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Theorem List for Metamath Proof Explorer - 31201-31300   *Has distinct variable group(s)
TypeLabelDescription
Statement
 
Theorembnj1186 31201* Technical lemma for bnj69 31204. This lemma may no longer be used or have become an indirect lemma of the theorem in question (i.e. a lemma of a lemma... of the theorem). (Contributed by Jonathan Ben-Naim, 3-Jun-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑧𝑤((𝜑𝜓) → (𝑧𝐵 ∧ (𝑤𝐵 → ¬ 𝑤𝑅𝑧)))       ((𝜑𝜓) → ∃𝑧𝐵𝑤𝐵 ¬ 𝑤𝑅𝑧)
 
Theorembnj1190 31202* Technical lemma for bnj69 31204. This lemma may no longer be used or have become an indirect lemma of the theorem in question (i.e. a lemma of a lemma... of the theorem). (Contributed by Jonathan Ben-Naim, 3-Jun-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
(𝜑 ↔ (𝑅 FrSe 𝐴𝐵𝐴𝐵 ≠ ∅))    &   (𝜓 ↔ (𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵𝑦𝑅𝑥))       ((𝜑𝜓) → ∃𝑤𝐵𝑧𝐵 ¬ 𝑧𝑅𝑤)
 
Theorembnj1189 31203* Technical lemma for bnj69 31204. This lemma may no longer be used or have become an indirect lemma of the theorem in question (i.e. a lemma of a lemma... of the theorem). (Contributed by Jonathan Ben-Naim, 3-Jun-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
(𝜑 ↔ (𝑅 FrSe 𝐴𝐵𝐴𝐵 ≠ ∅))    &   (𝜓 ↔ (𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵𝑦𝑅𝑥))    &   (𝜒 ↔ ∀𝑦𝐵 ¬ 𝑦𝑅𝑥)       (𝜑 → ∃𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵 ¬ 𝑦𝑅𝑥)
 
20.4.3  The existence of a minimal element in certain classes
 
Theorembnj69 31204* Existence of a minimal element in certain classes: if 𝑅 is well-founded and set-like on 𝐴, then every nonempty subclass of 𝐴 has a minimal element. The proof has been taken from Chapter 4 of Don Monk's notes on Set Theory. See http://euclid.colorado.edu/~monkd/setth.pdf. (Contributed by Jonathan Ben-Naim, 3-Jun-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
((𝑅 FrSe 𝐴𝐵𝐴𝐵 ≠ ∅) → ∃𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵 ¬ 𝑦𝑅𝑥)
 
Theorembnj1228 31205* Existence of a minimal element in certain classes: if 𝑅 is well-founded and set-like on 𝐴, then every nonempty subclass of 𝐴 has a minimal element. The proof has been taken from Chapter 4 of Don Monk's notes on Set Theory. See http://euclid.colorado.edu/~monkd/setth.pdf. (Contributed by Jonathan Ben-Naim, 3-Jun-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
(𝑤𝐵 → ∀𝑥 𝑤𝐵)       ((𝑅 FrSe 𝐴𝐵𝐴𝐵 ≠ ∅) → ∃𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵 ¬ 𝑦𝑅𝑥)
 
20.4.4  Well-founded induction
 
Theorembnj1204 31206* Well-founded induction. The proof has been taken from Chapter 4 of Don Monk's notes on Set Theory. See http://euclid.colorado.edu/~monkd/setth.pdf. (Contributed by Jonathan Ben-Naim, 3-Jun-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
(𝜓 ↔ ∀𝑦𝐴 (𝑦𝑅𝑥[𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑))       ((𝑅 FrSe 𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴 (𝜓𝜑)) → ∀𝑥𝐴 𝜑)
 
Theorembnj1234 31207* Technical lemma for bnj60 31256. This lemma may no longer be used or have become an indirect lemma of the theorem in question (i.e. a lemma of a lemma... of the theorem). (Contributed by Jonathan Ben-Naim, 3-Jun-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑌 = ⟨𝑥, (𝑓 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝐶 = {𝑓 ∣ ∃𝑑𝐵 (𝑓 Fn 𝑑 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 (𝑓𝑥) = (𝐺𝑌))}    &   𝑍 = ⟨𝑥, (𝑔 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝐷 = {𝑔 ∣ ∃𝑑𝐵 (𝑔 Fn 𝑑 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 (𝑔𝑥) = (𝐺𝑍))}       𝐶 = 𝐷
 
Theorembnj1245 31208* Technical lemma for bnj60 31256. This lemma may no longer be used or have become an indirect lemma of the theorem in question (i.e. a lemma of a lemma... of the theorem). (Contributed by Jonathan Ben-Naim, 3-Jun-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐵 = {𝑑 ∣ (𝑑𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅) ⊆ 𝑑)}    &   𝑌 = ⟨𝑥, (𝑓 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝐶 = {𝑓 ∣ ∃𝑑𝐵 (𝑓 Fn 𝑑 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 (𝑓𝑥) = (𝐺𝑌))}    &   𝐷 = (dom 𝑔 ∩ dom )    &   𝐸 = {𝑥𝐷 ∣ (𝑔𝑥) ≠ (𝑥)}    &   (𝜑 ↔ (𝑅 FrSe 𝐴𝑔𝐶𝐶 ∧ (𝑔𝐷) ≠ (𝐷)))    &   (𝜓 ↔ (𝜑𝑥𝐸 ∧ ∀𝑦𝐸 ¬ 𝑦𝑅𝑥))    &   𝑍 = ⟨𝑥, ( ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝐾 = { ∣ ∃𝑑𝐵 ( Fn 𝑑 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 (𝑥) = (𝐺𝑍))}       (𝜑 → dom 𝐴)
 
Theorembnj1256 31209* Technical lemma for bnj60 31256. This lemma may no longer be used or have become an indirect lemma of the theorem in question (i.e. a lemma of a lemma... of the theorem). (Contributed by Jonathan Ben-Naim, 3-Jun-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐵 = {𝑑 ∣ (𝑑𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅) ⊆ 𝑑)}    &   𝑌 = ⟨𝑥, (𝑓 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝐶 = {𝑓 ∣ ∃𝑑𝐵 (𝑓 Fn 𝑑 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 (𝑓𝑥) = (𝐺𝑌))}    &   𝐷 = (dom 𝑔 ∩ dom )    &   𝐸 = {𝑥𝐷 ∣ (𝑔𝑥) ≠ (𝑥)}    &   (𝜑 ↔ (𝑅 FrSe 𝐴𝑔𝐶𝐶 ∧ (𝑔𝐷) ≠ (𝐷)))    &   (𝜓 ↔ (𝜑𝑥𝐸 ∧ ∀𝑦𝐸 ¬ 𝑦𝑅𝑥))       (𝜑 → ∃𝑑𝐵 𝑔 Fn 𝑑)
 
Theorembnj1259 31210* Technical lemma for bnj60 31256. This lemma may no longer be used or have become an indirect lemma of the theorem in question (i.e. a lemma of a lemma... of the theorem). (Contributed by Jonathan Ben-Naim, 3-Jun-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐵 = {𝑑 ∣ (𝑑𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅) ⊆ 𝑑)}    &   𝑌 = ⟨𝑥, (𝑓 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝐶 = {𝑓 ∣ ∃𝑑𝐵 (𝑓 Fn 𝑑 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 (𝑓𝑥) = (𝐺𝑌))}    &   𝐷 = (dom 𝑔 ∩ dom )    &   𝐸 = {𝑥𝐷 ∣ (𝑔𝑥) ≠ (𝑥)}    &   (𝜑 ↔ (𝑅 FrSe 𝐴𝑔𝐶𝐶 ∧ (𝑔𝐷) ≠ (𝐷)))    &   (𝜓 ↔ (𝜑𝑥𝐸 ∧ ∀𝑦𝐸 ¬ 𝑦𝑅𝑥))       (𝜑 → ∃𝑑𝐵 Fn 𝑑)
 
Theorembnj1253 31211* Technical lemma for bnj60 31256. This lemma may no longer be used or have become an indirect lemma of the theorem in question (i.e. a lemma of a lemma... of the theorem). (Contributed by Jonathan Ben-Naim, 3-Jun-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐵 = {𝑑 ∣ (𝑑𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅) ⊆ 𝑑)}    &   𝑌 = ⟨𝑥, (𝑓 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝐶 = {𝑓 ∣ ∃𝑑𝐵 (𝑓 Fn 𝑑 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 (𝑓𝑥) = (𝐺𝑌))}    &   𝐷 = (dom 𝑔 ∩ dom )    &   𝐸 = {𝑥𝐷 ∣ (𝑔𝑥) ≠ (𝑥)}    &   (𝜑 ↔ (𝑅 FrSe 𝐴𝑔𝐶𝐶 ∧ (𝑔𝐷) ≠ (𝐷)))    &   (𝜓 ↔ (𝜑𝑥𝐸 ∧ ∀𝑦𝐸 ¬ 𝑦𝑅𝑥))       (𝜑𝐸 ≠ ∅)
 
Theorembnj1279 31212* Technical lemma for bnj60 31256. This lemma may no longer be used or have become an indirect lemma of the theorem in question (i.e. a lemma of a lemma... of the theorem). (Contributed by Jonathan Ben-Naim, 3-Jun-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐵 = {𝑑 ∣ (𝑑𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅) ⊆ 𝑑)}    &   𝑌 = ⟨𝑥, (𝑓 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝐶 = {𝑓 ∣ ∃𝑑𝐵 (𝑓 Fn 𝑑 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 (𝑓𝑥) = (𝐺𝑌))}    &   𝐷 = (dom 𝑔 ∩ dom )    &   𝐸 = {𝑥𝐷 ∣ (𝑔𝑥) ≠ (𝑥)}    &   (𝜑 ↔ (𝑅 FrSe 𝐴𝑔𝐶𝐶 ∧ (𝑔𝐷) ≠ (𝐷)))    &   (𝜓 ↔ (𝜑𝑥𝐸 ∧ ∀𝑦𝐸 ¬ 𝑦𝑅𝑥))       ((𝑥𝐸 ∧ ∀𝑦𝐸 ¬ 𝑦𝑅𝑥) → ( pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅) ∩ 𝐸) = ∅)
 
Theorembnj1286 31213* Technical lemma for bnj60 31256. This lemma may no longer be used or have become an indirect lemma of the theorem in question (i.e. a lemma of a lemma... of the theorem). (Contributed by Jonathan Ben-Naim, 3-Jun-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐵 = {𝑑 ∣ (𝑑𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅) ⊆ 𝑑)}    &   𝑌 = ⟨𝑥, (𝑓 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝐶 = {𝑓 ∣ ∃𝑑𝐵 (𝑓 Fn 𝑑 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 (𝑓𝑥) = (𝐺𝑌))}    &   𝐷 = (dom 𝑔 ∩ dom )    &   𝐸 = {𝑥𝐷 ∣ (𝑔𝑥) ≠ (𝑥)}    &   (𝜑 ↔ (𝑅 FrSe 𝐴𝑔𝐶𝐶 ∧ (𝑔𝐷) ≠ (𝐷)))    &   (𝜓 ↔ (𝜑𝑥𝐸 ∧ ∀𝑦𝐸 ¬ 𝑦𝑅𝑥))       (𝜓 → pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅) ⊆ 𝐷)
 
Theorembnj1280 31214* Technical lemma for bnj60 31256. This lemma may no longer be used or have become an indirect lemma of the theorem in question (i.e. a lemma of a lemma... of the theorem). (Contributed by Jonathan Ben-Naim, 3-Jun-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐵 = {𝑑 ∣ (𝑑𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅) ⊆ 𝑑)}    &   𝑌 = ⟨𝑥, (𝑓 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝐶 = {𝑓 ∣ ∃𝑑𝐵 (𝑓 Fn 𝑑 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 (𝑓𝑥) = (𝐺𝑌))}    &   𝐷 = (dom 𝑔 ∩ dom )    &   𝐸 = {𝑥𝐷 ∣ (𝑔𝑥) ≠ (𝑥)}    &   (𝜑 ↔ (𝑅 FrSe 𝐴𝑔𝐶𝐶 ∧ (𝑔𝐷) ≠ (𝐷)))    &   (𝜓 ↔ (𝜑𝑥𝐸 ∧ ∀𝑦𝐸 ¬ 𝑦𝑅𝑥))    &   (𝜓 → ( pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅) ∩ 𝐸) = ∅)       (𝜓 → (𝑔 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅)) = ( ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅)))
 
Theorembnj1296 31215* Technical lemma for bnj60 31256. This lemma may no longer be used or have become an indirect lemma of the theorem in question (i.e. a lemma of a lemma... of the theorem). (Contributed by Jonathan Ben-Naim, 3-Jun-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐵 = {𝑑 ∣ (𝑑𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅) ⊆ 𝑑)}    &   𝑌 = ⟨𝑥, (𝑓 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝐶 = {𝑓 ∣ ∃𝑑𝐵 (𝑓 Fn 𝑑 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 (𝑓𝑥) = (𝐺𝑌))}    &   𝐷 = (dom 𝑔 ∩ dom )    &   𝐸 = {𝑥𝐷 ∣ (𝑔𝑥) ≠ (𝑥)}    &   (𝜑 ↔ (𝑅 FrSe 𝐴𝑔𝐶𝐶 ∧ (𝑔𝐷) ≠ (𝐷)))    &   (𝜓 ↔ (𝜑𝑥𝐸 ∧ ∀𝑦𝐸 ¬ 𝑦𝑅𝑥))    &   (𝜓 → (𝑔 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅)) = ( ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅)))    &   𝑍 = ⟨𝑥, (𝑔 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝐾 = {𝑔 ∣ ∃𝑑𝐵 (𝑔 Fn 𝑑 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 (𝑔𝑥) = (𝐺𝑍))}    &   𝑊 = ⟨𝑥, ( ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝐿 = { ∣ ∃𝑑𝐵 ( Fn 𝑑 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 (𝑥) = (𝐺𝑊))}       (𝜓 → (𝑔𝑥) = (𝑥))
 
Theorembnj1309 31216* Technical lemma for bnj60 31256. This lemma may no longer be used or have become an indirect lemma of the theorem in question (i.e. a lemma of a lemma... of the theorem). (Contributed by Jonathan Ben-Naim, 3-Jun-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐵 = {𝑑 ∣ (𝑑𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅) ⊆ 𝑑)}       (𝑤𝐵 → ∀𝑥 𝑤𝐵)
 
Theorembnj1307 31217* Technical lemma for bnj60 31256. This lemma may no longer be used or have become an indirect lemma of the theorem in question (i.e. a lemma of a lemma... of the theorem). (Contributed by Jonathan Ben-Naim, 3-Jun-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐶 = {𝑓 ∣ ∃𝑑𝐵 (𝑓 Fn 𝑑 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 (𝑓𝑥) = (𝐺𝑌))}    &   (𝑤𝐵 → ∀𝑥 𝑤𝐵)       (𝑤𝐶 → ∀𝑥 𝑤𝐶)
 
Theorembnj1311 31218* Technical lemma for bnj60 31256. This lemma may no longer be used or have become an indirect lemma of the theorem in question (i.e. a lemma of a lemma... of the theorem). (Contributed by Jonathan Ben-Naim, 3-Jun-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐵 = {𝑑 ∣ (𝑑𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅) ⊆ 𝑑)}    &   𝑌 = ⟨𝑥, (𝑓 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝐶 = {𝑓 ∣ ∃𝑑𝐵 (𝑓 Fn 𝑑 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 (𝑓𝑥) = (𝐺𝑌))}    &   𝐷 = (dom 𝑔 ∩ dom )       ((𝑅 FrSe 𝐴𝑔𝐶𝐶) → (𝑔𝐷) = (𝐷))
 
Theorembnj1318 31219 Technical lemma for bnj60 31256. This lemma may no longer be used or have become an indirect lemma of the theorem in question (i.e. a lemma of a lemma... of the theorem). (Contributed by Jonathan Ben-Naim, 3-Jun-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
(𝑋 = 𝑌 → trCl(𝑋, 𝐴, 𝑅) = trCl(𝑌, 𝐴, 𝑅))
 
Theorembnj1326 31220* Technical lemma for bnj60 31256. This lemma may no longer be used or have become an indirect lemma of the theorem in question (i.e. a lemma of a lemma... of the theorem). (Contributed by Jonathan Ben-Naim, 3-Jun-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐵 = {𝑑 ∣ (𝑑𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅) ⊆ 𝑑)}    &   𝑌 = ⟨𝑥, (𝑓 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝐶 = {𝑓 ∣ ∃𝑑𝐵 (𝑓 Fn 𝑑 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 (𝑓𝑥) = (𝐺𝑌))}    &   𝐷 = (dom 𝑔 ∩ dom )       ((𝑅 FrSe 𝐴𝑔𝐶𝐶) → (𝑔𝐷) = (𝐷))
 
Theorembnj1321 31221* Technical lemma for bnj60 31256. This lemma may no longer be used or have become an indirect lemma of the theorem in question (i.e. a lemma of a lemma... of the theorem). (Contributed by Jonathan Ben-Naim, 3-Jun-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐵 = {𝑑 ∣ (𝑑𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅) ⊆ 𝑑)}    &   𝑌 = ⟨𝑥, (𝑓 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝐶 = {𝑓 ∣ ∃𝑑𝐵 (𝑓 Fn 𝑑 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 (𝑓𝑥) = (𝐺𝑌))}    &   (𝜏 ↔ (𝑓𝐶 ∧ dom 𝑓 = ({𝑥} ∪ trCl(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))))       ((𝑅 FrSe 𝐴 ∧ ∃𝑓𝜏) → ∃!𝑓𝜏)
 
Theorembnj1364 31222 Property of FrSe. (Contributed by Jonathan Ben-Naim, 3-Jun-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
(𝑅 FrSe 𝐴𝑅 Se 𝐴)
 
Theorembnj1371 31223* Technical lemma for bnj60 31256. This lemma may no longer be used or have become an indirect lemma of the theorem in question (i.e. a lemma of a lemma... of the theorem). (Contributed by Jonathan Ben-Naim, 3-Jun-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐵 = {𝑑 ∣ (𝑑𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅) ⊆ 𝑑)}    &   𝑌 = ⟨𝑥, (𝑓 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝐶 = {𝑓 ∣ ∃𝑑𝐵 (𝑓 Fn 𝑑 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 (𝑓𝑥) = (𝐺𝑌))}    &   (𝜏 ↔ (𝑓𝐶 ∧ dom 𝑓 = ({𝑥} ∪ trCl(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))))    &   𝐷 = {𝑥𝐴 ∣ ¬ ∃𝑓𝜏}    &   (𝜓 ↔ (𝑅 FrSe 𝐴𝐷 ≠ ∅))    &   (𝜒 ↔ (𝜓𝑥𝐷 ∧ ∀𝑦𝐷 ¬ 𝑦𝑅𝑥))    &   (𝜏′[𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜏)    &   𝐻 = {𝑓 ∣ ∃𝑦 ∈ pred (𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅)𝜏′}    &   𝑃 = 𝐻    &   (𝜏′ ↔ (𝑓𝐶 ∧ dom 𝑓 = ({𝑦} ∪ trCl(𝑦, 𝐴, 𝑅))))       (𝑓𝐻 → Fun 𝑓)
 
Theorembnj1373 31224* Technical lemma for bnj60 31256. This lemma may no longer be used or have become an indirect lemma of the theorem in question (i.e. a lemma of a lemma... of the theorem). (Contributed by Jonathan Ben-Naim, 3-Jun-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐵 = {𝑑 ∣ (𝑑𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅) ⊆ 𝑑)}    &   𝑌 = ⟨𝑥, (𝑓 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝐶 = {𝑓 ∣ ∃𝑑𝐵 (𝑓 Fn 𝑑 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 (𝑓𝑥) = (𝐺𝑌))}    &   (𝜏 ↔ (𝑓𝐶 ∧ dom 𝑓 = ({𝑥} ∪ trCl(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))))    &   (𝜏′[𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜏)       (𝜏′ ↔ (𝑓𝐶 ∧ dom 𝑓 = ({𝑦} ∪ trCl(𝑦, 𝐴, 𝑅))))
 
Theorembnj1374 31225* Technical lemma for bnj60 31256. This lemma may no longer be used or have become an indirect lemma of the theorem in question (i.e. a lemma of a lemma... of the theorem). (Contributed by Jonathan Ben-Naim, 3-Jun-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐵 = {𝑑 ∣ (𝑑𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅) ⊆ 𝑑)}    &   𝑌 = ⟨𝑥, (𝑓 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝐶 = {𝑓 ∣ ∃𝑑𝐵 (𝑓 Fn 𝑑 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 (𝑓𝑥) = (𝐺𝑌))}    &   (𝜏 ↔ (𝑓𝐶 ∧ dom 𝑓 = ({𝑥} ∪ trCl(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))))    &   𝐷 = {𝑥𝐴 ∣ ¬ ∃𝑓𝜏}    &   (𝜓 ↔ (𝑅 FrSe 𝐴𝐷 ≠ ∅))    &   (𝜒 ↔ (𝜓𝑥𝐷 ∧ ∀𝑦𝐷 ¬ 𝑦𝑅𝑥))    &   (𝜏′[𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜏)    &   𝐻 = {𝑓 ∣ ∃𝑦 ∈ pred (𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅)𝜏′}       (𝑓𝐻𝑓𝐶)
 
Theorembnj1384 31226* Technical lemma for bnj60 31256. This lemma may no longer be used or have become an indirect lemma of the theorem in question (i.e. a lemma of a lemma... of the theorem). (Contributed by Jonathan Ben-Naim, 3-Jun-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐵 = {𝑑 ∣ (𝑑𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅) ⊆ 𝑑)}    &   𝑌 = ⟨𝑥, (𝑓 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝐶 = {𝑓 ∣ ∃𝑑𝐵 (𝑓 Fn 𝑑 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 (𝑓𝑥) = (𝐺𝑌))}    &   (𝜏 ↔ (𝑓𝐶 ∧ dom 𝑓 = ({𝑥} ∪ trCl(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))))    &   𝐷 = {𝑥𝐴 ∣ ¬ ∃𝑓𝜏}    &   (𝜓 ↔ (𝑅 FrSe 𝐴𝐷 ≠ ∅))    &   (𝜒 ↔ (𝜓𝑥𝐷 ∧ ∀𝑦𝐷 ¬ 𝑦𝑅𝑥))    &   (𝜏′[𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜏)    &   𝐻 = {𝑓 ∣ ∃𝑦 ∈ pred (𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅)𝜏′}    &   𝑃 = 𝐻       (𝑅 FrSe 𝐴 → Fun 𝑃)
 
Theorembnj1388 31227* Technical lemma for bnj60 31256. This lemma may no longer be used or have become an indirect lemma of the theorem in question (i.e. a lemma of a lemma... of the theorem). (Contributed by Jonathan Ben-Naim, 3-Jun-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐵 = {𝑑 ∣ (𝑑𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅) ⊆ 𝑑)}    &   𝑌 = ⟨𝑥, (𝑓 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝐶 = {𝑓 ∣ ∃𝑑𝐵 (𝑓 Fn 𝑑 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 (𝑓𝑥) = (𝐺𝑌))}    &   (𝜏 ↔ (𝑓𝐶 ∧ dom 𝑓 = ({𝑥} ∪ trCl(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))))    &   𝐷 = {𝑥𝐴 ∣ ¬ ∃𝑓𝜏}    &   (𝜓 ↔ (𝑅 FrSe 𝐴𝐷 ≠ ∅))    &   (𝜒 ↔ (𝜓𝑥𝐷 ∧ ∀𝑦𝐷 ¬ 𝑦𝑅𝑥))    &   (𝜏′[𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜏)       (𝜒 → ∀𝑦 ∈ pred (𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅)∃𝑓𝜏′)
 
Theorembnj1398 31228* Technical lemma for bnj60 31256. This lemma may no longer be used or have become an indirect lemma of the theorem in question (i.e. a lemma of a lemma... of the theorem). (Contributed by Jonathan Ben-Naim, 3-Jun-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐵 = {𝑑 ∣ (𝑑𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅) ⊆ 𝑑)}    &   𝑌 = ⟨𝑥, (𝑓 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝐶 = {𝑓 ∣ ∃𝑑𝐵 (𝑓 Fn 𝑑 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 (𝑓𝑥) = (𝐺𝑌))}    &   (𝜏 ↔ (𝑓𝐶 ∧ dom 𝑓 = ({𝑥} ∪ trCl(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))))    &   𝐷 = {𝑥𝐴 ∣ ¬ ∃𝑓𝜏}    &   (𝜓 ↔ (𝑅 FrSe 𝐴𝐷 ≠ ∅))    &   (𝜒 ↔ (𝜓𝑥𝐷 ∧ ∀𝑦𝐷 ¬ 𝑦𝑅𝑥))    &   (𝜏′[𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜏)    &   𝐻 = {𝑓 ∣ ∃𝑦 ∈ pred (𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅)𝜏′}    &   𝑃 = 𝐻    &   (𝜃 ↔ (𝜒𝑧 𝑦 ∈ pred (𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅)({𝑦} ∪ trCl(𝑦, 𝐴, 𝑅))))    &   (𝜂 ↔ (𝜃𝑦 ∈ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ ({𝑦} ∪ trCl(𝑦, 𝐴, 𝑅))))       (𝜒 𝑦 ∈ pred (𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅)({𝑦} ∪ trCl(𝑦, 𝐴, 𝑅)) = dom 𝑃)
 
Theorembnj1413 31229* Property of trCl. (Contributed by Jonathan Ben-Naim, 3-Jun-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐵 = ( pred(𝑋, 𝐴, 𝑅) ∪ 𝑦 ∈ pred (𝑋, 𝐴, 𝑅) trCl(𝑦, 𝐴, 𝑅))       ((𝑅 FrSe 𝐴𝑋𝐴) → 𝐵 ∈ V)
 
Theorembnj1408 31230* Technical lemma for bnj1414 31231. This lemma may no longer be used or have become an indirect lemma of the theorem in question (i.e. a lemma of a lemma... of the theorem). (Contributed by Jonathan Ben-Naim, 3-Jun-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐵 = ( pred(𝑋, 𝐴, 𝑅) ∪ 𝑦 ∈ pred (𝑋, 𝐴, 𝑅) trCl(𝑦, 𝐴, 𝑅))    &   𝐶 = ( pred(𝑋, 𝐴, 𝑅) ∪ 𝑦 ∈ trCl (𝑋, 𝐴, 𝑅) trCl(𝑦, 𝐴, 𝑅))    &   (𝜃 ↔ (𝑅 FrSe 𝐴𝑋𝐴))    &   (𝜏 ↔ (𝐵 ∈ V ∧ TrFo(𝐵, 𝐴, 𝑅) ∧ pred(𝑋, 𝐴, 𝑅) ⊆ 𝐵))       ((𝑅 FrSe 𝐴𝑋𝐴) → trCl(𝑋, 𝐴, 𝑅) = 𝐵)
 
Theorembnj1414 31231* Property of trCl. (Contributed by Jonathan Ben-Naim, 3-Jun-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐵 = ( pred(𝑋, 𝐴, 𝑅) ∪ 𝑦 ∈ pred (𝑋, 𝐴, 𝑅) trCl(𝑦, 𝐴, 𝑅))       ((𝑅 FrSe 𝐴𝑋𝐴) → trCl(𝑋, 𝐴, 𝑅) = 𝐵)
 
Theorembnj1415 31232* Technical lemma for bnj60 31256. This lemma may no longer be used or have become an indirect lemma of the theorem in question (i.e. a lemma of a lemma... of the theorem). (Contributed by Jonathan Ben-Naim, 3-Jun-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐵 = {𝑑 ∣ (𝑑𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅) ⊆ 𝑑)}    &   𝑌 = ⟨𝑥, (𝑓 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝐶 = {𝑓 ∣ ∃𝑑𝐵 (𝑓 Fn 𝑑 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 (𝑓𝑥) = (𝐺𝑌))}    &   (𝜏 ↔ (𝑓𝐶 ∧ dom 𝑓 = ({𝑥} ∪ trCl(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))))    &   𝐷 = {𝑥𝐴 ∣ ¬ ∃𝑓𝜏}    &   (𝜓 ↔ (𝑅 FrSe 𝐴𝐷 ≠ ∅))    &   (𝜒 ↔ (𝜓𝑥𝐷 ∧ ∀𝑦𝐷 ¬ 𝑦𝑅𝑥))    &   (𝜏′[𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜏)    &   𝐻 = {𝑓 ∣ ∃𝑦 ∈ pred (𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅)𝜏′}    &   𝑃 = 𝐻       (𝜒 → dom 𝑃 = trCl(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))
 
Theorembnj1416 31233 Technical lemma for bnj60 31256. This lemma may no longer be used or have become an indirect lemma of the theorem in question (i.e. a lemma of a lemma... of the theorem). (Contributed by Jonathan Ben-Naim, 3-Jun-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐵 = {𝑑 ∣ (𝑑𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅) ⊆ 𝑑)}    &   𝑌 = ⟨𝑥, (𝑓 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝐶 = {𝑓 ∣ ∃𝑑𝐵 (𝑓 Fn 𝑑 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 (𝑓𝑥) = (𝐺𝑌))}    &   (𝜏 ↔ (𝑓𝐶 ∧ dom 𝑓 = ({𝑥} ∪ trCl(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))))    &   𝐷 = {𝑥𝐴 ∣ ¬ ∃𝑓𝜏}    &   (𝜓 ↔ (𝑅 FrSe 𝐴𝐷 ≠ ∅))    &   (𝜒 ↔ (𝜓𝑥𝐷 ∧ ∀𝑦𝐷 ¬ 𝑦𝑅𝑥))    &   (𝜏′[𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜏)    &   𝐻 = {𝑓 ∣ ∃𝑦 ∈ pred (𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅)𝜏′}    &   𝑃 = 𝐻    &   𝑍 = ⟨𝑥, (𝑃 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝑄 = (𝑃 ∪ {⟨𝑥, (𝐺𝑍)⟩})    &   (𝜒 → dom 𝑃 = trCl(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))       (𝜒 → dom 𝑄 = ({𝑥} ∪ trCl(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅)))
 
Theorembnj1418 31234 Property of pred. (Contributed by Jonathan Ben-Naim, 3-Jun-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
(𝑦 ∈ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅) → 𝑦𝑅𝑥)
 
Theorembnj1417 31235* Technical lemma for bnj60 31256. This lemma may no longer be used or have become an indirect lemma of the theorem in question (i.e. a lemma of a lemma... of the theorem). (Contributed by Jonathan Ben-Naim, 3-Jun-2011.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 22-Dec-2016.) (New usage is discouraged.)
(𝜑𝑅 FrSe 𝐴)    &   (𝜓 ↔ ¬ 𝑥 ∈ trCl(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))    &   (𝜒 ↔ ∀𝑦𝐴 (𝑦𝑅𝑥[𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜓))    &   (𝜃 ↔ (𝜑𝑥𝐴𝜒))    &   𝐵 = ( pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅) ∪ 𝑦 ∈ pred (𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅) trCl(𝑦, 𝐴, 𝑅))       (𝜑 → ∀𝑥𝐴 ¬ 𝑥 ∈ trCl(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))
 
Theorembnj1421 31236* Technical lemma for bnj60 31256. This lemma may no longer be used or have become an indirect lemma of the theorem in question (i.e. a lemma of a lemma... of the theorem). (Contributed by Jonathan Ben-Naim, 3-Jun-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐵 = {𝑑 ∣ (𝑑𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅) ⊆ 𝑑)}    &   𝑌 = ⟨𝑥, (𝑓 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝐶 = {𝑓 ∣ ∃𝑑𝐵 (𝑓 Fn 𝑑 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 (𝑓𝑥) = (𝐺𝑌))}    &   (𝜏 ↔ (𝑓𝐶 ∧ dom 𝑓 = ({𝑥} ∪ trCl(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))))    &   𝐷 = {𝑥𝐴 ∣ ¬ ∃𝑓𝜏}    &   (𝜓 ↔ (𝑅 FrSe 𝐴𝐷 ≠ ∅))    &   (𝜒 ↔ (𝜓𝑥𝐷 ∧ ∀𝑦𝐷 ¬ 𝑦𝑅𝑥))    &   (𝜏′[𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜏)    &   𝐻 = {𝑓 ∣ ∃𝑦 ∈ pred (𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅)𝜏′}    &   𝑃 = 𝐻    &   𝑍 = ⟨𝑥, (𝑃 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝑄 = (𝑃 ∪ {⟨𝑥, (𝐺𝑍)⟩})    &   (𝜒 → Fun 𝑃)    &   (𝜒 → dom 𝑄 = ({𝑥} ∪ trCl(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅)))    &   (𝜒 → dom 𝑃 = trCl(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))       (𝜒 → Fun 𝑄)
 
Theorembnj1444 31237* Technical lemma for bnj60 31256. This lemma may no longer be used or have become an indirect lemma of the theorem in question (i.e. a lemma of a lemma... of the theorem). (Contributed by Jonathan Ben-Naim, 3-Jun-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐵 = {𝑑 ∣ (𝑑𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅) ⊆ 𝑑)}    &   𝑌 = ⟨𝑥, (𝑓 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝐶 = {𝑓 ∣ ∃𝑑𝐵 (𝑓 Fn 𝑑 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 (𝑓𝑥) = (𝐺𝑌))}    &   (𝜏 ↔ (𝑓𝐶 ∧ dom 𝑓 = ({𝑥} ∪ trCl(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))))    &   𝐷 = {𝑥𝐴 ∣ ¬ ∃𝑓𝜏}    &   (𝜓 ↔ (𝑅 FrSe 𝐴𝐷 ≠ ∅))    &   (𝜒 ↔ (𝜓𝑥𝐷 ∧ ∀𝑦𝐷 ¬ 𝑦𝑅𝑥))    &   (𝜏′[𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜏)    &   𝐻 = {𝑓 ∣ ∃𝑦 ∈ pred (𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅)𝜏′}    &   𝑃 = 𝐻    &   𝑍 = ⟨𝑥, (𝑃 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝑄 = (𝑃 ∪ {⟨𝑥, (𝐺𝑍)⟩})    &   𝑊 = ⟨𝑧, (𝑄 ↾ pred(𝑧, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝐸 = ({𝑥} ∪ trCl(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))    &   (𝜒𝑃 Fn trCl(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))    &   (𝜒𝑄 Fn ({𝑥} ∪ trCl(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅)))    &   (𝜃 ↔ (𝜒𝑧𝐸))    &   (𝜂 ↔ (𝜃𝑧 ∈ {𝑥}))    &   (𝜁 ↔ (𝜃𝑧 ∈ trCl(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅)))    &   (𝜌 ↔ (𝜁𝑓𝐻𝑧 ∈ dom 𝑓))       (𝜌 → ∀𝑦𝜌)
 
Theorembnj1445 31238* Technical lemma for bnj60 31256. This lemma may no longer be used or have become an indirect lemma of the theorem in question (i.e. a lemma of a lemma... of the theorem). (Contributed by Jonathan Ben-Naim, 3-Jun-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐵 = {𝑑 ∣ (𝑑𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅) ⊆ 𝑑)}    &   𝑌 = ⟨𝑥, (𝑓 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝐶 = {𝑓 ∣ ∃𝑑𝐵 (𝑓 Fn 𝑑 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 (𝑓𝑥) = (𝐺𝑌))}    &   (𝜏 ↔ (𝑓𝐶 ∧ dom 𝑓 = ({𝑥} ∪ trCl(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))))    &   𝐷 = {𝑥𝐴 ∣ ¬ ∃𝑓𝜏}    &   (𝜓 ↔ (𝑅 FrSe 𝐴𝐷 ≠ ∅))    &   (𝜒 ↔ (𝜓𝑥𝐷 ∧ ∀𝑦𝐷 ¬ 𝑦𝑅𝑥))    &   (𝜏′[𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜏)    &   𝐻 = {𝑓 ∣ ∃𝑦 ∈ pred (𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅)𝜏′}    &   𝑃 = 𝐻    &   𝑍 = ⟨𝑥, (𝑃 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝑄 = (𝑃 ∪ {⟨𝑥, (𝐺𝑍)⟩})    &   𝑊 = ⟨𝑧, (𝑄 ↾ pred(𝑧, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝐸 = ({𝑥} ∪ trCl(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))    &   (𝜒𝑃 Fn trCl(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))    &   (𝜒𝑄 Fn ({𝑥} ∪ trCl(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅)))    &   (𝜃 ↔ (𝜒𝑧𝐸))    &   (𝜂 ↔ (𝜃𝑧 ∈ {𝑥}))    &   (𝜁 ↔ (𝜃𝑧 ∈ trCl(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅)))    &   (𝜌 ↔ (𝜁𝑓𝐻𝑧 ∈ dom 𝑓))    &   (𝜎 ↔ (𝜌𝑦 ∈ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅) ∧ 𝑓𝐶 ∧ dom 𝑓 = ({𝑦} ∪ trCl(𝑦, 𝐴, 𝑅))))    &   (𝜑 ↔ (𝜎𝑑𝐵𝑓 Fn 𝑑 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 (𝑓𝑥) = (𝐺𝑌)))    &   𝑋 = ⟨𝑧, (𝑓 ↾ pred(𝑧, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩       (𝜎 → ∀𝑑𝜎)
 
Theorembnj1446 31239* Technical lemma for bnj60 31256. This lemma may no longer be used or have become an indirect lemma of the theorem in question (i.e. a lemma of a lemma... of the theorem). (Contributed by Jonathan Ben-Naim, 3-Jun-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐵 = {𝑑 ∣ (𝑑𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅) ⊆ 𝑑)}    &   𝑌 = ⟨𝑥, (𝑓 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝐶 = {𝑓 ∣ ∃𝑑𝐵 (𝑓 Fn 𝑑 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 (𝑓𝑥) = (𝐺𝑌))}    &   (𝜏 ↔ (𝑓𝐶 ∧ dom 𝑓 = ({𝑥} ∪ trCl(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))))    &   𝐷 = {𝑥𝐴 ∣ ¬ ∃𝑓𝜏}    &   (𝜓 ↔ (𝑅 FrSe 𝐴𝐷 ≠ ∅))    &   (𝜒 ↔ (𝜓𝑥𝐷 ∧ ∀𝑦𝐷 ¬ 𝑦𝑅𝑥))    &   (𝜏′[𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜏)    &   𝐻 = {𝑓 ∣ ∃𝑦 ∈ pred (𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅)𝜏′}    &   𝑃 = 𝐻    &   𝑍 = ⟨𝑥, (𝑃 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝑄 = (𝑃 ∪ {⟨𝑥, (𝐺𝑍)⟩})    &   𝑊 = ⟨𝑧, (𝑄 ↾ pred(𝑧, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩       ((𝑄𝑧) = (𝐺𝑊) → ∀𝑑(𝑄𝑧) = (𝐺𝑊))
 
Theorembnj1447 31240* Technical lemma for bnj60 31256. This lemma may no longer be used or have become an indirect lemma of the theorem in question (i.e. a lemma of a lemma... of the theorem). (Contributed by Jonathan Ben-Naim, 3-Jun-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐵 = {𝑑 ∣ (𝑑𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅) ⊆ 𝑑)}    &   𝑌 = ⟨𝑥, (𝑓 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝐶 = {𝑓 ∣ ∃𝑑𝐵 (𝑓 Fn 𝑑 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 (𝑓𝑥) = (𝐺𝑌))}    &   (𝜏 ↔ (𝑓𝐶 ∧ dom 𝑓 = ({𝑥} ∪ trCl(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))))    &   𝐷 = {𝑥𝐴 ∣ ¬ ∃𝑓𝜏}    &   (𝜓 ↔ (𝑅 FrSe 𝐴𝐷 ≠ ∅))    &   (𝜒 ↔ (𝜓𝑥𝐷 ∧ ∀𝑦𝐷 ¬ 𝑦𝑅𝑥))    &   (𝜏′[𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜏)    &   𝐻 = {𝑓 ∣ ∃𝑦 ∈ pred (𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅)𝜏′}    &   𝑃 = 𝐻    &   𝑍 = ⟨𝑥, (𝑃 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝑄 = (𝑃 ∪ {⟨𝑥, (𝐺𝑍)⟩})    &   𝑊 = ⟨𝑧, (𝑄 ↾ pred(𝑧, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩       ((𝑄𝑧) = (𝐺𝑊) → ∀𝑦(𝑄𝑧) = (𝐺𝑊))
 
Theorembnj1448 31241* Technical lemma for bnj60 31256. This lemma may no longer be used or have become an indirect lemma of the theorem in question (i.e. a lemma of a lemma... of the theorem). (Contributed by Jonathan Ben-Naim, 3-Jun-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐵 = {𝑑 ∣ (𝑑𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅) ⊆ 𝑑)}    &   𝑌 = ⟨𝑥, (𝑓 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝐶 = {𝑓 ∣ ∃𝑑𝐵 (𝑓 Fn 𝑑 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 (𝑓𝑥) = (𝐺𝑌))}    &   (𝜏 ↔ (𝑓𝐶 ∧ dom 𝑓 = ({𝑥} ∪ trCl(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))))    &   𝐷 = {𝑥𝐴 ∣ ¬ ∃𝑓𝜏}    &   (𝜓 ↔ (𝑅 FrSe 𝐴𝐷 ≠ ∅))    &   (𝜒 ↔ (𝜓𝑥𝐷 ∧ ∀𝑦𝐷 ¬ 𝑦𝑅𝑥))    &   (𝜏′[𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜏)    &   𝐻 = {𝑓 ∣ ∃𝑦 ∈ pred (𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅)𝜏′}    &   𝑃 = 𝐻    &   𝑍 = ⟨𝑥, (𝑃 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝑄 = (𝑃 ∪ {⟨𝑥, (𝐺𝑍)⟩})    &   𝑊 = ⟨𝑧, (𝑄 ↾ pred(𝑧, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩       ((𝑄𝑧) = (𝐺𝑊) → ∀𝑓(𝑄𝑧) = (𝐺𝑊))
 
Theorembnj1449 31242* Technical lemma for bnj60 31256. This lemma may no longer be used or have become an indirect lemma of the theorem in question (i.e. a lemma of a lemma... of the theorem). (Contributed by Jonathan Ben-Naim, 3-Jun-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐵 = {𝑑 ∣ (𝑑𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅) ⊆ 𝑑)}    &   𝑌 = ⟨𝑥, (𝑓 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝐶 = {𝑓 ∣ ∃𝑑𝐵 (𝑓 Fn 𝑑 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 (𝑓𝑥) = (𝐺𝑌))}    &   (𝜏 ↔ (𝑓𝐶 ∧ dom 𝑓 = ({𝑥} ∪ trCl(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))))    &   𝐷 = {𝑥𝐴 ∣ ¬ ∃𝑓𝜏}    &   (𝜓 ↔ (𝑅 FrSe 𝐴𝐷 ≠ ∅))    &   (𝜒 ↔ (𝜓𝑥𝐷 ∧ ∀𝑦𝐷 ¬ 𝑦𝑅𝑥))    &   (𝜏′[𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜏)    &   𝐻 = {𝑓 ∣ ∃𝑦 ∈ pred (𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅)𝜏′}    &   𝑃 = 𝐻    &   𝑍 = ⟨𝑥, (𝑃 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝑄 = (𝑃 ∪ {⟨𝑥, (𝐺𝑍)⟩})    &   𝑊 = ⟨𝑧, (𝑄 ↾ pred(𝑧, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝐸 = ({𝑥} ∪ trCl(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))    &   (𝜒𝑃 Fn trCl(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))    &   (𝜒𝑄 Fn ({𝑥} ∪ trCl(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅)))    &   (𝜃 ↔ (𝜒𝑧𝐸))    &   (𝜂 ↔ (𝜃𝑧 ∈ {𝑥}))    &   (𝜁 ↔ (𝜃𝑧 ∈ trCl(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅)))       (𝜁 → ∀𝑓𝜁)
 
Theorembnj1442 31243* Technical lemma for bnj60 31256. This lemma may no longer be used or have become an indirect lemma of the theorem in question (i.e. a lemma of a lemma... of the theorem). (Contributed by Jonathan Ben-Naim, 3-Jun-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐵 = {𝑑 ∣ (𝑑𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅) ⊆ 𝑑)}    &   𝑌 = ⟨𝑥, (𝑓 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝐶 = {𝑓 ∣ ∃𝑑𝐵 (𝑓 Fn 𝑑 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 (𝑓𝑥) = (𝐺𝑌))}    &   (𝜏 ↔ (𝑓𝐶 ∧ dom 𝑓 = ({𝑥} ∪ trCl(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))))    &   𝐷 = {𝑥𝐴 ∣ ¬ ∃𝑓𝜏}    &   (𝜓 ↔ (𝑅 FrSe 𝐴𝐷 ≠ ∅))    &   (𝜒 ↔ (𝜓𝑥𝐷 ∧ ∀𝑦𝐷 ¬ 𝑦𝑅𝑥))    &   (𝜏′[𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜏)    &   𝐻 = {𝑓 ∣ ∃𝑦 ∈ pred (𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅)𝜏′}    &   𝑃 = 𝐻    &   𝑍 = ⟨𝑥, (𝑃 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝑄 = (𝑃 ∪ {⟨𝑥, (𝐺𝑍)⟩})    &   𝑊 = ⟨𝑧, (𝑄 ↾ pred(𝑧, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝐸 = ({𝑥} ∪ trCl(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))    &   (𝜒𝑃 Fn trCl(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))    &   (𝜒𝑄 Fn ({𝑥} ∪ trCl(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅)))    &   (𝜃 ↔ (𝜒𝑧𝐸))    &   (𝜂 ↔ (𝜃𝑧 ∈ {𝑥}))       (𝜂 → (𝑄𝑧) = (𝐺𝑊))
 
Theorembnj1450 31244* Technical lemma for bnj60 31256. This lemma may no longer be used or have become an indirect lemma of the theorem in question (i.e. a lemma of a lemma... of the theorem). (Contributed by Jonathan Ben-Naim, 3-Jun-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐵 = {𝑑 ∣ (𝑑𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅) ⊆ 𝑑)}    &   𝑌 = ⟨𝑥, (𝑓 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝐶 = {𝑓 ∣ ∃𝑑𝐵 (𝑓 Fn 𝑑 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 (𝑓𝑥) = (𝐺𝑌))}    &   (𝜏 ↔ (𝑓𝐶 ∧ dom 𝑓 = ({𝑥} ∪ trCl(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))))    &   𝐷 = {𝑥𝐴 ∣ ¬ ∃𝑓𝜏}    &   (𝜓 ↔ (𝑅 FrSe 𝐴𝐷 ≠ ∅))    &   (𝜒 ↔ (𝜓𝑥𝐷 ∧ ∀𝑦𝐷 ¬ 𝑦𝑅𝑥))    &   (𝜏′[𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜏)    &   𝐻 = {𝑓 ∣ ∃𝑦 ∈ pred (𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅)𝜏′}    &   𝑃 = 𝐻    &   𝑍 = ⟨𝑥, (𝑃 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝑄 = (𝑃 ∪ {⟨𝑥, (𝐺𝑍)⟩})    &   𝑊 = ⟨𝑧, (𝑄 ↾ pred(𝑧, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝐸 = ({𝑥} ∪ trCl(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))    &   (𝜒𝑃 Fn trCl(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))    &   (𝜒𝑄 Fn ({𝑥} ∪ trCl(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅)))    &   (𝜃 ↔ (𝜒𝑧𝐸))    &   (𝜂 ↔ (𝜃𝑧 ∈ {𝑥}))    &   (𝜁 ↔ (𝜃𝑧 ∈ trCl(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅)))    &   (𝜌 ↔ (𝜁𝑓𝐻𝑧 ∈ dom 𝑓))    &   (𝜎 ↔ (𝜌𝑦 ∈ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅) ∧ 𝑓𝐶 ∧ dom 𝑓 = ({𝑦} ∪ trCl(𝑦, 𝐴, 𝑅))))    &   (𝜑 ↔ (𝜎𝑑𝐵𝑓 Fn 𝑑 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 (𝑓𝑥) = (𝐺𝑌)))    &   𝑋 = ⟨𝑧, (𝑓 ↾ pred(𝑧, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩       (𝜁 → (𝑄𝑧) = (𝐺𝑊))
 
Theorembnj1423 31245* Technical lemma for bnj60 31256. This lemma may no longer be used or have become an indirect lemma of the theorem in question (i.e. a lemma of a lemma... of the theorem). (Contributed by Jonathan Ben-Naim, 3-Jun-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐵 = {𝑑 ∣ (𝑑𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅) ⊆ 𝑑)}    &   𝑌 = ⟨𝑥, (𝑓 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝐶 = {𝑓 ∣ ∃𝑑𝐵 (𝑓 Fn 𝑑 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 (𝑓𝑥) = (𝐺𝑌))}    &   (𝜏 ↔ (𝑓𝐶 ∧ dom 𝑓 = ({𝑥} ∪ trCl(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))))    &   𝐷 = {𝑥𝐴 ∣ ¬ ∃𝑓𝜏}    &   (𝜓 ↔ (𝑅 FrSe 𝐴𝐷 ≠ ∅))    &   (𝜒 ↔ (𝜓𝑥𝐷 ∧ ∀𝑦𝐷 ¬ 𝑦𝑅𝑥))    &   (𝜏′[𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜏)    &   𝐻 = {𝑓 ∣ ∃𝑦 ∈ pred (𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅)𝜏′}    &   𝑃 = 𝐻    &   𝑍 = ⟨𝑥, (𝑃 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝑄 = (𝑃 ∪ {⟨𝑥, (𝐺𝑍)⟩})    &   𝑊 = ⟨𝑧, (𝑄 ↾ pred(𝑧, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝐸 = ({𝑥} ∪ trCl(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))    &   (𝜒𝑃 Fn trCl(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))    &   (𝜒𝑄 Fn ({𝑥} ∪ trCl(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅)))       (𝜒 → ∀𝑧𝐸 (𝑄𝑧) = (𝐺𝑊))
 
Theorembnj1452 31246* Technical lemma for bnj60 31256. This lemma may no longer be used or have become an indirect lemma of the theorem in question (i.e. a lemma of a lemma... of the theorem). (Contributed by Jonathan Ben-Naim, 3-Jun-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐵 = {𝑑 ∣ (𝑑𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅) ⊆ 𝑑)}    &   𝑌 = ⟨𝑥, (𝑓 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝐶 = {𝑓 ∣ ∃𝑑𝐵 (𝑓 Fn 𝑑 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 (𝑓𝑥) = (𝐺𝑌))}    &   (𝜏 ↔ (𝑓𝐶 ∧ dom 𝑓 = ({𝑥} ∪ trCl(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))))    &   𝐷 = {𝑥𝐴 ∣ ¬ ∃𝑓𝜏}    &   (𝜓 ↔ (𝑅 FrSe 𝐴𝐷 ≠ ∅))    &   (𝜒 ↔ (𝜓𝑥𝐷 ∧ ∀𝑦𝐷 ¬ 𝑦𝑅𝑥))    &   (𝜏′[𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜏)    &   𝐻 = {𝑓 ∣ ∃𝑦 ∈ pred (𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅)𝜏′}    &   𝑃 = 𝐻    &   𝑍 = ⟨𝑥, (𝑃 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝑄 = (𝑃 ∪ {⟨𝑥, (𝐺𝑍)⟩})    &   𝑊 = ⟨𝑧, (𝑄 ↾ pred(𝑧, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝐸 = ({𝑥} ∪ trCl(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))       (𝜒𝐸𝐵)
 
Theorembnj1466 31247* Technical lemma for bnj60 31256. This lemma may no longer be used or have become an indirect lemma of the theorem in question (i.e. a lemma of a lemma... of the theorem). (Contributed by Jonathan Ben-Naim, 3-Jun-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐵 = {𝑑 ∣ (𝑑𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅) ⊆ 𝑑)}    &   𝑌 = ⟨𝑥, (𝑓 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝐶 = {𝑓 ∣ ∃𝑑𝐵 (𝑓 Fn 𝑑 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 (𝑓𝑥) = (𝐺𝑌))}    &   (𝜏 ↔ (𝑓𝐶 ∧ dom 𝑓 = ({𝑥} ∪ trCl(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))))    &   𝐷 = {𝑥𝐴 ∣ ¬ ∃𝑓𝜏}    &   (𝜓 ↔ (𝑅 FrSe 𝐴𝐷 ≠ ∅))    &   (𝜒 ↔ (𝜓𝑥𝐷 ∧ ∀𝑦𝐷 ¬ 𝑦𝑅𝑥))    &   (𝜏′[𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜏)    &   𝐻 = {𝑓 ∣ ∃𝑦 ∈ pred (𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅)𝜏′}    &   𝑃 = 𝐻    &   𝑍 = ⟨𝑥, (𝑃 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝑄 = (𝑃 ∪ {⟨𝑥, (𝐺𝑍)⟩})       (𝑤𝑄 → ∀𝑓 𝑤𝑄)
 
Theorembnj1467 31248* Technical lemma for bnj60 31256. This lemma may no longer be used or have become an indirect lemma of the theorem in question (i.e. a lemma of a lemma... of the theorem). (Contributed by Jonathan Ben-Naim, 3-Jun-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐵 = {𝑑 ∣ (𝑑𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅) ⊆ 𝑑)}    &   𝑌 = ⟨𝑥, (𝑓 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝐶 = {𝑓 ∣ ∃𝑑𝐵 (𝑓 Fn 𝑑 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 (𝑓𝑥) = (𝐺𝑌))}    &   (𝜏 ↔ (𝑓𝐶 ∧ dom 𝑓 = ({𝑥} ∪ trCl(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))))    &   𝐷 = {𝑥𝐴 ∣ ¬ ∃𝑓𝜏}    &   (𝜓 ↔ (𝑅 FrSe 𝐴𝐷 ≠ ∅))    &   (𝜒 ↔ (𝜓𝑥𝐷 ∧ ∀𝑦𝐷 ¬ 𝑦𝑅𝑥))    &   (𝜏′[𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜏)    &   𝐻 = {𝑓 ∣ ∃𝑦 ∈ pred (𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅)𝜏′}    &   𝑃 = 𝐻    &   𝑍 = ⟨𝑥, (𝑃 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝑄 = (𝑃 ∪ {⟨𝑥, (𝐺𝑍)⟩})       (𝑤𝑄 → ∀𝑑 𝑤𝑄)
 
Theorembnj1463 31249* Technical lemma for bnj60 31256. This lemma may no longer be used or have become an indirect lemma of the theorem in question (i.e. a lemma of a lemma... of the theorem). (Contributed by Jonathan Ben-Naim, 3-Jun-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐵 = {𝑑 ∣ (𝑑𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅) ⊆ 𝑑)}    &   𝑌 = ⟨𝑥, (𝑓 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝐶 = {𝑓 ∣ ∃𝑑𝐵 (𝑓 Fn 𝑑 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 (𝑓𝑥) = (𝐺𝑌))}    &   (𝜏 ↔ (𝑓𝐶 ∧ dom 𝑓 = ({𝑥} ∪ trCl(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))))    &   𝐷 = {𝑥𝐴 ∣ ¬ ∃𝑓𝜏}    &   (𝜓 ↔ (𝑅 FrSe 𝐴𝐷 ≠ ∅))    &   (𝜒 ↔ (𝜓𝑥𝐷 ∧ ∀𝑦𝐷 ¬ 𝑦𝑅𝑥))    &   (𝜏′[𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜏)    &   𝐻 = {𝑓 ∣ ∃𝑦 ∈ pred (𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅)𝜏′}    &   𝑃 = 𝐻    &   𝑍 = ⟨𝑥, (𝑃 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝑄 = (𝑃 ∪ {⟨𝑥, (𝐺𝑍)⟩})    &   𝑊 = ⟨𝑧, (𝑄 ↾ pred(𝑧, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝐸 = ({𝑥} ∪ trCl(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))    &   (𝜒𝑄 ∈ V)    &   (𝜒 → ∀𝑧𝐸 (𝑄𝑧) = (𝐺𝑊))    &   (𝜒𝑄 Fn 𝐸)    &   (𝜒𝐸𝐵)       (𝜒𝑄𝐶)
 
Theorembnj1489 31250* Technical lemma for bnj60 31256. This lemma may no longer be used or have become an indirect lemma of the theorem in question (i.e. a lemma of a lemma... of the theorem). (Contributed by Jonathan Ben-Naim, 3-Jun-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐵 = {𝑑 ∣ (𝑑𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅) ⊆ 𝑑)}    &   𝑌 = ⟨𝑥, (𝑓 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝐶 = {𝑓 ∣ ∃𝑑𝐵 (𝑓 Fn 𝑑 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 (𝑓𝑥) = (𝐺𝑌))}    &   (𝜏 ↔ (𝑓𝐶 ∧ dom 𝑓 = ({𝑥} ∪ trCl(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))))    &   𝐷 = {𝑥𝐴 ∣ ¬ ∃𝑓𝜏}    &   (𝜓 ↔ (𝑅 FrSe 𝐴𝐷 ≠ ∅))    &   (𝜒 ↔ (𝜓𝑥𝐷 ∧ ∀𝑦𝐷 ¬ 𝑦𝑅𝑥))    &   (𝜏′[𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜏)    &   𝐻 = {𝑓 ∣ ∃𝑦 ∈ pred (𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅)𝜏′}    &   𝑃 = 𝐻    &   𝑍 = ⟨𝑥, (𝑃 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝑄 = (𝑃 ∪ {⟨𝑥, (𝐺𝑍)⟩})       (𝜒𝑄 ∈ V)
 
Theorembnj1491 31251* Technical lemma for bnj60 31256. This lemma may no longer be used or have become an indirect lemma of the theorem in question (i.e. a lemma of a lemma... of the theorem). (Contributed by Jonathan Ben-Naim, 3-Jun-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐵 = {𝑑 ∣ (𝑑𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅) ⊆ 𝑑)}    &   𝑌 = ⟨𝑥, (𝑓 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝐶 = {𝑓 ∣ ∃𝑑𝐵 (𝑓 Fn 𝑑 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 (𝑓𝑥) = (𝐺𝑌))}    &   (𝜏 ↔ (𝑓𝐶 ∧ dom 𝑓 = ({𝑥} ∪ trCl(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))))    &   𝐷 = {𝑥𝐴 ∣ ¬ ∃𝑓𝜏}    &   (𝜓 ↔ (𝑅 FrSe 𝐴𝐷 ≠ ∅))    &   (𝜒 ↔ (𝜓𝑥𝐷 ∧ ∀𝑦𝐷 ¬ 𝑦𝑅𝑥))    &   (𝜏′[𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜏)    &   𝐻 = {𝑓 ∣ ∃𝑦 ∈ pred (𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅)𝜏′}    &   𝑃 = 𝐻    &   𝑍 = ⟨𝑥, (𝑃 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝑄 = (𝑃 ∪ {⟨𝑥, (𝐺𝑍)⟩})    &   (𝜒 → (𝑄𝐶 ∧ dom 𝑄 = ({𝑥} ∪ trCl(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))))       ((𝜒𝑄 ∈ V) → ∃𝑓(𝑓𝐶 ∧ dom 𝑓 = ({𝑥} ∪ trCl(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))))
 
Theorembnj1312 31252* Technical lemma for bnj60 31256. This lemma may no longer be used or have become an indirect lemma of the theorem in question (i.e. a lemma of a lemma... of the theorem). (Contributed by Jonathan Ben-Naim, 3-Jun-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐵 = {𝑑 ∣ (𝑑𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅) ⊆ 𝑑)}    &   𝑌 = ⟨𝑥, (𝑓 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝐶 = {𝑓 ∣ ∃𝑑𝐵 (𝑓 Fn 𝑑 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 (𝑓𝑥) = (𝐺𝑌))}    &   (𝜏 ↔ (𝑓𝐶 ∧ dom 𝑓 = ({𝑥} ∪ trCl(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))))    &   𝐷 = {𝑥𝐴 ∣ ¬ ∃𝑓𝜏}    &   (𝜓 ↔ (𝑅 FrSe 𝐴𝐷 ≠ ∅))    &   (𝜒 ↔ (𝜓𝑥𝐷 ∧ ∀𝑦𝐷 ¬ 𝑦𝑅𝑥))    &   (𝜏′[𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜏)    &   𝐻 = {𝑓 ∣ ∃𝑦 ∈ pred (𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅)𝜏′}    &   𝑃 = 𝐻    &   𝑍 = ⟨𝑥, (𝑃 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝑄 = (𝑃 ∪ {⟨𝑥, (𝐺𝑍)⟩})    &   𝑊 = ⟨𝑧, (𝑄 ↾ pred(𝑧, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝐸 = ({𝑥} ∪ trCl(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))       (𝑅 FrSe 𝐴 → ∀𝑥𝐴𝑓𝐶 dom 𝑓 = ({𝑥} ∪ trCl(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅)))
 
Theorembnj1493 31253* Technical lemma for bnj60 31256. This lemma may no longer be used or have become an indirect lemma of the theorem in question (i.e. a lemma of a lemma... of the theorem). (Contributed by Jonathan Ben-Naim, 3-Jun-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐵 = {𝑑 ∣ (𝑑𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅) ⊆ 𝑑)}    &   𝑌 = ⟨𝑥, (𝑓 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝐶 = {𝑓 ∣ ∃𝑑𝐵 (𝑓 Fn 𝑑 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 (𝑓𝑥) = (𝐺𝑌))}       (𝑅 FrSe 𝐴 → ∀𝑥𝐴𝑓𝐶 dom 𝑓 = ({𝑥} ∪ trCl(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅)))
 
Theorembnj1497 31254* Technical lemma for bnj60 31256. This lemma may no longer be used or have become an indirect lemma of the theorem in question (i.e. a lemma of a lemma... of the theorem). (Contributed by Jonathan Ben-Naim, 3-Jun-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐵 = {𝑑 ∣ (𝑑𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅) ⊆ 𝑑)}    &   𝑌 = ⟨𝑥, (𝑓 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝐶 = {𝑓 ∣ ∃𝑑𝐵 (𝑓 Fn 𝑑 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 (𝑓𝑥) = (𝐺𝑌))}       𝑔𝐶 Fun 𝑔
 
Theorembnj1498 31255* Technical lemma for bnj60 31256. This lemma may no longer be used or have become an indirect lemma of the theorem in question (i.e. a lemma of a lemma... of the theorem). (Contributed by Jonathan Ben-Naim, 3-Jun-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐵 = {𝑑 ∣ (𝑑𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅) ⊆ 𝑑)}    &   𝑌 = ⟨𝑥, (𝑓 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝐶 = {𝑓 ∣ ∃𝑑𝐵 (𝑓 Fn 𝑑 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 (𝑓𝑥) = (𝐺𝑌))}    &   𝐹 = 𝐶       (𝑅 FrSe 𝐴 → dom 𝐹 = 𝐴)
 
20.4.5  Well-founded recursion, part 1 of 3
 
Theorembnj60 31256* Well-founded recursion, part 1 of 3. The proof has been taken from Chapter 4 of Don Monk's notes on Set Theory. See http://euclid.colorado.edu/~monkd/setth.pdf. (Contributed by Jonathan Ben-Naim, 3-Jun-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐵 = {𝑑 ∣ (𝑑𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅) ⊆ 𝑑)}    &   𝑌 = ⟨𝑥, (𝑓 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝐶 = {𝑓 ∣ ∃𝑑𝐵 (𝑓 Fn 𝑑 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 (𝑓𝑥) = (𝐺𝑌))}    &   𝐹 = 𝐶       (𝑅 FrSe 𝐴𝐹 Fn 𝐴)
 
Theorembnj1514 31257* Technical lemma for bnj1500 31262. This lemma may no longer be used or have become an indirect lemma of the theorem in question (i.e. a lemma of a lemma... of the theorem). (Contributed by Jonathan Ben-Naim, 3-Jun-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐵 = {𝑑 ∣ (𝑑𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅) ⊆ 𝑑)}    &   𝑌 = ⟨𝑥, (𝑓 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝐶 = {𝑓 ∣ ∃𝑑𝐵 (𝑓 Fn 𝑑 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 (𝑓𝑥) = (𝐺𝑌))}       (𝑓𝐶 → ∀𝑥 ∈ dom 𝑓(𝑓𝑥) = (𝐺𝑌))
 
Theorembnj1518 31258* Technical lemma for bnj1500 31262. This lemma may no longer be used or have become an indirect lemma of the theorem in question (i.e. a lemma of a lemma... of the theorem). (Contributed by Jonathan Ben-Naim, 3-Jun-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐵 = {𝑑 ∣ (𝑑𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅) ⊆ 𝑑)}    &   𝑌 = ⟨𝑥, (𝑓 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝐶 = {𝑓 ∣ ∃𝑑𝐵 (𝑓 Fn 𝑑 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 (𝑓𝑥) = (𝐺𝑌))}    &   𝐹 = 𝐶    &   (𝜑 ↔ (𝑅 FrSe 𝐴𝑥𝐴))    &   (𝜓 ↔ (𝜑𝑓𝐶𝑥 ∈ dom 𝑓))       (𝜓 → ∀𝑑𝜓)
 
Theorembnj1519 31259* Technical lemma for bnj1500 31262. This lemma may no longer be used or have become an indirect lemma of the theorem in question (i.e. a lemma of a lemma... of the theorem). (Contributed by Jonathan Ben-Naim, 3-Jun-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐵 = {𝑑 ∣ (𝑑𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅) ⊆ 𝑑)}    &   𝑌 = ⟨𝑥, (𝑓 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝐶 = {𝑓 ∣ ∃𝑑𝐵 (𝑓 Fn 𝑑 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 (𝑓𝑥) = (𝐺𝑌))}    &   𝐹 = 𝐶       ((𝐹𝑥) = (𝐺‘⟨𝑥, (𝐹 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩) → ∀𝑑(𝐹𝑥) = (𝐺‘⟨𝑥, (𝐹 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩))
 
Theorembnj1520 31260* Technical lemma for bnj1500 31262. This lemma may no longer be used or have become an indirect lemma of the theorem in question (i.e. a lemma of a lemma... of the theorem). (Contributed by Jonathan Ben-Naim, 3-Jun-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐵 = {𝑑 ∣ (𝑑𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅) ⊆ 𝑑)}    &   𝑌 = ⟨𝑥, (𝑓 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝐶 = {𝑓 ∣ ∃𝑑𝐵 (𝑓 Fn 𝑑 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 (𝑓𝑥) = (𝐺𝑌))}    &   𝐹 = 𝐶       ((𝐹𝑥) = (𝐺‘⟨𝑥, (𝐹 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩) → ∀𝑓(𝐹𝑥) = (𝐺‘⟨𝑥, (𝐹 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩))
 
Theorembnj1501 31261* Technical lemma for bnj1500 31262. This lemma may no longer be used or have become an indirect lemma of the theorem in question (i.e. a lemma of a lemma... of the theorem). (Contributed by Jonathan Ben-Naim, 3-Jun-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐵 = {𝑑 ∣ (𝑑𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅) ⊆ 𝑑)}    &   𝑌 = ⟨𝑥, (𝑓 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝐶 = {𝑓 ∣ ∃𝑑𝐵 (𝑓 Fn 𝑑 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 (𝑓𝑥) = (𝐺𝑌))}    &   𝐹 = 𝐶    &   (𝜑 ↔ (𝑅 FrSe 𝐴𝑥𝐴))    &   (𝜓 ↔ (𝜑𝑓𝐶𝑥 ∈ dom 𝑓))    &   (𝜒 ↔ (𝜓𝑑𝐵 ∧ dom 𝑓 = 𝑑))       (𝑅 FrSe 𝐴 → ∀𝑥𝐴 (𝐹𝑥) = (𝐺‘⟨𝑥, (𝐹 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩))
 
20.4.6  Well-founded recursion, part 2 of 3
 
Theorembnj1500 31262* Well-founded recursion, part 2 of 3. The proof has been taken from Chapter 4 of Don Monk's notes on Set Theory. See http://euclid.colorado.edu/~monkd/setth.pdf. (Contributed by Jonathan Ben-Naim, 3-Jun-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐵 = {𝑑 ∣ (𝑑𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅) ⊆ 𝑑)}    &   𝑌 = ⟨𝑥, (𝑓 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝐶 = {𝑓 ∣ ∃𝑑𝐵 (𝑓 Fn 𝑑 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 (𝑓𝑥) = (𝐺𝑌))}    &   𝐹 = 𝐶       (𝑅 FrSe 𝐴 → ∀𝑥𝐴 (𝐹𝑥) = (𝐺‘⟨𝑥, (𝐹 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩))
 
Theorembnj1525 31263* Technical lemma for bnj1522 31266. This lemma may no longer be used or have become an indirect lemma of the theorem in question (i.e. a lemma of a lemma... of the theorem). (Contributed by Jonathan Ben-Naim, 3-Jun-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐵 = {𝑑 ∣ (𝑑𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅) ⊆ 𝑑)}    &   𝑌 = ⟨𝑥, (𝑓 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝐶 = {𝑓 ∣ ∃𝑑𝐵 (𝑓 Fn 𝑑 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 (𝑓𝑥) = (𝐺𝑌))}    &   𝐹 = 𝐶    &   (𝜑 ↔ (𝑅 FrSe 𝐴𝐻 Fn 𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴 (𝐻𝑥) = (𝐺‘⟨𝑥, (𝐻 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩)))    &   (𝜓 ↔ (𝜑𝐹𝐻))       (𝜓 → ∀𝑥𝜓)
 
Theorembnj1529 31264* Technical lemma for bnj1522 31266. This lemma may no longer be used or have become an indirect lemma of the theorem in question (i.e. a lemma of a lemma... of the theorem). (Contributed by Jonathan Ben-Naim, 3-Jun-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
(𝜒 → ∀𝑥𝐴 (𝐹𝑥) = (𝐺‘⟨𝑥, (𝐹 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩))    &   (𝑤𝐹 → ∀𝑥 𝑤𝐹)       (𝜒 → ∀𝑦𝐴 (𝐹𝑦) = (𝐺‘⟨𝑦, (𝐹 ↾ pred(𝑦, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩))
 
Theorembnj1523 31265* Technical lemma for bnj1522 31266. This lemma may no longer be used or have become an indirect lemma of the theorem in question (i.e. a lemma of a lemma... of the theorem). (Contributed by Jonathan Ben-Naim, 3-Jun-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐵 = {𝑑 ∣ (𝑑𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅) ⊆ 𝑑)}    &   𝑌 = ⟨𝑥, (𝑓 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝐶 = {𝑓 ∣ ∃𝑑𝐵 (𝑓 Fn 𝑑 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 (𝑓𝑥) = (𝐺𝑌))}    &   𝐹 = 𝐶    &   (𝜑 ↔ (𝑅 FrSe 𝐴𝐻 Fn 𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴 (𝐻𝑥) = (𝐺‘⟨𝑥, (𝐻 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩)))    &   (𝜓 ↔ (𝜑𝐹𝐻))    &   (𝜒 ↔ (𝜓𝑥𝐴 ∧ (𝐹𝑥) ≠ (𝐻𝑥)))    &   𝐷 = {𝑥𝐴 ∣ (𝐹𝑥) ≠ (𝐻𝑥)}    &   (𝜃 ↔ (𝜒𝑦𝐷 ∧ ∀𝑧𝐷 ¬ 𝑧𝑅𝑦))       ((𝑅 FrSe 𝐴𝐻 Fn 𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴 (𝐻𝑥) = (𝐺‘⟨𝑥, (𝐻 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩)) → 𝐹 = 𝐻)
 
20.4.7  Well-founded recursion, part 3 of 3
 
Theorembnj1522 31266* Well-founded recursion, part 3 of 3. The proof has been taken from Chapter 4 of Don Monk's notes on Set Theory. See http://euclid.colorado.edu/~monkd/setth.pdf. (Contributed by Jonathan Ben-Naim, 3-Jun-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐵 = {𝑑 ∣ (𝑑𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅) ⊆ 𝑑)}    &   𝑌 = ⟨𝑥, (𝑓 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩    &   𝐶 = {𝑓 ∣ ∃𝑑𝐵 (𝑓 Fn 𝑑 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑑 (𝑓𝑥) = (𝐺𝑌))}    &   𝐹 = 𝐶       ((𝑅 FrSe 𝐴𝐻 Fn 𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴 (𝐻𝑥) = (𝐺‘⟨𝑥, (𝐻 ↾ pred(𝑥, 𝐴, 𝑅))⟩)) → 𝐹 = 𝐻)
 
20.5  Mathbox for Mario Carneiro
 
20.5.1  Predicate calculus with all distinct variables
 
Axiomax-7d 31267* Distinct variable version of ax-11 2074. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 14-Aug-2015.)
(∀𝑥𝑦𝜑 → ∀𝑦𝑥𝜑)
 
Axiomax-8d 31268* Distinct variable version of ax-7 1981. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 14-Aug-2015.)
(𝑥 = 𝑦 → (𝑥 = 𝑧𝑦 = 𝑧))
 
Axiomax-9d1 31269 Distinct variable version of ax-6 1945, equal variables case. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 14-Aug-2015.)
¬ ∀𝑥 ¬ 𝑥 = 𝑥
 
Axiomax-9d2 31270* Distinct variable version of ax-6 1945, distinct variables case. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 14-Aug-2015.)
¬ ∀𝑥 ¬ 𝑥 = 𝑦
 
Axiomax-10d 31271* Distinct variable version of axc11n 2342. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 14-Aug-2015.)
(∀𝑥 𝑥 = 𝑦 → ∀𝑦 𝑦 = 𝑥)
 
Axiomax-11d 31272* Distinct variable version of ax-12 2087. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 14-Aug-2015.)
(𝑥 = 𝑦 → (∀𝑦𝜑 → ∀𝑥(𝑥 = 𝑦𝜑)))
 
20.5.2  Miscellaneous stuff
 
Theoremquartfull 31273 The quartic equation, written out in full. This actually makes a fairly good Metamath stress test. Note that the length of this formula could be shortened significantly if the intermediate expressions were expanded and simplified, but it's not like this theorem will be used anyway. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 6-May-2015.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐷 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝑋 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑 → (((((-(2 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑3)) − (27 · (((𝐶 − ((𝐴 · 𝐵) / 2)) + ((𝐴↑3) / 8))↑2))) + (72 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2))) · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4))))))) + (√‘((((-(2 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑3)) − (27 · (((𝐶 − ((𝐴 · 𝐵) / 2)) + ((𝐴↑3) / 8))↑2))) + (72 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2))) · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4)))))))↑2) − (4 · ((((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑2) + (12 · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4))))))↑3))))) / 2)↑𝑐(1 / 3)) ≠ 0)    &   (𝜑 → -((((2 · (𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))) + (((((-(2 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑3)) − (27 · (((𝐶 − ((𝐴 · 𝐵) / 2)) + ((𝐴↑3) / 8))↑2))) + (72 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2))) · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4))))))) + (√‘((((-(2 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑3)) − (27 · (((𝐶 − ((𝐴 · 𝐵) / 2)) + ((𝐴↑3) / 8))↑2))) + (72 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2))) · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4)))))))↑2) − (4 · ((((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑2) + (12 · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4))))))↑3))))) / 2)↑𝑐(1 / 3))) + ((((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑2) + (12 · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4)))))) / (((((-(2 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑3)) − (27 · (((𝐶 − ((𝐴 · 𝐵) / 2)) + ((𝐴↑3) / 8))↑2))) + (72 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2))) · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4))))))) + (√‘((((-(2 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑3)) − (27 · (((𝐶 − ((𝐴 · 𝐵) / 2)) + ((𝐴↑3) / 8))↑2))) + (72 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2))) · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4)))))))↑2) − (4 · ((((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑2) + (12 · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4))))))↑3))))) / 2)↑𝑐(1 / 3)))) / 3) ≠ 0)       (𝜑 → ((((𝑋↑4) + (𝐴 · (𝑋↑3))) + ((𝐵 · (𝑋↑2)) + ((𝐶 · 𝑋) + 𝐷))) = 0 ↔ ((𝑋 = ((-(𝐴 / 4) − ((√‘-((((2 · (𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))) + (((((-(2 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑3)) − (27 · (((𝐶 − ((𝐴 · 𝐵) / 2)) + ((𝐴↑3) / 8))↑2))) + (72 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2))) · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4))))))) + (√‘((((-(2 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑3)) − (27 · (((𝐶 − ((𝐴 · 𝐵) / 2)) + ((𝐴↑3) / 8))↑2))) + (72 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2))) · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4)))))))↑2) − (4 · ((((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑2) + (12 · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4))))))↑3))))) / 2)↑𝑐(1 / 3))) + ((((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑2) + (12 · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4)))))) / (((((-(2 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑3)) − (27 · (((𝐶 − ((𝐴 · 𝐵) / 2)) + ((𝐴↑3) / 8))↑2))) + (72 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2))) · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4))))))) + (√‘((((-(2 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑3)) − (27 · (((𝐶 − ((𝐴 · 𝐵) / 2)) + ((𝐴↑3) / 8))↑2))) + (72 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2))) · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4)))))))↑2) − (4 · ((((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑2) + (12 · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4))))))↑3))))) / 2)↑𝑐(1 / 3)))) / 3)) / 2)) + (√‘((-(((√‘-((((2 · (𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))) + (((((-(2 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑3)) − (27 · (((𝐶 − ((𝐴 · 𝐵) / 2)) + ((𝐴↑3) / 8))↑2))) + (72 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2))) · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4))))))) + (√‘((((-(2 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑3)) − (27 · (((𝐶 − ((𝐴 · 𝐵) / 2)) + ((𝐴↑3) / 8))↑2))) + (72 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2))) · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4)))))))↑2) − (4 · ((((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑2) + (12 · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4))))))↑3))))) / 2)↑𝑐(1 / 3))) + ((((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑2) + (12 · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4)))))) / (((((-(2 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑3)) − (27 · (((𝐶 − ((𝐴 · 𝐵) / 2)) + ((𝐴↑3) / 8))↑2))) + (72 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2))) · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4))))))) + (√‘((((-(2 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑3)) − (27 · (((𝐶 − ((𝐴 · 𝐵) / 2)) + ((𝐴↑3) / 8))↑2))) + (72 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2))) · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4)))))))↑2) − (4 · ((((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑2) + (12 · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4))))))↑3))))) / 2)↑𝑐(1 / 3)))) / 3)) / 2)↑2) − ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2))) / 2)) + ((((𝐶 − ((𝐴 · 𝐵) / 2)) + ((𝐴↑3) / 8)) / 4) / ((√‘-((((2 · (𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))) + (((((-(2 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑3)) − (27 · (((𝐶 − ((𝐴 · 𝐵) / 2)) + ((𝐴↑3) / 8))↑2))) + (72 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2))) · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4))))))) + (√‘((((-(2 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑3)) − (27 · (((𝐶 − ((𝐴 · 𝐵) / 2)) + ((𝐴↑3) / 8))↑2))) + (72 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2))) · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4)))))))↑2) − (4 · ((((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑2) + (12 · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4))))))↑3))))) / 2)↑𝑐(1 / 3))) + ((((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑2) + (12 · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4)))))) / (((((-(2 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑3)) − (27 · (((𝐶 − ((𝐴 · 𝐵) / 2)) + ((𝐴↑3) / 8))↑2))) + (72 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2))) · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4))))))) + (√‘((((-(2 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑3)) − (27 · (((𝐶 − ((𝐴 · 𝐵) / 2)) + ((𝐴↑3) / 8))↑2))) + (72 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2))) · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4)))))))↑2) − (4 · ((((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑2) + (12 · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4))))))↑3))))) / 2)↑𝑐(1 / 3)))) / 3)) / 2))))) ∨ 𝑋 = ((-(𝐴 / 4) − ((√‘-((((2 · (𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))) + (((((-(2 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑3)) − (27 · (((𝐶 − ((𝐴 · 𝐵) / 2)) + ((𝐴↑3) / 8))↑2))) + (72 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2))) · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4))))))) + (√‘((((-(2 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑3)) − (27 · (((𝐶 − ((𝐴 · 𝐵) / 2)) + ((𝐴↑3) / 8))↑2))) + (72 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2))) · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4)))))))↑2) − (4 · ((((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑2) + (12 · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4))))))↑3))))) / 2)↑𝑐(1 / 3))) + ((((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑2) + (12 · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4)))))) / (((((-(2 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑3)) − (27 · (((𝐶 − ((𝐴 · 𝐵) / 2)) + ((𝐴↑3) / 8))↑2))) + (72 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2))) · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4))))))) + (√‘((((-(2 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑3)) − (27 · (((𝐶 − ((𝐴 · 𝐵) / 2)) + ((𝐴↑3) / 8))↑2))) + (72 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2))) · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4)))))))↑2) − (4 · ((((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑2) + (12 · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4))))))↑3))))) / 2)↑𝑐(1 / 3)))) / 3)) / 2)) − (√‘((-(((√‘-((((2 · (𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))) + (((((-(2 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑3)) − (27 · (((𝐶 − ((𝐴 · 𝐵) / 2)) + ((𝐴↑3) / 8))↑2))) + (72 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2))) · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4))))))) + (√‘((((-(2 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑3)) − (27 · (((𝐶 − ((𝐴 · 𝐵) / 2)) + ((𝐴↑3) / 8))↑2))) + (72 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2))) · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4)))))))↑2) − (4 · ((((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑2) + (12 · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4))))))↑3))))) / 2)↑𝑐(1 / 3))) + ((((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑2) + (12 · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4)))))) / (((((-(2 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑3)) − (27 · (((𝐶 − ((𝐴 · 𝐵) / 2)) + ((𝐴↑3) / 8))↑2))) + (72 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2))) · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4))))))) + (√‘((((-(2 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑3)) − (27 · (((𝐶 − ((𝐴 · 𝐵) / 2)) + ((𝐴↑3) / 8))↑2))) + (72 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2))) · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4)))))))↑2) − (4 · ((((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑2) + (12 · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4))))))↑3))))) / 2)↑𝑐(1 / 3)))) / 3)) / 2)↑2) − ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2))) / 2)) + ((((𝐶 − ((𝐴 · 𝐵) / 2)) + ((𝐴↑3) / 8)) / 4) / ((√‘-((((2 · (𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))) + (((((-(2 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑3)) − (27 · (((𝐶 − ((𝐴 · 𝐵) / 2)) + ((𝐴↑3) / 8))↑2))) + (72 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2))) · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4))))))) + (√‘((((-(2 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑3)) − (27 · (((𝐶 − ((𝐴 · 𝐵) / 2)) + ((𝐴↑3) / 8))↑2))) + (72 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2))) · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4)))))))↑2) − (4 · ((((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑2) + (12 · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4))))))↑3))))) / 2)↑𝑐(1 / 3))) + ((((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑2) + (12 · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4)))))) / (((((-(2 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑3)) − (27 · (((𝐶 − ((𝐴 · 𝐵) / 2)) + ((𝐴↑3) / 8))↑2))) + (72 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2))) · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4))))))) + (√‘((((-(2 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑3)) − (27 · (((𝐶 − ((𝐴 · 𝐵) / 2)) + ((𝐴↑3) / 8))↑2))) + (72 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2))) · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4)))))))↑2) − (4 · ((((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑2) + (12 · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4))))))↑3))))) / 2)↑𝑐(1 / 3)))) / 3)) / 2)))))) ∨ (𝑋 = ((-(𝐴 / 4) + ((√‘-((((2 · (𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))) + (((((-(2 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑3)) − (27 · (((𝐶 − ((𝐴 · 𝐵) / 2)) + ((𝐴↑3) / 8))↑2))) + (72 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2))) · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4))))))) + (√‘((((-(2 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑3)) − (27 · (((𝐶 − ((𝐴 · 𝐵) / 2)) + ((𝐴↑3) / 8))↑2))) + (72 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2))) · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4)))))))↑2) − (4 · ((((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑2) + (12 · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4))))))↑3))))) / 2)↑𝑐(1 / 3))) + ((((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑2) + (12 · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4)))))) / (((((-(2 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑3)) − (27 · (((𝐶 − ((𝐴 · 𝐵) / 2)) + ((𝐴↑3) / 8))↑2))) + (72 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2))) · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4))))))) + (√‘((((-(2 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑3)) − (27 · (((𝐶 − ((𝐴 · 𝐵) / 2)) + ((𝐴↑3) / 8))↑2))) + (72 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2))) · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4)))))))↑2) − (4 · ((((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑2) + (12 · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4))))))↑3))))) / 2)↑𝑐(1 / 3)))) / 3)) / 2)) + (√‘((-(((√‘-((((2 · (𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))) + (((((-(2 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑3)) − (27 · (((𝐶 − ((𝐴 · 𝐵) / 2)) + ((𝐴↑3) / 8))↑2))) + (72 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2))) · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4))))))) + (√‘((((-(2 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑3)) − (27 · (((𝐶 − ((𝐴 · 𝐵) / 2)) + ((𝐴↑3) / 8))↑2))) + (72 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2))) · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4)))))))↑2) − (4 · ((((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑2) + (12 · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4))))))↑3))))) / 2)↑𝑐(1 / 3))) + ((((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑2) + (12 · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4)))))) / (((((-(2 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑3)) − (27 · (((𝐶 − ((𝐴 · 𝐵) / 2)) + ((𝐴↑3) / 8))↑2))) + (72 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2))) · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4))))))) + (√‘((((-(2 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑3)) − (27 · (((𝐶 − ((𝐴 · 𝐵) / 2)) + ((𝐴↑3) / 8))↑2))) + (72 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2))) · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4)))))))↑2) − (4 · ((((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑2) + (12 · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4))))))↑3))))) / 2)↑𝑐(1 / 3)))) / 3)) / 2)↑2) − ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2))) / 2)) − ((((𝐶 − ((𝐴 · 𝐵) / 2)) + ((𝐴↑3) / 8)) / 4) / ((√‘-((((2 · (𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))) + (((((-(2 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑3)) − (27 · (((𝐶 − ((𝐴 · 𝐵) / 2)) + ((𝐴↑3) / 8))↑2))) + (72 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2))) · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4))))))) + (√‘((((-(2 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑3)) − (27 · (((𝐶 − ((𝐴 · 𝐵) / 2)) + ((𝐴↑3) / 8))↑2))) + (72 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2))) · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4)))))))↑2) − (4 · ((((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑2) + (12 · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4))))))↑3))))) / 2)↑𝑐(1 / 3))) + ((((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑2) + (12 · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4)))))) / (((((-(2 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑3)) − (27 · (((𝐶 − ((𝐴 · 𝐵) / 2)) + ((𝐴↑3) / 8))↑2))) + (72 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2))) · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4))))))) + (√‘((((-(2 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑3)) − (27 · (((𝐶 − ((𝐴 · 𝐵) / 2)) + ((𝐴↑3) / 8))↑2))) + (72 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2))) · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4)))))))↑2) − (4 · ((((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑2) + (12 · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4))))))↑3))))) / 2)↑𝑐(1 / 3)))) / 3)) / 2))))) ∨ 𝑋 = ((-(𝐴 / 4) + ((√‘-((((2 · (𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))) + (((((-(2 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑3)) − (27 · (((𝐶 − ((𝐴 · 𝐵) / 2)) + ((𝐴↑3) / 8))↑2))) + (72 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2))) · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4))))))) + (√‘((((-(2 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑3)) − (27 · (((𝐶 − ((𝐴 · 𝐵) / 2)) + ((𝐴↑3) / 8))↑2))) + (72 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2))) · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4)))))))↑2) − (4 · ((((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑2) + (12 · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4))))))↑3))))) / 2)↑𝑐(1 / 3))) + ((((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑2) + (12 · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4)))))) / (((((-(2 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑3)) − (27 · (((𝐶 − ((𝐴 · 𝐵) / 2)) + ((𝐴↑3) / 8))↑2))) + (72 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2))) · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4))))))) + (√‘((((-(2 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑3)) − (27 · (((𝐶 − ((𝐴 · 𝐵) / 2)) + ((𝐴↑3) / 8))↑2))) + (72 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2))) · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4)))))))↑2) − (4 · ((((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑2) + (12 · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4))))))↑3))))) / 2)↑𝑐(1 / 3)))) / 3)) / 2)) − (√‘((-(((√‘-((((2 · (𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))) + (((((-(2 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑3)) − (27 · (((𝐶 − ((𝐴 · 𝐵) / 2)) + ((𝐴↑3) / 8))↑2))) + (72 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2))) · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4))))))) + (√‘((((-(2 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑3)) − (27 · (((𝐶 − ((𝐴 · 𝐵) / 2)) + ((𝐴↑3) / 8))↑2))) + (72 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2))) · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4)))))))↑2) − (4 · ((((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑2) + (12 · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4))))))↑3))))) / 2)↑𝑐(1 / 3))) + ((((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑2) + (12 · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4)))))) / (((((-(2 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑3)) − (27 · (((𝐶 − ((𝐴 · 𝐵) / 2)) + ((𝐴↑3) / 8))↑2))) + (72 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2))) · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4))))))) + (√‘((((-(2 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑3)) − (27 · (((𝐶 − ((𝐴 · 𝐵) / 2)) + ((𝐴↑3) / 8))↑2))) + (72 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2))) · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4)))))))↑2) − (4 · ((((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑2) + (12 · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4))))))↑3))))) / 2)↑𝑐(1 / 3)))) / 3)) / 2)↑2) − ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2))) / 2)) − ((((𝐶 − ((𝐴 · 𝐵) / 2)) + ((𝐴↑3) / 8)) / 4) / ((√‘-((((2 · (𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))) + (((((-(2 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑3)) − (27 · (((𝐶 − ((𝐴 · 𝐵) / 2)) + ((𝐴↑3) / 8))↑2))) + (72 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2))) · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4))))))) + (√‘((((-(2 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑3)) − (27 · (((𝐶 − ((𝐴 · 𝐵) / 2)) + ((𝐴↑3) / 8))↑2))) + (72 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2))) · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4)))))))↑2) − (4 · ((((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑2) + (12 · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4))))))↑3))))) / 2)↑𝑐(1 / 3))) + ((((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑2) + (12 · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4)))))) / (((((-(2 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑3)) − (27 · (((𝐶 − ((𝐴 · 𝐵) / 2)) + ((𝐴↑3) / 8))↑2))) + (72 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2))) · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4))))))) + (√‘((((-(2 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑3)) − (27 · (((𝐶 − ((𝐴 · 𝐵) / 2)) + ((𝐴↑3) / 8))↑2))) + (72 · ((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2))) · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4)))))))↑2) − (4 · ((((𝐵 − ((3 / 8) · (𝐴↑2)))↑2) + (12 · ((𝐷 − ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / 4)) + ((((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵) / 16) − ((3 / 256) · (𝐴↑4))))))↑3))))) / 2)↑𝑐(1 / 3)))) / 3)) / 2)))))))))
 
20.5.3  Derangements and the Subfactorial
 
Theoremderanglem 31274* Lemma for derangements. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 19-Jan-2015.)
(𝐴 ∈ Fin → {𝑓 ∣ (𝑓:𝐴1-1-onto𝐴𝜑)} ∈ Fin)
 
Theoremderangval 31275* Define the derangement function, which counts the number of bijections from a set to itself such that no element is mapped to itself. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 19-Jan-2015.)
𝐷 = (𝑥 ∈ Fin ↦ (#‘{𝑓 ∣ (𝑓:𝑥1-1-onto𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑦𝑥 (𝑓𝑦) ≠ 𝑦)}))       (𝐴 ∈ Fin → (𝐷𝐴) = (#‘{𝑓 ∣ (𝑓:𝐴1-1-onto𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑦𝐴 (𝑓𝑦) ≠ 𝑦)}))
 
Theoremderangf 31276* The derangement number is a function from finite sets to nonnegative integers. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 19-Jan-2015.)
𝐷 = (𝑥 ∈ Fin ↦ (#‘{𝑓 ∣ (𝑓:𝑥1-1-onto𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑦𝑥 (𝑓𝑦) ≠ 𝑦)}))       𝐷:Fin⟶ℕ0
 
Theoremderang0 31277* The derangement number of the empty set. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 19-Jan-2015.)
𝐷 = (𝑥 ∈ Fin ↦ (#‘{𝑓 ∣ (𝑓:𝑥1-1-onto𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑦𝑥 (𝑓𝑦) ≠ 𝑦)}))       (𝐷‘∅) = 1
 
Theoremderangsn 31278* The derangement number of a singleton. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 19-Jan-2015.)
𝐷 = (𝑥 ∈ Fin ↦ (#‘{𝑓 ∣ (𝑓:𝑥1-1-onto𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑦𝑥 (𝑓𝑦) ≠ 𝑦)}))       (𝐴𝑉 → (𝐷‘{𝐴}) = 0)
 
Theoremderangenlem 31279* One half of derangen 31280. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 22-Jan-2015.)
𝐷 = (𝑥 ∈ Fin ↦ (#‘{𝑓 ∣ (𝑓:𝑥1-1-onto𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑦𝑥 (𝑓𝑦) ≠ 𝑦)}))       ((𝐴𝐵𝐵 ∈ Fin) → (𝐷𝐴) ≤ (𝐷𝐵))
 
Theoremderangen 31280* The derangement number is a cardinal invariant, i.e. it only depends on the size of a set and not on its contents. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 22-Jan-2015.)
𝐷 = (𝑥 ∈ Fin ↦ (#‘{𝑓 ∣ (𝑓:𝑥1-1-onto𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑦𝑥 (𝑓𝑦) ≠ 𝑦)}))       ((𝐴𝐵𝐵 ∈ Fin) → (𝐷𝐴) = (𝐷𝐵))
 
Theoremsubfacval 31281* The subfactorial is defined as the number of derangements (see derangval 31275) of the set (1...𝑁). (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 21-Jan-2015.)
𝐷 = (𝑥 ∈ Fin ↦ (#‘{𝑓 ∣ (𝑓:𝑥1-1-onto𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑦𝑥 (𝑓𝑦) ≠ 𝑦)}))    &   𝑆 = (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ (𝐷‘(1...𝑛)))       (𝑁 ∈ ℕ0 → (𝑆𝑁) = (𝐷‘(1...𝑁)))
 
Theoremderangen2 31282* Write the derangement number in terms of the subfactorial. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 22-Jan-2015.)
𝐷 = (𝑥 ∈ Fin ↦ (#‘{𝑓 ∣ (𝑓:𝑥1-1-onto𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑦𝑥 (𝑓𝑦) ≠ 𝑦)}))    &   𝑆 = (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ (𝐷‘(1...𝑛)))       (𝐴 ∈ Fin → (𝐷𝐴) = (𝑆‘(#‘𝐴)))
 
Theoremsubfacf 31283* The subfactorial is a function from nonnegative integers to nonnegative integers. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 19-Jan-2015.)
𝐷 = (𝑥 ∈ Fin ↦ (#‘{𝑓 ∣ (𝑓:𝑥1-1-onto𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑦𝑥 (𝑓𝑦) ≠ 𝑦)}))    &   𝑆 = (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ (𝐷‘(1...𝑛)))       𝑆:ℕ0⟶ℕ0
 
Theoremsubfaclefac 31284* The subfactorial is less than the factorial. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 19-Jan-2015.)
𝐷 = (𝑥 ∈ Fin ↦ (#‘{𝑓 ∣ (𝑓:𝑥1-1-onto𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑦𝑥 (𝑓𝑦) ≠ 𝑦)}))    &   𝑆 = (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ (𝐷‘(1...𝑛)))       (𝑁 ∈ ℕ0 → (𝑆𝑁) ≤ (!‘𝑁))
 
Theoremsubfac0 31285* The subfactorial at zero. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 19-Jan-2015.)
𝐷 = (𝑥 ∈ Fin ↦ (#‘{𝑓 ∣ (𝑓:𝑥1-1-onto𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑦𝑥 (𝑓𝑦) ≠ 𝑦)}))    &   𝑆 = (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ (𝐷‘(1...𝑛)))       (𝑆‘0) = 1
 
Theoremsubfac1 31286* The subfactorial at one. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 19-Jan-2015.)
𝐷 = (𝑥 ∈ Fin ↦ (#‘{𝑓 ∣ (𝑓:𝑥1-1-onto𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑦𝑥 (𝑓𝑦) ≠ 𝑦)}))    &   𝑆 = (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ (𝐷‘(1...𝑛)))       (𝑆‘1) = 0
 
Theoremsubfacp1lem1 31287* Lemma for subfacp1 31294. The set 𝐾 together with {1, 𝑀} partitions the set 1...(𝑁 + 1). (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 23-Jan-2015.)
𝐷 = (𝑥 ∈ Fin ↦ (#‘{𝑓 ∣ (𝑓:𝑥1-1-onto𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑦𝑥 (𝑓𝑦) ≠ 𝑦)}))    &   𝑆 = (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ (𝐷‘(1...𝑛)))    &   𝐴 = {𝑓 ∣ (𝑓:(1...(𝑁 + 1))–1-1-onto→(1...(𝑁 + 1)) ∧ ∀𝑦 ∈ (1...(𝑁 + 1))(𝑓𝑦) ≠ 𝑦)}    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ∈ (2...(𝑁 + 1)))    &   𝑀 ∈ V    &   𝐾 = ((2...(𝑁 + 1)) ∖ {𝑀})       (𝜑 → ((𝐾 ∩ {1, 𝑀}) = ∅ ∧ (𝐾 ∪ {1, 𝑀}) = (1...(𝑁 + 1)) ∧ (#‘𝐾) = (𝑁 − 1)))
 
Theoremsubfacp1lem2a 31288* Lemma for subfacp1 31294. Properties of a bijection on 𝐾 augmented with the two-element flip to get a bijection on 𝐾 ∪ {1, 𝑀}. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 23-Jan-2015.)
𝐷 = (𝑥 ∈ Fin ↦ (#‘{𝑓 ∣ (𝑓:𝑥1-1-onto𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑦𝑥 (𝑓𝑦) ≠ 𝑦)}))    &   𝑆 = (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ (𝐷‘(1...𝑛)))    &   𝐴 = {𝑓 ∣ (𝑓:(1...(𝑁 + 1))–1-1-onto→(1...(𝑁 + 1)) ∧ ∀𝑦 ∈ (1...(𝑁 + 1))(𝑓𝑦) ≠ 𝑦)}    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ∈ (2...(𝑁 + 1)))    &   𝑀 ∈ V    &   𝐾 = ((2...(𝑁 + 1)) ∖ {𝑀})    &   𝐹 = (𝐺 ∪ {⟨1, 𝑀⟩, ⟨𝑀, 1⟩})    &   (𝜑𝐺:𝐾1-1-onto𝐾)       (𝜑 → (𝐹:(1...(𝑁 + 1))–1-1-onto→(1...(𝑁 + 1)) ∧ (𝐹‘1) = 𝑀 ∧ (𝐹𝑀) = 1))
 
Theoremsubfacp1lem2b 31289* Lemma for subfacp1 31294. Properties of a bijection on 𝐾 augmented with the two-element flip to get a bijection on 𝐾 ∪ {1, 𝑀}. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 23-Jan-2015.)
𝐷 = (𝑥 ∈ Fin ↦ (#‘{𝑓 ∣ (𝑓:𝑥1-1-onto𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑦𝑥 (𝑓𝑦) ≠ 𝑦)}))    &   𝑆 = (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ (𝐷‘(1...𝑛)))    &   𝐴 = {𝑓 ∣ (𝑓:(1...(𝑁 + 1))–1-1-onto→(1...(𝑁 + 1)) ∧ ∀𝑦 ∈ (1...(𝑁 + 1))(𝑓𝑦) ≠ 𝑦)}    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ∈ (2...(𝑁 + 1)))    &   𝑀 ∈ V    &   𝐾 = ((2...(𝑁 + 1)) ∖ {𝑀})    &   𝐹 = (𝐺 ∪ {⟨1, 𝑀⟩, ⟨𝑀, 1⟩})    &   (𝜑𝐺:𝐾1-1-onto𝐾)       ((𝜑𝑋𝐾) → (𝐹𝑋) = (𝐺𝑋))
 
Theoremsubfacp1lem3 31290* Lemma for subfacp1 31294. In subfacp1lem6 31293 we cut up the set of all derangements on 1...(𝑁 + 1) first according to the value at 1, and then by whether or not (𝑓‘(𝑓‘1)) = 1. In this lemma, we show that the subset of all 𝑁 + 1 derangements that satisfy this for fixed 𝑀 = (𝑓‘1) is in bijection with 𝑁 − 1 derangements, by simply dropping the 𝑥 = 1 and 𝑥 = 𝑀 points from the function to get a derangement on 𝐾 = (1...(𝑁 − 1)) ∖ {1, 𝑀}. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 23-Jan-2015.)
𝐷 = (𝑥 ∈ Fin ↦ (#‘{𝑓 ∣ (𝑓:𝑥1-1-onto𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑦𝑥 (𝑓𝑦) ≠ 𝑦)}))    &   𝑆 = (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ (𝐷‘(1...𝑛)))    &   𝐴 = {𝑓 ∣ (𝑓:(1...(𝑁 + 1))–1-1-onto→(1...(𝑁 + 1)) ∧ ∀𝑦 ∈ (1...(𝑁 + 1))(𝑓𝑦) ≠ 𝑦)}    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ∈ (2...(𝑁 + 1)))    &   𝑀 ∈ V    &   𝐾 = ((2...(𝑁 + 1)) ∖ {𝑀})    &   𝐵 = {𝑔𝐴 ∣ ((𝑔‘1) = 𝑀 ∧ (𝑔𝑀) = 1)}    &   𝐶 = {𝑓 ∣ (𝑓:𝐾1-1-onto𝐾 ∧ ∀𝑦𝐾 (𝑓𝑦) ≠ 𝑦)}       (𝜑 → (#‘𝐵) = (𝑆‘(𝑁 − 1)))
 
Theoremsubfacp1lem4 31291* Lemma for subfacp1 31294. The function 𝐹, which swaps 1 with 𝑀 and leaves all other elements alone, is a bijection of order 2, i.e. it is its own inverse. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 19-Jan-2015.)
𝐷 = (𝑥 ∈ Fin ↦ (#‘{𝑓 ∣ (𝑓:𝑥1-1-onto𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑦𝑥 (𝑓𝑦) ≠ 𝑦)}))    &   𝑆 = (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ (𝐷‘(1...𝑛)))    &   𝐴 = {𝑓 ∣ (𝑓:(1...(𝑁 + 1))–1-1-onto→(1...(𝑁 + 1)) ∧ ∀𝑦 ∈ (1...(𝑁 + 1))(𝑓𝑦) ≠ 𝑦)}    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ∈ (2...(𝑁 + 1)))    &   𝑀 ∈ V    &   𝐾 = ((2...(𝑁 + 1)) ∖ {𝑀})    &   𝐵 = {𝑔𝐴 ∣ ((𝑔‘1) = 𝑀 ∧ (𝑔𝑀) ≠ 1)}    &   𝐹 = (( I ↾ 𝐾) ∪ {⟨1, 𝑀⟩, ⟨𝑀, 1⟩})       (𝜑𝐹 = 𝐹)
 
Theoremsubfacp1lem5 31292* Lemma for subfacp1 31294. In subfacp1lem6 31293 we cut up the set of all derangements on 1...(𝑁 + 1) first according to the value at 1, and then by whether or not (𝑓‘(𝑓‘1)) = 1. In this lemma, we show that the subset of all 𝑁 + 1 derangements with (𝑓‘(𝑓‘1)) ≠ 1 for fixed 𝑀 = (𝑓‘1) is in bijection with derangements of 2...(𝑁 + 1), because pre-composing with the function 𝐹 swaps 1 and 𝑀 and turns the function into a bijection with (𝑓‘1) = 1 and (𝑓𝑥) ≠ 𝑥 for all other 𝑥, so dropping the point at 1 yields a derangement on the 𝑁 remaining points. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 23-Jan-2015.)
𝐷 = (𝑥 ∈ Fin ↦ (#‘{𝑓 ∣ (𝑓:𝑥1-1-onto𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑦𝑥 (𝑓𝑦) ≠ 𝑦)}))    &   𝑆 = (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ (𝐷‘(1...𝑛)))    &   𝐴 = {𝑓 ∣ (𝑓:(1...(𝑁 + 1))–1-1-onto→(1...(𝑁 + 1)) ∧ ∀𝑦 ∈ (1...(𝑁 + 1))(𝑓𝑦) ≠ 𝑦)}    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ∈ (2...(𝑁 + 1)))    &   𝑀 ∈ V    &   𝐾 = ((2...(𝑁 + 1)) ∖ {𝑀})    &   𝐵 = {𝑔𝐴 ∣ ((𝑔‘1) = 𝑀 ∧ (𝑔𝑀) ≠ 1)}    &   𝐹 = (( I ↾ 𝐾) ∪ {⟨1, 𝑀⟩, ⟨𝑀, 1⟩})    &   𝐶 = {𝑓 ∣ (𝑓:(2...(𝑁 + 1))–1-1-onto→(2...(𝑁 + 1)) ∧ ∀𝑦 ∈ (2...(𝑁 + 1))(𝑓𝑦) ≠ 𝑦)}       (𝜑 → (#‘𝐵) = (𝑆𝑁))
 
Theoremsubfacp1lem6 31293* Lemma for subfacp1 31294. By induction, we cut up the set of all derangements on 𝑁 + 1 according to the 𝑁 possible values of (𝑓‘1) (since (𝑓‘1) ≠ 1), and for each set for fixed 𝑀 = (𝑓‘1), the subset of derangements with (𝑓𝑀) = 1 has size 𝑆(𝑁 − 1) (by subfacp1lem3 31290), while the subset with (𝑓𝑀) ≠ 1 has size 𝑆(𝑁) (by subfacp1lem5 31292). Adding it all up yields the desired equation 𝑁(𝑆(𝑁) + 𝑆(𝑁 − 1)) for the number of derangements on 𝑁 + 1. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 22-Jan-2015.)
𝐷 = (𝑥 ∈ Fin ↦ (#‘{𝑓 ∣ (𝑓:𝑥1-1-onto𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑦𝑥 (𝑓𝑦) ≠ 𝑦)}))    &   𝑆 = (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ (𝐷‘(1...𝑛)))    &   𝐴 = {𝑓 ∣ (𝑓:(1...(𝑁 + 1))–1-1-onto→(1...(𝑁 + 1)) ∧ ∀𝑦 ∈ (1...(𝑁 + 1))(𝑓𝑦) ≠ 𝑦)}       (𝑁 ∈ ℕ → (𝑆‘(𝑁 + 1)) = (𝑁 · ((𝑆𝑁) + (𝑆‘(𝑁 − 1)))))
 
Theoremsubfacp1 31294* A two-term recurrence for the subfactorial. This theorem allows us to forget the combinatorial definition of the derangement number in favor of the recursive definition provided by this theorem and subfac0 31285, subfac1 31286. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 23-Jan-2015.)
𝐷 = (𝑥 ∈ Fin ↦ (#‘{𝑓 ∣ (𝑓:𝑥1-1-onto𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑦𝑥 (𝑓𝑦) ≠ 𝑦)}))    &   𝑆 = (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ (𝐷‘(1...𝑛)))       (𝑁 ∈ ℕ → (𝑆‘(𝑁 + 1)) = (𝑁 · ((𝑆𝑁) + (𝑆‘(𝑁 − 1)))))
 
Theoremsubfacval2 31295* A closed-form expression for the subfactorial. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 23-Jan-2015.)
𝐷 = (𝑥 ∈ Fin ↦ (#‘{𝑓 ∣ (𝑓:𝑥1-1-onto𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑦𝑥 (𝑓𝑦) ≠ 𝑦)}))    &   𝑆 = (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ (𝐷‘(1...𝑛)))       (𝑁 ∈ ℕ0 → (𝑆𝑁) = ((!‘𝑁) · Σ𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑁)((-1↑𝑘) / (!‘𝑘))))
 
Theoremsubfaclim 31296* The subfactorial converges rapidly to 𝑁! / e. This is part of Metamath 100 proof #88. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 23-Jan-2015.)
𝐷 = (𝑥 ∈ Fin ↦ (#‘{𝑓 ∣ (𝑓:𝑥1-1-onto𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑦𝑥 (𝑓𝑦) ≠ 𝑦)}))    &   𝑆 = (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ (𝐷‘(1...𝑛)))       (𝑁 ∈ ℕ → (abs‘(((!‘𝑁) / e) − (𝑆𝑁))) < (1 / 𝑁))
 
Theoremsubfacval3 31297* Another closed form expression for the subfactorial. The expression ⌊‘(𝑥 + 1 / 2) is a way of saying "rounded to the nearest integer". (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 23-Jan-2015.)
𝐷 = (𝑥 ∈ Fin ↦ (#‘{𝑓 ∣ (𝑓:𝑥1-1-onto𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑦𝑥 (𝑓𝑦) ≠ 𝑦)}))    &   𝑆 = (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ (𝐷‘(1...𝑛)))       (𝑁 ∈ ℕ → (𝑆𝑁) = (⌊‘(((!‘𝑁) / e) + (1 / 2))))
 
Theoremderangfmla 31298* The derangements formula, which expresses the number of derangements of a finite nonempty set in terms of the factorial. The expression ⌊‘(𝑥 + 1 / 2) is a way of saying "rounded to the nearest integer". This is part of Metamath 100 proof #88. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 23-Jan-2015.)
𝐷 = (𝑥 ∈ Fin ↦ (#‘{𝑓 ∣ (𝑓:𝑥1-1-onto𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑦𝑥 (𝑓𝑦) ≠ 𝑦)}))       ((𝐴 ∈ Fin ∧ 𝐴 ≠ ∅) → (𝐷𝐴) = (⌊‘(((!‘(#‘𝐴)) / e) + (1 / 2))))
 
20.5.4  The Erdős-Szekeres theorem
 
Theoremerdszelem1 31299* Lemma for erdsze 31310. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 22-Jan-2015.)
𝑆 = {𝑦 ∈ 𝒫 (1...𝐴) ∣ ((𝐹𝑦) Isom < , 𝑂 (𝑦, (𝐹𝑦)) ∧ 𝐴𝑦)}       (𝑋𝑆 ↔ (𝑋 ⊆ (1...𝐴) ∧ (𝐹𝑋) Isom < , 𝑂 (𝑋, (𝐹𝑋)) ∧ 𝐴𝑋))
 
Theoremerdszelem2 31300* Lemma for erdsze 31310. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 22-Jan-2015.)
𝑆 = {𝑦 ∈ 𝒫 (1...𝐴) ∣ ((𝐹𝑦) Isom < , 𝑂 (𝑦, (𝐹𝑦)) ∧ 𝐴𝑦)}       ((# “ 𝑆) ∈ Fin ∧ (# “ 𝑆) ⊆ ℕ)
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