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Theorem List for Metamath Proof Explorer - 3601-3700   *Has distinct variable group(s)
TypeLabelDescription
Statement

Theoremcbvrabcsf 3601 A more general version of cbvrab 3229 with no distinct variable restrictions. (Contributed by Andrew Salmon, 13-Jul-2011.)
𝑦𝐴    &   𝑥𝐵    &   𝑦𝜑    &   𝑥𝜓    &   (𝑥 = 𝑦𝐴 = 𝐵)    &   (𝑥 = 𝑦 → (𝜑𝜓))       {𝑥𝐴𝜑} = {𝑦𝐵𝜓}

Theoremcbvralv2 3602* Rule used to change the bound variable in a restricted universal quantifier with implicit substitution which also changes the quantifier domain. (Contributed by David Moews, 1-May-2017.)
(𝑥 = 𝑦 → (𝜓𝜒))    &   (𝑥 = 𝑦𝐴 = 𝐵)       (∀𝑥𝐴 𝜓 ↔ ∀𝑦𝐵 𝜒)

Theoremcbvrexv2 3603* Rule used to change the bound variable in a restricted existential quantifier with implicit substitution which also changes the quantifier domain. (Contributed by David Moews, 1-May-2017.)
(𝑥 = 𝑦 → (𝜓𝜒))    &   (𝑥 = 𝑦𝐴 = 𝐵)       (∃𝑥𝐴 𝜓 ↔ ∃𝑦𝐵 𝜒)

2.1.11  Define basic set operations and relations

Syntaxcdif 3604 Extend class notation to include class difference (read: "𝐴 minus 𝐵").
class (𝐴𝐵)

Syntaxcun 3605 Extend class notation to include union of two classes (read: "𝐴 union 𝐵").
class (𝐴𝐵)

Syntaxcin 3606 Extend class notation to include the intersection of two classes (read: "𝐴 intersect 𝐵").
class (𝐴𝐵)

Syntaxwss 3607 Extend wff notation to include the subclass relation. This is read "𝐴 is a subclass of 𝐵 " or "𝐵 includes 𝐴." When 𝐴 exists as a set, it is also read "𝐴 is a subset of 𝐵."
wff 𝐴𝐵

Syntaxwpss 3608 Extend wff notation with proper subclass relation.
wff 𝐴𝐵

Theoremdifjust 3609* Soundness justification theorem for df-dif 3610. (Contributed by Rodolfo Medina, 27-Apr-2010.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 9-Jul-2011.)
{𝑥 ∣ (𝑥𝐴 ∧ ¬ 𝑥𝐵)} = {𝑦 ∣ (𝑦𝐴 ∧ ¬ 𝑦𝐵)}

Definitiondf-dif 3610* Define class difference, also called relative complement. Definition 5.12 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 20. For example, ({1, 3} ∖ {1, 8}) = {3} (ex-dif 27410). Contrast this operation with union (𝐴𝐵) (df-un 3612) and intersection (𝐴𝐵) (df-in 3614). Several notations are used in the literature; we chose the convention used in Definition 5.3 of [Eisenberg] p. 67 instead of the more common minus sign to reserve the latter for later use in, e.g., arithmetic. We will use the terminology "𝐴 excludes 𝐵 " to mean 𝐴𝐵. We will use "𝐵 is removed from 𝐴 " to mean 𝐴 ∖ {𝐵} i.e. the removal of an element or equivalently the exclusion of a singleton. (Contributed by NM, 29-Apr-1994.)
(𝐴𝐵) = {𝑥 ∣ (𝑥𝐴 ∧ ¬ 𝑥𝐵)}

Theoremunjust 3611* Soundness justification theorem for df-un 3612. (Contributed by Rodolfo Medina, 28-Apr-2010.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 9-Jul-2011.)
{𝑥 ∣ (𝑥𝐴𝑥𝐵)} = {𝑦 ∣ (𝑦𝐴𝑦𝐵)}

Definitiondf-un 3612* Define the union of two classes. Definition 5.6 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 16. For example, ({1, 3} ∪ {1, 8}) = {1, 3, 8} (ex-un 27411). Contrast this operation with difference (𝐴𝐵) (df-dif 3610) and intersection (𝐴𝐵) (df-in 3614). For an alternate definition in terms of class difference, requiring no dummy variables, see dfun2 3892. For union defined in terms of intersection, see dfun3 3898. (Contributed by NM, 23-Aug-1993.)
(𝐴𝐵) = {𝑥 ∣ (𝑥𝐴𝑥𝐵)}

Theoreminjust 3613* Soundness justification theorem for df-in 3614. (Contributed by Rodolfo Medina, 28-Apr-2010.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 9-Jul-2011.)
{𝑥 ∣ (𝑥𝐴𝑥𝐵)} = {𝑦 ∣ (𝑦𝐴𝑦𝐵)}

Definitiondf-in 3614* Define the intersection of two classes. Definition 5.6 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 16. For example, ({1, 3} ∩ {1, 8}) = {1} (ex-in 27412). Contrast this operation with union (𝐴𝐵) (df-un 3612) and difference (𝐴𝐵) (df-dif 3610). For alternate definitions in terms of class difference, requiring no dummy variables, see dfin2 3893 and dfin4 3900. For intersection defined in terms of union, see dfin3 3899. (Contributed by NM, 29-Apr-1994.)
(𝐴𝐵) = {𝑥 ∣ (𝑥𝐴𝑥𝐵)}

Theoremdfin5 3615* Alternate definition for the intersection of two classes. (Contributed by NM, 6-Jul-2005.)
(𝐴𝐵) = {𝑥𝐴𝑥𝐵}

Theoremdfdif2 3616* Alternate definition of class difference. (Contributed by NM, 25-Mar-2004.)
(𝐴𝐵) = {𝑥𝐴 ∣ ¬ 𝑥𝐵}

Theoremeldif 3617 Expansion of membership in a class difference. (Contributed by NM, 29-Apr-1994.)
(𝐴 ∈ (𝐵𝐶) ↔ (𝐴𝐵 ∧ ¬ 𝐴𝐶))

Theoremeldifd 3618 If a class is in one class and not another, it is also in their difference. One-way deduction form of eldif 3617. (Contributed by David Moews, 1-May-2017.)
(𝜑𝐴𝐵)    &   (𝜑 → ¬ 𝐴𝐶)       (𝜑𝐴 ∈ (𝐵𝐶))

Theoremeldifad 3619 If a class is in the difference of two classes, it is also in the minuend. One-way deduction form of eldif 3617. (Contributed by David Moews, 1-May-2017.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ (𝐵𝐶))       (𝜑𝐴𝐵)

Theoremeldifbd 3620 If a class is in the difference of two classes, it is not in the subtrahend. One-way deduction form of eldif 3617. (Contributed by David Moews, 1-May-2017.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ (𝐵𝐶))       (𝜑 → ¬ 𝐴𝐶)

2.1.12  Subclasses and subsets

Definitiondf-ss 3621 Define the subclass relationship. Exercise 9 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 18. For example, {1, 2} ⊆ {1, 2, 3} (ex-ss 27414). Note that 𝐴𝐴 (proved in ssid 3657). Contrast this relationship with the relationship 𝐴𝐵 (as will be defined in df-pss 3623). For a more traditional definition, but requiring a dummy variable, see dfss2 3624. Other possible definitions are given by dfss3 3625, dfss4 3891, sspss 3739, ssequn1 3816, ssequn2 3819, sseqin2 3850, and ssdif0 3975.

We prefer the label "ss" ("subset") for , despite the fact that it applies to classes. It is much more common to refer to this as the subset relation than subclass, especially since most of the time the arguments are in fact sets (and for pragmatic reasons we don't want to need to use different operations for sets). The way set.mm is set up, many things are technically classes despite morally (and provably) being sets, like 1 (cf. df-1 9982 and 1ex 10073) or ( cf. df-r 9984 and reex 10065) . This has to do with the fact that there are no "set expressions": classes are expressions but there are only set variables in set.mm (cf. http://us.metamath.org/downloads/grammar-ambiguity.txt). This is why we use both for subclass relations and for subset relations and call it "subset". (Contributed by NM, 27-Apr-1994.)

(𝐴𝐵 ↔ (𝐴𝐵) = 𝐴)

Theoremdfss 3622 Variant of subclass definition df-ss 3621. (Contributed by NM, 21-Jun-1993.)
(𝐴𝐵𝐴 = (𝐴𝐵))

Definitiondf-pss 3623 Define proper subclass relationship between two classes. Definition 5.9 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 17. For example, {1, 2} ⊊ {1, 2, 3} (ex-pss 27415). Note that ¬ 𝐴𝐴 (proved in pssirr 3740). Contrast this relationship with the relationship 𝐴𝐵 (as defined in df-ss 3621). Other possible definitions are given by dfpss2 3725 and dfpss3 3726. (Contributed by NM, 7-Feb-1996.)
(𝐴𝐵 ↔ (𝐴𝐵𝐴𝐵))

Theoremdfss2 3624* Alternate definition of the subclass relationship between two classes. Definition 5.9 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 17. (Contributed by NM, 8-Jan-2002.)
(𝐴𝐵 ↔ ∀𝑥(𝑥𝐴𝑥𝐵))

Theoremdfss3 3625* Alternate definition of subclass relationship. (Contributed by NM, 14-Oct-1999.)
(𝐴𝐵 ↔ ∀𝑥𝐴 𝑥𝐵)

Theoremdfss6 3626* Alternate definition of subclass relationship. (Contributed by RP, 16-Apr-2020.)
(𝐴𝐵 ↔ ¬ ∃𝑥(𝑥𝐴 ∧ ¬ 𝑥𝐵))

Theoremdfss2f 3627 Equivalence for subclass relation, using bound-variable hypotheses instead of distinct variable conditions. (Contributed by NM, 3-Jul-1994.) (Revised by Andrew Salmon, 27-Aug-2011.)
𝑥𝐴    &   𝑥𝐵       (𝐴𝐵 ↔ ∀𝑥(𝑥𝐴𝑥𝐵))

Theoremdfss3f 3628 Equivalence for subclass relation, using bound-variable hypotheses instead of distinct variable conditions. (Contributed by NM, 20-Mar-2004.)
𝑥𝐴    &   𝑥𝐵       (𝐴𝐵 ↔ ∀𝑥𝐴 𝑥𝐵)

Theoremnfss 3629 If 𝑥 is not free in 𝐴 and 𝐵, it is not free in 𝐴𝐵. (Contributed by NM, 27-Dec-1996.)
𝑥𝐴    &   𝑥𝐵       𝑥 𝐴𝐵

Theoremssel 3630 Membership relationships follow from a subclass relationship. (Contributed by NM, 5-Aug-1993.)
(𝐴𝐵 → (𝐶𝐴𝐶𝐵))

Theoremssel2 3631 Membership relationships follow from a subclass relationship. (Contributed by NM, 7-Jun-2004.)
((𝐴𝐵𝐶𝐴) → 𝐶𝐵)

Theoremsseli 3632 Membership inference from subclass relationship. (Contributed by NM, 5-Aug-1993.)
𝐴𝐵       (𝐶𝐴𝐶𝐵)

Theoremsselii 3633 Membership inference from subclass relationship. (Contributed by NM, 31-May-1999.)
𝐴𝐵    &   𝐶𝐴       𝐶𝐵

Theoremsseldi 3634 Membership inference from subclass relationship. (Contributed by NM, 25-Jun-2014.)
𝐴𝐵    &   (𝜑𝐶𝐴)       (𝜑𝐶𝐵)

Theoremsseld 3635 Membership deduction from subclass relationship. (Contributed by NM, 15-Nov-1995.)
(𝜑𝐴𝐵)       (𝜑 → (𝐶𝐴𝐶𝐵))

Theoremsselda 3636 Membership deduction from subclass relationship. (Contributed by NM, 26-Jun-2014.)
(𝜑𝐴𝐵)       ((𝜑𝐶𝐴) → 𝐶𝐵)

Theoremsseldd 3637 Membership inference from subclass relationship. (Contributed by NM, 14-Dec-2004.)
(𝜑𝐴𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝐴)       (𝜑𝐶𝐵)

Theoremssneld 3638 If a class is not in another class, it is also not in a subclass of that class. Deduction form. (Contributed by David Moews, 1-May-2017.)
(𝜑𝐴𝐵)       (𝜑 → (¬ 𝐶𝐵 → ¬ 𝐶𝐴))

Theoremssneldd 3639 If an element is not in a class, it is also not in a subclass of that class. Deduction form. (Contributed by David Moews, 1-May-2017.)
(𝜑𝐴𝐵)    &   (𝜑 → ¬ 𝐶𝐵)       (𝜑 → ¬ 𝐶𝐴)

Theoremssriv 3640* Inference rule based on subclass definition. (Contributed by NM, 21-Jun-1993.)
(𝑥𝐴𝑥𝐵)       𝐴𝐵

Theoremssrd 3641 Deduction rule based on subclass definition. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 8-Mar-2017.)
𝑥𝜑    &   𝑥𝐴    &   𝑥𝐵    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴𝑥𝐵))       (𝜑𝐴𝐵)

Theoremssrdv 3642* Deduction rule based on subclass definition. (Contributed by NM, 15-Nov-1995.)
(𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴𝑥𝐵))       (𝜑𝐴𝐵)

Theoremsstr2 3643 Transitivity of subclasses. Exercise 5 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 17. (Contributed by NM, 24-Jun-1993.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 14-Jun-2011.)
(𝐴𝐵 → (𝐵𝐶𝐴𝐶))

Theoremsstr 3644 Transitivity of subclasses. Theorem 6 of [Suppes] p. 23. (Contributed by NM, 5-Sep-2003.)
((𝐴𝐵𝐵𝐶) → 𝐴𝐶)

Theoremsstri 3645 Subclass transitivity inference. (Contributed by NM, 5-May-2000.)
𝐴𝐵    &   𝐵𝐶       𝐴𝐶

Theoremsstrd 3646 Subclass transitivity deduction. (Contributed by NM, 2-Jun-2004.)
(𝜑𝐴𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝐶)       (𝜑𝐴𝐶)

Theoremsyl5ss 3647 Subclass transitivity deduction. (Contributed by NM, 6-Feb-2014.)
𝐴𝐵    &   (𝜑𝐵𝐶)       (𝜑𝐴𝐶)

Theoremsyl6ss 3648 Subclass transitivity deduction. (Contributed by Jonathan Ben-Naim, 3-Jun-2011.)
(𝜑𝐴𝐵)    &   𝐵𝐶       (𝜑𝐴𝐶)

Theoremsylan9ss 3649 A subclass transitivity deduction. (Contributed by NM, 27-Sep-2004.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 14-Jun-2011.)
(𝜑𝐴𝐵)    &   (𝜓𝐵𝐶)       ((𝜑𝜓) → 𝐴𝐶)

Theoremsylan9ssr 3650 A subclass transitivity deduction. (Contributed by NM, 27-Sep-2004.)
(𝜑𝐴𝐵)    &   (𝜓𝐵𝐶)       ((𝜓𝜑) → 𝐴𝐶)

Theoremeqss 3651 The subclass relationship is antisymmetric. Compare Theorem 4 of [Suppes] p. 22. (Contributed by NM, 21-May-1993.)
(𝐴 = 𝐵 ↔ (𝐴𝐵𝐵𝐴))

Theoremeqssi 3652 Infer equality from two subclass relationships. Compare Theorem 4 of [Suppes] p. 22. (Contributed by NM, 9-Sep-1993.)
𝐴𝐵    &   𝐵𝐴       𝐴 = 𝐵

Theoremeqssd 3653 Equality deduction from two subclass relationships. Compare Theorem 4 of [Suppes] p. 22. (Contributed by NM, 27-Jun-2004.)
(𝜑𝐴𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝐴)       (𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)

Theoremsssseq 3654 If a class is a subclass of another class, the classes are equal iff the other class is a subclass of the first class. (Contributed by AV, 23-Dec-2020.)
(𝐵𝐴 → (𝐴𝐵𝐴 = 𝐵))

Theoremeqrd 3655 Deduce equality of classes from equivalence of membership. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 21-Mar-2017.) (Proof shortened by BJ, 1-Dec-2021.)
𝑥𝜑    &   𝑥𝐴    &   𝑥𝐵    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴𝑥𝐵))       (𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)

TheoremeqrdOLD 3656 Obsolete proof of eqrd 3655 as of 1-Dec-2021. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 21-Mar-2017.) (Proof modification is discouraged.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑥𝜑    &   𝑥𝐴    &   𝑥𝐵    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴𝑥𝐵))       (𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)

Theoremssid 3657 Any class is a subclass of itself. Exercise 10 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 18. (Contributed by NM, 21-Jun-1993.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 14-Jun-2011.)
𝐴𝐴

Theoremssv 3658 Any class is a subclass of the universal class. (Contributed by NM, 31-Oct-1995.)
𝐴 ⊆ V

Theoremsseq1 3659 Equality theorem for subclasses. (Contributed by NM, 24-Jun-1993.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 21-Jun-2011.)
(𝐴 = 𝐵 → (𝐴𝐶𝐵𝐶))

Theoremsseq2 3660 Equality theorem for the subclass relationship. (Contributed by NM, 25-Jun-1998.)
(𝐴 = 𝐵 → (𝐶𝐴𝐶𝐵))

Theoremsseq12 3661 Equality theorem for the subclass relationship. (Contributed by NM, 31-May-1999.)
((𝐴 = 𝐵𝐶 = 𝐷) → (𝐴𝐶𝐵𝐷))

Theoremsseq1i 3662 An equality inference for the subclass relationship. (Contributed by NM, 18-Aug-1993.)
𝐴 = 𝐵       (𝐴𝐶𝐵𝐶)

Theoremsseq2i 3663 An equality inference for the subclass relationship. (Contributed by NM, 30-Aug-1993.)
𝐴 = 𝐵       (𝐶𝐴𝐶𝐵)

Theoremsseq12i 3664 An equality inference for the subclass relationship. (Contributed by NM, 31-May-1999.) (Proof shortened by Eric Schmidt, 26-Jan-2007.)
𝐴 = 𝐵    &   𝐶 = 𝐷       (𝐴𝐶𝐵𝐷)

Theoremsseq1d 3665 An equality deduction for the subclass relationship. (Contributed by NM, 14-Aug-1994.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)       (𝜑 → (𝐴𝐶𝐵𝐶))

Theoremsseq2d 3666 An equality deduction for the subclass relationship. (Contributed by NM, 14-Aug-1994.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)       (𝜑 → (𝐶𝐴𝐶𝐵))

Theoremsseq12d 3667 An equality deduction for the subclass relationship. (Contributed by NM, 31-May-1999.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝐶 = 𝐷)       (𝜑 → (𝐴𝐶𝐵𝐷))

Theoremeqsstri 3668 Substitution of equality into a subclass relationship. (Contributed by NM, 16-Jul-1995.)
𝐴 = 𝐵    &   𝐵𝐶       𝐴𝐶

Theoremeqsstr3i 3669 Substitution of equality into a subclass relationship. (Contributed by NM, 19-Oct-1999.)
𝐵 = 𝐴    &   𝐵𝐶       𝐴𝐶

Theoremsseqtri 3670 Substitution of equality into a subclass relationship. (Contributed by NM, 28-Jul-1995.)
𝐴𝐵    &   𝐵 = 𝐶       𝐴𝐶

Theoremsseqtr4i 3671 Substitution of equality into a subclass relationship. (Contributed by NM, 4-Apr-1995.)
𝐴𝐵    &   𝐶 = 𝐵       𝐴𝐶

Theoremeqsstrd 3672 Substitution of equality into a subclass relationship. (Contributed by NM, 25-Apr-2004.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝐶)       (𝜑𝐴𝐶)

Theoremeqsstr3d 3673 Substitution of equality into a subclass relationship. (Contributed by NM, 25-Apr-2004.)
(𝜑𝐵 = 𝐴)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝐶)       (𝜑𝐴𝐶)

Theoremsseqtrd 3674 Substitution of equality into a subclass relationship. (Contributed by NM, 25-Apr-2004.)
(𝜑𝐴𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝐵 = 𝐶)       (𝜑𝐴𝐶)

Theoremsseqtr4d 3675 Substitution of equality into a subclass relationship. (Contributed by NM, 25-Apr-2004.)
(𝜑𝐴𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝐶 = 𝐵)       (𝜑𝐴𝐶)

Theorem3sstr3i 3676 Substitution of equality in both sides of a subclass relationship. (Contributed by NM, 13-Jan-1996.) (Proof shortened by Eric Schmidt, 26-Jan-2007.)
𝐴𝐵    &   𝐴 = 𝐶    &   𝐵 = 𝐷       𝐶𝐷

Theorem3sstr4i 3677 Substitution of equality in both sides of a subclass relationship. (Contributed by NM, 13-Jan-1996.) (Proof shortened by Eric Schmidt, 26-Jan-2007.)
𝐴𝐵    &   𝐶 = 𝐴    &   𝐷 = 𝐵       𝐶𝐷

Theorem3sstr3g 3678 Substitution of equality into both sides of a subclass relationship. (Contributed by NM, 1-Oct-2000.)
(𝜑𝐴𝐵)    &   𝐴 = 𝐶    &   𝐵 = 𝐷       (𝜑𝐶𝐷)

Theorem3sstr4g 3679 Substitution of equality into both sides of a subclass relationship. (Contributed by NM, 16-Aug-1994.) (Proof shortened by Eric Schmidt, 26-Jan-2007.)
(𝜑𝐴𝐵)    &   𝐶 = 𝐴    &   𝐷 = 𝐵       (𝜑𝐶𝐷)

Theorem3sstr3d 3680 Substitution of equality into both sides of a subclass relationship. (Contributed by NM, 1-Oct-2000.)
(𝜑𝐴𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝐴 = 𝐶)    &   (𝜑𝐵 = 𝐷)       (𝜑𝐶𝐷)

Theorem3sstr4d 3681 Substitution of equality into both sides of a subclass relationship. (Contributed by NM, 30-Nov-1995.) (Proof shortened by Eric Schmidt, 26-Jan-2007.)
(𝜑𝐴𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝐶 = 𝐴)    &   (𝜑𝐷 = 𝐵)       (𝜑𝐶𝐷)

Theoremsyl5eqss 3682 A chained subclass and equality deduction. (Contributed by NM, 25-Apr-2004.)
𝐴 = 𝐵    &   (𝜑𝐵𝐶)       (𝜑𝐴𝐶)

Theoremsyl5eqssr 3683 A chained subclass and equality deduction. (Contributed by NM, 25-Apr-2004.)
𝐵 = 𝐴    &   (𝜑𝐵𝐶)       (𝜑𝐴𝐶)

Theoremsyl6sseq 3684 A chained subclass and equality deduction. (Contributed by NM, 25-Apr-2004.)
(𝜑𝐴𝐵)    &   𝐵 = 𝐶       (𝜑𝐴𝐶)

Theoremsyl6sseqr 3685 A chained subclass and equality deduction. (Contributed by NM, 25-Apr-2004.)
(𝜑𝐴𝐵)    &   𝐶 = 𝐵       (𝜑𝐴𝐶)

Theoremsyl5sseq 3686 Subclass transitivity deduction. (Contributed by Jonathan Ben-Naim, 3-Jun-2011.)
𝐵𝐴    &   (𝜑𝐴 = 𝐶)       (𝜑𝐵𝐶)

Theoremsyl5sseqr 3687 Subclass transitivity deduction. (Contributed by Jonathan Ben-Naim, 3-Jun-2011.)
𝐵𝐴    &   (𝜑𝐶 = 𝐴)       (𝜑𝐵𝐶)

Theoremsyl6eqss 3688 A chained subclass and equality deduction. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 2-Jan-2017.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)    &   𝐵𝐶       (𝜑𝐴𝐶)

Theoremsyl6eqssr 3689 A chained subclass and equality deduction. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 2-Jan-2017.)
(𝜑𝐵 = 𝐴)    &   𝐵𝐶       (𝜑𝐴𝐶)

Theoremeqimss 3690 Equality implies the subclass relation. (Contributed by NM, 21-Jun-1993.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 21-Jun-2011.)
(𝐴 = 𝐵𝐴𝐵)

Theoremeqimss2 3691 Equality implies the subclass relation. (Contributed by NM, 23-Nov-2003.)
(𝐵 = 𝐴𝐴𝐵)

Theoremeqimssi 3692 Infer subclass relationship from equality. (Contributed by NM, 6-Jan-2007.)
𝐴 = 𝐵       𝐴𝐵

Theoremeqimss2i 3693 Infer subclass relationship from equality. (Contributed by NM, 7-Jan-2007.)
𝐴 = 𝐵       𝐵𝐴

Theoremnssne1 3694 Two classes are different if they don't include the same class. (Contributed by NM, 23-Apr-2015.)
((𝐴𝐵 ∧ ¬ 𝐴𝐶) → 𝐵𝐶)

Theoremnssne2 3695 Two classes are different if they are not subclasses of the same class. (Contributed by NM, 23-Apr-2015.)
((𝐴𝐶 ∧ ¬ 𝐵𝐶) → 𝐴𝐵)

Theoremnss 3696* Negation of subclass relationship. Exercise 13 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 18. (Contributed by NM, 25-Feb-1996.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 21-Jun-2011.)
𝐴𝐵 ↔ ∃𝑥(𝑥𝐴 ∧ ¬ 𝑥𝐵))

Theoremnelss 3697 Demonstrate by witnesses that two classes lack a subclass relation. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 5-Feb-2015.)
((𝐴𝐵 ∧ ¬ 𝐴𝐶) → ¬ 𝐵𝐶)

Theoremssrexf 3698 restricted existential quantification follows from a subclass relationship. (Contributed by Glauco Siliprandi, 20-Apr-2017.)
𝑥𝐴    &   𝑥𝐵       (𝐴𝐵 → (∃𝑥𝐴 𝜑 → ∃𝑥𝐵 𝜑))

Theoremssralv 3699* Quantification restricted to a subclass. (Contributed by NM, 11-Mar-2006.)
(𝐴𝐵 → (∀𝑥𝐵 𝜑 → ∀𝑥𝐴 𝜑))

Theoremssrexv 3700* Existential quantification restricted to a subclass. (Contributed by NM, 11-Jan-2007.)
(𝐴𝐵 → (∃𝑥𝐴 𝜑 → ∃𝑥𝐵 𝜑))

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