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Theorem peano5nni 11061
Description: Peano's inductive postulate. Theorem I.36 (principle of mathematical induction) of [Apostol] p. 34. (Contributed by NM, 10-Jan-1997.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 17-Nov-2014.)
Assertion
Ref Expression
peano5nni ((1 ∈ 𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴 (𝑥 + 1) ∈ 𝐴) → ℕ ⊆ 𝐴)
Distinct variable group:   𝑥,𝐴

Proof of Theorem peano5nni
Dummy variables 𝑛 𝑦 𝑧 are mutually distinct and distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 df-nn 11059 . . 3 ℕ = (rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) “ ω)
2 df-ima 5156 . . 3 (rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) “ ω) = ran (rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)
31, 2eqtri 2673 . 2 ℕ = ran (rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)
4 frfnom 7575 . . . . 5 (rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω) Fn ω
54a1i 11 . . . 4 ((1 ∈ 𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴 (𝑥 + 1) ∈ 𝐴) → (rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω) Fn ω)
6 fveq2 6229 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑦 = ∅ → ((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘𝑦) = ((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘∅))
76eleq1d 2715 . . . . . . 7 (𝑦 = ∅ → (((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘𝑦) ∈ 𝐴 ↔ ((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘∅) ∈ 𝐴))
8 fveq2 6229 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑦 = 𝑧 → ((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘𝑦) = ((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘𝑧))
98eleq1d 2715 . . . . . . 7 (𝑦 = 𝑧 → (((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘𝑦) ∈ 𝐴 ↔ ((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘𝑧) ∈ 𝐴))
10 fveq2 6229 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑦 = suc 𝑧 → ((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘𝑦) = ((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘suc 𝑧))
1110eleq1d 2715 . . . . . . 7 (𝑦 = suc 𝑧 → (((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘𝑦) ∈ 𝐴 ↔ ((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘suc 𝑧) ∈ 𝐴))
12 ax-1cn 10032 . . . . . . . . 9 1 ∈ ℂ
13 fr0g 7576 . . . . . . . . 9 (1 ∈ ℂ → ((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘∅) = 1)
1412, 13ax-mp 5 . . . . . . . 8 ((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘∅) = 1
15 simpl 472 . . . . . . . 8 ((1 ∈ 𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴 (𝑥 + 1) ∈ 𝐴) → 1 ∈ 𝐴)
1614, 15syl5eqel 2734 . . . . . . 7 ((1 ∈ 𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴 (𝑥 + 1) ∈ 𝐴) → ((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘∅) ∈ 𝐴)
17 oveq1 6697 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (𝑥 = ((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘𝑧) → (𝑥 + 1) = (((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘𝑧) + 1))
1817eleq1d 2715 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (𝑥 = ((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘𝑧) → ((𝑥 + 1) ∈ 𝐴 ↔ (((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘𝑧) + 1) ∈ 𝐴))
1918rspccv 3337 . . . . . . . . . 10 (∀𝑥𝐴 (𝑥 + 1) ∈ 𝐴 → (((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘𝑧) ∈ 𝐴 → (((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘𝑧) + 1) ∈ 𝐴))
2019ad2antlr 763 . . . . . . . . 9 (((1 ∈ 𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴 (𝑥 + 1) ∈ 𝐴) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ ω) → (((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘𝑧) ∈ 𝐴 → (((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘𝑧) + 1) ∈ 𝐴))
21 ovex 6718 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘𝑧) + 1) ∈ V
22 eqid 2651 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω) = (rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)
23 oveq1 6697 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (𝑦 = 𝑛 → (𝑦 + 1) = (𝑛 + 1))
24 oveq1 6697 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (𝑦 = ((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘𝑧) → (𝑦 + 1) = (((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘𝑧) + 1))
2522, 23, 24frsucmpt2 7580 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 ((𝑧 ∈ ω ∧ (((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘𝑧) + 1) ∈ V) → ((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘suc 𝑧) = (((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘𝑧) + 1))
2621, 25mpan2 707 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (𝑧 ∈ ω → ((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘suc 𝑧) = (((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘𝑧) + 1))
2726eleq1d 2715 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝑧 ∈ ω → (((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘suc 𝑧) ∈ 𝐴 ↔ (((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘𝑧) + 1) ∈ 𝐴))
2827adantl 481 . . . . . . . . 9 (((1 ∈ 𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴 (𝑥 + 1) ∈ 𝐴) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ ω) → (((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘suc 𝑧) ∈ 𝐴 ↔ (((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘𝑧) + 1) ∈ 𝐴))
2920, 28sylibrd 249 . . . . . . . 8 (((1 ∈ 𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴 (𝑥 + 1) ∈ 𝐴) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ ω) → (((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘𝑧) ∈ 𝐴 → ((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘suc 𝑧) ∈ 𝐴))
3029expcom 450 . . . . . . 7 (𝑧 ∈ ω → ((1 ∈ 𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴 (𝑥 + 1) ∈ 𝐴) → (((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘𝑧) ∈ 𝐴 → ((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘suc 𝑧) ∈ 𝐴)))
317, 9, 11, 16, 30finds2 7136 . . . . . 6 (𝑦 ∈ ω → ((1 ∈ 𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴 (𝑥 + 1) ∈ 𝐴) → ((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘𝑦) ∈ 𝐴))
3231com12 32 . . . . 5 ((1 ∈ 𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴 (𝑥 + 1) ∈ 𝐴) → (𝑦 ∈ ω → ((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘𝑦) ∈ 𝐴))
3332ralrimiv 2994 . . . 4 ((1 ∈ 𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴 (𝑥 + 1) ∈ 𝐴) → ∀𝑦 ∈ ω ((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘𝑦) ∈ 𝐴)
34 ffnfv 6428 . . . 4 ((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω):ω⟶𝐴 ↔ ((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω) Fn ω ∧ ∀𝑦 ∈ ω ((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘𝑦) ∈ 𝐴))
355, 33, 34sylanbrc 699 . . 3 ((1 ∈ 𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴 (𝑥 + 1) ∈ 𝐴) → (rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω):ω⟶𝐴)
36 frn 6091 . . 3 ((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω):ω⟶𝐴 → ran (rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω) ⊆ 𝐴)
3735, 36syl 17 . 2 ((1 ∈ 𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴 (𝑥 + 1) ∈ 𝐴) → ran (rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω) ⊆ 𝐴)
383, 37syl5eqss 3682 1 ((1 ∈ 𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴 (𝑥 + 1) ∈ 𝐴) → ℕ ⊆ 𝐴)
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
Syntax hints:  wi 4  wb 196  wa 383   = wceq 1523  wcel 2030  wral 2941  Vcvv 3231  wss 3607  c0 3948  cmpt 4762  ran crn 5144  cres 5145  cima 5146  suc csuc 5763   Fn wfn 5921  wf 5922  cfv 5926  (class class class)co 6690  ωcom 7107  reccrdg 7550  cc 9972  1c1 9975   + caddc 9977  cn 11058
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1762  ax-4 1777  ax-5 1879  ax-6 1945  ax-7 1981  ax-8 2032  ax-9 2039  ax-10 2059  ax-11 2074  ax-12 2087  ax-13 2282  ax-ext 2631  ax-sep 4814  ax-nul 4822  ax-pow 4873  ax-pr 4936  ax-un 6991  ax-1cn 10032
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 197  df-or 384  df-an 385  df-3or 1055  df-3an 1056  df-tru 1526  df-ex 1745  df-nf 1750  df-sb 1938  df-eu 2502  df-mo 2503  df-clab 2638  df-cleq 2644  df-clel 2647  df-nfc 2782  df-ne 2824  df-ral 2946  df-rex 2947  df-reu 2948  df-rab 2950  df-v 3233  df-sbc 3469  df-csb 3567  df-dif 3610  df-un 3612  df-in 3614  df-ss 3621  df-pss 3623  df-nul 3949  df-if 4120  df-pw 4193  df-sn 4211  df-pr 4213  df-tp 4215  df-op 4217  df-uni 4469  df-iun 4554  df-br 4686  df-opab 4746  df-mpt 4763  df-tr 4786  df-id 5053  df-eprel 5058  df-po 5064  df-so 5065  df-fr 5102  df-we 5104  df-xp 5149  df-rel 5150  df-cnv 5151  df-co 5152  df-dm 5153  df-rn 5154  df-res 5155  df-ima 5156  df-pred 5718  df-ord 5764  df-on 5765  df-lim 5766  df-suc 5767  df-iota 5889  df-fun 5928  df-fn 5929  df-f 5930  df-f1 5931  df-fo 5932  df-f1o 5933  df-fv 5934  df-ov 6693  df-om 7108  df-wrecs 7452  df-recs 7513  df-rdg 7551  df-nn 11059
This theorem is referenced by:  nnssre  11062  dfnn2  11071  nnind  11076  nnindf  29693
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