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Theorem List for Metamath Proof Explorer - 4801-4900   *Has distinct variable group(s)
TypeLabelDescription
Statement

Theorembreqan12rd 4801 Equality deduction for a binary relation. (Contributed by NM, 8-Feb-1996.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)    &   (𝜓𝐶 = 𝐷)       ((𝜓𝜑) → (𝐴𝑅𝐶𝐵𝑅𝐷))

Theoremeqnbrtrd 4802 Substitution of equal classes into the negation of a binary relation. (Contributed by Glauco Siliprandi, 3-Jan-2021.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)    &   (𝜑 → ¬ 𝐵𝑅𝐶)       (𝜑 → ¬ 𝐴𝑅𝐶)

Theoremnbrne1 4803 Two classes are different if they don't have the same relationship to a third class. (Contributed by NM, 3-Jun-2012.)
((𝐴𝑅𝐵 ∧ ¬ 𝐴𝑅𝐶) → 𝐵𝐶)

Theoremnbrne2 4804 Two classes are different if they don't have the same relationship to a third class. (Contributed by NM, 3-Jun-2012.)
((𝐴𝑅𝐶 ∧ ¬ 𝐵𝑅𝐶) → 𝐴𝐵)

Theoremeqbrtri 4805 Substitution of equal classes into a binary relation. (Contributed by NM, 1-Aug-1999.)
𝐴 = 𝐵    &   𝐵𝑅𝐶       𝐴𝑅𝐶

Theoremeqbrtrd 4806 Substitution of equal classes into a binary relation. (Contributed by NM, 8-Oct-1999.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑅𝐶)       (𝜑𝐴𝑅𝐶)

Theoremeqbrtrri 4807 Substitution of equal classes into a binary relation. (Contributed by NM, 1-Aug-1999.)
𝐴 = 𝐵    &   𝐴𝑅𝐶       𝐵𝑅𝐶

Theoremeqbrtrrd 4808 Substitution of equal classes into a binary relation. (Contributed by NM, 24-Oct-1999.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑅𝐶)       (𝜑𝐵𝑅𝐶)

Theorembreqtri 4809 Substitution of equal classes into a binary relation. (Contributed by NM, 1-Aug-1999.)
𝐴𝑅𝐵    &   𝐵 = 𝐶       𝐴𝑅𝐶

Theorembreqtrd 4810 Substitution of equal classes into a binary relation. (Contributed by NM, 24-Oct-1999.)
(𝜑𝐴𝑅𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝐵 = 𝐶)       (𝜑𝐴𝑅𝐶)

Theorembreqtrri 4811 Substitution of equal classes into a binary relation. (Contributed by NM, 1-Aug-1999.)
𝐴𝑅𝐵    &   𝐶 = 𝐵       𝐴𝑅𝐶

Theorembreqtrrd 4812 Substitution of equal classes into a binary relation. (Contributed by NM, 24-Oct-1999.)
(𝜑𝐴𝑅𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝐶 = 𝐵)       (𝜑𝐴𝑅𝐶)

Theorem3brtr3i 4813 Substitution of equality into both sides of a binary relation. (Contributed by NM, 11-Aug-1999.)
𝐴𝑅𝐵    &   𝐴 = 𝐶    &   𝐵 = 𝐷       𝐶𝑅𝐷

Theorem3brtr4i 4814 Substitution of equality into both sides of a binary relation. (Contributed by NM, 11-Aug-1999.)
𝐴𝑅𝐵    &   𝐶 = 𝐴    &   𝐷 = 𝐵       𝐶𝑅𝐷

Theorem3brtr3d 4815 Substitution of equality into both sides of a binary relation. (Contributed by NM, 18-Oct-1999.)
(𝜑𝐴𝑅𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝐴 = 𝐶)    &   (𝜑𝐵 = 𝐷)       (𝜑𝐶𝑅𝐷)

Theorem3brtr4d 4816 Substitution of equality into both sides of a binary relation. (Contributed by NM, 21-Feb-2005.)
(𝜑𝐴𝑅𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝐶 = 𝐴)    &   (𝜑𝐷 = 𝐵)       (𝜑𝐶𝑅𝐷)

Theorem3brtr3g 4817 Substitution of equality into both sides of a binary relation. (Contributed by NM, 16-Jan-1997.)
(𝜑𝐴𝑅𝐵)    &   𝐴 = 𝐶    &   𝐵 = 𝐷       (𝜑𝐶𝑅𝐷)

Theorem3brtr4g 4818 Substitution of equality into both sides of a binary relation. (Contributed by NM, 16-Jan-1997.)
(𝜑𝐴𝑅𝐵)    &   𝐶 = 𝐴    &   𝐷 = 𝐵       (𝜑𝐶𝑅𝐷)

Theoremsyl5eqbr 4819 A chained equality inference for a binary relation. (Contributed by NM, 11-Oct-1999.)
𝐴 = 𝐵    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑅𝐶)       (𝜑𝐴𝑅𝐶)

Theoremsyl5eqbrr 4820 A chained equality inference for a binary relation. (Contributed by NM, 17-Sep-2004.)
𝐵 = 𝐴    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑅𝐶)       (𝜑𝐴𝑅𝐶)

Theoremsyl5breq 4821 A chained equality inference for a binary relation. (Contributed by NM, 11-Oct-1999.)
𝐴𝑅𝐵    &   (𝜑𝐵 = 𝐶)       (𝜑𝐴𝑅𝐶)

Theoremsyl5breqr 4822 A chained equality inference for a binary relation. (Contributed by NM, 24-Apr-2005.)
𝐴𝑅𝐵    &   (𝜑𝐶 = 𝐵)       (𝜑𝐴𝑅𝐶)

Theoremsyl6eqbr 4823 A chained equality inference for a binary relation. (Contributed by NM, 12-Oct-1999.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)    &   𝐵𝑅𝐶       (𝜑𝐴𝑅𝐶)

Theoremsyl6eqbrr 4824 A chained equality inference for a binary relation. (Contributed by NM, 4-Jan-2006.)
(𝜑𝐵 = 𝐴)    &   𝐵𝑅𝐶       (𝜑𝐴𝑅𝐶)

Theoremsyl6breq 4825 A chained equality inference for a binary relation. (Contributed by NM, 11-Oct-1999.)
(𝜑𝐴𝑅𝐵)    &   𝐵 = 𝐶       (𝜑𝐴𝑅𝐶)

Theoremsyl6breqr 4826 A chained equality inference for a binary relation. (Contributed by NM, 24-Apr-2005.)
(𝜑𝐴𝑅𝐵)    &   𝐶 = 𝐵       (𝜑𝐴𝑅𝐶)

Theoremssbrd 4827 Deduction from a subclass relationship of binary relations. (Contributed by NM, 30-Apr-2004.)
(𝜑𝐴𝐵)       (𝜑 → (𝐶𝐴𝐷𝐶𝐵𝐷))

Theoremssbr 4828 Implication from a subclass relationship of binary relations. (Contributed by Peter Mazsa, 11-Nov-2019.)
(𝐴𝐵 → (𝐶𝐴𝐷𝐶𝐵𝐷))

Theoremssbri 4829 Inference from a subclass relationship of binary relations. (Contributed by NM, 28-Mar-2007.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 8-Feb-2015.)
𝐴𝐵       (𝐶𝐴𝐷𝐶𝐵𝐷)

Theoremnfbrd 4830 Deduction version of bound-variable hypothesis builder nfbr 4831. (Contributed by NM, 13-Dec-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 14-Oct-2016.)
(𝜑𝑥𝐴)    &   (𝜑𝑥𝑅)    &   (𝜑𝑥𝐵)       (𝜑 → Ⅎ𝑥 𝐴𝑅𝐵)

Theoremnfbr 4831 Bound-variable hypothesis builder for binary relation. (Contributed by NM, 1-Sep-1999.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 14-Oct-2016.)
𝑥𝐴    &   𝑥𝑅    &   𝑥𝐵       𝑥 𝐴𝑅𝐵

Theorembrab1 4832* Relationship between a binary relation and a class abstraction. (Contributed by Andrew Salmon, 8-Jul-2011.)
(𝑥𝑅𝐴𝑥 ∈ {𝑧𝑧𝑅𝐴})

Theorembr0 4833 The empty binary relation never holds. (Contributed by NM, 23-Aug-2018.)
¬ 𝐴𝐵

Theorembrne0 4834 If two sets are in a binary relation, the relation cannot be empty. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 7-Jul-2018.)
(𝐴𝑅𝐵𝑅 ≠ ∅)

Theorembrun 4835 The union of two binary relations. (Contributed by NM, 21-Dec-2008.)
(𝐴(𝑅𝑆)𝐵 ↔ (𝐴𝑅𝐵𝐴𝑆𝐵))

Theorembrin 4836 The intersection of two relations. (Contributed by FL, 7-Oct-2008.)
(𝐴(𝑅𝑆)𝐵 ↔ (𝐴𝑅𝐵𝐴𝑆𝐵))

Theorembrdif 4837 The difference of two binary relations. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 11-Apr-2011.)
(𝐴(𝑅𝑆)𝐵 ↔ (𝐴𝑅𝐵 ∧ ¬ 𝐴𝑆𝐵))

Theoremsbcbr123 4838 Move substitution in and out of a binary relation. (Contributed by NM, 13-Dec-2005.) (Modified by NM, 22-Aug-2018.)
([𝐴 / 𝑥]𝐵𝑅𝐶𝐴 / 𝑥𝐵𝐴 / 𝑥𝑅𝐴 / 𝑥𝐶)

Theoremsbcbr 4839* Move substitution in and out of a binary relation. (Contributed by NM, 23-Aug-2018.)
([𝐴 / 𝑥]𝐵𝑅𝐶𝐵𝐴 / 𝑥𝑅𝐶)

Theoremsbcbr12g 4840* Move substitution in and out of a binary relation. (Contributed by NM, 13-Dec-2005.)
(𝐴𝑉 → ([𝐴 / 𝑥]𝐵𝑅𝐶𝐴 / 𝑥𝐵𝑅𝐴 / 𝑥𝐶))

Theoremsbcbr1g 4841* Move substitution in and out of a binary relation. (Contributed by NM, 13-Dec-2005.)
(𝐴𝑉 → ([𝐴 / 𝑥]𝐵𝑅𝐶𝐴 / 𝑥𝐵𝑅𝐶))

Theoremsbcbr2g 4842* Move substitution in and out of a binary relation. (Contributed by NM, 13-Dec-2005.)
(𝐴𝑉 → ([𝐴 / 𝑥]𝐵𝑅𝐶𝐵𝑅𝐴 / 𝑥𝐶))

Theorembrsymdif 4843 Characterization of the symmetric difference of two binary relations. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 11-Apr-2012.)
(𝐴(𝑅𝑆)𝐵 ↔ ¬ (𝐴𝑅𝐵𝐴𝑆𝐵))

2.1.23  Ordered-pair class abstractions (class builders)

Syntaxcopab 4844 Extend class notation to include ordered-pair class abstraction (class builder).
class {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ 𝜑}

Definitiondf-opab 4845* Define the class abstraction of a collection of ordered pairs. Definition 3.3 of [Monk1] p. 34. Usually 𝑥 and 𝑦 are distinct, although the definition doesn't strictly require it (see dfid2 5160 for a case where they are not distinct). The brace notation is called "class abstraction" by Quine; it is also (more commonly) called a "class builder" in the literature. An alternate definition using no existential quantifiers is shown by dfopab2 7370. For example, 𝑅 = {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ (𝑥 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ℂ ∧ (𝑥 + 1) = 𝑦)} → 3𝑅4 (ex-opab 27625). (Contributed by NM, 4-Jul-1994.)
{⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ 𝜑} = {𝑧 ∣ ∃𝑥𝑦(𝑧 = ⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∧ 𝜑)}

Theoremopabss 4846* The collection of ordered pairs in a class is a subclass of it. (Contributed by NM, 27-Dec-1996.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 9-Jul-2011.)
{⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ 𝑥𝑅𝑦} ⊆ 𝑅

Theoremopabbid 4847 Equivalent wff's yield equal ordered-pair class abstractions (deduction rule). (Contributed by NM, 21-Feb-2004.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 9-Jul-2011.)
𝑥𝜑    &   𝑦𝜑    &   (𝜑 → (𝜓𝜒))       (𝜑 → {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ 𝜓} = {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ 𝜒})

Theoremopabbidv 4848* Equivalent wff's yield equal ordered-pair class abstractions (deduction rule). (Contributed by NM, 15-May-1995.)
(𝜑 → (𝜓𝜒))       (𝜑 → {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ 𝜓} = {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ 𝜒})

Theoremopabbii 4849 Equivalent wff's yield equal class abstractions. (Contributed by NM, 15-May-1995.)
(𝜑𝜓)       {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ 𝜑} = {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ 𝜓}

Theoremnfopab 4850* Bound-variable hypothesis builder for class abstraction. (Contributed by NM, 1-Sep-1999.) (Unnecessary distinct variable restrictions were removed by Andrew Salmon, 11-Jul-2011.)
𝑧𝜑       𝑧{⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ 𝜑}

Theoremnfopab1 4851 The first abstraction variable in an ordered-pair class abstraction (class builder) is effectively not free. (Contributed by NM, 16-May-1995.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 14-Oct-2016.)
𝑥{⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ 𝜑}

Theoremnfopab2 4852 The second abstraction variable in an ordered-pair class abstraction (class builder) is effectively not free. (Contributed by NM, 16-May-1995.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 14-Oct-2016.)
𝑦{⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ 𝜑}

Theoremcbvopab 4853* Rule used to change bound variables in an ordered-pair class abstraction, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 14-Sep-2003.)
𝑧𝜑    &   𝑤𝜑    &   𝑥𝜓    &   𝑦𝜓    &   ((𝑥 = 𝑧𝑦 = 𝑤) → (𝜑𝜓))       {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ 𝜑} = {⟨𝑧, 𝑤⟩ ∣ 𝜓}

Theoremcbvopabv 4854* Rule used to change bound variables in an ordered-pair class abstraction, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 15-Oct-1996.)
((𝑥 = 𝑧𝑦 = 𝑤) → (𝜑𝜓))       {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ 𝜑} = {⟨𝑧, 𝑤⟩ ∣ 𝜓}

Theoremcbvopab1 4855* Change first bound variable in an ordered-pair class abstraction, using explicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 6-Oct-2004.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 14-Oct-2016.)
𝑧𝜑    &   𝑥𝜓    &   (𝑥 = 𝑧 → (𝜑𝜓))       {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ 𝜑} = {⟨𝑧, 𝑦⟩ ∣ 𝜓}

Theoremcbvopab2 4856* Change second bound variable in an ordered-pair class abstraction, using explicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 22-Aug-2013.)
𝑧𝜑    &   𝑦𝜓    &   (𝑦 = 𝑧 → (𝜑𝜓))       {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ 𝜑} = {⟨𝑥, 𝑧⟩ ∣ 𝜓}

Theoremcbvopab1s 4857* Change first bound variable in an ordered-pair class abstraction, using explicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 31-Jul-2003.)
{⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ 𝜑} = {⟨𝑧, 𝑦⟩ ∣ [𝑧 / 𝑥]𝜑}

Theoremcbvopab1v 4858* Rule used to change the first bound variable in an ordered pair abstraction, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 31-Jul-2003.) (Proof shortened by Eric Schmidt, 4-Apr-2007.)
(𝑥 = 𝑧 → (𝜑𝜓))       {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ 𝜑} = {⟨𝑧, 𝑦⟩ ∣ 𝜓}

Theoremcbvopab2v 4859* Rule used to change the second bound variable in an ordered pair abstraction, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 2-Sep-1999.)
(𝑦 = 𝑧 → (𝜑𝜓))       {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ 𝜑} = {⟨𝑥, 𝑧⟩ ∣ 𝜓}

Theoremunopab 4860 Union of two ordered pair class abstractions. (Contributed by NM, 30-Sep-2002.)
({⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ 𝜑} ∪ {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ 𝜓}) = {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ (𝜑𝜓)}

2.1.24  Functions in "maps-to" notation

Syntaxcmpt 4861 Extend the definition of a class to include maps-to notation for defining a function via a rule.
class (𝑥𝐴𝐵)

Definitiondf-mpt 4862* Define maps-to notation for defining a function via a rule. Read as "the function defined by the map from 𝑥 (in 𝐴) to 𝐵(𝑥)." The class expression 𝐵 is the value of the function at 𝑥 and normally contains the variable 𝑥. An example is the square function for complex numbers, (𝑥 ∈ ℂ ↦ (𝑥↑2)). Similar to the definition of mapping in [ChoquetDD] p. 2. (Contributed by NM, 17-Feb-2008.)
(𝑥𝐴𝐵) = {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ (𝑥𝐴𝑦 = 𝐵)}

Theoremmpteq12f 4863 An equality theorem for the maps to notation. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 16-Dec-2013.)
((∀𝑥 𝐴 = 𝐶 ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴 𝐵 = 𝐷) → (𝑥𝐴𝐵) = (𝑥𝐶𝐷))

Theoremmpteq12dva 4864* An equality inference for the maps to notation. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 26-Jan-2017.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐶)    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝐵 = 𝐷)       (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴𝐵) = (𝑥𝐶𝐷))

Theoremmpteq12dv 4865* An equality inference for the maps to notation. (Contributed by NM, 24-Aug-2011.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 16-Dec-2013.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐶)    &   (𝜑𝐵 = 𝐷)       (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴𝐵) = (𝑥𝐶𝐷))

Theoremmpteq12d 4866 An equality inference for the maps to notation. Compare mpteq12dv 4865. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 8-Aug-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 11-Dec-2016.)
𝑥𝜑    &   (𝜑𝐴 = 𝐶)    &   (𝜑𝐵 = 𝐷)       (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴𝐵) = (𝑥𝐶𝐷))

Theoremmpteq12df 4867 An equality theorem for the maps to notation. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 30-May-2020.)
𝑥𝜑    &   (𝜑𝐴 = 𝐶)    &   (𝜑𝐵 = 𝐷)       (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴𝐵) = (𝑥𝐶𝐷))

Theoremmpteq12 4868* An equality theorem for the maps to notation. (Contributed by NM, 16-Dec-2013.)
((𝐴 = 𝐶 ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴 𝐵 = 𝐷) → (𝑥𝐴𝐵) = (𝑥𝐶𝐷))

Theoremmpteq1 4869* An equality theorem for the maps to notation. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 16-Dec-2013.)
(𝐴 = 𝐵 → (𝑥𝐴𝐶) = (𝑥𝐵𝐶))

Theoremmpteq1d 4870* An equality theorem for the maps to notation. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 11-Jun-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)       (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴𝐶) = (𝑥𝐵𝐶))

Theoremmpteq1i 4871* An equality theorem for the maps to notation. (Contributed by Glauco Siliprandi, 17-Aug-2020.)
𝐴 = 𝐵       (𝑥𝐴𝐶) = (𝑥𝐵𝐶)

Theoremmpteq2ia 4872 An equality inference for the maps to notation. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 16-Dec-2013.)
(𝑥𝐴𝐵 = 𝐶)       (𝑥𝐴𝐵) = (𝑥𝐴𝐶)

Theoremmpteq2i 4873 An equality inference for the maps to notation. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 16-Dec-2013.)
𝐵 = 𝐶       (𝑥𝐴𝐵) = (𝑥𝐴𝐶)

Theoremmpteq12i 4874 An equality inference for the maps to notation. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 27-Oct-2010.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 16-Dec-2013.)
𝐴 = 𝐶    &   𝐵 = 𝐷       (𝑥𝐴𝐵) = (𝑥𝐶𝐷)

Theoremmpteq2da 4875 Slightly more general equality inference for the maps to notation. (Contributed by FL, 14-Sep-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 16-Dec-2013.)
𝑥𝜑    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝐵 = 𝐶)       (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴𝐵) = (𝑥𝐴𝐶))

Theoremmpteq2dva 4876* Slightly more general equality inference for the maps to notation. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 25-Apr-2012.)
((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝐵 = 𝐶)       (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴𝐵) = (𝑥𝐴𝐶))

Theoremmpteq2dv 4877* An equality inference for the maps to notation. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 23-Aug-2014.)
(𝜑𝐵 = 𝐶)       (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴𝐵) = (𝑥𝐴𝐶))

Theoremnfmpt 4878* Bound-variable hypothesis builder for the maps-to notation. (Contributed by NM, 20-Feb-2013.)
𝑥𝐴    &   𝑥𝐵       𝑥(𝑦𝐴𝐵)

Theoremnfmpt1 4879 Bound-variable hypothesis builder for the maps-to notation. (Contributed by FL, 17-Feb-2008.)
𝑥(𝑥𝐴𝐵)

Theoremcbvmptf 4880* Rule to change the bound variable in a maps-to function, using implicit substitution. This version has bound-variable hypotheses in place of distinct variable conditions. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 9-Mar-2017.)
𝑥𝐴    &   𝑦𝐴    &   𝑦𝐵    &   𝑥𝐶    &   (𝑥 = 𝑦𝐵 = 𝐶)       (𝑥𝐴𝐵) = (𝑦𝐴𝐶)

Theoremcbvmpt 4881* Rule to change the bound variable in a maps-to function, using implicit substitution. This version has bound-variable hypotheses in place of distinct variable conditions. (Contributed by NM, 11-Sep-2011.)
𝑦𝐵    &   𝑥𝐶    &   (𝑥 = 𝑦𝐵 = 𝐶)       (𝑥𝐴𝐵) = (𝑦𝐴𝐶)

Theoremcbvmptv 4882* Rule to change the bound variable in a maps-to function, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 19-Feb-2013.)
(𝑥 = 𝑦𝐵 = 𝐶)       (𝑥𝐴𝐵) = (𝑦𝐴𝐶)

Theoremmptv 4883* Function with universal domain in maps-to notation. (Contributed by NM, 16-Aug-2013.)
(𝑥 ∈ V ↦ 𝐵) = {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ 𝑦 = 𝐵}

2.1.25  Transitive classes

Syntaxwtr 4884 Extend wff notation to include transitive classes. Notation from [TakeutiZaring] p. 35.
wff Tr 𝐴

Definitiondf-tr 4885 Define the transitive class predicate. Not to be confused with a transitive relation (see cotr 5649). Definition of [Enderton] p. 71 extended to arbitrary classes. For alternate definitions, see dftr2 4886 (which is suggestive of the word "transitive"), dftr3 4888, dftr4 4889, dftr5 4887, and (when 𝐴 is a set) unisuc 5944. The term "complete" is used instead of "transitive" in Definition 3 of [Suppes] p. 130. (Contributed by NM, 29-Aug-1993.)
(Tr 𝐴 𝐴𝐴)

Theoremdftr2 4886* An alternate way of defining a transitive class. Exercise 7 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 40. (Contributed by NM, 24-Apr-1994.)
(Tr 𝐴 ↔ ∀𝑥𝑦((𝑥𝑦𝑦𝐴) → 𝑥𝐴))

Theoremdftr5 4887* An alternate way of defining a transitive class. (Contributed by NM, 20-Mar-2004.)
(Tr 𝐴 ↔ ∀𝑥𝐴𝑦𝑥 𝑦𝐴)

Theoremdftr3 4888* An alternate way of defining a transitive class. Definition 7.1 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 35. (Contributed by NM, 29-Aug-1993.)
(Tr 𝐴 ↔ ∀𝑥𝐴 𝑥𝐴)

Theoremdftr4 4889 An alternate way of defining a transitive class. Definition of [Enderton] p. 71. (Contributed by NM, 29-Aug-1993.)
(Tr 𝐴𝐴 ⊆ 𝒫 𝐴)

Theoremtreq 4890 Equality theorem for the transitive class predicate. (Contributed by NM, 17-Sep-1993.)
(𝐴 = 𝐵 → (Tr 𝐴 ↔ Tr 𝐵))

Theoremtrel 4891 In a transitive class, the membership relation is transitive. (Contributed by NM, 19-Apr-1994.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 9-Jul-2011.)
(Tr 𝐴 → ((𝐵𝐶𝐶𝐴) → 𝐵𝐴))

Theoremtrel3 4892 In a transitive class, the membership relation is transitive. (Contributed by NM, 19-Apr-1994.)
(Tr 𝐴 → ((𝐵𝐶𝐶𝐷𝐷𝐴) → 𝐵𝐴))

Theoremtrss 4893 An element of a transitive class is a subset of the class. (Contributed by NM, 7-Aug-1994.) (Proof shortened by JJ, 26-Jul-2021.)
(Tr 𝐴 → (𝐵𝐴𝐵𝐴))

Theoremtrin 4894 The intersection of transitive classes is transitive. (Contributed by NM, 9-May-1994.)
((Tr 𝐴 ∧ Tr 𝐵) → Tr (𝐴𝐵))

Theoremtr0 4895 The empty set is transitive. (Contributed by NM, 16-Sep-1993.)
Tr ∅

Theoremtrv 4896 The universe is transitive. (Contributed by NM, 14-Sep-2003.)
Tr V

Theoremtriun 4897* The indexed union of a class of transitive sets is transitive. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 16-Nov-2014.)
(∀𝑥𝐴 Tr 𝐵 → Tr 𝑥𝐴 𝐵)

Theoremtruni 4898* The union of a class of transitive sets is transitive. Exercise 5(a) of [Enderton] p. 73. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 21-Feb-2011.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 26-Apr-2014.)
(∀𝑥𝐴 Tr 𝑥 → Tr 𝐴)

Theoremtrint 4899* The intersection of a class of transitive sets is transitive. Exercise 5(b) of [Enderton] p. 73. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 25-Feb-2011.)
(∀𝑥𝐴 Tr 𝑥 → Tr 𝐴)

Theoremtrintss 4900 Any nonempty transitive class includes its intersection. Exercise 3 in [TakeutiZaring] p. 44 (which mistakenly does not include the nonemptiness hypothesis). (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 3-Mar-2011.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 14-Nov-2011.)
((Tr 𝐴𝐴 ≠ ∅) → 𝐴𝐴)

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