax-pr 5055  ax-un 7115
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 197  df-or 384  df-an 385  df-3an 1074  df-tru 1635  df-ex 1854  df-nf 1859  df-sb 2047  df-eu 2611  df-mo 2612  df-clab 2747  df-cleq 2753  df-clel 2756  df-nfc 2891  df-ne 2933  df-ral 3055  df-rex 3056  df-rab 3059  df-v 3342  df-dif 3718  df-un 3720  df-in 3722  df-ss 3729  df-nul 4059  df-if 4231  df-pw 4304  df-sn 4322  df-pr 4324  df-op 4328  df-uni 4589  df-br 4805  df-opab 4865  df-xp 5272  df-rel 5273  df-ref 21530
This theorem is referenced by:  locfinref  30238
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