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Theorem mul2sq 25365
Description: Fibonacci's identity (actually due to Diophantus). The product of two sums of two squares is also a sum of two squares. We can take advantage of Gaussian integers here to trivialize the proof. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 19-Jun-2015.)
Hypothesis
Ref Expression
2sq.1 𝑆 = ran (𝑤 ∈ ℤ[i] ↦ ((abs‘𝑤)↑2))
Assertion
Ref Expression
mul2sq ((𝐴𝑆𝐵𝑆) → (𝐴 · 𝐵) ∈ 𝑆)

Proof of Theorem mul2sq
Dummy variables 𝑥 𝑦 𝑧 are mutually distinct and distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 2sq.1 . . 3 𝑆 = ran (𝑤 ∈ ℤ[i] ↦ ((abs‘𝑤)↑2))
212sqlem1 25363 . 2 (𝐴𝑆 ↔ ∃𝑥 ∈ ℤ[i] 𝐴 = ((abs‘𝑥)↑2))
312sqlem1 25363 . 2 (𝐵𝑆 ↔ ∃𝑦 ∈ ℤ[i] 𝐵 = ((abs‘𝑦)↑2))
4 reeanv 3255 . . 3 (∃𝑥 ∈ ℤ[i] ∃𝑦 ∈ ℤ[i] (𝐴 = ((abs‘𝑥)↑2) ∧ 𝐵 = ((abs‘𝑦)↑2)) ↔ (∃𝑥 ∈ ℤ[i] 𝐴 = ((abs‘𝑥)↑2) ∧ ∃𝑦 ∈ ℤ[i] 𝐵 = ((abs‘𝑦)↑2)))
5 gzmulcl 15849 . . . . . . 7 ((𝑥 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ℤ[i]) → (𝑥 · 𝑦) ∈ ℤ[i])
6 gzcn 15843 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝑥 ∈ ℤ[i] → 𝑥 ∈ ℂ)
7 gzcn 15843 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝑦 ∈ ℤ[i] → 𝑦 ∈ ℂ)
8 absmul 14242 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((𝑥 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ℂ) → (abs‘(𝑥 · 𝑦)) = ((abs‘𝑥) · (abs‘𝑦)))
96, 7, 8syl2an 583 . . . . . . . . 9 ((𝑥 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ℤ[i]) → (abs‘(𝑥 · 𝑦)) = ((abs‘𝑥) · (abs‘𝑦)))
109oveq1d 6808 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝑥 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ℤ[i]) → ((abs‘(𝑥 · 𝑦))↑2) = (((abs‘𝑥) · (abs‘𝑦))↑2))
116abscld 14383 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝑥 ∈ ℤ[i] → (abs‘𝑥) ∈ ℝ)
1211recnd 10270 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑥 ∈ ℤ[i] → (abs‘𝑥) ∈ ℂ)
137abscld 14383 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝑦 ∈ ℤ[i] → (abs‘𝑦) ∈ ℝ)
1413recnd 10270 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑦 ∈ ℤ[i] → (abs‘𝑦) ∈ ℂ)
15 sqmul 13133 . . . . . . . . 9 (((abs‘𝑥) ∈ ℂ ∧ (abs‘𝑦) ∈ ℂ) → (((abs‘𝑥) · (abs‘𝑦))↑2) = (((abs‘𝑥)↑2) · ((abs‘𝑦)↑2)))
1612, 14, 15syl2an 583 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝑥 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ℤ[i]) → (((abs‘𝑥) · (abs‘𝑦))↑2) = (((abs‘𝑥)↑2) · ((abs‘𝑦)↑2)))
1710, 16eqtr2d 2806 . . . . . . 7 ((𝑥 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ℤ[i]) → (((abs‘𝑥)↑2) · ((abs‘𝑦)↑2)) = ((abs‘(𝑥 · 𝑦))↑2))
18 fveq2 6332 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝑧 = (𝑥 · 𝑦) → (abs‘𝑧) = (abs‘(𝑥 · 𝑦)))
1918oveq1d 6808 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑧 = (𝑥 · 𝑦) → ((abs‘𝑧)↑2) = ((abs‘(𝑥 · 𝑦))↑2))
2019eqeq2d 2781 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑧 = (𝑥 · 𝑦) → ((((abs‘𝑥)↑2) · ((abs‘𝑦)↑2)) = ((abs‘𝑧)↑2) ↔ (((abs‘𝑥)↑2) · ((abs‘𝑦)↑2)) = ((abs‘(𝑥 · 𝑦))↑2)))
2120rspcev 3460 . . . . . . 7 (((𝑥 · 𝑦) ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ (((abs‘𝑥)↑2) · ((abs‘𝑦)↑2)) = ((abs‘(𝑥 · 𝑦))↑2)) → ∃𝑧 ∈ ℤ[i] (((abs‘𝑥)↑2) · ((abs‘𝑦)↑2)) = ((abs‘𝑧)↑2))
225, 17, 21syl2anc 573 . . . . . 6 ((𝑥 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ℤ[i]) → ∃𝑧 ∈ ℤ[i] (((abs‘𝑥)↑2) · ((abs‘𝑦)↑2)) = ((abs‘𝑧)↑2))
2312sqlem1 25363 . . . . . 6 ((((abs‘𝑥)↑2) · ((abs‘𝑦)↑2)) ∈ 𝑆 ↔ ∃𝑧 ∈ ℤ[i] (((abs‘𝑥)↑2) · ((abs‘𝑦)↑2)) = ((abs‘𝑧)↑2))
2422, 23sylibr 224 . . . . 5 ((𝑥 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ℤ[i]) → (((abs‘𝑥)↑2) · ((abs‘𝑦)↑2)) ∈ 𝑆)
25 oveq12 6802 . . . . . 6 ((𝐴 = ((abs‘𝑥)↑2) ∧ 𝐵 = ((abs‘𝑦)↑2)) → (𝐴 · 𝐵) = (((abs‘𝑥)↑2) · ((abs‘𝑦)↑2)))
2625eleq1d 2835 . . . . 5 ((𝐴 = ((abs‘𝑥)↑2) ∧ 𝐵 = ((abs‘𝑦)↑2)) → ((𝐴 · 𝐵) ∈ 𝑆 ↔ (((abs‘𝑥)↑2) · ((abs‘𝑦)↑2)) ∈ 𝑆))
2724, 26syl5ibrcom 237 . . . 4 ((𝑥 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ℤ[i]) → ((𝐴 = ((abs‘𝑥)↑2) ∧ 𝐵 = ((abs‘𝑦)↑2)) → (𝐴 · 𝐵) ∈ 𝑆))
2827rexlimivv 3184 . . 3 (∃𝑥 ∈ ℤ[i] ∃𝑦 ∈ ℤ[i] (𝐴 = ((abs‘𝑥)↑2) ∧ 𝐵 = ((abs‘𝑦)↑2)) → (𝐴 · 𝐵) ∈ 𝑆)
294, 28sylbir 225 . 2 ((∃𝑥 ∈ ℤ[i] 𝐴 = ((abs‘𝑥)↑2) ∧ ∃𝑦 ∈ ℤ[i] 𝐵 = ((abs‘𝑦)↑2)) → (𝐴 · 𝐵) ∈ 𝑆)
302, 3, 29syl2anb 585 1 ((𝐴𝑆𝐵𝑆) → (𝐴 · 𝐵) ∈ 𝑆)
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
Syntax hints:  wi 4  wa 382   = wceq 1631  wcel 2145  wrex 3062  cmpt 4863  ran crn 5250  cfv 6031  (class class class)co 6793  cc 10136   · cmul 10143  2c2 11272  cexp 13067  abscabs 14182  ℤ[i]cgz 15840
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1870  ax-4 1885  ax-5 1991  ax-6 2057  ax-7 2093  ax-8 2147  ax-9 2154  ax-10 2174  ax-11 2190  ax-12 2203  ax-13 2408  ax-ext 2751  ax-sep 4915  ax-nul 4923  ax-pow 4974  ax-pr 5034  ax-un 7096  ax-cnex 10194  ax-resscn 10195  ax-1cn 10196  ax-icn 10197  ax-addcl 10198  ax-addrcl 10199  ax-mulcl 10200  ax-mulrcl 10201  ax-mulcom 10202  ax-addass 10203  ax-mulass 10204  ax-distr 10205  ax-i2m1 10206  ax-1ne0 10207  ax-1rid 10208  ax-rnegex 10209  ax-rrecex 10210  ax-cnre 10211  ax-pre-lttri 10212  ax-pre-lttrn 10213  ax-pre-ltadd 10214  ax-pre-mulgt0 10215  ax-pre-sup 10216
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 197  df-an 383  df-or 837  df-3or 1072  df-3an 1073  df-tru 1634  df-ex 1853  df-nf 1858  df-sb 2050  df-eu 2622  df-mo 2623  df-clab 2758  df-cleq 2764  df-clel 2767  df-nfc 2902  df-ne 2944  df-nel 3047  df-ral 3066  df-rex 3067  df-reu 3068  df-rmo 3069  df-rab 3070  df-v 3353  df-sbc 3588  df-csb 3683  df-dif 3726  df-un 3728  df-in 3730  df-ss 3737  df-pss 3739  df-nul 4064  df-if 4226  df-pw 4299  df-sn 4317  df-pr 4319  df-tp 4321  df-op 4323  df-uni 4575  df-iun 4656  df-br 4787  df-opab 4847  df-mpt 4864  df-tr 4887  df-id 5157  df-eprel 5162  df-po 5170  df-so 5171  df-fr 5208  df-we 5210  df-xp 5255  df-rel 5256  df-cnv 5257  df-co 5258  df-dm 5259  df-rn 5260  df-res 5261  df-ima 5262  df-pred 5823  df-ord 5869  df-on 5870  df-lim 5871  df-suc 5872  df-iota 5994  df-fun 6033  df-fn 6034  df-f 6035  df-f1 6036  df-fo 6037  df-f1o 6038  df-fv 6039  df-riota 6754  df-ov 6796  df-oprab 6797  df-mpt2 6798  df-om 7213  df-2nd 7316  df-wrecs 7559  df-recs 7621  df-rdg 7659  df-er 7896  df-en 8110  df-dom 8111  df-sdom 8112  df-sup 8504  df-pnf 10278  df-mnf 10279  df-xr 10280  df-ltxr 10281  df-le 10282  df-sub 10470  df-neg 10471  df-div 10887  df-nn 11223  df-2 11281  df-3 11282  df-n0 11495  df-z 11580  df-uz 11889  df-rp 12036  df-seq 13009  df-exp 13068  df-cj 14047  df-re 14048  df-im 14049  df-sqrt 14183  df-abs 14184  df-gz 15841
This theorem is referenced by: (None)
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