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Theorem onsetrec 42982
Description: Construct On using set recursion. When 𝑥 ∈ On, the function 𝐹 constructs the least ordinal greater than any of the elements of 𝑥, which is 𝑥 for a limit ordinal and suc 𝑥 for a successor ordinal.

For example, (𝐹‘{1𝑜, 2𝑜}) = { {1𝑜, 2𝑜}, suc {1𝑜, 2𝑜}} = {2𝑜, 3𝑜} which contains 3𝑜, and (𝐹‘ω) = { ω, suc ω} = {ω, ω +𝑜 1𝑜}, which contains ω. If we start with the empty set and keep applying 𝐹 transfinitely many times, all ordinal numbers will be generated.

Any function 𝐹 fulfilling lemmas onsetreclem2 42980 and onsetreclem3 42981 will recursively generate On; for example, 𝐹 = (𝑥 ∈ V ↦ suc suc 𝑥}) also works. Whether this function or the function in the theorem is used, taking this theorem as a definition of On is unsatisfying because it relies on the different properties of limit and successor ordinals. A different approach could be to let 𝐹 = (𝑥 ∈ V ↦ {𝑦 ∈ 𝒫 𝑥 ∣ Tr 𝑦}), based on dfon2 32033.

The proof of this theorem uses the dummy variable 𝑎 rather than 𝑥 to avoid a distinct variable condition between 𝐹 and 𝑥. (Contributed by Emmett Weisz, 22-Jun-2021.)

Hypothesis
Ref Expression
onsetrec.1 𝐹 = (𝑥 ∈ V ↦ { 𝑥, suc 𝑥})
Assertion
Ref Expression
onsetrec setrecs(𝐹) = On

Proof of Theorem onsetrec
Dummy variable 𝑎 is distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 eqid 2771 . . . 4 setrecs(𝐹) = setrecs(𝐹)
2 onsetrec.1 . . . . . . 7 𝐹 = (𝑥 ∈ V ↦ { 𝑥, suc 𝑥})
32onsetreclem2 42980 . . . . . 6 (𝑎 ⊆ On → (𝐹𝑎) ⊆ On)
43ax-gen 1870 . . . . 5 𝑎(𝑎 ⊆ On → (𝐹𝑎) ⊆ On)
54a1i 11 . . . 4 (⊤ → ∀𝑎(𝑎 ⊆ On → (𝐹𝑎) ⊆ On))
61, 5setrec2v 42971 . . 3 (⊤ → setrecs(𝐹) ⊆ On)
76trud 1641 . 2 setrecs(𝐹) ⊆ On
8 vex 3354 . . . . . . 7 𝑎 ∈ V
98a1i 11 . . . . . 6 (𝑎 ⊆ setrecs(𝐹) → 𝑎 ∈ V)
10 id 22 . . . . . 6 (𝑎 ⊆ setrecs(𝐹) → 𝑎 ⊆ setrecs(𝐹))
111, 9, 10setrec1 42966 . . . . 5 (𝑎 ⊆ setrecs(𝐹) → (𝐹𝑎) ⊆ setrecs(𝐹))
122onsetreclem3 42981 . . . . 5 (𝑎 ∈ On → 𝑎 ∈ (𝐹𝑎))
13 ssel 3746 . . . . 5 ((𝐹𝑎) ⊆ setrecs(𝐹) → (𝑎 ∈ (𝐹𝑎) → 𝑎 ∈ setrecs(𝐹)))
1411, 12, 13syl2im 40 . . . 4 (𝑎 ⊆ setrecs(𝐹) → (𝑎 ∈ On → 𝑎 ∈ setrecs(𝐹)))
1514com12 32 . . 3 (𝑎 ∈ On → (𝑎 ⊆ setrecs(𝐹) → 𝑎 ∈ setrecs(𝐹)))
1615rgen 3071 . 2 𝑎 ∈ On (𝑎 ⊆ setrecs(𝐹) → 𝑎 ∈ setrecs(𝐹))
17 tfi 7200 . 2 ((setrecs(𝐹) ⊆ On ∧ ∀𝑎 ∈ On (𝑎 ⊆ setrecs(𝐹) → 𝑎 ∈ setrecs(𝐹))) → setrecs(𝐹) = On)
187, 16, 17mp2an 672 1 setrecs(𝐹) = On
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
Syntax hints:  wi 4  wal 1629   = wceq 1631  wtru 1632  wcel 2145  wral 3061  Vcvv 3351  wss 3723  {cpr 4318   cuni 4574  cmpt 4863  Oncon0 5866  suc csuc 5868  cfv 6031  setrecscsetrecs 42958
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1870  ax-4 1885  ax-5 1991  ax-6 2057  ax-7 2093  ax-8 2147  ax-9 2154  ax-10 2174  ax-11 2190  ax-12 2203  ax-13 2408  ax-ext 2751  ax-rep 4904  ax-sep 4915  ax-nul 4923  ax-pow 4974  ax-pr 5034  ax-un 7096  ax-reg 8653  ax-inf2 8702
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 197  df-an 383  df-or 835  df-3or 1072  df-3an 1073  df-tru 1634  df-ex 1853  df-nf 1858  df-sb 2050  df-eu 2622  df-mo 2623  df-clab 2758  df-cleq 2764  df-clel 2767  df-nfc 2902  df-ne 2944  df-ral 3066  df-rex 3067  df-reu 3068  df-rab 3070  df-v 3353  df-sbc 3588  df-csb 3683  df-dif 3726  df-un 3728  df-in 3730  df-ss 3737  df-pss 3739  df-nul 4064  df-if 4226  df-pw 4299  df-sn 4317  df-pr 4319  df-tp 4321  df-op 4323  df-uni 4575  df-int 4612  df-iun 4656  df-iin 4657  df-br 4787  df-opab 4847  df-mpt 4864  df-tr 4887  df-id 5157  df-eprel 5162  df-po 5170  df-so 5171  df-fr 5208  df-we 5210  df-xp 5255  df-rel 5256  df-cnv 5257  df-co 5258  df-dm 5259  df-rn 5260  df-res 5261  df-ima 5262  df-pred 5823  df-ord 5869  df-on 5870  df-lim 5871  df-suc 5872  df-iota 5994  df-fun 6033  df-fn 6034  df-f 6035  df-f1 6036  df-fo 6037  df-f1o 6038  df-fv 6039  df-om 7213  df-wrecs 7559  df-recs 7621  df-rdg 7659  df-r1 8791  df-rank 8792  df-setrecs 42959
This theorem is referenced by: (None)
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