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Theorem limsupre3uz 40489
Description: Given a function on the extended reals, its supremum limit is real if and only if two condition holds: 1. there is a real number that is smaller or equal than the function, infinitely often; 2. there is a real number that is eventually larger or equal than the function. (Contributed by Glauco Siliprandi, 23-Oct-2021.)
Hypotheses
Ref Expression
limsupre3uz.1 𝑗𝐹
limsupre3uz.2 (𝜑𝑀 ∈ ℤ)
limsupre3uz.3 𝑍 = (ℤ𝑀)
limsupre3uz.4 (𝜑𝐹:𝑍⟶ℝ*)
Assertion
Ref Expression
limsupre3uz (𝜑 → ((lim sup‘𝐹) ∈ ℝ ↔ (∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ ∀𝑘𝑍𝑗 ∈ (ℤ𝑘)𝑥 ≤ (𝐹𝑗) ∧ ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ ∃𝑘𝑍𝑗 ∈ (ℤ𝑘)(𝐹𝑗) ≤ 𝑥)))
Distinct variable groups:   𝑘,𝐹,𝑥   𝑘,𝑍,𝑥   𝑗,𝑘,𝑥
Allowed substitution hints:   𝜑(𝑥,𝑗,𝑘)   𝐹(𝑗)   𝑀(𝑥,𝑗,𝑘)   𝑍(𝑗)

Proof of Theorem limsupre3uz
Dummy variables 𝑖 𝑙 𝑦 are mutually distinct and distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 nfcv 2902 . . 3 𝑙𝐹
2 limsupre3uz.2 . . 3 (𝜑𝑀 ∈ ℤ)
3 limsupre3uz.3 . . 3 𝑍 = (ℤ𝑀)
4 limsupre3uz.4 . . 3 (𝜑𝐹:𝑍⟶ℝ*)
51, 2, 3, 4limsupre3uzlem 40488 . 2 (𝜑 → ((lim sup‘𝐹) ∈ ℝ ↔ (∃𝑦 ∈ ℝ ∀𝑖𝑍𝑙 ∈ (ℤ𝑖)𝑦 ≤ (𝐹𝑙) ∧ ∃𝑦 ∈ ℝ ∃𝑖𝑍𝑙 ∈ (ℤ𝑖)(𝐹𝑙) ≤ 𝑦)))
6 breq1 4807 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑦 = 𝑥 → (𝑦 ≤ (𝐹𝑙) ↔ 𝑥 ≤ (𝐹𝑙)))
76rexbidv 3190 . . . . . . 7 (𝑦 = 𝑥 → (∃𝑙 ∈ (ℤ𝑖)𝑦 ≤ (𝐹𝑙) ↔ ∃𝑙 ∈ (ℤ𝑖)𝑥 ≤ (𝐹𝑙)))
87ralbidv 3124 . . . . . 6 (𝑦 = 𝑥 → (∀𝑖𝑍𝑙 ∈ (ℤ𝑖)𝑦 ≤ (𝐹𝑙) ↔ ∀𝑖𝑍𝑙 ∈ (ℤ𝑖)𝑥 ≤ (𝐹𝑙)))
9 fveq2 6353 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝑖 = 𝑘 → (ℤ𝑖) = (ℤ𝑘))
109rexeqdv 3284 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑖 = 𝑘 → (∃𝑙 ∈ (ℤ𝑖)𝑥 ≤ (𝐹𝑙) ↔ ∃𝑙 ∈ (ℤ𝑘)𝑥 ≤ (𝐹𝑙)))
11 nfcv 2902 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 𝑗𝑥
12 nfcv 2902 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 𝑗
13 limsupre3uz.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 𝑗𝐹
14 nfcv 2902 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 𝑗𝑙
1513, 14nffv 6360 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 𝑗(𝐹𝑙)
1611, 12, 15nfbr 4851 . . . . . . . . . . 11 𝑗 𝑥 ≤ (𝐹𝑙)
17 nfv 1992 . . . . . . . . . . 11 𝑙 𝑥 ≤ (𝐹𝑗)
18 fveq2 6353 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (𝑙 = 𝑗 → (𝐹𝑙) = (𝐹𝑗))
1918breq2d 4816 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (𝑙 = 𝑗 → (𝑥 ≤ (𝐹𝑙) ↔ 𝑥 ≤ (𝐹𝑗)))
2016, 17, 19cbvrex 3307 . . . . . . . . . 10 (∃𝑙 ∈ (ℤ𝑘)𝑥 ≤ (𝐹𝑙) ↔ ∃𝑗 ∈ (ℤ𝑘)𝑥 ≤ (𝐹𝑗))
2120a1i 11 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑖 = 𝑘 → (∃𝑙 ∈ (ℤ𝑘)𝑥 ≤ (𝐹𝑙) ↔ ∃𝑗 ∈ (ℤ𝑘)𝑥 ≤ (𝐹𝑗)))
2210, 21bitrd 268 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑖 = 𝑘 → (∃𝑙 ∈ (ℤ𝑖)𝑥 ≤ (𝐹𝑙) ↔ ∃𝑗 ∈ (ℤ𝑘)𝑥 ≤ (𝐹𝑗)))
2322cbvralv 3310 . . . . . . 7 (∀𝑖𝑍𝑙 ∈ (ℤ𝑖)𝑥 ≤ (𝐹𝑙) ↔ ∀𝑘𝑍𝑗 ∈ (ℤ𝑘)𝑥 ≤ (𝐹𝑗))
2423a1i 11 . . . . . 6 (𝑦 = 𝑥 → (∀𝑖𝑍𝑙 ∈ (ℤ𝑖)𝑥 ≤ (𝐹𝑙) ↔ ∀𝑘𝑍𝑗 ∈ (ℤ𝑘)𝑥 ≤ (𝐹𝑗)))
258, 24bitrd 268 . . . . 5 (𝑦 = 𝑥 → (∀𝑖𝑍𝑙 ∈ (ℤ𝑖)𝑦 ≤ (𝐹𝑙) ↔ ∀𝑘𝑍𝑗 ∈ (ℤ𝑘)𝑥 ≤ (𝐹𝑗)))
2625cbvrexv 3311 . . . 4 (∃𝑦 ∈ ℝ ∀𝑖𝑍𝑙 ∈ (ℤ𝑖)𝑦 ≤ (𝐹𝑙) ↔ ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ ∀𝑘𝑍𝑗 ∈ (ℤ𝑘)𝑥 ≤ (𝐹𝑗))
27 breq2 4808 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑦 = 𝑥 → ((𝐹𝑙) ≤ 𝑦 ↔ (𝐹𝑙) ≤ 𝑥))
2827ralbidv 3124 . . . . . . 7 (𝑦 = 𝑥 → (∀𝑙 ∈ (ℤ𝑖)(𝐹𝑙) ≤ 𝑦 ↔ ∀𝑙 ∈ (ℤ𝑖)(𝐹𝑙) ≤ 𝑥))
2928rexbidv 3190 . . . . . 6 (𝑦 = 𝑥 → (∃𝑖𝑍𝑙 ∈ (ℤ𝑖)(𝐹𝑙) ≤ 𝑦 ↔ ∃𝑖𝑍𝑙 ∈ (ℤ𝑖)(𝐹𝑙) ≤ 𝑥))
309raleqdv 3283 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑖 = 𝑘 → (∀𝑙 ∈ (ℤ𝑖)(𝐹𝑙) ≤ 𝑥 ↔ ∀𝑙 ∈ (ℤ𝑘)(𝐹𝑙) ≤ 𝑥))
3115, 12, 11nfbr 4851 . . . . . . . . . . 11 𝑗(𝐹𝑙) ≤ 𝑥
32 nfv 1992 . . . . . . . . . . 11 𝑙(𝐹𝑗) ≤ 𝑥
3318breq1d 4814 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (𝑙 = 𝑗 → ((𝐹𝑙) ≤ 𝑥 ↔ (𝐹𝑗) ≤ 𝑥))
3431, 32, 33cbvral 3306 . . . . . . . . . 10 (∀𝑙 ∈ (ℤ𝑘)(𝐹𝑙) ≤ 𝑥 ↔ ∀𝑗 ∈ (ℤ𝑘)(𝐹𝑗) ≤ 𝑥)
3534a1i 11 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑖 = 𝑘 → (∀𝑙 ∈ (ℤ𝑘)(𝐹𝑙) ≤ 𝑥 ↔ ∀𝑗 ∈ (ℤ𝑘)(𝐹𝑗) ≤ 𝑥))
3630, 35bitrd 268 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑖 = 𝑘 → (∀𝑙 ∈ (ℤ𝑖)(𝐹𝑙) ≤ 𝑥 ↔ ∀𝑗 ∈ (ℤ𝑘)(𝐹𝑗) ≤ 𝑥))
3736cbvrexv 3311 . . . . . . 7 (∃𝑖𝑍𝑙 ∈ (ℤ𝑖)(𝐹𝑙) ≤ 𝑥 ↔ ∃𝑘𝑍𝑗 ∈ (ℤ𝑘)(𝐹𝑗) ≤ 𝑥)
3837a1i 11 . . . . . 6 (𝑦 = 𝑥 → (∃𝑖𝑍𝑙 ∈ (ℤ𝑖)(𝐹𝑙) ≤ 𝑥 ↔ ∃𝑘𝑍𝑗 ∈ (ℤ𝑘)(𝐹𝑗) ≤ 𝑥))
3929, 38bitrd 268 . . . . 5 (𝑦 = 𝑥 → (∃𝑖𝑍𝑙 ∈ (ℤ𝑖)(𝐹𝑙) ≤ 𝑦 ↔ ∃𝑘𝑍𝑗 ∈ (ℤ𝑘)(𝐹𝑗) ≤ 𝑥))
4039cbvrexv 3311 . . . 4 (∃𝑦 ∈ ℝ ∃𝑖𝑍𝑙 ∈ (ℤ𝑖)(𝐹𝑙) ≤ 𝑦 ↔ ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ ∃𝑘𝑍𝑗 ∈ (ℤ𝑘)(𝐹𝑗) ≤ 𝑥)
4126, 40anbi12i 735 . . 3 ((∃𝑦 ∈ ℝ ∀𝑖𝑍𝑙 ∈ (ℤ𝑖)𝑦 ≤ (𝐹𝑙) ∧ ∃𝑦 ∈ ℝ ∃𝑖𝑍𝑙 ∈ (ℤ𝑖)(𝐹𝑙) ≤ 𝑦) ↔ (∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ ∀𝑘𝑍𝑗 ∈ (ℤ𝑘)𝑥 ≤ (𝐹𝑗) ∧ ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ ∃𝑘𝑍𝑗 ∈ (ℤ𝑘)(𝐹𝑗) ≤ 𝑥))
4241a1i 11 . 2 (𝜑 → ((∃𝑦 ∈ ℝ ∀𝑖𝑍𝑙 ∈ (ℤ𝑖)𝑦 ≤ (𝐹𝑙) ∧ ∃𝑦 ∈ ℝ ∃𝑖𝑍𝑙 ∈ (ℤ𝑖)(𝐹𝑙) ≤ 𝑦) ↔ (∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ ∀𝑘𝑍𝑗 ∈ (ℤ𝑘)𝑥 ≤ (𝐹𝑗) ∧ ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ ∃𝑘𝑍𝑗 ∈ (ℤ𝑘)(𝐹𝑗) ≤ 𝑥)))
435, 42bitrd 268 1 (𝜑 → ((lim sup‘𝐹) ∈ ℝ ↔ (∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ ∀𝑘𝑍𝑗 ∈ (ℤ𝑘)𝑥 ≤ (𝐹𝑗) ∧ ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ ∃𝑘𝑍𝑗 ∈ (ℤ𝑘)(𝐹𝑗) ≤ 𝑥)))
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
Syntax hints:  wi 4  wb 196  wa 383   = wceq 1632  wcel 2139  wnfc 2889  wral 3050  wrex 3051   class class class wbr 4804  wf 6045  cfv 6049  cr 10147  *cxr 10285  cle 10287  cz 11589  cuz 11899  lim supclsp 14420
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1871  ax-4 1886  ax-5 1988  ax-6 2054  ax-7 2090  ax-8 2141  ax-9 2148  ax-10 2168  ax-11 2183  ax-12 2196  ax-13 2391  ax-ext 2740  ax-rep 4923  ax-sep 4933  ax-nul 4941  ax-pow 4992  ax-pr 5055  ax-un 7115  ax-cnex 10204  ax-resscn 10205  ax-1cn 10206  ax-icn 10207  ax-addcl 10208  ax-addrcl 10209  ax-mulcl 10210  ax-mulrcl 10211  ax-mulcom 10212  ax-addass 10213  ax-mulass 10214  ax-distr 10215  ax-i2m1 10216  ax-1ne0 10217  ax-1rid 10218  ax-rnegex 10219  ax-rrecex 10220  ax-cnre 10221  ax-pre-lttri 10222  ax-pre-lttrn 10223  ax-pre-ltadd 10224  ax-pre-mulgt0 10225  ax-pre-sup 10226
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 197  df-or 384  df-an 385  df-3or 1073  df-3an 1074  df-tru 1635  df-ex 1854  df-nf 1859  df-sb 2047  df-eu 2611  df-mo 2612  df-clab 2747  df-cleq 2753  df-clel 2756  df-nfc 2891  df-ne 2933  df-nel 3036  df-ral 3055  df-rex 3056  df-reu 3057  df-rmo 3058  df-rab 3059  df-v 3342  df-sbc 3577  df-csb 3675  df-dif 3718  df-un 3720  df-in 3722  df-ss 3729  df-pss 3731  df-nul 4059  df-if 4231  df-pw 4304  df-sn 4322  df-pr 4324  df-tp 4326  df-op 4328  df-uni 4589  df-iun 4674  df-br 4805  df-opab 4865  df-mpt 4882  df-tr 4905  df-id 5174  df-eprel 5179  df-po 5187  df-so 5188  df-fr 5225  df-we 5227  df-xp 5272  df-rel 5273  df-cnv 5274  df-co 5275  df-dm 5276  df-rn 5277  df-res 5278  df-ima 5279  df-pred 5841  df-ord 5887  df-on 5888  df-lim 5889  df-suc 5890  df-iota 6012  df-fun 6051  df-fn 6052  df-f 6053  df-f1 6054  df-fo 6055  df-f1o 6056  df-fv 6057  df-riota 6775  df-ov 6817  df-oprab 6818  df-mpt2 6819  df-om 7232  df-wrecs 7577  df-recs 7638  df-rdg 7676  df-er 7913  df-en 8124  df-dom 8125  df-sdom 8126  df-sup 8515  df-inf 8516  df-pnf 10288  df-mnf 10289  df-xr 10290  df-ltxr 10291  df-le 10292  df-sub 10480  df-neg 10481  df-nn 11233  df-n0 11505  df-z 11590  df-uz 11900  df-ico 12394  df-fl 12807  df-ceil 12808  df-limsup 14421
This theorem is referenced by:  limsupvaluz2  40491  supcnvlimsup  40493
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