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Theorem List for Metamath Proof Explorer - 21501-21600   *Has distinct variable group(s)
TypeLabelDescription
Statement

Theoremtx1stc 21501 The topological product of two first-countable spaces is first-countable. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 21-Mar-2015.)
((𝑅 ∈ 1st𝜔 ∧ 𝑆 ∈ 1st𝜔) → (𝑅 ×t 𝑆) ∈ 1st𝜔)

Theoremtx2ndc 21502 The topological product of two second-countable spaces is second-countable. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 21-Mar-2015.)
((𝑅 ∈ 2nd𝜔 ∧ 𝑆 ∈ 2nd𝜔) → (𝑅 ×t 𝑆) ∈ 2nd𝜔)

Theoremtxkgen 21503 The topological product of a locally compact space and a compactly generated Hausdorff space is compactly generated. (The condition on 𝑆 can also be replaced with either "compactly generated weak Hausdorff (CGWH)" or "compact Hausdorff-ly generated (CHG)", where WH means that all images of compact Hausdorff spaces are closed and CHG means that a set is open iff it is open in all compact Hausdorff spaces.) (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 23-Mar-2015.)
((𝑅 ∈ 𝑛-Locally Comp ∧ 𝑆 ∈ (ran 𝑘Gen ∩ Haus)) → (𝑅 ×t 𝑆) ∈ ran 𝑘Gen)

Theoremxkohaus 21504 If the codomain space is Hausdorff, then the compact-open topology of continuous functions is also Hausdorff. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 19-Mar-2015.)
((𝑅 ∈ Top ∧ 𝑆 ∈ Haus) → (𝑆 ^ko 𝑅) ∈ Haus)

Theoremxkoptsub 21505 The compact-open topology is finer than the product topology restricted to continuous functions. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 19-Mar-2015.)
𝑋 = 𝑅    &   𝐽 = (∏t‘(𝑋 × {𝑆}))       ((𝑅 ∈ Top ∧ 𝑆 ∈ Top) → (𝐽t (𝑅 Cn 𝑆)) ⊆ (𝑆 ^ko 𝑅))

Theoremxkopt 21506 The compact-open topology on a discrete set coincides with the product topology where all the factors are the same. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 19-Mar-2015.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 12-Sep-2015.)
((𝑅 ∈ Top ∧ 𝐴𝑉) → (𝑅 ^ko 𝒫 𝐴) = (∏t‘(𝐴 × {𝑅})))

Theoremxkopjcn 21507* Continuity of a projection map from the space of continuous functions. (This theorem can be strengthened, to joint continuity in both 𝑓 and 𝐴 as a function on (𝑆 ^ko 𝑅) ×t 𝑅, but not without stronger assumptions on 𝑅; see xkofvcn 21535.) (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 3-Feb-2015.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 22-Aug-2015.)
𝑋 = 𝑅       ((𝑅 ∈ Top ∧ 𝑆 ∈ Top ∧ 𝐴𝑋) → (𝑓 ∈ (𝑅 Cn 𝑆) ↦ (𝑓𝐴)) ∈ ((𝑆 ^ko 𝑅) Cn 𝑆))

Theoremxkoco1cn 21508* If 𝐹 is a continuous function, then 𝑔𝑔𝐹 is a continuous function on function spaces. (The reason we prove this and xkoco2cn 21509 independently of the more general xkococn 21511 is because that requires some inconvenient extra assumptions on 𝑆.) (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 20-Mar-2015.)
(𝜑𝑇 ∈ Top)    &   (𝜑𝐹 ∈ (𝑅 Cn 𝑆))       (𝜑 → (𝑔 ∈ (𝑆 Cn 𝑇) ↦ (𝑔𝐹)) ∈ ((𝑇 ^ko 𝑆) Cn (𝑇 ^ko 𝑅)))

Theoremxkoco2cn 21509* If 𝐹 is a continuous function, then 𝑔𝐹𝑔 is a continuous function on function spaces. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 23-Mar-2015.)
(𝜑𝑅 ∈ Top)    &   (𝜑𝐹 ∈ (𝑆 Cn 𝑇))       (𝜑 → (𝑔 ∈ (𝑅 Cn 𝑆) ↦ (𝐹𝑔)) ∈ ((𝑆 ^ko 𝑅) Cn (𝑇 ^ko 𝑅)))

Theoremxkococnlem 21510* Continuity of the composition operation as a function on continuous function spaces. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 20-Mar-2015.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 22-Aug-2015.)
𝐹 = (𝑓 ∈ (𝑆 Cn 𝑇), 𝑔 ∈ (𝑅 Cn 𝑆) ↦ (𝑓𝑔))    &   (𝜑𝑆 ∈ 𝑛-Locally Comp)    &   (𝜑𝐾 𝑅)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑅t 𝐾) ∈ Comp)    &   (𝜑𝑉𝑇)    &   (𝜑𝐴 ∈ (𝑆 Cn 𝑇))    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ (𝑅 Cn 𝑆))    &   (𝜑 → ((𝐴𝐵) “ 𝐾) ⊆ 𝑉)       (𝜑 → ∃𝑧 ∈ ((𝑇 ^ko 𝑆) ×t (𝑆 ^ko 𝑅))(⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩ ∈ 𝑧𝑧 ⊆ (𝐹 “ { ∈ (𝑅 Cn 𝑇) ∣ (𝐾) ⊆ 𝑉})))

Theoremxkococn 21511* Continuity of the composition operation as a function on continuous function spaces. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 20-Mar-2015.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 22-Aug-2015.)
𝐹 = (𝑓 ∈ (𝑆 Cn 𝑇), 𝑔 ∈ (𝑅 Cn 𝑆) ↦ (𝑓𝑔))       ((𝑅 ∈ Top ∧ 𝑆 ∈ 𝑛-Locally Comp ∧ 𝑇 ∈ Top) → 𝐹 ∈ (((𝑇 ^ko 𝑆) ×t (𝑆 ^ko 𝑅)) Cn (𝑇 ^ko 𝑅)))

12.1.19  Continuous function-builders

Theoremcnmptid 21512* The identity function is continuous. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 5-May-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 22-Aug-2015.)
(𝜑𝐽 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑋))       (𝜑 → (𝑥𝑋𝑥) ∈ (𝐽 Cn 𝐽))

Theoremcnmptc 21513* A constant function is continuous. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 5-May-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 22-Aug-2015.)
(𝜑𝐽 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑋))    &   (𝜑𝐾 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑌))    &   (𝜑𝑃𝑌)       (𝜑 → (𝑥𝑋𝑃) ∈ (𝐽 Cn 𝐾))

Theoremcnmpt11 21514* The composition of continuous functions is continuous. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 5-May-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 22-Aug-2015.)
(𝜑𝐽 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑋))    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝑋𝐴) ∈ (𝐽 Cn 𝐾))    &   (𝜑𝐾 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑌))    &   (𝜑 → (𝑦𝑌𝐵) ∈ (𝐾 Cn 𝐿))    &   (𝑦 = 𝐴𝐵 = 𝐶)       (𝜑 → (𝑥𝑋𝐶) ∈ (𝐽 Cn 𝐿))

Theoremcnmpt11f 21515* The composition of continuous functions is continuous. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 5-May-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 22-Aug-2015.)
(𝜑𝐽 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑋))    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝑋𝐴) ∈ (𝐽 Cn 𝐾))    &   (𝜑𝐹 ∈ (𝐾 Cn 𝐿))       (𝜑 → (𝑥𝑋 ↦ (𝐹𝐴)) ∈ (𝐽 Cn 𝐿))

Theoremcnmpt1t 21516* The composition of continuous functions is continuous. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 5-May-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 22-Aug-2015.)
(𝜑𝐽 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑋))    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝑋𝐴) ∈ (𝐽 Cn 𝐾))    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝑋𝐵) ∈ (𝐽 Cn 𝐿))       (𝜑 → (𝑥𝑋 ↦ ⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩) ∈ (𝐽 Cn (𝐾 ×t 𝐿)))

Theoremcnmpt12f 21517* The composition of continuous functions is continuous. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 5-May-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 22-Aug-2015.)
(𝜑𝐽 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑋))    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝑋𝐴) ∈ (𝐽 Cn 𝐾))    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝑋𝐵) ∈ (𝐽 Cn 𝐿))    &   (𝜑𝐹 ∈ ((𝐾 ×t 𝐿) Cn 𝑀))       (𝜑 → (𝑥𝑋 ↦ (𝐴𝐹𝐵)) ∈ (𝐽 Cn 𝑀))

Theoremcnmpt12 21518* The composition of continuous functions is continuous. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 12-Jun-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 22-Aug-2015.)
(𝜑𝐽 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑋))    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝑋𝐴) ∈ (𝐽 Cn 𝐾))    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝑋𝐵) ∈ (𝐽 Cn 𝐿))    &   (𝜑𝐾 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑌))    &   (𝜑𝐿 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑍))    &   (𝜑 → (𝑦𝑌, 𝑧𝑍𝐶) ∈ ((𝐾 ×t 𝐿) Cn 𝑀))    &   ((𝑦 = 𝐴𝑧 = 𝐵) → 𝐶 = 𝐷)       (𝜑 → (𝑥𝑋𝐷) ∈ (𝐽 Cn 𝑀))

Theoremcnmpt1st 21519* The projection onto the first coordinate is continuous. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 6-May-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 22-Aug-2015.)
(𝜑𝐽 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑋))    &   (𝜑𝐾 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑌))       (𝜑 → (𝑥𝑋, 𝑦𝑌𝑥) ∈ ((𝐽 ×t 𝐾) Cn 𝐽))

Theoremcnmpt2nd 21520* The projection onto the second coordinate is continuous. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 6-May-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 22-Aug-2015.)
(𝜑𝐽 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑋))    &   (𝜑𝐾 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑌))       (𝜑 → (𝑥𝑋, 𝑦𝑌𝑦) ∈ ((𝐽 ×t 𝐾) Cn 𝐾))

Theoremcnmpt2c 21521* A constant function is continuous. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 5-May-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 22-Aug-2015.)
(𝜑𝐽 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑋))    &   (𝜑𝐾 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑌))    &   (𝜑𝐿 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑍))    &   (𝜑𝑃𝑍)       (𝜑 → (𝑥𝑋, 𝑦𝑌𝑃) ∈ ((𝐽 ×t 𝐾) Cn 𝐿))

Theoremcnmpt21 21522* The composition of continuous functions is continuous. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 5-May-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 22-Aug-2015.)
(𝜑𝐽 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑋))    &   (𝜑𝐾 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑌))    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝑋, 𝑦𝑌𝐴) ∈ ((𝐽 ×t 𝐾) Cn 𝐿))    &   (𝜑𝐿 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑍))    &   (𝜑 → (𝑧𝑍𝐵) ∈ (𝐿 Cn 𝑀))    &   (𝑧 = 𝐴𝐵 = 𝐶)       (𝜑 → (𝑥𝑋, 𝑦𝑌𝐶) ∈ ((𝐽 ×t 𝐾) Cn 𝑀))

Theoremcnmpt21f 21523* The composition of continuous functions is continuous. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 5-May-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 22-Aug-2015.)
(𝜑𝐽 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑋))    &   (𝜑𝐾 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑌))    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝑋, 𝑦𝑌𝐴) ∈ ((𝐽 ×t 𝐾) Cn 𝐿))    &   (𝜑𝐹 ∈ (𝐿 Cn 𝑀))       (𝜑 → (𝑥𝑋, 𝑦𝑌 ↦ (𝐹𝐴)) ∈ ((𝐽 ×t 𝐾) Cn 𝑀))

Theoremcnmpt2t 21524* The composition of continuous functions is continuous. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 5-May-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 22-Aug-2015.)
(𝜑𝐽 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑋))    &   (𝜑𝐾 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑌))    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝑋, 𝑦𝑌𝐴) ∈ ((𝐽 ×t 𝐾) Cn 𝐿))    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝑋, 𝑦𝑌𝐵) ∈ ((𝐽 ×t 𝐾) Cn 𝑀))       (𝜑 → (𝑥𝑋, 𝑦𝑌 ↦ ⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩) ∈ ((𝐽 ×t 𝐾) Cn (𝐿 ×t 𝑀)))

Theoremcnmpt22 21525* The composition of continuous functions is continuous. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 5-May-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 22-Aug-2015.)
(𝜑𝐽 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑋))    &   (𝜑𝐾 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑌))    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝑋, 𝑦𝑌𝐴) ∈ ((𝐽 ×t 𝐾) Cn 𝐿))    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝑋, 𝑦𝑌𝐵) ∈ ((𝐽 ×t 𝐾) Cn 𝑀))    &   (𝜑𝐿 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑍))    &   (𝜑𝑀 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑊))    &   (𝜑 → (𝑧𝑍, 𝑤𝑊𝐶) ∈ ((𝐿 ×t 𝑀) Cn 𝑁))    &   ((𝑧 = 𝐴𝑤 = 𝐵) → 𝐶 = 𝐷)       (𝜑 → (𝑥𝑋, 𝑦𝑌𝐷) ∈ ((𝐽 ×t 𝐾) Cn 𝑁))

Theoremcnmpt22f 21526* The composition of continuous functions is continuous. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 5-May-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 22-Aug-2015.)
(𝜑𝐽 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑋))    &   (𝜑𝐾 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑌))    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝑋, 𝑦𝑌𝐴) ∈ ((𝐽 ×t 𝐾) Cn 𝐿))    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝑋, 𝑦𝑌𝐵) ∈ ((𝐽 ×t 𝐾) Cn 𝑀))    &   (𝜑𝐹 ∈ ((𝐿 ×t 𝑀) Cn 𝑁))       (𝜑 → (𝑥𝑋, 𝑦𝑌 ↦ (𝐴𝐹𝐵)) ∈ ((𝐽 ×t 𝐾) Cn 𝑁))

Theoremcnmpt1res 21527* The restriction of a continuous function to a subset is continuous. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 5-Jun-2014.)
𝐾 = (𝐽t 𝑌)    &   (𝜑𝐽 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑋))    &   (𝜑𝑌𝑋)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝑋𝐴) ∈ (𝐽 Cn 𝐿))       (𝜑 → (𝑥𝑌𝐴) ∈ (𝐾 Cn 𝐿))

Theoremcnmpt2res 21528* The restriction of a continuous function to a subset is continuous. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 6-Jun-2014.)
𝐾 = (𝐽t 𝑌)    &   (𝜑𝐽 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑋))    &   (𝜑𝑌𝑋)    &   𝑁 = (𝑀t 𝑊)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑍))    &   (𝜑𝑊𝑍)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝑋, 𝑦𝑍𝐴) ∈ ((𝐽 ×t 𝑀) Cn 𝐿))       (𝜑 → (𝑥𝑌, 𝑦𝑊𝐴) ∈ ((𝐾 ×t 𝑁) Cn 𝐿))

Theoremcnmptcom 21529* The argument converse of a continuous function is continuous. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 6-Jun-2014.)
(𝜑𝐽 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑋))    &   (𝜑𝐾 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑌))    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝑋, 𝑦𝑌𝐴) ∈ ((𝐽 ×t 𝐾) Cn 𝐿))       (𝜑 → (𝑦𝑌, 𝑥𝑋𝐴) ∈ ((𝐾 ×t 𝐽) Cn 𝐿))

Theoremcnmptkc 21530* The curried first projection function is continuous. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 23-Mar-2015.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 22-Aug-2015.)
(𝜑𝐽 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑋))    &   (𝜑𝐾 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑌))       (𝜑 → (𝑥𝑋 ↦ (𝑦𝑌𝑥)) ∈ (𝐽 Cn (𝐽 ^ko 𝐾)))

Theoremcnmptkp 21531* The evaluation of the inner function in a curried function is continuous. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 23-Mar-2015.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 22-Aug-2015.)
(𝜑𝐽 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑋))    &   (𝜑𝐾 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑌))    &   (𝜑𝐿 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑍))    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝑋 ↦ (𝑦𝑌𝐴)) ∈ (𝐽 Cn (𝐿 ^ko 𝐾)))    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑌)    &   (𝑦 = 𝐵𝐴 = 𝐶)       (𝜑 → (𝑥𝑋𝐶) ∈ (𝐽 Cn 𝐿))

Theoremcnmptk1 21532* The composition of a curried function with a one-arg function is continuous. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 23-Mar-2015.)
(𝜑𝐽 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑋))    &   (𝜑𝐾 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑌))    &   (𝜑𝐿 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑍))    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝑋 ↦ (𝑦𝑌𝐴)) ∈ (𝐽 Cn (𝐿 ^ko 𝐾)))    &   (𝜑 → (𝑧𝑍𝐵) ∈ (𝐿 Cn 𝑀))    &   (𝑧 = 𝐴𝐵 = 𝐶)       (𝜑 → (𝑥𝑋 ↦ (𝑦𝑌𝐶)) ∈ (𝐽 Cn (𝑀 ^ko 𝐾)))

Theoremcnmpt1k 21533* The composition of a one-arg function with a curried function is continuous. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 23-Mar-2015.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 22-Aug-2015.)
(𝜑𝐽 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑋))    &   (𝜑𝐾 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑌))    &   (𝜑𝐿 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑍))    &   (𝜑𝑀 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑊))    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝑋𝐴) ∈ (𝐽 Cn 𝐿))    &   (𝜑 → (𝑦𝑌 ↦ (𝑧𝑍𝐵)) ∈ (𝐾 Cn (𝑀 ^ko 𝐿)))    &   (𝑧 = 𝐴𝐵 = 𝐶)       (𝜑 → (𝑦𝑌 ↦ (𝑥𝑋𝐶)) ∈ (𝐾 Cn (𝑀 ^ko 𝐽)))

Theoremcnmptkk 21534* The composition of two curried functions is jointly continuous. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 23-Mar-2015.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 22-Aug-2015.)
(𝜑𝐽 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑋))    &   (𝜑𝐾 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑌))    &   (𝜑𝐿 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑍))    &   (𝜑𝑀 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑊))    &   (𝜑𝐿 ∈ 𝑛-Locally Comp)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝑋 ↦ (𝑦𝑌𝐴)) ∈ (𝐽 Cn (𝐿 ^ko 𝐾)))    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝑋 ↦ (𝑧𝑍𝐵)) ∈ (𝐽 Cn (𝑀 ^ko 𝐿)))    &   (𝑧 = 𝐴𝐵 = 𝐶)       (𝜑 → (𝑥𝑋 ↦ (𝑦𝑌𝐶)) ∈ (𝐽 Cn (𝑀 ^ko 𝐾)))

Theoremxkofvcn 21535* Joint continuity of the function value operation as a function on continuous function spaces. (Compare xkopjcn 21507.) (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 20-Mar-2015.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 22-Aug-2015.)
𝑋 = 𝑅    &   𝐹 = (𝑓 ∈ (𝑅 Cn 𝑆), 𝑥𝑋 ↦ (𝑓𝑥))       ((𝑅 ∈ 𝑛-Locally Comp ∧ 𝑆 ∈ Top) → 𝐹 ∈ (((𝑆 ^ko 𝑅) ×t 𝑅) Cn 𝑆))

Theoremcnmptk1p 21536* The evaluation of a curried function by a one-arg function is jointly continuous. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 23-Mar-2015.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 22-Aug-2015.)
(𝜑𝐽 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑋))    &   (𝜑𝐾 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑌))    &   (𝜑𝐿 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑍))    &   (𝜑𝐾 ∈ 𝑛-Locally Comp)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝑋 ↦ (𝑦𝑌𝐴)) ∈ (𝐽 Cn (𝐿 ^ko 𝐾)))    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝑋𝐵) ∈ (𝐽 Cn 𝐾))    &   (𝑦 = 𝐵𝐴 = 𝐶)       (𝜑 → (𝑥𝑋𝐶) ∈ (𝐽 Cn 𝐿))

Theoremcnmptk2 21537* The uncurrying of a curried function is continuous. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 23-Mar-2015.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 22-Aug-2015.)
(𝜑𝐽 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑋))    &   (𝜑𝐾 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑌))    &   (𝜑𝐿 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑍))    &   (𝜑𝐾 ∈ 𝑛-Locally Comp)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝑋 ↦ (𝑦𝑌𝐴)) ∈ (𝐽 Cn (𝐿 ^ko 𝐾)))       (𝜑 → (𝑥𝑋, 𝑦𝑌𝐴) ∈ ((𝐽 ×t 𝐾) Cn 𝐿))

Theoremxkoinjcn 21538* Continuity of "injection", i.e. currying, as a function on continuous function spaces. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 23-Mar-2015.)
𝐹 = (𝑥𝑋 ↦ (𝑦𝑌 ↦ ⟨𝑦, 𝑥⟩))       ((𝑅 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑋) ∧ 𝑆 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑌)) → 𝐹 ∈ (𝑅 Cn ((𝑆 ×t 𝑅) ^ko 𝑆)))

Theoremcnmpt2k 21539* The currying of a two-argument function is continuous. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 23-Mar-2015.)
(𝜑𝐽 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑋))    &   (𝜑𝐾 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑌))    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝑋, 𝑦𝑌𝐴) ∈ ((𝐽 ×t 𝐾) Cn 𝐿))       (𝜑 → (𝑥𝑋 ↦ (𝑦𝑌𝐴)) ∈ (𝐽 Cn (𝐿 ^ko 𝐾)))

Theoremtxconn 21540 The topological product of two connected spaces is connected. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-Mar-2015.)
((𝑅 ∈ Conn ∧ 𝑆 ∈ Conn) → (𝑅 ×t 𝑆) ∈ Conn)

Theoremimasnopn 21541 If a relation graph is open, then an image set of a singleton is also open. Corollary of proposition 4 of [BourbakiTop1] p. I.26. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 14-Jan-2018.)
𝑋 = 𝐽       (((𝐽 ∈ Top ∧ 𝐾 ∈ Top) ∧ (𝑅 ∈ (𝐽 ×t 𝐾) ∧ 𝐴𝑋)) → (𝑅 “ {𝐴}) ∈ 𝐾)

Theoremimasncld 21542 If a relation graph is closed, then an image set of a singleton is also closed. Corollary of proposition 4 of [BourbakiTop1] p. I.26. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 14-Jan-2018.)
𝑋 = 𝐽       (((𝐽 ∈ Top ∧ 𝐾 ∈ Top) ∧ (𝑅 ∈ (Clsd‘(𝐽 ×t 𝐾)) ∧ 𝐴𝑋)) → (𝑅 “ {𝐴}) ∈ (Clsd‘𝐾))

Theoremimasncls 21543 If a relation graph is closed, then an image set of a singleton is also closed. Corollary of proposition 4 of [BourbakiTop1] p. I.26. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 14-Jan-2018.)
𝑋 = 𝐽    &   𝑌 = 𝐾       (((𝐽 ∈ Top ∧ 𝐾 ∈ Top) ∧ (𝑅 ⊆ (𝑋 × 𝑌) ∧ 𝐴𝑋)) → ((cls‘𝐾)‘(𝑅 “ {𝐴})) ⊆ (((cls‘(𝐽 ×t 𝐾))‘𝑅) “ {𝐴}))

12.1.20  Quotient maps and quotient topology

Syntaxckq 21544 Extend class notation with the Kolmogorov quotient function.
class KQ

Definitiondf-kq 21545* Define the Kolmogorov quotient. This is a function on topologies which maps a topology to its quotient under the topological distinguishability map, which takes a point to the set of open sets that contain it. Two points are mapped to the same image under this function iff they are topologically indistinguishable. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 25-Aug-2015.)
KQ = (𝑗 ∈ Top ↦ (𝑗 qTop (𝑥 𝑗 ↦ {𝑦𝑗𝑥𝑦})))

Theoremqtopval 21546* Value of the quotient topology function. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 23-Mar-2015.)
𝑋 = 𝐽       ((𝐽𝑉𝐹𝑊) → (𝐽 qTop 𝐹) = {𝑠 ∈ 𝒫 (𝐹𝑋) ∣ ((𝐹𝑠) ∩ 𝑋) ∈ 𝐽})

Theoremqtopval2 21547* Value of the quotient topology function when 𝐹 is a function on the base set. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 23-Mar-2015.)
𝑋 = 𝐽       ((𝐽𝑉𝐹:𝑍onto𝑌𝑍𝑋) → (𝐽 qTop 𝐹) = {𝑠 ∈ 𝒫 𝑌 ∣ (𝐹𝑠) ∈ 𝐽})

Theoremelqtop 21548 Value of the quotient topology function. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 23-Mar-2015.)
𝑋 = 𝐽       ((𝐽𝑉𝐹:𝑍onto𝑌𝑍𝑋) → (𝐴 ∈ (𝐽 qTop 𝐹) ↔ (𝐴𝑌 ∧ (𝐹𝐴) ∈ 𝐽)))

Theoremqtopres 21549 The quotient topology is unaffected by restriction to the base set. This property makes it slightly more convenient to use, since we don't have to require that 𝐹 be a function with domain 𝑋. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 23-Mar-2015.)
𝑋 = 𝐽       (𝐹𝑉 → (𝐽 qTop 𝐹) = (𝐽 qTop (𝐹𝑋)))

Theoremqtoptop2 21550 The quotient topology is a topology. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 23-Mar-2015.)
((𝐽 ∈ Top ∧ 𝐹𝑉 ∧ Fun 𝐹) → (𝐽 qTop 𝐹) ∈ Top)

Theoremqtoptop 21551 The quotient topology is a topology. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 23-Mar-2015.)
𝑋 = 𝐽       ((𝐽 ∈ Top ∧ 𝐹 Fn 𝑋) → (𝐽 qTop 𝐹) ∈ Top)

Theoremelqtop2 21552 Value of the quotient topology function. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 9-Apr-2015.)
𝑋 = 𝐽       ((𝐽𝑉𝐹:𝑋onto𝑌) → (𝐴 ∈ (𝐽 qTop 𝐹) ↔ (𝐴𝑌 ∧ (𝐹𝐴) ∈ 𝐽)))

Theoremqtopuni 21553 The base set of the quotient topology. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 23-Mar-2015.)
𝑋 = 𝐽       ((𝐽 ∈ Top ∧ 𝐹:𝑋onto𝑌) → 𝑌 = (𝐽 qTop 𝐹))

Theoremelqtop3 21554 Value of the quotient topology function. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 9-Apr-2015.)
((𝐽 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑋) ∧ 𝐹:𝑋onto𝑌) → (𝐴 ∈ (𝐽 qTop 𝐹) ↔ (𝐴𝑌 ∧ (𝐹𝐴) ∈ 𝐽)))

Theoremqtoptopon 21555 The base set of the quotient topology. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 22-Aug-2015.)
((𝐽 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑋) ∧ 𝐹:𝑋onto𝑌) → (𝐽 qTop 𝐹) ∈ (TopOn‘𝑌))

Theoremqtopid 21556 A quotient map is a continuous function into its quotient topology. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 23-Mar-2015.)
((𝐽 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑋) ∧ 𝐹 Fn 𝑋) → 𝐹 ∈ (𝐽 Cn (𝐽 qTop 𝐹)))

Theoremidqtop 21557 The quotient topology induced by the identity function is the original topology. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 30-Aug-2015.)
(𝐽 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑋) → (𝐽 qTop ( I ↾ 𝑋)) = 𝐽)

Theoremqtopcmplem 21558 Lemma for qtopcmp 21559 and qtopconn 21560. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 24-Mar-2015.)
𝑋 = 𝐽    &   (𝐽𝐴𝐽 ∈ Top)    &   ((𝐽𝐴𝐹:𝑋onto (𝐽 qTop 𝐹) ∧ 𝐹 ∈ (𝐽 Cn (𝐽 qTop 𝐹))) → (𝐽 qTop 𝐹) ∈ 𝐴)       ((𝐽𝐴𝐹 Fn 𝑋) → (𝐽 qTop 𝐹) ∈ 𝐴)

Theoremqtopcmp 21559 A quotient of a compact space is compact. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 24-Mar-2015.)
𝑋 = 𝐽       ((𝐽 ∈ Comp ∧ 𝐹 Fn 𝑋) → (𝐽 qTop 𝐹) ∈ Comp)

Theoremqtopconn 21560 A quotient of a connected space is connected. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 24-Mar-2015.)
𝑋 = 𝐽       ((𝐽 ∈ Conn ∧ 𝐹 Fn 𝑋) → (𝐽 qTop 𝐹) ∈ Conn)

Theoremqtopkgen 21561 A quotient of a compactly generated space is compactly generated. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 9-Apr-2015.)
𝑋 = 𝐽       ((𝐽 ∈ ran 𝑘Gen ∧ 𝐹 Fn 𝑋) → (𝐽 qTop 𝐹) ∈ ran 𝑘Gen)

Theorembasqtop 21562 An injection maps bases to bases. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-Aug-2015.)
𝑋 = 𝐽       ((𝐽 ∈ TopBases ∧ 𝐹:𝑋1-1-onto𝑌) → (𝐽 qTop 𝐹) ∈ TopBases)

Theoremtgqtop 21563 An injection maps generated topologies to each other. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-Aug-2015.)
𝑋 = 𝐽       ((𝐽 ∈ TopBases ∧ 𝐹:𝑋1-1-onto𝑌) → ((topGen‘𝐽) qTop 𝐹) = (topGen‘(𝐽 qTop 𝐹)))

Theoremqtopcld 21564 The property of being a closed set in the quotient topology. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 24-Mar-2015.)
((𝐽 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑋) ∧ 𝐹:𝑋onto𝑌) → (𝐴 ∈ (Clsd‘(𝐽 qTop 𝐹)) ↔ (𝐴𝑌 ∧ (𝐹𝐴) ∈ (Clsd‘𝐽))))

Theoremqtopcn 21565 Universal property of a quotient map. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 23-Mar-2015.)
(((𝐽 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑋) ∧ 𝐾 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑍)) ∧ (𝐹:𝑋onto𝑌𝐺:𝑌𝑍)) → (𝐺 ∈ ((𝐽 qTop 𝐹) Cn 𝐾) ↔ (𝐺𝐹) ∈ (𝐽 Cn 𝐾)))

Theoremqtopss 21566 A surjective continuous function from 𝐽 to 𝐾 induces a topology 𝐽 qTop 𝐹 on the base set of 𝐾. This topology is in general finer than 𝐾. Together with qtopid 21556, this implies that 𝐽 qTop 𝐹 is the finest topology making 𝐹 continuous, i.e. the final topology with respect to the family {𝐹}. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 24-Mar-2015.)
((𝐹 ∈ (𝐽 Cn 𝐾) ∧ 𝐾 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑌) ∧ ran 𝐹 = 𝑌) → 𝐾 ⊆ (𝐽 qTop 𝐹))

Theoremqtopeu 21567* Universal property of the quotient topology. If 𝐺 is a function from 𝐽 to 𝐾 which is equal on all equivalent elements under 𝐹, then there is a unique continuous map 𝑓:(𝐽 / 𝐹)⟶𝐾 such that 𝐺 = 𝑓𝐹, and we say that 𝐺 "passes to the quotient". (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 24-Mar-2015.)
(𝜑𝐽 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑋))    &   (𝜑𝐹:𝑋onto𝑌)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ (𝐽 Cn 𝐾))    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑋𝑦𝑋 ∧ (𝐹𝑥) = (𝐹𝑦))) → (𝐺𝑥) = (𝐺𝑦))       (𝜑 → ∃!𝑓 ∈ ((𝐽 qTop 𝐹) Cn 𝐾)𝐺 = (𝑓𝐹))

Theoremqtoprest 21568 If 𝐴 is a saturated open or closed set (where saturated means that 𝐴 = (𝐹𝑈) for some 𝑈), then the restriction of the quotient map 𝐹 to 𝐴 is a quotient map. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 24-Mar-2015.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 22-Aug-2015.)
(𝜑𝐽 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑋))    &   (𝜑𝐹:𝑋onto𝑌)    &   (𝜑𝑈𝑌)    &   (𝜑𝐴 = (𝐹𝑈))    &   (𝜑 → (𝐴𝐽𝐴 ∈ (Clsd‘𝐽)))       (𝜑 → ((𝐽 qTop 𝐹) ↾t 𝑈) = ((𝐽t 𝐴) qTop (𝐹𝐴)))

Theoremqtopomap 21569* If 𝐹 is a surjective continuous open map, then it is a quotient map. (An open map is a function that maps open sets to open sets.) (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 24-Mar-2015.)
(𝜑𝐾 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑌))    &   (𝜑𝐹 ∈ (𝐽 Cn 𝐾))    &   (𝜑 → ran 𝐹 = 𝑌)    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝐽) → (𝐹𝑥) ∈ 𝐾)       (𝜑𝐾 = (𝐽 qTop 𝐹))

Theoremqtopcmap 21570* If 𝐹 is a surjective continuous closed map, then it is a quotient map. (A closed map is a function that maps closed sets to closed sets.) (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 24-Mar-2015.)
(𝜑𝐾 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑌))    &   (𝜑𝐹 ∈ (𝐽 Cn 𝐾))    &   (𝜑 → ran 𝐹 = 𝑌)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (Clsd‘𝐽)) → (𝐹𝑥) ∈ (Clsd‘𝐾))       (𝜑𝐾 = (𝐽 qTop 𝐹))

Theoremimastopn 21571 The topology of an image structure. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-Aug-2015.)
(𝜑𝑈 = (𝐹s 𝑅))    &   (𝜑𝑉 = (Base‘𝑅))    &   (𝜑𝐹:𝑉onto𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝑅𝑊)    &   𝐽 = (TopOpen‘𝑅)    &   𝑂 = (TopOpen‘𝑈)       (𝜑𝑂 = (𝐽 qTop 𝐹))

Theoremimastps 21572 The image of a topological space under a function is a topological space. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-Aug-2015.)
(𝜑𝑈 = (𝐹s 𝑅))    &   (𝜑𝑉 = (Base‘𝑅))    &   (𝜑𝐹:𝑉onto𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝑅 ∈ TopSp)       (𝜑𝑈 ∈ TopSp)

Theoremqustps 21573 A quotient structure is a topological space. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-Aug-2015.)
(𝜑𝑈 = (𝑅 /s 𝐸))    &   (𝜑𝑉 = (Base‘𝑅))    &   (𝜑𝐸𝑊)    &   (𝜑𝑅 ∈ TopSp)       (𝜑𝑈 ∈ TopSp)

Theoremkqfval 21574* Value of the function appearing in df-kq 21545. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 25-Aug-2015.)
𝐹 = (𝑥𝑋 ↦ {𝑦𝐽𝑥𝑦})       ((𝐽𝑉𝐴𝑋) → (𝐹𝐴) = {𝑦𝐽𝐴𝑦})

Theoremkqfeq 21575* Two points in the Kolmogorov quotient are equal iff the original points are topologically indistinguishable. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 25-Aug-2015.)
𝐹 = (𝑥𝑋 ↦ {𝑦𝐽𝑥𝑦})       ((𝐽𝑉𝐴𝑋𝐵𝑋) → ((𝐹𝐴) = (𝐹𝐵) ↔ ∀𝑦𝐽 (𝐴𝑦𝐵𝑦)))

Theoremkqffn 21576* The topological indistinguishability map is a function on the base. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 25-Aug-2015.)
𝐹 = (𝑥𝑋 ↦ {𝑦𝐽𝑥𝑦})       (𝐽𝑉𝐹 Fn 𝑋)

Theoremkqval 21577* Value of the quotient topology function. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 25-Aug-2015.)
𝐹 = (𝑥𝑋 ↦ {𝑦𝐽𝑥𝑦})       (𝐽 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑋) → (KQ‘𝐽) = (𝐽 qTop 𝐹))

Theoremkqtopon 21578* The Kolmogorov quotient is a topology on the quotient set. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 25-Aug-2015.)
𝐹 = (𝑥𝑋 ↦ {𝑦𝐽𝑥𝑦})       (𝐽 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑋) → (KQ‘𝐽) ∈ (TopOn‘ran 𝐹))

Theoremkqid 21579* The topological indistinguishability map is a continuous function into the Kolmogorov quotient. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 25-Aug-2015.)
𝐹 = (𝑥𝑋 ↦ {𝑦𝐽𝑥𝑦})       (𝐽 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑋) → 𝐹 ∈ (𝐽 Cn (KQ‘𝐽)))

Theoremist0-4 21580* The topological indistinguishability map is injective iff the space is T0. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 25-Aug-2015.)
𝐹 = (𝑥𝑋 ↦ {𝑦𝐽𝑥𝑦})       (𝐽 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑋) → (𝐽 ∈ Kol2 ↔ 𝐹:𝑋1-1→V))

Theoremkqfvima 21581* When the image set is open, the quotient map satisfies a partial converse to fnfvima 6536, which is normally only true for injective functions. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 25-Aug-2015.)
𝐹 = (𝑥𝑋 ↦ {𝑦𝐽𝑥𝑦})       ((𝐽 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑋) ∧ 𝑈𝐽𝐴𝑋) → (𝐴𝑈 ↔ (𝐹𝐴) ∈ (𝐹𝑈)))

Theoremkqsat 21582* Any open set is saturated with respect to the topological indistinguishability map (in the terminology of qtoprest 21568). (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 25-Aug-2015.)
𝐹 = (𝑥𝑋 ↦ {𝑦𝐽𝑥𝑦})       ((𝐽 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑋) ∧ 𝑈𝐽) → (𝐹 “ (𝐹𝑈)) = 𝑈)

Theoremkqdisj 21583* A version of imain 6012 for the topological indistinguishability map. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 25-Aug-2015.)
𝐹 = (𝑥𝑋 ↦ {𝑦𝐽𝑥𝑦})       ((𝐽 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑋) ∧ 𝑈𝐽) → ((𝐹𝑈) ∩ (𝐹 “ (𝐴𝑈))) = ∅)

Theoremkqcldsat 21584* Any closed set is saturated with respect to the topological indistinguishability map (in the terminology of qtoprest 21568). (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 25-Aug-2015.)
𝐹 = (𝑥𝑋 ↦ {𝑦𝐽𝑥𝑦})       ((𝐽 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑋) ∧ 𝑈 ∈ (Clsd‘𝐽)) → (𝐹 “ (𝐹𝑈)) = 𝑈)

Theoremkqopn 21585* The topological indistinguishability map is an open map. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 25-Aug-2015.)
𝐹 = (𝑥𝑋 ↦ {𝑦𝐽𝑥𝑦})       ((𝐽 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑋) ∧ 𝑈𝐽) → (𝐹𝑈) ∈ (KQ‘𝐽))

Theoremkqcld 21586* The topological indistinguishability map is a closed map. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 25-Aug-2015.)
𝐹 = (𝑥𝑋 ↦ {𝑦𝐽𝑥𝑦})       ((𝐽 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑋) ∧ 𝑈 ∈ (Clsd‘𝐽)) → (𝐹𝑈) ∈ (Clsd‘(KQ‘𝐽)))

Theoremkqt0lem 21587* Lemma for kqt0 21597. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 23-Mar-2015.)
𝐹 = (𝑥𝑋 ↦ {𝑦𝐽𝑥𝑦})       (𝐽 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑋) → (KQ‘𝐽) ∈ Kol2)

Theoremisr0 21588* The property "𝐽 is an R0 space". A space is R0 if any two topologically distinguishable points are separated (there is an open set containing each one and disjoint from the other). Or in contraposition, if every open set which contains 𝑥 also contains 𝑦, so there is no separation, then 𝑥 and 𝑦 are members of the same open sets. We have chosen not to give this definition a name, because it turns out that a space is R0 if and only if its Kolmogorov quotient is T1, so that is what we prove here. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 25-Aug-2015.)
𝐹 = (𝑥𝑋 ↦ {𝑦𝐽𝑥𝑦})       (𝐽 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑋) → ((KQ‘𝐽) ∈ Fre ↔ ∀𝑧𝑋𝑤𝑋 (∀𝑜𝐽 (𝑧𝑜𝑤𝑜) → ∀𝑜𝐽 (𝑧𝑜𝑤𝑜))))

Theoremr0cld 21589* The analogue of the T1 axiom (singletons are closed) for an R0 space. In an R0 space the set of all points topologically indistinguishable from 𝐴 is closed. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 25-Aug-2015.)
𝐹 = (𝑥𝑋 ↦ {𝑦𝐽𝑥𝑦})       ((𝐽 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑋) ∧ (KQ‘𝐽) ∈ Fre ∧ 𝐴𝑋) → {𝑧𝑋 ∣ ∀𝑜𝐽 (𝑧𝑜𝐴𝑜)} ∈ (Clsd‘𝐽))

Theoremregr1lem 21590* Lemma for regr1 21601. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 25-Aug-2015.)
𝐹 = (𝑥𝑋 ↦ {𝑦𝐽𝑥𝑦})    &   (𝜑𝐽 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑋))    &   (𝜑𝐽 ∈ Reg)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑋)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑋)    &   (𝜑𝑈𝐽)    &   (𝜑 → ¬ ∃𝑚 ∈ (KQ‘𝐽)∃𝑛 ∈ (KQ‘𝐽)((𝐹𝐴) ∈ 𝑚 ∧ (𝐹𝐵) ∈ 𝑛 ∧ (𝑚𝑛) = ∅))       (𝜑 → (𝐴𝑈𝐵𝑈))

Theoremregr1lem2 21591* A Kolmogorov quotient of a regular space is Hausdorff. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 25-Aug-2015.)
𝐹 = (𝑥𝑋 ↦ {𝑦𝐽𝑥𝑦})       ((𝐽 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑋) ∧ 𝐽 ∈ Reg) → (KQ‘𝐽) ∈ Haus)

Theoremkqreglem1 21592* A Kolmogorov quotient of a regular space is regular. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 25-Aug-2015.)
𝐹 = (𝑥𝑋 ↦ {𝑦𝐽𝑥𝑦})       ((𝐽 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑋) ∧ 𝐽 ∈ Reg) → (KQ‘𝐽) ∈ Reg)

Theoremkqreglem2 21593* If the Kolmogorov quotient of a space is regular then so is the original space. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 25-Aug-2015.)
𝐹 = (𝑥𝑋 ↦ {𝑦𝐽𝑥𝑦})       ((𝐽 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑋) ∧ (KQ‘𝐽) ∈ Reg) → 𝐽 ∈ Reg)

Theoremkqnrmlem1 21594* A Kolmogorov quotient of a normal space is normal. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 25-Aug-2015.)
𝐹 = (𝑥𝑋 ↦ {𝑦𝐽𝑥𝑦})       ((𝐽 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑋) ∧ 𝐽 ∈ Nrm) → (KQ‘𝐽) ∈ Nrm)

Theoremkqnrmlem2 21595* If the Kolmogorov quotient of a space is normal then so is the original space. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 25-Aug-2015.)
𝐹 = (𝑥𝑋 ↦ {𝑦𝐽𝑥𝑦})       ((𝐽 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑋) ∧ (KQ‘𝐽) ∈ Nrm) → 𝐽 ∈ Nrm)

Theoremkqtop 21596 The Kolmogorov quotient is a topology on the quotient set. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 25-Aug-2015.)
(𝐽 ∈ Top ↔ (KQ‘𝐽) ∈ Top)

Theoremkqt0 21597 The Kolmogorov quotient is T0 even if the original topology is not. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 25-Aug-2015.)
(𝐽 ∈ Top ↔ (KQ‘𝐽) ∈ Kol2)

Theoremkqf 21598 The Kolmogorov quotient is a topology on the quotient set. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 25-Aug-2015.)
KQ:Top⟶Kol2

Theoremr0sep 21599* The separation property of an R0 space. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 25-Aug-2015.)
(((𝐽 ∈ (TopOn‘𝑋) ∧ (KQ‘𝐽) ∈ Fre) ∧ (𝐴𝑋𝐵𝑋)) → (∀𝑜𝐽 (𝐴𝑜𝐵𝑜) → ∀𝑜𝐽 (𝐴𝑜𝐵𝑜)))

Theoremnrmr0reg 21600 A normal R0 space is also regular. These spaces are usually referred to as normal regular spaces. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 25-Aug-2015.)
((𝐽 ∈ Nrm ∧ (KQ‘𝐽) ∈ Fre) → 𝐽 ∈ Reg)

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