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Theorem List for Metamath Proof Explorer - 13001-13100   *Has distinct variable group(s)
TypeLabelDescription
Statement

Theoremnfseq 13001 Hypothesis builder for the sequence builder operation. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 24-Jun-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 15-Oct-2016.)
𝑥𝑀    &   𝑥 +    &   𝑥𝐹       𝑥seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)

Theoremseqval 13002* Value of the sequence builder function. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 24-Jun-2013.)
𝑅 = (rec((𝑥 ∈ V, 𝑦 ∈ V ↦ ⟨(𝑥 + 1), (𝑥(𝑧 ∈ V, 𝑤 ∈ V ↦ (𝑤 + (𝐹‘(𝑧 + 1))))𝑦)⟩), ⟨𝑀, (𝐹𝑀)⟩) ↾ ω)       seq𝑀( + , 𝐹) = ran 𝑅

Theoremseqfn 13003 The sequence builder function is a function. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 24-Jun-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 15-Sep-2013.)
(𝑀 ∈ ℤ → seq𝑀( + , 𝐹) Fn (ℤ𝑀))

Theoremseq1 13004 Value of the sequence builder function at its initial value. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 24-Jun-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 15-Sep-2013.)
(𝑀 ∈ ℤ → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑀) = (𝐹𝑀))

Theoremseq1i 13005 Value of the sequence builder function at its initial value. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 30-Apr-2014.)
𝑀 ∈ ℤ    &   (𝜑 → (𝐹𝑀) = 𝐴)       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑀) = 𝐴)

Theoremseqp1 13006 Value of the sequence builder function at a successor. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 24-Jun-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 15-Sep-2013.)
(𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀) → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘(𝑁 + 1)) = ((seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁) + (𝐹‘(𝑁 + 1))))

Theoremseqp1i 13007 Value of the sequence builder function at a successor. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 30-Apr-2014.)
𝑍 = (ℤ𝑀)    &   𝑁𝑍    &   𝐾 = (𝑁 + 1)    &   (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁) = 𝐴)    &   (𝜑 → (𝐹𝐾) = 𝐵)       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝐾) = (𝐴 + 𝐵))

Theoremseqm1 13008 Value of the sequence builder function at a successor. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 24-Jun-2013.)
((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ (ℤ‘(𝑀 + 1))) → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁) = ((seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘(𝑁 − 1)) + (𝐹𝑁)))

Theoremseqcl2 13009* Closure properties of the recursive sequence builder. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 2-Jul-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2014.)
(𝜑 → (𝐹𝑀) ∈ 𝐶)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝐶𝑦𝐷)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝐶)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ ((𝑀 + 1)...𝑁)) → (𝐹𝑥) ∈ 𝐷)       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁) ∈ 𝐶)

Theoremseqf2 13010* Range of the recursive sequence builder. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 24-Jun-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2014.)
(𝜑 → (𝐹𝑀) ∈ 𝐶)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝐶𝑦𝐷)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝐶)    &   𝑍 = (ℤ𝑀)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ∈ ℤ)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ‘(𝑀 + 1))) → (𝐹𝑥) ∈ 𝐷)       (𝜑 → seq𝑀( + , 𝐹):𝑍𝐶)

Theoremseqcl 13011* Closure properties of the recursive sequence builder. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 2-Jul-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2014.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐹𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁) ∈ 𝑆)

Theoremseqf 13012* Range of the recursive sequence builder (special case of seqf2 13010). (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 24-Jun-2013.)
𝑍 = (ℤ𝑀)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ∈ ℤ)    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝑍) → (𝐹𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)       (𝜑 → seq𝑀( + , 𝐹):𝑍𝑆)

Theoremseqfveq2 13013* Equality of sequences. (Contributed by NM, 17-Mar-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2014.)
(𝜑𝐾 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝐾) = (𝐺𝐾))    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝐾))    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ ((𝐾 + 1)...𝑁)) → (𝐹𝑘) = (𝐺𝑘))       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁) = (seq𝐾( + , 𝐺)‘𝑁))

Theoremseqfeq2 13014* Equality of sequences. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 13-Jul-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2014.)
(𝜑𝐾 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝐾) = (𝐺𝐾))    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (ℤ‘(𝐾 + 1))) → (𝐹𝑘) = (𝐺𝑘))       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹) ↾ (ℤ𝐾)) = seq𝐾( + , 𝐺))

Theoremseqfveq 13015* Equality of sequences. (Contributed by NM, 17-Mar-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2014.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐹𝑘) = (𝐺𝑘))       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁) = (seq𝑀( + , 𝐺)‘𝑁))

Theoremseqfeq 13016* Equality of sequences. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 13-Jul-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2014.)
(𝜑𝑀 ∈ ℤ)    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐹𝑘) = (𝐺𝑘))       (𝜑 → seq𝑀( + , 𝐹) = seq𝑀( + , 𝐺))

Theoremseqshft2 13017* Shifting the index set of a sequence. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-Feb-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2014.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   (𝜑𝐾 ∈ ℤ)    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐹𝑘) = (𝐺‘(𝑘 + 𝐾)))       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁) = (seq(𝑀 + 𝐾)( + , 𝐺)‘(𝑁 + 𝐾)))

Theoremseqres 13018 Restricting its characteristic function to (ℤ𝑀) does not affect the seq function. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 24-Jun-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2014.)
(𝑀 ∈ ℤ → seq𝑀( + , (𝐹 ↾ (ℤ𝑀))) = seq𝑀( + , 𝐹))

Theoremserf 13019* An infinite series of complex terms is a function from to . (Contributed by NM, 18-Apr-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2014.)
𝑍 = (ℤ𝑀)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ∈ ℤ)    &   ((𝜑𝑘𝑍) → (𝐹𝑘) ∈ ℂ)       (𝜑 → seq𝑀( + , 𝐹):𝑍⟶ℂ)

Theoremserfre 13020* An infinite series of real numbers is a function from to . (Contributed by NM, 18-Apr-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2014.)
𝑍 = (ℤ𝑀)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ∈ ℤ)    &   ((𝜑𝑘𝑍) → (𝐹𝑘) ∈ ℝ)       (𝜑 → seq𝑀( + , 𝐹):𝑍⟶ℝ)

Theoremmonoord 13021* Ordering relation for a monotonic sequence, increasing case. (Contributed by NM, 13-Mar-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 9-Feb-2014.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐹𝑘) ∈ ℝ)    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (𝑀...(𝑁 − 1))) → (𝐹𝑘) ≤ (𝐹‘(𝑘 + 1)))       (𝜑 → (𝐹𝑀) ≤ (𝐹𝑁))

Theoremmonoord2 13022* Ordering relation for a monotonic sequence, decreasing case. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 18-Jul-2014.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐹𝑘) ∈ ℝ)    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (𝑀...(𝑁 − 1))) → (𝐹‘(𝑘 + 1)) ≤ (𝐹𝑘))       (𝜑 → (𝐹𝑁) ≤ (𝐹𝑀))

Theoremsermono 13023* The partial sums in an infinite series of positive terms form a monotonic sequence. (Contributed by NM, 17-Mar-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 30-Jun-2013.)
(𝜑𝐾 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝐾))    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐹𝑥) ∈ ℝ)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ ((𝐾 + 1)...𝑁)) → 0 ≤ (𝐹𝑥))       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝐾) ≤ (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁))

Theoremseqsplit 13024* Split a sequence into two sequences. (Contributed by NM, 17-Mar-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2014.)
((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆𝑧𝑆)) → ((𝑥 + 𝑦) + 𝑧) = (𝑥 + (𝑦 + 𝑧)))    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ‘(𝑀 + 1)))    &   (𝜑𝑀 ∈ (ℤ𝐾))    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (𝐾...𝑁)) → (𝐹𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)       (𝜑 → (seq𝐾( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁) = ((seq𝐾( + , 𝐹)‘𝑀) + (seq(𝑀 + 1)( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁)))

Theoremseq1p 13025* Removing the first term from a sequence. (Contributed by NM, 17-Mar-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2014.)
((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆𝑧𝑆)) → ((𝑥 + 𝑦) + 𝑧) = (𝑥 + (𝑦 + 𝑧)))    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ‘(𝑀 + 1)))    &   (𝜑𝑀 ∈ ℤ)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐹𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁) = ((𝐹𝑀) + (seq(𝑀 + 1)( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁)))

Theoremseqcaopr3 13026* Lemma for seqcaopr2 13027. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 25-Apr-2016.)
((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥𝑄𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐹𝑘) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐺𝑘) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐻𝑘) = ((𝐹𝑘)𝑄(𝐺𝑘)))    &   ((𝜑𝑛 ∈ (𝑀..^𝑁)) → (((seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑛)𝑄(seq𝑀( + , 𝐺)‘𝑛)) + ((𝐹‘(𝑛 + 1))𝑄(𝐺‘(𝑛 + 1)))) = (((seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑛) + (𝐹‘(𝑛 + 1)))𝑄((seq𝑀( + , 𝐺)‘𝑛) + (𝐺‘(𝑛 + 1)))))       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐻)‘𝑁) = ((seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁)𝑄(seq𝑀( + , 𝐺)‘𝑁)))

Theoremseqcaopr2 13027* The sum of two infinite series (generalized to an arbitrary commutative and associative operation). (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 30-May-2014.)
((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥𝑄𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ ((𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆) ∧ (𝑧𝑆𝑤𝑆))) → ((𝑥𝑄𝑧) + (𝑦𝑄𝑤)) = ((𝑥 + 𝑦)𝑄(𝑧 + 𝑤)))    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐹𝑘) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐺𝑘) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐻𝑘) = ((𝐹𝑘)𝑄(𝐺𝑘)))       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐻)‘𝑁) = ((seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁)𝑄(seq𝑀( + , 𝐺)‘𝑁)))

Theoremseqcaopr 13028* The sum of two infinite series (generalized to an arbitrary commutative and associative operation). (Contributed by NM, 17-Mar-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 30-May-2014.)
((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) = (𝑦 + 𝑥))    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆𝑧𝑆)) → ((𝑥 + 𝑦) + 𝑧) = (𝑥 + (𝑦 + 𝑧)))    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐹𝑘) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐺𝑘) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐻𝑘) = ((𝐹𝑘) + (𝐺𝑘)))       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐻)‘𝑁) = ((seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁) + (seq𝑀( + , 𝐺)‘𝑁)))

Theoremseqf1olem2a 13029* Lemma for seqf1o 13032. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 24-Apr-2016.)
((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝐶𝑦𝐶)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) = (𝑦 + 𝑥))    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆𝑧𝑆)) → ((𝑥 + 𝑦) + 𝑧) = (𝑥 + (𝑦 + 𝑧)))    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑆)    &   (𝜑𝐺:𝐴𝐶)    &   (𝜑𝐾𝐴)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑀...𝑁) ⊆ 𝐴)       (𝜑 → ((𝐺𝐾) + (seq𝑀( + , 𝐺)‘𝑁)) = ((seq𝑀( + , 𝐺)‘𝑁) + (𝐺𝐾)))

Theoremseqf1olem1 13030* Lemma for seqf1o 13032. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 26-Feb-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2014.)
((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝐶𝑦𝐶)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) = (𝑦 + 𝑥))    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆𝑧𝑆)) → ((𝑥 + 𝑦) + 𝑧) = (𝑥 + (𝑦 + 𝑧)))    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑆)    &   (𝜑𝐹:(𝑀...(𝑁 + 1))–1-1-onto→(𝑀...(𝑁 + 1)))    &   (𝜑𝐺:(𝑀...(𝑁 + 1))⟶𝐶)    &   𝐽 = (𝑘 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁) ↦ (𝐹‘if(𝑘 < 𝐾, 𝑘, (𝑘 + 1))))    &   𝐾 = (𝐹‘(𝑁 + 1))       (𝜑𝐽:(𝑀...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(𝑀...𝑁))

Theoremseqf1olem2 13031* Lemma for seqf1o 13032. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-Feb-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 24-Apr-2016.)
((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝐶𝑦𝐶)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) = (𝑦 + 𝑥))    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆𝑧𝑆)) → ((𝑥 + 𝑦) + 𝑧) = (𝑥 + (𝑦 + 𝑧)))    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑆)    &   (𝜑𝐹:(𝑀...(𝑁 + 1))–1-1-onto→(𝑀...(𝑁 + 1)))    &   (𝜑𝐺:(𝑀...(𝑁 + 1))⟶𝐶)    &   𝐽 = (𝑘 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁) ↦ (𝐹‘if(𝑘 < 𝐾, 𝑘, (𝑘 + 1))))    &   𝐾 = (𝐹‘(𝑁 + 1))    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑔𝑓((𝑓:(𝑀...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(𝑀...𝑁) ∧ 𝑔:(𝑀...𝑁)⟶𝐶) → (seq𝑀( + , (𝑔𝑓))‘𝑁) = (seq𝑀( + , 𝑔)‘𝑁)))       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , (𝐺𝐹))‘(𝑁 + 1)) = (seq𝑀( + , 𝐺)‘(𝑁 + 1)))

Theoremseqf1o 13032* Rearrange a sum via an arbitrary bijection on (𝑀...𝑁). (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-Feb-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 24-Apr-2016.)
((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝐶𝑦𝐶)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) = (𝑦 + 𝑥))    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆𝑧𝑆)) → ((𝑥 + 𝑦) + 𝑧) = (𝑥 + (𝑦 + 𝑧)))    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑆)    &   (𝜑𝐹:(𝑀...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(𝑀...𝑁))    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐺𝑥) ∈ 𝐶)    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐻𝑘) = (𝐺‘(𝐹𝑘)))       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐻)‘𝑁) = (seq𝑀( + , 𝐺)‘𝑁))

Theoremseradd 13033* The sum of two infinite series. (Contributed by NM, 17-Mar-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 26-May-2014.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐹𝑘) ∈ ℂ)    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐺𝑘) ∈ ℂ)    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐻𝑘) = ((𝐹𝑘) + (𝐺𝑘)))       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐻)‘𝑁) = ((seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁) + (seq𝑀( + , 𝐺)‘𝑁)))

Theoremsersub 13034* The difference of two infinite series. (Contributed by NM, 17-Mar-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2014.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐹𝑘) ∈ ℂ)    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐺𝑘) ∈ ℂ)    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐻𝑘) = ((𝐹𝑘) − (𝐺𝑘)))       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐻)‘𝑁) = ((seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁) − (seq𝑀( + , 𝐺)‘𝑁)))

Theoremseqid3 13035* A sequence that consists entirely of "zeroes" sums to "zero". More precisely, a constant sequence with value an element which is a + -idempotent sums (or "+'s") to that element. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 15-Dec-2014.)
(𝜑 → (𝑍 + 𝑍) = 𝑍)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐹𝑥) = 𝑍)       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁) = 𝑍)

Theoremseqid 13036* Discarding the first few terms of a sequence that starts with all zeroes (or any element which is a left-identity for +) has no effect on its sum. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 13-Jul-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2014.)
((𝜑𝑥𝑆) → (𝑍 + 𝑥) = 𝑥)    &   (𝜑𝑍𝑆)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   (𝜑 → (𝐹𝑁) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (𝑀...(𝑁 − 1))) → (𝐹𝑥) = 𝑍)       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹) ↾ (ℤ𝑁)) = seq𝑁( + , 𝐹))

Theoremseqid2 13037* The last few partial sums of a sequence that ends with all zeroes (or any element which is a right-identity for +) are all the same. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 13-Jul-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2014.)
((𝜑𝑥𝑆) → (𝑥 + 𝑍) = 𝑥)    &   (𝜑𝐾 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝐾))    &   (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝐾) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ ((𝐾 + 1)...𝑁)) → (𝐹𝑥) = 𝑍)       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝐾) = (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁))

Theoremseqhomo 13038* Apply a homomorphism to a sequence. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-Jul-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2014.)
((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐹𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝐻‘(𝑥 + 𝑦)) = ((𝐻𝑥)𝑄(𝐻𝑦)))    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐻‘(𝐹𝑥)) = (𝐺𝑥))       (𝜑 → (𝐻‘(seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁)) = (seq𝑀(𝑄, 𝐺)‘𝑁))

Theoremseqz 13039* If the operation + has an absorbing element 𝑍 (a.k.a. zero element), then any sequence containing a 𝑍 evaluates to 𝑍. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2014.)
((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐹𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝑆) → (𝑍 + 𝑥) = 𝑍)    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝑆) → (𝑥 + 𝑍) = 𝑍)    &   (𝜑𝐾 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁))    &   (𝜑𝑁𝑉)    &   (𝜑 → (𝐹𝐾) = 𝑍)       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁) = 𝑍)

Theoremseqfeq4 13040* Equality of series under different addition operations which agree on an additively closed subset. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 25-Apr-2016.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐹𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) = (𝑥𝑄𝑦))       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁) = (seq𝑀(𝑄, 𝐹)‘𝑁))

Theoremseqfeq3 13041* Equality of series under different addition operations which agree on an additively closed subset. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 21-Mar-2015.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 25-Apr-2016.)
(𝜑𝑀 ∈ ℤ)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐹𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) = (𝑥𝑄𝑦))       (𝜑 → seq𝑀( + , 𝐹) = seq𝑀(𝑄, 𝐹))

Theoremseqdistr 13042* The distributive property for series. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-Jul-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2014.)
((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝐶𝑇(𝑥 + 𝑦)) = ((𝐶𝑇𝑥) + (𝐶𝑇𝑦)))    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐺𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐹𝑥) = (𝐶𝑇(𝐺𝑥)))       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁) = (𝐶𝑇(seq𝑀( + , 𝐺)‘𝑁)))

Theoremser0 13043 The value of the partial sums in a zero-valued infinite series. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 31-Aug-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 15-Dec-2014.)
𝑍 = (ℤ𝑀)       (𝑁𝑍 → (seq𝑀( + , (𝑍 × {0}))‘𝑁) = 0)

Theoremser0f 13044 A zero-valued infinite series is equal to the constant zero function. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 8-Feb-2014.)
𝑍 = (ℤ𝑀)       (𝑀 ∈ ℤ → seq𝑀( + , (𝑍 × {0})) = (𝑍 × {0}))

Theoremserge0 13045* A finite sum of nonnegative terms is nonnegative. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 8-Feb-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2014.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐹𝑘) ∈ ℝ)    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → 0 ≤ (𝐹𝑘))       (𝜑 → 0 ≤ (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁))

Theoremserle 13046* Comparison of partial sums of two infinite series of reals. (Contributed by NM, 27-Dec-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2014.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐹𝑘) ∈ ℝ)    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐺𝑘) ∈ ℝ)    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐹𝑘) ≤ (𝐺𝑘))       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁) ≤ (seq𝑀( + , 𝐺)‘𝑁))

Theoremser1const 13047 Value of the partial series sum of a constant function. (Contributed by NM, 8-Aug-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 16-Feb-2014.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ) → (seq1( + , (ℕ × {𝐴}))‘𝑁) = (𝑁 · 𝐴))

Theoremseqof 13048* Distribute function operation through a sequence. Note that 𝐺(𝑧) is an implicit function on 𝑧. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 3-Mar-2015.)
(𝜑𝐴𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐹𝑥) = (𝑧𝐴 ↦ (𝐺𝑥)))       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( ∘𝑓 + , 𝐹)‘𝑁) = (𝑧𝐴 ↦ (seq𝑀( + , 𝐺)‘𝑁)))

Theoremseqof2 13049* Distribute function operation through a sequence. Maps-to notation version of seqof 13048. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 7-Jul-2017.)
(𝜑𝐴𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   (𝜑 → (𝑀...𝑁) ⊆ 𝐵)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝐵𝑧𝐴)) → 𝑋𝑊)       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( ∘𝑓 + , (𝑥𝐵 ↦ (𝑧𝐴𝑋)))‘𝑁) = (𝑧𝐴 ↦ (seq𝑀( + , (𝑥𝐵𝑋))‘𝑁)))

5.6.7  Integer powers

Syntaxcexp 13050 Extend class notation to include exponentiation of a complex number to an integer power.
class

Definitiondf-exp 13051* Define exponentiation to nonnegative integer powers. For example, (5↑2) = 25 (ex-exp 27614).

This definition is not meant to be used directly; instead, exp0 13054 and expp1 13057 provide the standard recursive definition. The up-arrow notation is used by Donald Knuth for iterated exponentiation (Science 194, 1235-1242, 1976) and is convenient for us since we don't have superscripts.

10-Jun-2005: The definition was extended to include zero exponents, so that 0↑0 = 1 per the convention of Definition 10-4.1 of [Gleason] p. 134 (0exp0e1 13055).

4-Jun-2014: The definition was extended to include negative integer exponents. For example, (-3↑-2) = (1 / 9) (ex-exp 27614). The case 𝑥 = 0, 𝑦 < 0 gives the value (1 / 0), so we will avoid this case in our theorems. (Contributed by Raph Levien, 20-May-2004.) (Revised by NM, 15-Oct-2004.)

↑ = (𝑥 ∈ ℂ, 𝑦 ∈ ℤ ↦ if(𝑦 = 0, 1, if(0 < 𝑦, (seq1( · , (ℕ × {𝑥}))‘𝑦), (1 / (seq1( · , (ℕ × {𝑥}))‘-𝑦)))))

Theoremexpval 13052 Value of exponentiation to integer powers. (Contributed by NM, 20-May-2004.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 4-Jun-2014.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (𝐴𝑁) = if(𝑁 = 0, 1, if(0 < 𝑁, (seq1( · , (ℕ × {𝐴}))‘𝑁), (1 / (seq1( · , (ℕ × {𝐴}))‘-𝑁)))))

Theoremexpnnval 13053 Value of exponentiation to positive integer powers. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 4-Jun-2014.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ) → (𝐴𝑁) = (seq1( · , (ℕ × {𝐴}))‘𝑁))

Theoremexp0 13054 Value of a complex number raised to the 0th power. Note that under our definition, 0↑0 = 1, following the convention used by Gleason. Part of Definition 10-4.1 of [Gleason] p. 134. (Contributed by NM, 20-May-2004.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 4-Jun-2014.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → (𝐴↑0) = 1)

Theorem0exp0e1 13055 0↑0 = 1. This is our convention. It follows the convention used by Gleason; see Part of Definition 10-4.1 of [Gleason] p. 134. (Contributed by David A. Wheeler, 8-Dec-2018.)
(0↑0) = 1

Theoremexp1 13056 Value of a complex number raised to the first power. (Contributed by NM, 20-Oct-2004.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 2-Jul-2013.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → (𝐴↑1) = 𝐴)

Theoremexpp1 13057 Value of a complex number raised to a nonnegative integer power plus one. Part of Definition 10-4.1 of [Gleason] p. 134. (Contributed by NM, 20-May-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 2-Jul-2013.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → (𝐴↑(𝑁 + 1)) = ((𝐴𝑁) · 𝐴))

Theoremexpneg 13058 Value of a complex number raised to a negative integer power. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 4-Jun-2014.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → (𝐴↑-𝑁) = (1 / (𝐴𝑁)))

Theoremexpneg2 13059 Value of a complex number raised to a negative integer power. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 4-Jun-2014.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℂ ∧ -𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → (𝐴𝑁) = (1 / (𝐴↑-𝑁)))

Theoremexpn1 13060 A number to the negative one power is the reciprocal. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 4-Jun-2014.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → (𝐴↑-1) = (1 / 𝐴))

Theoremexpcllem 13061* Lemma for proving nonnegative integer exponentiation closure laws. (Contributed by NM, 14-Dec-2005.)
𝐹 ⊆ ℂ    &   ((𝑥𝐹𝑦𝐹) → (𝑥 · 𝑦) ∈ 𝐹)    &   1 ∈ 𝐹       ((𝐴𝐹𝐵 ∈ ℕ0) → (𝐴𝐵) ∈ 𝐹)

Theoremexpcl2lem 13062* Lemma for proving integer exponentiation closure laws. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 4-Jun-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 9-Sep-2014.)
𝐹 ⊆ ℂ    &   ((𝑥𝐹𝑦𝐹) → (𝑥 · 𝑦) ∈ 𝐹)    &   1 ∈ 𝐹    &   ((𝑥𝐹𝑥 ≠ 0) → (1 / 𝑥) ∈ 𝐹)       ((𝐴𝐹𝐴 ≠ 0 ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℤ) → (𝐴𝐵) ∈ 𝐹)

Theoremnnexpcl 13063 Closure of exponentiation of nonnegative integers. (Contributed by NM, 16-Dec-2005.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → (𝐴𝑁) ∈ ℕ)

Theoremnn0expcl 13064 Closure of exponentiation of nonnegative integers. (Contributed by NM, 14-Dec-2005.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℕ0𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → (𝐴𝑁) ∈ ℕ0)

Theoremzexpcl 13065 Closure of exponentiation of integers. (Contributed by NM, 16-Dec-2005.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → (𝐴𝑁) ∈ ℤ)

Theoremqexpcl 13066 Closure of exponentiation of rationals. (Contributed by NM, 16-Dec-2005.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℚ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → (𝐴𝑁) ∈ ℚ)

Theoremreexpcl 13067 Closure of exponentiation of reals. (Contributed by NM, 14-Dec-2005.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → (𝐴𝑁) ∈ ℝ)

Theoremexpcl 13068 Closure law for nonnegative integer exponentiation. (Contributed by NM, 26-May-2005.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → (𝐴𝑁) ∈ ℂ)

Theoremrpexpcl 13069 Closure law for exponentiation of positive reals. (Contributed by NM, 24-Feb-2008.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 9-Sep-2014.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ+𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (𝐴𝑁) ∈ ℝ+)

Theoremreexpclz 13070 Closure of exponentiation of reals. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 4-Jun-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 9-Sep-2014.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐴 ≠ 0 ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (𝐴𝑁) ∈ ℝ)

Theoremqexpclz 13071 Closure of exponentiation of rational numbers. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 9-Sep-2014.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℚ ∧ 𝐴 ≠ 0 ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (𝐴𝑁) ∈ ℚ)

Theoremm1expcl2 13072 Closure of exponentiation of negative one. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 18-Jun-2015.)
(𝑁 ∈ ℤ → (-1↑𝑁) ∈ {-1, 1})

Theoremm1expcl 13073 Closure of exponentiation of negative one. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 18-Jun-2015.)
(𝑁 ∈ ℤ → (-1↑𝑁) ∈ ℤ)

Theoremexpclzlem 13074 Closure law for integer exponentiation. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 4-Jun-2014.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐴 ≠ 0 ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (𝐴𝑁) ∈ (ℂ ∖ {0}))

Theoremexpclz 13075 Closure law for integer exponentiation. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 4-Jun-2014.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐴 ≠ 0 ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (𝐴𝑁) ∈ ℂ)

Theoremnn0expcli 13076 Closure of exponentiation of nonnegative integers. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 17-Apr-2015.)
𝐴 ∈ ℕ0    &   𝑁 ∈ ℕ0       (𝐴𝑁) ∈ ℕ0

Theoremnn0sqcl 13077 The square of a nonnegative integer is a nonnegative integer. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 16-Oct-2014.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℕ0 → (𝐴↑2) ∈ ℕ0)

Theoremexpm1t 13078 Exponentiation in terms of predecessor exponent. (Contributed by NM, 19-Dec-2005.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ) → (𝐴𝑁) = ((𝐴↑(𝑁 − 1)) · 𝐴))

Theorem1exp 13079 Value of one raised to a nonnegative integer power. (Contributed by NM, 15-Dec-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 4-Jun-2014.)
(𝑁 ∈ ℤ → (1↑𝑁) = 1)

Theoremexpeq0 13080 Positive integer exponentiation is 0 iff its mantissa is 0. (Contributed by NM, 23-Feb-2005.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ) → ((𝐴𝑁) = 0 ↔ 𝐴 = 0))

Theoremexpne0 13081 Positive integer exponentiation is nonzero iff its mantissa is nonzero. (Contributed by NM, 6-May-2005.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ) → ((𝐴𝑁) ≠ 0 ↔ 𝐴 ≠ 0))

Theoremexpne0i 13082 Nonnegative integer exponentiation is nonzero if its mantissa is nonzero. (Contributed by NM, 2-Aug-2006.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 4-Jun-2014.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐴 ≠ 0 ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (𝐴𝑁) ≠ 0)

Theoremexpgt0 13083 Nonnegative integer exponentiation with a positive mantissa is positive. (Contributed by NM, 16-Dec-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 4-Jun-2014.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ 0 < 𝐴) → 0 < (𝐴𝑁))

Theoremexpnegz 13084 Value of a complex number raised to a negative power. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 4-Jun-2014.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐴 ≠ 0 ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (𝐴↑-𝑁) = (1 / (𝐴𝑁)))

Theorem0exp 13085 Value of zero raised to a positive integer power. (Contributed by NM, 19-Aug-2004.)
(𝑁 ∈ ℕ → (0↑𝑁) = 0)

Theoremexpge0 13086 Nonnegative integer exponentiation with a nonnegative mantissa is nonnegative. (Contributed by NM, 16-Dec-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 4-Jun-2014.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0 ∧ 0 ≤ 𝐴) → 0 ≤ (𝐴𝑁))

Theoremexpge1 13087 Nonnegative integer exponentiation with a mantissa greater than or equal to 1 is greater than or equal to 1. (Contributed by NM, 21-Feb-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 4-Jun-2014.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0 ∧ 1 ≤ 𝐴) → 1 ≤ (𝐴𝑁))

Theoremexpgt1 13088 Positive integer exponentiation with a mantissa greater than 1 is greater than 1. (Contributed by NM, 13-Feb-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 4-Jun-2014.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ 1 < 𝐴) → 1 < (𝐴𝑁))

Theoremmulexp 13089 Positive integer exponentiation of a product. Proposition 10-4.2(c) of [Gleason] p. 135, restricted to nonnegative integer exponents. (Contributed by NM, 13-Feb-2005.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → ((𝐴 · 𝐵)↑𝑁) = ((𝐴𝑁) · (𝐵𝑁)))

Theoremmulexpz 13090 Integer exponentiation of a product. Proposition 10-4.2(c) of [Gleason] p. 135. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 4-Jun-2014.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐴 ≠ 0) ∧ (𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ≠ 0) ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → ((𝐴 · 𝐵)↑𝑁) = ((𝐴𝑁) · (𝐵𝑁)))

Theoremexprec 13091 Nonnegative integer exponentiation of a reciprocal. (Contributed by NM, 2-Aug-2006.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 4-Jun-2014.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐴 ≠ 0 ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → ((1 / 𝐴)↑𝑁) = (1 / (𝐴𝑁)))

Theoremexpadd 13092 Sum of exponents law for nonnegative integer exponentiation. Proposition 10-4.2(a) of [Gleason] p. 135. (Contributed by NM, 30-Nov-2004.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑀 ∈ ℕ0𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → (𝐴↑(𝑀 + 𝑁)) = ((𝐴𝑀) · (𝐴𝑁)))

(((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐴 ≠ 0) ∧ (𝑀 ∈ ℝ ∧ -𝑀 ∈ ℕ) ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → (𝐴↑(𝑀 + 𝑁)) = ((𝐴𝑀) · (𝐴𝑁)))

Theoremexpaddz 13094 Sum of exponents law for integer exponentiation. Proposition 10-4.2(a) of [Gleason] p. 135. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 4-Jun-2014.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐴 ≠ 0) ∧ (𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ)) → (𝐴↑(𝑀 + 𝑁)) = ((𝐴𝑀) · (𝐴𝑁)))

Theoremexpmul 13095 Product of exponents law for positive integer exponentiation. Proposition 10-4.2(b) of [Gleason] p. 135, restricted to nonnegative integer exponents. (Contributed by NM, 4-Jan-2006.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑀 ∈ ℕ0𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → (𝐴↑(𝑀 · 𝑁)) = ((𝐴𝑀)↑𝑁))

Theoremexpmulz 13096 Product of exponents law for integer exponentiation. Proposition 10-4.2(b) of [Gleason] p. 135. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 7-Jul-2014.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐴 ≠ 0) ∧ (𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ)) → (𝐴↑(𝑀 · 𝑁)) = ((𝐴𝑀)↑𝑁))

Theoremm1expeven 13097 Exponentiation of negative one to an even power. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 17-Jan-2018.)
(𝑁 ∈ ℤ → (-1↑(2 · 𝑁)) = 1)

Theoremexpsub 13098 Exponent subtraction law for nonnegative integer exponentiation. (Contributed by NM, 2-Aug-2006.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 4-Jun-2014.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐴 ≠ 0) ∧ (𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ)) → (𝐴↑(𝑀𝑁)) = ((𝐴𝑀) / (𝐴𝑁)))

Theoremexpp1z 13099 Value of a nonzero complex number raised to an integer power plus one. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 4-Jun-2014.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐴 ≠ 0 ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (𝐴↑(𝑁 + 1)) = ((𝐴𝑁) · 𝐴))

Theoremexpm1 13100 Value of a complex number raised to an integer power minus one. (Contributed by NM, 25-Dec-2008.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 4-Jun-2014.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐴 ≠ 0 ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (𝐴↑(𝑁 − 1)) = ((𝐴𝑁) / 𝐴))

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