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Theorem leibpi 24714
Description: The Leibniz formula for π. This proof depends on three main facts: (1) the series 𝐹 is convergent, because it is an alternating series (iseralt 14459). (2) Using leibpilem2 24713 to rewrite the series as a power series, it is the 𝑥 = 1 special case of the Taylor series for arctan (atantayl2 24710). (3) Although we cannot directly plug 𝑥 = 1 into atantayl2 24710, Abel's theorem (abelth2 24241) says that the limit along any sequence converging to 1, such as 1 − 1 / 𝑛, of the power series converges to the power series extended to 1, and then since arctan is continuous at 1 (atancn 24708) we get the desired result. This is Metamath 100 proof #26. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 7-Apr-2015.)
Hypothesis
Ref Expression
leibpi.1 𝐹 = (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ ((-1↑𝑛) / ((2 · 𝑛) + 1)))
Assertion
Ref Expression
leibpi seq0( + , 𝐹) ⇝ (π / 4)

Proof of Theorem leibpi
Dummy variables 𝑗 𝑘 𝑥 are mutually distinct and distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 nn0uz 11760 . . . . 5 0 = (ℤ‘0)
2 0zd 11427 . . . . 5 (⊤ → 0 ∈ ℤ)
3 eqidd 2652 . . . . 5 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑗 ∈ ℕ0) → ((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)))‘𝑗) = ((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)))‘𝑗))
4 0cnd 10071 . . . . . . . . 9 ((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ∧ (𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘)) → 0 ∈ ℂ)
5 ioran 510 . . . . . . . . . 10 (¬ (𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘) ↔ (¬ 𝑘 = 0 ∧ ¬ 2 ∥ 𝑘))
6 neg1rr 11163 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 -1 ∈ ℝ
7 leibpilem1 24712 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 ((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ∧ (¬ 𝑘 = 0 ∧ ¬ 2 ∥ 𝑘)) → (𝑘 ∈ ℕ ∧ ((𝑘 − 1) / 2) ∈ ℕ0))
87simprd 478 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 ((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ∧ (¬ 𝑘 = 0 ∧ ¬ 2 ∥ 𝑘)) → ((𝑘 − 1) / 2) ∈ ℕ0)
9 reexpcl 12917 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 ((-1 ∈ ℝ ∧ ((𝑘 − 1) / 2) ∈ ℕ0) → (-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) ∈ ℝ)
106, 8, 9sylancr 696 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 ((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ∧ (¬ 𝑘 = 0 ∧ ¬ 2 ∥ 𝑘)) → (-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) ∈ ℝ)
117simpld 474 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 ((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ∧ (¬ 𝑘 = 0 ∧ ¬ 2 ∥ 𝑘)) → 𝑘 ∈ ℕ)
1210, 11nndivred 11107 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ∧ (¬ 𝑘 = 0 ∧ ¬ 2 ∥ 𝑘)) → ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘) ∈ ℝ)
1312recnd 10106 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ∧ (¬ 𝑘 = 0 ∧ ¬ 2 ∥ 𝑘)) → ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘) ∈ ℂ)
145, 13sylan2b 491 . . . . . . . . 9 ((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ∧ ¬ (𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘)) → ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘) ∈ ℂ)
154, 14ifclda 4153 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 → if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)) ∈ ℂ)
1615adantl 481 . . . . . . 7 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)) ∈ ℂ)
17 eqid 2651 . . . . . . 7 (𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘))) = (𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)))
1816, 17fmptd 6425 . . . . . 6 (⊤ → (𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘))):ℕ0⟶ℂ)
1918ffvelrnda 6399 . . . . 5 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑗 ∈ ℕ0) → ((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)))‘𝑗) ∈ ℂ)
20 2nn0 11347 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 2 ∈ ℕ0
2120a1i 11 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (⊤ → 2 ∈ ℕ0)
22 nn0mulcl 11367 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 ((2 ∈ ℕ0𝑛 ∈ ℕ0) → (2 · 𝑛) ∈ ℕ0)
2321, 22sylan 487 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ0) → (2 · 𝑛) ∈ ℕ0)
24 nn0p1nn 11370 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 ((2 · 𝑛) ∈ ℕ0 → ((2 · 𝑛) + 1) ∈ ℕ)
2523, 24syl 17 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ0) → ((2 · 𝑛) + 1) ∈ ℕ)
2625nnrecred 11104 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ0) → (1 / ((2 · 𝑛) + 1)) ∈ ℝ)
27 eqid 2651 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ (1 / ((2 · 𝑛) + 1))) = (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ (1 / ((2 · 𝑛) + 1)))
2826, 27fmptd 6425 . . . . . . . . 9 (⊤ → (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ (1 / ((2 · 𝑛) + 1))):ℕ0⟶ℝ)
29 nn0mulcl 11367 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 ((2 ∈ ℕ0𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → (2 · 𝑘) ∈ ℕ0)
3021, 29sylan 487 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → (2 · 𝑘) ∈ ℕ0)
3130nn0red 11390 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → (2 · 𝑘) ∈ ℝ)
32 peano2nn0 11371 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 (𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 → (𝑘 + 1) ∈ ℕ0)
3332adantl 481 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → (𝑘 + 1) ∈ ℕ0)
34 nn0mulcl 11367 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 ((2 ∈ ℕ0 ∧ (𝑘 + 1) ∈ ℕ0) → (2 · (𝑘 + 1)) ∈ ℕ0)
3520, 33, 34sylancr 696 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → (2 · (𝑘 + 1)) ∈ ℕ0)
3635nn0red 11390 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → (2 · (𝑘 + 1)) ∈ ℝ)
37 1red 10093 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → 1 ∈ ℝ)
38 nn0re 11339 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 (𝑘 ∈ ℕ0𝑘 ∈ ℝ)
3938adantl 481 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → 𝑘 ∈ ℝ)
4039lep1d 10993 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → 𝑘 ≤ (𝑘 + 1))
41 peano2re 10247 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 (𝑘 ∈ ℝ → (𝑘 + 1) ∈ ℝ)
4239, 41syl 17 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → (𝑘 + 1) ∈ ℝ)
43 2re 11128 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 2 ∈ ℝ
4443a1i 11 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → 2 ∈ ℝ)
45 2pos 11150 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 0 < 2
4645a1i 11 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → 0 < 2)
47 lemul2 10914 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 ((𝑘 ∈ ℝ ∧ (𝑘 + 1) ∈ ℝ ∧ (2 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 < 2)) → (𝑘 ≤ (𝑘 + 1) ↔ (2 · 𝑘) ≤ (2 · (𝑘 + 1))))
4839, 42, 44, 46, 47syl112anc 1370 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → (𝑘 ≤ (𝑘 + 1) ↔ (2 · 𝑘) ≤ (2 · (𝑘 + 1))))
4940, 48mpbid 222 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → (2 · 𝑘) ≤ (2 · (𝑘 + 1)))
5031, 36, 37, 49leadd1dd 10679 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → ((2 · 𝑘) + 1) ≤ ((2 · (𝑘 + 1)) + 1))
51 nn0p1nn 11370 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 ((2 · 𝑘) ∈ ℕ0 → ((2 · 𝑘) + 1) ∈ ℕ)
5230, 51syl 17 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → ((2 · 𝑘) + 1) ∈ ℕ)
5352nnred 11073 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → ((2 · 𝑘) + 1) ∈ ℝ)
5452nngt0d 11102 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → 0 < ((2 · 𝑘) + 1))
55 nn0p1nn 11370 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 ((2 · (𝑘 + 1)) ∈ ℕ0 → ((2 · (𝑘 + 1)) + 1) ∈ ℕ)
5635, 55syl 17 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → ((2 · (𝑘 + 1)) + 1) ∈ ℕ)
5756nnred 11073 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → ((2 · (𝑘 + 1)) + 1) ∈ ℝ)
5856nngt0d 11102 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → 0 < ((2 · (𝑘 + 1)) + 1))
59 lerec 10944 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (((((2 · 𝑘) + 1) ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 < ((2 · 𝑘) + 1)) ∧ (((2 · (𝑘 + 1)) + 1) ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 < ((2 · (𝑘 + 1)) + 1))) → (((2 · 𝑘) + 1) ≤ ((2 · (𝑘 + 1)) + 1) ↔ (1 / ((2 · (𝑘 + 1)) + 1)) ≤ (1 / ((2 · 𝑘) + 1))))
6053, 54, 57, 58, 59syl22anc 1367 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → (((2 · 𝑘) + 1) ≤ ((2 · (𝑘 + 1)) + 1) ↔ (1 / ((2 · (𝑘 + 1)) + 1)) ≤ (1 / ((2 · 𝑘) + 1))))
6150, 60mpbid 222 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → (1 / ((2 · (𝑘 + 1)) + 1)) ≤ (1 / ((2 · 𝑘) + 1)))
62 oveq2 6698 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 (𝑛 = (𝑘 + 1) → (2 · 𝑛) = (2 · (𝑘 + 1)))
6362oveq1d 6705 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (𝑛 = (𝑘 + 1) → ((2 · 𝑛) + 1) = ((2 · (𝑘 + 1)) + 1))
6463oveq2d 6706 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (𝑛 = (𝑘 + 1) → (1 / ((2 · 𝑛) + 1)) = (1 / ((2 · (𝑘 + 1)) + 1)))
65 ovex 6718 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (1 / ((2 · (𝑘 + 1)) + 1)) ∈ V
6664, 27, 65fvmpt 6321 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((𝑘 + 1) ∈ ℕ0 → ((𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ (1 / ((2 · 𝑛) + 1)))‘(𝑘 + 1)) = (1 / ((2 · (𝑘 + 1)) + 1)))
6733, 66syl 17 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → ((𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ (1 / ((2 · 𝑛) + 1)))‘(𝑘 + 1)) = (1 / ((2 · (𝑘 + 1)) + 1)))
68 oveq2 6698 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 (𝑛 = 𝑘 → (2 · 𝑛) = (2 · 𝑘))
6968oveq1d 6705 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (𝑛 = 𝑘 → ((2 · 𝑛) + 1) = ((2 · 𝑘) + 1))
7069oveq2d 6706 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (𝑛 = 𝑘 → (1 / ((2 · 𝑛) + 1)) = (1 / ((2 · 𝑘) + 1)))
71 ovex 6718 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (1 / ((2 · 𝑘) + 1)) ∈ V
7270, 27, 71fvmpt 6321 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 → ((𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ (1 / ((2 · 𝑛) + 1)))‘𝑘) = (1 / ((2 · 𝑘) + 1)))
7372adantl 481 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → ((𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ (1 / ((2 · 𝑛) + 1)))‘𝑘) = (1 / ((2 · 𝑘) + 1)))
7461, 67, 733brtr4d 4717 . . . . . . . . 9 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → ((𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ (1 / ((2 · 𝑛) + 1)))‘(𝑘 + 1)) ≤ ((𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ (1 / ((2 · 𝑛) + 1)))‘𝑘))
75 nnuz 11761 . . . . . . . . . 10 ℕ = (ℤ‘1)
76 1zzd 11446 . . . . . . . . . 10 (⊤ → 1 ∈ ℤ)
77 ax-1cn 10032 . . . . . . . . . . 11 1 ∈ ℂ
78 divcnv 14629 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (1 ∈ ℂ → (𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ (1 / 𝑛)) ⇝ 0)
7977, 78mp1i 13 . . . . . . . . . 10 (⊤ → (𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ (1 / 𝑛)) ⇝ 0)
80 nn0ex 11336 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 0 ∈ V
8180mptex 6527 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ (1 / ((2 · 𝑛) + 1))) ∈ V
8281a1i 11 . . . . . . . . . 10 (⊤ → (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ (1 / ((2 · 𝑛) + 1))) ∈ V)
83 oveq2 6698 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (𝑛 = 𝑘 → (1 / 𝑛) = (1 / 𝑘))
84 eqid 2651 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ (1 / 𝑛)) = (𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ (1 / 𝑛))
85 ovex 6718 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (1 / 𝑘) ∈ V
8683, 84, 85fvmpt 6321 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (𝑘 ∈ ℕ → ((𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ (1 / 𝑛))‘𝑘) = (1 / 𝑘))
8786adantl 481 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) → ((𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ (1 / 𝑛))‘𝑘) = (1 / 𝑘))
88 nnrecre 11095 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (𝑘 ∈ ℕ → (1 / 𝑘) ∈ ℝ)
8988adantl 481 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) → (1 / 𝑘) ∈ ℝ)
9087, 89eqeltrd 2730 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) → ((𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ (1 / 𝑛))‘𝑘) ∈ ℝ)
91 nnnn0 11337 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (𝑘 ∈ ℕ → 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0)
9291adantl 481 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) → 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0)
9392, 72syl 17 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) → ((𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ (1 / ((2 · 𝑛) + 1)))‘𝑘) = (1 / ((2 · 𝑘) + 1)))
9491, 52sylan2 490 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) → ((2 · 𝑘) + 1) ∈ ℕ)
9594nnrecred 11104 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) → (1 / ((2 · 𝑘) + 1)) ∈ ℝ)
9693, 95eqeltrd 2730 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) → ((𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ (1 / ((2 · 𝑛) + 1)))‘𝑘) ∈ ℝ)
97 nnre 11065 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 (𝑘 ∈ ℕ → 𝑘 ∈ ℝ)
9897adantl 481 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) → 𝑘 ∈ ℝ)
9920, 92, 29sylancr 696 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) → (2 · 𝑘) ∈ ℕ0)
10099nn0red 11390 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) → (2 · 𝑘) ∈ ℝ)
101 peano2re 10247 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 ((2 · 𝑘) ∈ ℝ → ((2 · 𝑘) + 1) ∈ ℝ)
102100, 101syl 17 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) → ((2 · 𝑘) + 1) ∈ ℝ)
103 nn0addge1 11377 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 ((𝑘 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → 𝑘 ≤ (𝑘 + 𝑘))
10498, 92, 103syl2anc 694 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) → 𝑘 ≤ (𝑘 + 𝑘))
10598recnd 10106 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) → 𝑘 ∈ ℂ)
1061052timesd 11313 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) → (2 · 𝑘) = (𝑘 + 𝑘))
107104, 106breqtrrd 4713 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) → 𝑘 ≤ (2 · 𝑘))
108100lep1d 10993 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) → (2 · 𝑘) ≤ ((2 · 𝑘) + 1))
10998, 100, 102, 107, 108letrd 10232 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) → 𝑘 ≤ ((2 · 𝑘) + 1))
110 nngt0 11087 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 (𝑘 ∈ ℕ → 0 < 𝑘)
111110adantl 481 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) → 0 < 𝑘)
11294nnred 11073 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) → ((2 · 𝑘) + 1) ∈ ℝ)
11394nngt0d 11102 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) → 0 < ((2 · 𝑘) + 1))
114 lerec 10944 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (((𝑘 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 < 𝑘) ∧ (((2 · 𝑘) + 1) ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 < ((2 · 𝑘) + 1))) → (𝑘 ≤ ((2 · 𝑘) + 1) ↔ (1 / ((2 · 𝑘) + 1)) ≤ (1 / 𝑘)))
11598, 111, 112, 113, 114syl22anc 1367 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) → (𝑘 ≤ ((2 · 𝑘) + 1) ↔ (1 / ((2 · 𝑘) + 1)) ≤ (1 / 𝑘)))
116109, 115mpbid 222 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) → (1 / ((2 · 𝑘) + 1)) ≤ (1 / 𝑘))
117116, 93, 873brtr4d 4717 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) → ((𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ (1 / ((2 · 𝑛) + 1)))‘𝑘) ≤ ((𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ (1 / 𝑛))‘𝑘))
11894nnrpd 11908 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) → ((2 · 𝑘) + 1) ∈ ℝ+)
119118rpreccld 11920 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) → (1 / ((2 · 𝑘) + 1)) ∈ ℝ+)
120119rpge0d 11914 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) → 0 ≤ (1 / ((2 · 𝑘) + 1)))
121120, 93breqtrrd 4713 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) → 0 ≤ ((𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ (1 / ((2 · 𝑛) + 1)))‘𝑘))
12275, 76, 79, 82, 90, 96, 117, 121climsqz2 14416 . . . . . . . . 9 (⊤ → (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ (1 / ((2 · 𝑛) + 1))) ⇝ 0)
123 neg1cn 11162 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 -1 ∈ ℂ
124123a1i 11 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (⊤ → -1 ∈ ℂ)
125 expcl 12918 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 ((-1 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → (-1↑𝑘) ∈ ℂ)
126124, 125sylan 487 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → (-1↑𝑘) ∈ ℂ)
12752nncnd 11074 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → ((2 · 𝑘) + 1) ∈ ℂ)
12852nnne0d 11103 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → ((2 · 𝑘) + 1) ≠ 0)
129126, 127, 128divrecd 10842 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → ((-1↑𝑘) / ((2 · 𝑘) + 1)) = ((-1↑𝑘) · (1 / ((2 · 𝑘) + 1))))
130 oveq2 6698 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (𝑛 = 𝑘 → (-1↑𝑛) = (-1↑𝑘))
131130, 69oveq12d 6708 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (𝑛 = 𝑘 → ((-1↑𝑛) / ((2 · 𝑛) + 1)) = ((-1↑𝑘) / ((2 · 𝑘) + 1)))
132 eqid 2651 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ ((-1↑𝑛) / ((2 · 𝑛) + 1))) = (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ ((-1↑𝑛) / ((2 · 𝑛) + 1)))
133 ovex 6718 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 ((-1↑𝑘) / ((2 · 𝑘) + 1)) ∈ V
134131, 132, 133fvmpt 6321 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 → ((𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ ((-1↑𝑛) / ((2 · 𝑛) + 1)))‘𝑘) = ((-1↑𝑘) / ((2 · 𝑘) + 1)))
135134adantl 481 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → ((𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ ((-1↑𝑛) / ((2 · 𝑛) + 1)))‘𝑘) = ((-1↑𝑘) / ((2 · 𝑘) + 1)))
13673oveq2d 6706 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → ((-1↑𝑘) · ((𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ (1 / ((2 · 𝑛) + 1)))‘𝑘)) = ((-1↑𝑘) · (1 / ((2 · 𝑘) + 1))))
137129, 135, 1363eqtr4d 2695 . . . . . . . . 9 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → ((𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ ((-1↑𝑛) / ((2 · 𝑛) + 1)))‘𝑘) = ((-1↑𝑘) · ((𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ (1 / ((2 · 𝑛) + 1)))‘𝑘)))
1381, 2, 28, 74, 122, 137iseralt 14459 . . . . . . . 8 (⊤ → seq0( + , (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ ((-1↑𝑛) / ((2 · 𝑛) + 1)))) ∈ dom ⇝ )
139 climdm 14329 . . . . . . . 8 (seq0( + , (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ ((-1↑𝑛) / ((2 · 𝑛) + 1)))) ∈ dom ⇝ ↔ seq0( + , (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ ((-1↑𝑛) / ((2 · 𝑛) + 1)))) ⇝ ( ⇝ ‘seq0( + , (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ ((-1↑𝑛) / ((2 · 𝑛) + 1))))))
140138, 139sylib 208 . . . . . . 7 (⊤ → seq0( + , (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ ((-1↑𝑛) / ((2 · 𝑛) + 1)))) ⇝ ( ⇝ ‘seq0( + , (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ ((-1↑𝑛) / ((2 · 𝑛) + 1))))))
141 fvex 6239 . . . . . . . 8 ( ⇝ ‘seq0( + , (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ ((-1↑𝑛) / ((2 · 𝑛) + 1))))) ∈ V
142132, 17, 141leibpilem2 24713 . . . . . . 7 (seq0( + , (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ ((-1↑𝑛) / ((2 · 𝑛) + 1)))) ⇝ ( ⇝ ‘seq0( + , (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ ((-1↑𝑛) / ((2 · 𝑛) + 1))))) ↔ seq0( + , (𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)))) ⇝ ( ⇝ ‘seq0( + , (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ ((-1↑𝑛) / ((2 · 𝑛) + 1))))))
143140, 142sylib 208 . . . . . 6 (⊤ → seq0( + , (𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)))) ⇝ ( ⇝ ‘seq0( + , (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ ((-1↑𝑛) / ((2 · 𝑛) + 1))))))
144 seqex 12843 . . . . . . 7 seq0( + , (𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)))) ∈ V
145144, 141breldm 5361 . . . . . 6 (seq0( + , (𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)))) ⇝ ( ⇝ ‘seq0( + , (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ ((-1↑𝑛) / ((2 · 𝑛) + 1))))) → seq0( + , (𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)))) ∈ dom ⇝ )
146143, 145syl 17 . . . . 5 (⊤ → seq0( + , (𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)))) ∈ dom ⇝ )
1471, 2, 3, 19, 146isumclim2 14533 . . . 4 (⊤ → seq0( + , (𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)))) ⇝ Σ𝑗 ∈ ℕ0 ((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)))‘𝑗))
148 eqid 2651 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑥 ∈ (0[,]1) ↦ Σ𝑗 ∈ ℕ0 (((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)))‘𝑗) · (𝑥𝑗))) = (𝑥 ∈ (0[,]1) ↦ Σ𝑗 ∈ ℕ0 (((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)))‘𝑗) · (𝑥𝑗)))
14918, 146, 148abelth2 24241 . . . . . . 7 (⊤ → (𝑥 ∈ (0[,]1) ↦ Σ𝑗 ∈ ℕ0 (((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)))‘𝑗) · (𝑥𝑗))) ∈ ((0[,]1)–cn→ℂ))
150 nnrp 11880 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (𝑛 ∈ ℕ → 𝑛 ∈ ℝ+)
151150adantl 481 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ) → 𝑛 ∈ ℝ+)
152151rpreccld 11920 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ) → (1 / 𝑛) ∈ ℝ+)
153152rpred 11910 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ) → (1 / 𝑛) ∈ ℝ)
154152rpge0d 11914 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ) → 0 ≤ (1 / 𝑛))
155 nnge1 11084 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (𝑛 ∈ ℕ → 1 ≤ 𝑛)
156155adantl 481 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ) → 1 ≤ 𝑛)
157 nnre 11065 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 (𝑛 ∈ ℕ → 𝑛 ∈ ℝ)
158157adantl 481 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ) → 𝑛 ∈ ℝ)
159158recnd 10106 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ) → 𝑛 ∈ ℂ)
160159mulid1d 10095 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ) → (𝑛 · 1) = 𝑛)
161156, 160breqtrrd 4713 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ) → 1 ≤ (𝑛 · 1))
162 1red 10093 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ) → 1 ∈ ℝ)
163 nngt0 11087 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (𝑛 ∈ ℕ → 0 < 𝑛)
164163adantl 481 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ) → 0 < 𝑛)
165 ledivmul 10937 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 ((1 ∈ ℝ ∧ 1 ∈ ℝ ∧ (𝑛 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 < 𝑛)) → ((1 / 𝑛) ≤ 1 ↔ 1 ≤ (𝑛 · 1)))
166162, 162, 158, 164, 165syl112anc 1370 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ) → ((1 / 𝑛) ≤ 1 ↔ 1 ≤ (𝑛 · 1)))
167161, 166mpbird 247 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ) → (1 / 𝑛) ≤ 1)
168 0re 10078 . . . . . . . . . . 11 0 ∈ ℝ
169 1re 10077 . . . . . . . . . . 11 1 ∈ ℝ
170168, 169elicc2i 12277 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((1 / 𝑛) ∈ (0[,]1) ↔ ((1 / 𝑛) ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 ≤ (1 / 𝑛) ∧ (1 / 𝑛) ≤ 1))
171153, 154, 167, 170syl3anbrc 1265 . . . . . . . . 9 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ) → (1 / 𝑛) ∈ (0[,]1))
172 iirev 22775 . . . . . . . . 9 ((1 / 𝑛) ∈ (0[,]1) → (1 − (1 / 𝑛)) ∈ (0[,]1))
173171, 172syl 17 . . . . . . . 8 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ) → (1 − (1 / 𝑛)) ∈ (0[,]1))
174 eqid 2651 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ (1 − (1 / 𝑛))) = (𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ (1 − (1 / 𝑛)))
175173, 174fmptd 6425 . . . . . . 7 (⊤ → (𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ (1 − (1 / 𝑛))):ℕ⟶(0[,]1))
176 1cnd 10094 . . . . . . . . 9 (⊤ → 1 ∈ ℂ)
177 nnex 11064 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ℕ ∈ V
178177mptex 6527 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ (1 − (1 / 𝑛))) ∈ V
179178a1i 11 . . . . . . . . 9 (⊤ → (𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ (1 − (1 / 𝑛))) ∈ V)
18090recnd 10106 . . . . . . . . 9 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) → ((𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ (1 / 𝑛))‘𝑘) ∈ ℂ)
18183oveq2d 6706 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (𝑛 = 𝑘 → (1 − (1 / 𝑛)) = (1 − (1 / 𝑘)))
182 ovex 6718 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (1 − (1 / 𝑘)) ∈ V
183181, 174, 182fvmpt 6321 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (𝑘 ∈ ℕ → ((𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ (1 − (1 / 𝑛)))‘𝑘) = (1 − (1 / 𝑘)))
18486oveq2d 6706 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (𝑘 ∈ ℕ → (1 − ((𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ (1 / 𝑛))‘𝑘)) = (1 − (1 / 𝑘)))
185183, 184eqtr4d 2688 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝑘 ∈ ℕ → ((𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ (1 − (1 / 𝑛)))‘𝑘) = (1 − ((𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ (1 / 𝑛))‘𝑘)))
186185adantl 481 . . . . . . . . 9 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) → ((𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ (1 − (1 / 𝑛)))‘𝑘) = (1 − ((𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ (1 / 𝑛))‘𝑘)))
18775, 76, 79, 176, 179, 180, 186climsubc2 14413 . . . . . . . 8 (⊤ → (𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ (1 − (1 / 𝑛))) ⇝ (1 − 0))
188 1m0e1 11169 . . . . . . . 8 (1 − 0) = 1
189187, 188syl6breq 4726 . . . . . . 7 (⊤ → (𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ (1 − (1 / 𝑛))) ⇝ 1)
190 1elunit 12329 . . . . . . . 8 1 ∈ (0[,]1)
191190a1i 11 . . . . . . 7 (⊤ → 1 ∈ (0[,]1))
19275, 76, 149, 175, 189, 191climcncf 22750 . . . . . 6 (⊤ → ((𝑥 ∈ (0[,]1) ↦ Σ𝑗 ∈ ℕ0 (((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)))‘𝑗) · (𝑥𝑗))) ∘ (𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ (1 − (1 / 𝑛)))) ⇝ ((𝑥 ∈ (0[,]1) ↦ Σ𝑗 ∈ ℕ0 (((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)))‘𝑗) · (𝑥𝑗)))‘1))
193 eqidd 2652 . . . . . . . 8 (⊤ → (𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ (1 − (1 / 𝑛))) = (𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ (1 − (1 / 𝑛))))
194 eqidd 2652 . . . . . . . 8 (⊤ → (𝑥 ∈ (0[,]1) ↦ Σ𝑗 ∈ ℕ0 (((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)))‘𝑗) · (𝑥𝑗))) = (𝑥 ∈ (0[,]1) ↦ Σ𝑗 ∈ ℕ0 (((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)))‘𝑗) · (𝑥𝑗))))
195 oveq1 6697 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝑥 = (1 − (1 / 𝑛)) → (𝑥𝑗) = ((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑗))
196195oveq2d 6706 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑥 = (1 − (1 / 𝑛)) → (((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)))‘𝑗) · (𝑥𝑗)) = (((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)))‘𝑗) · ((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑗)))
197196sumeq2sdv 14479 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑥 = (1 − (1 / 𝑛)) → Σ𝑗 ∈ ℕ0 (((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)))‘𝑗) · (𝑥𝑗)) = Σ𝑗 ∈ ℕ0 (((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)))‘𝑗) · ((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑗)))
198173, 193, 194, 197fmptco 6436 . . . . . . 7 (⊤ → ((𝑥 ∈ (0[,]1) ↦ Σ𝑗 ∈ ℕ0 (((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)))‘𝑗) · (𝑥𝑗))) ∘ (𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ (1 − (1 / 𝑛)))) = (𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ Σ𝑗 ∈ ℕ0 (((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)))‘𝑗) · ((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑗))))
199 0zd 11427 . . . . . . . . 9 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ) → 0 ∈ ℤ)
2008adantll 750 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 (((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) ∧ (¬ 𝑘 = 0 ∧ ¬ 2 ∥ 𝑘)) → ((𝑘 − 1) / 2) ∈ ℕ0)
2016, 200, 9sylancr 696 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 (((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) ∧ (¬ 𝑘 = 0 ∧ ¬ 2 ∥ 𝑘)) → (-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) ∈ ℝ)
202201recnd 10106 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 (((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) ∧ (¬ 𝑘 = 0 ∧ ¬ 2 ∥ 𝑘)) → (-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) ∈ ℂ)
203202adantllr 755 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 ((((⊤ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ) ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) ∧ (¬ 𝑘 = 0 ∧ ¬ 2 ∥ 𝑘)) → (-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) ∈ ℂ)
204 resubcl 10383 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 ((1 ∈ ℝ ∧ (1 / 𝑛) ∈ ℝ) → (1 − (1 / 𝑛)) ∈ ℝ)
205169, 153, 204sylancr 696 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ) → (1 − (1 / 𝑛)) ∈ ℝ)
206205ad2antrr 762 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 ((((⊤ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ) ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) ∧ (¬ 𝑘 = 0 ∧ ¬ 2 ∥ 𝑘)) → (1 − (1 / 𝑛)) ∈ ℝ)
207 simplr 807 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 ((((⊤ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ) ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) ∧ (¬ 𝑘 = 0 ∧ ¬ 2 ∥ 𝑘)) → 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0)
208206, 207reexpcld 13065 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 ((((⊤ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ) ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) ∧ (¬ 𝑘 = 0 ∧ ¬ 2 ∥ 𝑘)) → ((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) ∈ ℝ)
209208recnd 10106 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 ((((⊤ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ) ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) ∧ (¬ 𝑘 = 0 ∧ ¬ 2 ∥ 𝑘)) → ((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) ∈ ℂ)
210 nn0cn 11340 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 (𝑘 ∈ ℕ0𝑘 ∈ ℂ)
211210ad2antlr 763 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 ((((⊤ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ) ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) ∧ (¬ 𝑘 = 0 ∧ ¬ 2 ∥ 𝑘)) → 𝑘 ∈ ℂ)
21211adantll 750 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 ((((⊤ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ) ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) ∧ (¬ 𝑘 = 0 ∧ ¬ 2 ∥ 𝑘)) → 𝑘 ∈ ℕ)
213212nnne0d 11103 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 ((((⊤ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ) ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) ∧ (¬ 𝑘 = 0 ∧ ¬ 2 ∥ 𝑘)) → 𝑘 ≠ 0)
214203, 209, 211, 213div12d 10875 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 ((((⊤ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ) ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) ∧ (¬ 𝑘 = 0 ∧ ¬ 2 ∥ 𝑘)) → ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘)) = (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) · ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)))
21513adantll 750 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 ((((⊤ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ) ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) ∧ (¬ 𝑘 = 0 ∧ ¬ 2 ∥ 𝑘)) → ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘) ∈ ℂ)
216209, 215mulcomd 10099 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 ((((⊤ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ) ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) ∧ (¬ 𝑘 = 0 ∧ ¬ 2 ∥ 𝑘)) → (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) · ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)) = (((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘) · ((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘)))
217214, 216eqtrd 2685 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 ((((⊤ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ) ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) ∧ (¬ 𝑘 = 0 ∧ ¬ 2 ∥ 𝑘)) → ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘)) = (((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘) · ((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘)))
2185, 217sylan2b 491 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 ((((⊤ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ) ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) ∧ ¬ (𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘)) → ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘)) = (((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘) · ((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘)))
219218ifeq2da 4150 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 (((⊤ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ) ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))) = if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, (((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘) · ((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘))))
220205recnd 10106 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ) → (1 − (1 / 𝑛)) ∈ ℂ)
221 expcl 12918 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 (((1 − (1 / 𝑛)) ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → ((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) ∈ ℂ)
222220, 221sylan 487 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 (((⊤ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ) ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → ((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) ∈ ℂ)
223222mul02d 10272 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 (((⊤ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ) ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → (0 · ((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘)) = 0)
224223ifeq1d 4137 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 (((⊤ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ) ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), (0 · ((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘)), (((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘) · ((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘))) = if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, (((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘) · ((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘))))
225219, 224eqtr4d 2688 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 (((⊤ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ) ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))) = if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), (0 · ((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘)), (((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘) · ((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘))))
226 ovif 6779 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 (if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)) · ((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘)) = if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), (0 · ((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘)), (((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘) · ((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘)))
227225, 226syl6eqr 2703 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (((⊤ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ) ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))) = (if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)) · ((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘)))
228 simpr 476 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 (((⊤ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ) ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0)
229 c0ex 10072 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 0 ∈ V
230 ovex 6718 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘)) ∈ V
231229, 230ifex 4189 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))) ∈ V
232 eqid 2651 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 (𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘)))) = (𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))))
233232fvmpt2 6330 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 ((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ∧ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))) ∈ V) → ((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))))‘𝑘) = if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))))
234228, 231, 233sylancl 695 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (((⊤ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ) ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → ((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))))‘𝑘) = if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))))
235 ovex 6718 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘) ∈ V
236229, 235ifex 4189 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)) ∈ V
23717fvmpt2 6330 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 ((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ∧ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)) ∈ V) → ((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)))‘𝑘) = if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)))
238228, 236, 237sylancl 695 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 (((⊤ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ) ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → ((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)))‘𝑘) = if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)))
239238oveq1d 6705 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (((⊤ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ) ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → (((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)))‘𝑘) · ((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘)) = (if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)) · ((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘)))
240227, 234, 2393eqtr4d 2695 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (((⊤ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ) ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → ((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))))‘𝑘) = (((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)))‘𝑘) · ((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘)))
241240ralrimiva 2995 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ) → ∀𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))))‘𝑘) = (((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)))‘𝑘) · ((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘)))
242 nfv 1883 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 𝑗((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))))‘𝑘) = (((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)))‘𝑘) · ((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘))
243 nffvmpt1 6237 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 𝑘((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))))‘𝑗)
244 nffvmpt1 6237 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 𝑘((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)))‘𝑗)
245 nfcv 2793 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 𝑘 ·
246 nfcv 2793 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 𝑘((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑗)
247244, 245, 246nfov 6716 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 𝑘(((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)))‘𝑗) · ((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑗))
248243, 247nfeq 2805 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 𝑘((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))))‘𝑗) = (((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)))‘𝑗) · ((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑗))
249 fveq2 6229 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (𝑘 = 𝑗 → ((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))))‘𝑘) = ((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))))‘𝑗))
250 fveq2 6229 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 (𝑘 = 𝑗 → ((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)))‘𝑘) = ((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)))‘𝑗))
251 oveq2 6698 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 (𝑘 = 𝑗 → ((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) = ((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑗))
252250, 251oveq12d 6708 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (𝑘 = 𝑗 → (((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)))‘𝑘) · ((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘)) = (((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)))‘𝑗) · ((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑗)))
253249, 252eqeq12d 2666 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (𝑘 = 𝑗 → (((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))))‘𝑘) = (((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)))‘𝑘) · ((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘)) ↔ ((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))))‘𝑗) = (((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)))‘𝑗) · ((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑗))))
254242, 248, 253cbvral 3197 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (∀𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))))‘𝑘) = (((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)))‘𝑘) · ((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘)) ↔ ∀𝑗 ∈ ℕ0 ((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))))‘𝑗) = (((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)))‘𝑗) · ((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑗)))
255241, 254sylib 208 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ) → ∀𝑗 ∈ ℕ0 ((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))))‘𝑗) = (((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)))‘𝑗) · ((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑗)))
256255r19.21bi 2961 . . . . . . . . 9 (((⊤ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ) ∧ 𝑗 ∈ ℕ0) → ((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))))‘𝑗) = (((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)))‘𝑗) · ((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑗)))
257 0cnd 10071 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 ((((⊤ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ) ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) ∧ (𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘)) → 0 ∈ ℂ)
258208, 212nndivred 11107 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 ((((⊤ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ) ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) ∧ (¬ 𝑘 = 0 ∧ ¬ 2 ∥ 𝑘)) → (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘) ∈ ℝ)
259258recnd 10106 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 ((((⊤ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ) ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) ∧ (¬ 𝑘 = 0 ∧ ¬ 2 ∥ 𝑘)) → (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘) ∈ ℂ)
260203, 259mulcld 10098 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 ((((⊤ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ) ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) ∧ (¬ 𝑘 = 0 ∧ ¬ 2 ∥ 𝑘)) → ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘)) ∈ ℂ)
2615, 260sylan2b 491 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 ((((⊤ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ) ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) ∧ ¬ (𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘)) → ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘)) ∈ ℂ)
262257, 261ifclda 4153 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (((⊤ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ) ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))) ∈ ℂ)
263262, 232fmptd 6425 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ) → (𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘)))):ℕ0⟶ℂ)
264263ffvelrnda 6399 . . . . . . . . . 10 (((⊤ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ) ∧ 𝑗 ∈ ℕ0) → ((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))))‘𝑗) ∈ ℂ)
265256, 264eqeltrrd 2731 . . . . . . . . 9 (((⊤ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ) ∧ 𝑗 ∈ ℕ0) → (((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)))‘𝑗) · ((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑗)) ∈ ℂ)
266 0nn0 11345 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 0 ∈ ℕ0
267266a1i 11 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ) → 0 ∈ ℕ0)
268 0p1e1 11170 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (0 + 1) = 1
269 seqeq1 12844 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 ((0 + 1) = 1 → seq(0 + 1)( + , (𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))))) = seq1( + , (𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))))))
270268, 269ax-mp 5 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 seq(0 + 1)( + , (𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))))) = seq1( + , (𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘)))))
271 1zzd 11446 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ) → 1 ∈ ℤ)
272 elnnuz 11762 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 (𝑗 ∈ ℕ ↔ 𝑗 ∈ (ℤ‘1))
273 nnne0 11091 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 (𝑘 ∈ ℕ → 𝑘 ≠ 0)
274273neneqd 2828 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 (𝑘 ∈ ℕ → ¬ 𝑘 = 0)
275 biorf 419 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 𝑘 = 0 → (2 ∥ 𝑘 ↔ (𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘)))
276274, 275syl 17 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 (𝑘 ∈ ℕ → (2 ∥ 𝑘 ↔ (𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘)))
277276bicomd 213 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 (𝑘 ∈ ℕ → ((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘) ↔ 2 ∥ 𝑘))
278277ifbid 4141 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 (𝑘 ∈ ℕ → if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))) = if(2 ∥ 𝑘, 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))))
27991, 231, 233sylancl 695 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 (𝑘 ∈ ℕ → ((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))))‘𝑘) = if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))))
280229, 230ifex 4189 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 if(2 ∥ 𝑘, 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))) ∈ V
281 eqid 2651 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 (𝑘 ∈ ℕ ↦ if(2 ∥ 𝑘, 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘)))) = (𝑘 ∈ ℕ ↦ if(2 ∥ 𝑘, 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))))
282281fvmpt2 6330 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 ((𝑘 ∈ ℕ ∧ if(2 ∥ 𝑘, 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))) ∈ V) → ((𝑘 ∈ ℕ ↦ if(2 ∥ 𝑘, 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))))‘𝑘) = if(2 ∥ 𝑘, 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))))
283280, 282mpan2 707 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 (𝑘 ∈ ℕ → ((𝑘 ∈ ℕ ↦ if(2 ∥ 𝑘, 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))))‘𝑘) = if(2 ∥ 𝑘, 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))))
284278, 279, 2833eqtr4d 2695 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 (𝑘 ∈ ℕ → ((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))))‘𝑘) = ((𝑘 ∈ ℕ ↦ if(2 ∥ 𝑘, 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))))‘𝑘))
285284rgen 2951 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 𝑘 ∈ ℕ ((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))))‘𝑘) = ((𝑘 ∈ ℕ ↦ if(2 ∥ 𝑘, 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))))‘𝑘)
286285a1i 11 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ) → ∀𝑘 ∈ ℕ ((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))))‘𝑘) = ((𝑘 ∈ ℕ ↦ if(2 ∥ 𝑘, 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))))‘𝑘))
287 nfv 1883 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 𝑗((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))))‘𝑘) = ((𝑘 ∈ ℕ ↦ if(2 ∥ 𝑘, 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))))‘𝑘)
288 nffvmpt1 6237 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 𝑘((𝑘 ∈ ℕ ↦ if(2 ∥ 𝑘, 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))))‘𝑗)
289243, 288nfeq 2805 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 𝑘((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))))‘𝑗) = ((𝑘 ∈ ℕ ↦ if(2 ∥ 𝑘, 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))))‘𝑗)
290 fveq2 6229 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 (𝑘 = 𝑗 → ((𝑘 ∈ ℕ ↦ if(2 ∥ 𝑘, 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))))‘𝑘) = ((𝑘 ∈ ℕ ↦ if(2 ∥ 𝑘, 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))))‘𝑗))
291249, 290eqeq12d 2666 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 (𝑘 = 𝑗 → (((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))))‘𝑘) = ((𝑘 ∈ ℕ ↦ if(2 ∥ 𝑘, 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))))‘𝑘) ↔ ((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))))‘𝑗) = ((𝑘 ∈ ℕ ↦ if(2 ∥ 𝑘, 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))))‘𝑗)))
292287, 289, 291cbvral 3197 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 (∀𝑘 ∈ ℕ ((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))))‘𝑘) = ((𝑘 ∈ ℕ ↦ if(2 ∥ 𝑘, 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))))‘𝑘) ↔ ∀𝑗 ∈ ℕ ((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))))‘𝑗) = ((𝑘 ∈ ℕ ↦ if(2 ∥ 𝑘, 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))))‘𝑗))
293286, 292sylib 208 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ) → ∀𝑗 ∈ ℕ ((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))))‘𝑗) = ((𝑘 ∈ ℕ ↦ if(2 ∥ 𝑘, 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))))‘𝑗))
294293r19.21bi 2961 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 (((⊤ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ) ∧ 𝑗 ∈ ℕ) → ((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))))‘𝑗) = ((𝑘 ∈ ℕ ↦ if(2 ∥ 𝑘, 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))))‘𝑗))
295272, 294sylan2br 492 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 (((⊤ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ) ∧ 𝑗 ∈ (ℤ‘1)) → ((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))))‘𝑗) = ((𝑘 ∈ ℕ ↦ if(2 ∥ 𝑘, 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))))‘𝑗))
296271, 295seqfeq 12866 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ) → seq1( + , (𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))))) = seq1( + , (𝑘 ∈ ℕ ↦ if(2 ∥ 𝑘, 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))))))
297153, 162, 167abssubge0d 14214 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ) → (abs‘(1 − (1 / 𝑛))) = (1 − (1 / 𝑛)))
298 ltsubrp 11904 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 ((1 ∈ ℝ ∧ (1 / 𝑛) ∈ ℝ+) → (1 − (1 / 𝑛)) < 1)
299169, 152, 298sylancr 696 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ) → (1 − (1 / 𝑛)) < 1)
300297, 299eqbrtrd 4707 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ) → (abs‘(1 − (1 / 𝑛))) < 1)
301281atantayl2 24710 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 (((1 − (1 / 𝑛)) ∈ ℂ ∧ (abs‘(1 − (1 / 𝑛))) < 1) → seq1( + , (𝑘 ∈ ℕ ↦ if(2 ∥ 𝑘, 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))))) ⇝ (arctan‘(1 − (1 / 𝑛))))
302220, 300, 301syl2anc 694 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ) → seq1( + , (𝑘 ∈ ℕ ↦ if(2 ∥ 𝑘, 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))))) ⇝ (arctan‘(1 − (1 / 𝑛))))
303296, 302eqbrtrd 4707 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ) → seq1( + , (𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))))) ⇝ (arctan‘(1 − (1 / 𝑛))))
304270, 303syl5eqbr 4720 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ) → seq(0 + 1)( + , (𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))))) ⇝ (arctan‘(1 − (1 / 𝑛))))
3051, 267, 264, 304clim2ser2 14430 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ) → seq0( + , (𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))))) ⇝ ((arctan‘(1 − (1 / 𝑛))) + (seq0( + , (𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘)))))‘0)))
306 0z 11426 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 0 ∈ ℤ
307 seq1 12854 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 (0 ∈ ℤ → (seq0( + , (𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘)))))‘0) = ((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))))‘0))
308306, 307ax-mp 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (seq0( + , (𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘)))))‘0) = ((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))))‘0)
309 iftrue 4125 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 ((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘) → if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))) = 0)
310309orcs 408 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 (𝑘 = 0 → if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))) = 0)
311310, 232, 229fvmpt 6321 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 (0 ∈ ℕ0 → ((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))))‘0) = 0)
312266, 311ax-mp 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 ((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))))‘0) = 0
313308, 312eqtri 2673 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (seq0( + , (𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘)))))‘0) = 0
314313oveq2i 6701 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((arctan‘(1 − (1 / 𝑛))) + (seq0( + , (𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘)))))‘0)) = ((arctan‘(1 − (1 / 𝑛))) + 0)
315 atanrecl 24683 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 ((1 − (1 / 𝑛)) ∈ ℝ → (arctan‘(1 − (1 / 𝑛))) ∈ ℝ)
316205, 315syl 17 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ) → (arctan‘(1 − (1 / 𝑛))) ∈ ℝ)
317316recnd 10106 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ) → (arctan‘(1 − (1 / 𝑛))) ∈ ℂ)
318317addid1d 10274 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ) → ((arctan‘(1 − (1 / 𝑛))) + 0) = (arctan‘(1 − (1 / 𝑛))))
319314, 318syl5eq 2697 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ) → ((arctan‘(1 − (1 / 𝑛))) + (seq0( + , (𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘)))))‘0)) = (arctan‘(1 − (1 / 𝑛))))
320305, 319breqtrd 4711 . . . . . . . . 9 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ) → seq0( + , (𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) · (((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑘) / 𝑘))))) ⇝ (arctan‘(1 − (1 / 𝑛))))
3211, 199, 256, 265, 320isumclim 14532 . . . . . . . 8 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ) → Σ𝑗 ∈ ℕ0 (((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)))‘𝑗) · ((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑗)) = (arctan‘(1 − (1 / 𝑛))))
322321mpteq2dva 4777 . . . . . . 7 (⊤ → (𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ Σ𝑗 ∈ ℕ0 (((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)))‘𝑗) · ((1 − (1 / 𝑛))↑𝑗))) = (𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ (arctan‘(1 − (1 / 𝑛)))))
323198, 322eqtrd 2685 . . . . . 6 (⊤ → ((𝑥 ∈ (0[,]1) ↦ Σ𝑗 ∈ ℕ0 (((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)))‘𝑗) · (𝑥𝑗))) ∘ (𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ (1 − (1 / 𝑛)))) = (𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ (arctan‘(1 − (1 / 𝑛)))))
324 oveq1 6697 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (𝑥 = 1 → (𝑥𝑗) = (1↑𝑗))
325 nn0z 11438 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (𝑗 ∈ ℕ0𝑗 ∈ ℤ)
326 1exp 12929 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (𝑗 ∈ ℤ → (1↑𝑗) = 1)
327325, 326syl 17 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (𝑗 ∈ ℕ0 → (1↑𝑗) = 1)
328324, 327sylan9eq 2705 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((𝑥 = 1 ∧ 𝑗 ∈ ℕ0) → (𝑥𝑗) = 1)
329328oveq2d 6706 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((𝑥 = 1 ∧ 𝑗 ∈ ℕ0) → (((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)))‘𝑗) · (𝑥𝑗)) = (((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)))‘𝑗) · 1))
33018trud 1533 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘))):ℕ0⟶ℂ
331330ffvelrni 6398 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (𝑗 ∈ ℕ0 → ((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)))‘𝑗) ∈ ℂ)
332331mulid1d 10095 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (𝑗 ∈ ℕ0 → (((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)))‘𝑗) · 1) = ((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)))‘𝑗))
333332adantl 481 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((𝑥 = 1 ∧ 𝑗 ∈ ℕ0) → (((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)))‘𝑗) · 1) = ((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)))‘𝑗))
334329, 333eqtrd 2685 . . . . . . . . 9 ((𝑥 = 1 ∧ 𝑗 ∈ ℕ0) → (((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)))‘𝑗) · (𝑥𝑗)) = ((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)))‘𝑗))
335334sumeq2dv 14477 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑥 = 1 → Σ𝑗 ∈ ℕ0 (((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)))‘𝑗) · (𝑥𝑗)) = Σ𝑗 ∈ ℕ0 ((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)))‘𝑗))
336 sumex 14462 . . . . . . . 8 Σ𝑗 ∈ ℕ0 ((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)))‘𝑗) ∈ V
337335, 148, 336fvmpt 6321 . . . . . . 7 (1 ∈ (0[,]1) → ((𝑥 ∈ (0[,]1) ↦ Σ𝑗 ∈ ℕ0 (((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)))‘𝑗) · (𝑥𝑗)))‘1) = Σ𝑗 ∈ ℕ0 ((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)))‘𝑗))
338190, 337mp1i 13 . . . . . 6 (⊤ → ((𝑥 ∈ (0[,]1) ↦ Σ𝑗 ∈ ℕ0 (((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)))‘𝑗) · (𝑥𝑗)))‘1) = Σ𝑗 ∈ ℕ0 ((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)))‘𝑗))
339192, 323, 3383brtr3d 4716 . . . . 5 (⊤ → (𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ (arctan‘(1 − (1 / 𝑛)))) ⇝ Σ𝑗 ∈ ℕ0 ((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)))‘𝑗))
340 eqid 2651 . . . . . . . . 9 (ℂ ∖ (-∞(,]0)) = (ℂ ∖ (-∞(,]0))
341 eqid 2651 . . . . . . . . 9 {𝑥 ∈ ℂ ∣ (1 + (𝑥↑2)) ∈ (ℂ ∖ (-∞(,]0))} = {𝑥 ∈ ℂ ∣ (1 + (𝑥↑2)) ∈ (ℂ ∖ (-∞(,]0))}
342340, 341atancn 24708 . . . . . . . 8 (arctan ↾ {𝑥 ∈ ℂ ∣ (1 + (𝑥↑2)) ∈ (ℂ ∖ (-∞(,]0))}) ∈ ({𝑥 ∈ ℂ ∣ (1 + (𝑥↑2)) ∈ (ℂ ∖ (-∞(,]0))}–cn→ℂ)
343342a1i 11 . . . . . . 7 (⊤ → (arctan ↾ {𝑥 ∈ ℂ ∣ (1 + (𝑥↑2)) ∈ (ℂ ∖ (-∞(,]0))}) ∈ ({𝑥 ∈ ℂ ∣ (1 + (𝑥↑2)) ∈ (ℂ ∖ (-∞(,]0))}–cn→ℂ))
344 unitssre 12357 . . . . . . . . 9 (0[,]1) ⊆ ℝ
345340, 341ressatans 24706 . . . . . . . . 9 ℝ ⊆ {𝑥 ∈ ℂ ∣ (1 + (𝑥↑2)) ∈ (ℂ ∖ (-∞(,]0))}
346344, 345sstri 3645 . . . . . . . 8 (0[,]1) ⊆ {𝑥 ∈ ℂ ∣ (1 + (𝑥↑2)) ∈ (ℂ ∖ (-∞(,]0))}
347 fss 6094 . . . . . . . 8 (((𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ (1 − (1 / 𝑛))):ℕ⟶(0[,]1) ∧ (0[,]1) ⊆ {𝑥 ∈ ℂ ∣ (1 + (𝑥↑2)) ∈ (ℂ ∖ (-∞(,]0))}) → (𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ (1 − (1 / 𝑛))):ℕ⟶{𝑥 ∈ ℂ ∣ (1 + (𝑥↑2)) ∈ (ℂ ∖ (-∞(,]0))})
348175, 346, 347sylancl 695 . . . . . . 7 (⊤ → (𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ (1 − (1 / 𝑛))):ℕ⟶{𝑥 ∈ ℂ ∣ (1 + (𝑥↑2)) ∈ (ℂ ∖ (-∞(,]0))})
349345, 169sselii 3633 . . . . . . . 8 1 ∈ {𝑥 ∈ ℂ ∣ (1 + (𝑥↑2)) ∈ (ℂ ∖ (-∞(,]0))}
350349a1i 11 . . . . . . 7 (⊤ → 1 ∈ {𝑥 ∈ ℂ ∣ (1 + (𝑥↑2)) ∈ (ℂ ∖ (-∞(,]0))})
35175, 76, 343, 348, 189, 350climcncf 22750 . . . . . 6 (⊤ → ((arctan ↾ {𝑥 ∈ ℂ ∣ (1 + (𝑥↑2)) ∈ (ℂ ∖ (-∞(,]0))}) ∘ (𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ (1 − (1 / 𝑛)))) ⇝ ((arctan ↾ {𝑥 ∈ ℂ ∣ (1 + (𝑥↑2)) ∈ (ℂ ∖ (-∞(,]0))})‘1))
352346, 173sseldi 3634 . . . . . . 7 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ) → (1 − (1 / 𝑛)) ∈ {𝑥 ∈ ℂ ∣ (1 + (𝑥↑2)) ∈ (ℂ ∖ (-∞(,]0))})
353 cncff 22743 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((arctan ↾ {𝑥 ∈ ℂ ∣ (1 + (𝑥↑2)) ∈ (ℂ ∖ (-∞(,]0))}) ∈ ({𝑥 ∈ ℂ ∣ (1 + (𝑥↑2)) ∈ (ℂ ∖ (-∞(,]0))}–cn→ℂ) → (arctan ↾ {𝑥 ∈ ℂ ∣ (1 + (𝑥↑2)) ∈ (ℂ ∖ (-∞(,]0))}):{𝑥 ∈ ℂ ∣ (1 + (𝑥↑2)) ∈ (ℂ ∖ (-∞(,]0))}⟶ℂ)
354342, 353mp1i 13 . . . . . . . . 9 (⊤ → (arctan ↾ {𝑥 ∈ ℂ ∣ (1 + (𝑥↑2)) ∈ (ℂ ∖ (-∞(,]0))}):{𝑥 ∈ ℂ ∣ (1 + (𝑥↑2)) ∈ (ℂ ∖ (-∞(,]0))}⟶ℂ)
355354feqmptd 6288 . . . . . . . 8 (⊤ → (arctan ↾ {𝑥 ∈ ℂ ∣ (1 + (𝑥↑2)) ∈ (ℂ ∖ (-∞(,]0))}) = (𝑘 ∈ {𝑥 ∈ ℂ ∣ (1 + (𝑥↑2)) ∈ (ℂ ∖ (-∞(,]0))} ↦ ((arctan ↾ {𝑥 ∈ ℂ ∣ (1 + (𝑥↑2)) ∈ (ℂ ∖ (-∞(,]0))})‘𝑘)))
356 fvres 6245 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑘 ∈ {𝑥 ∈ ℂ ∣ (1 + (𝑥↑2)) ∈ (ℂ ∖ (-∞(,]0))} → ((arctan ↾ {𝑥 ∈ ℂ ∣ (1 + (𝑥↑2)) ∈ (ℂ ∖ (-∞(,]0))})‘𝑘) = (arctan‘𝑘))
357356mpteq2ia 4773 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑘 ∈ {𝑥 ∈ ℂ ∣ (1 + (𝑥↑2)) ∈ (ℂ ∖ (-∞(,]0))} ↦ ((arctan ↾ {𝑥 ∈ ℂ ∣ (1 + (𝑥↑2)) ∈ (ℂ ∖ (-∞(,]0))})‘𝑘)) = (𝑘 ∈ {𝑥 ∈ ℂ ∣ (1 + (𝑥↑2)) ∈ (ℂ ∖ (-∞(,]0))} ↦ (arctan‘𝑘))
358355, 357syl6eq 2701 . . . . . . 7 (⊤ → (arctan ↾ {𝑥 ∈ ℂ ∣ (1 + (𝑥↑2)) ∈ (ℂ ∖ (-∞(,]0))}) = (𝑘 ∈ {𝑥 ∈ ℂ ∣ (1 + (𝑥↑2)) ∈ (ℂ ∖ (-∞(,]0))} ↦ (arctan‘𝑘)))
359 fveq2 6229 . . . . . . 7 (𝑘 = (1 − (1 / 𝑛)) → (arctan‘𝑘) = (arctan‘(1 − (1 / 𝑛))))
360352, 193, 358, 359fmptco 6436 . . . . . 6 (⊤ → ((arctan ↾ {𝑥 ∈ ℂ ∣ (1 + (𝑥↑2)) ∈ (ℂ ∖ (-∞(,]0))}) ∘ (𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ (1 − (1 / 𝑛)))) = (𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ (arctan‘(1 − (1 / 𝑛)))))
361 fvres 6245 . . . . . . . 8 (1 ∈ {𝑥 ∈ ℂ ∣ (1 + (𝑥↑2)) ∈ (ℂ ∖ (-∞(,]0))} → ((arctan ↾ {𝑥 ∈ ℂ ∣ (1 + (𝑥↑2)) ∈ (ℂ ∖ (-∞(,]0))})‘1) = (arctan‘1))
362349, 361mp1i 13 . . . . . . 7 (⊤ → ((arctan ↾ {𝑥 ∈ ℂ ∣ (1 + (𝑥↑2)) ∈ (ℂ ∖ (-∞(,]0))})‘1) = (arctan‘1))
363 atan1 24700 . . . . . . 7 (arctan‘1) = (π / 4)
364362, 363syl6eq 2701 . . . . . 6 (⊤ → ((arctan ↾ {𝑥 ∈ ℂ ∣ (1 + (𝑥↑2)) ∈ (ℂ ∖ (-∞(,]0))})‘1) = (π / 4))
365351, 360, 3643brtr3d 4716 . . . . 5 (⊤ → (𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ (arctan‘(1 − (1 / 𝑛)))) ⇝ (π / 4))
366 climuni 14327 . . . . 5 (((𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ (arctan‘(1 − (1 / 𝑛)))) ⇝ Σ𝑗 ∈ ℕ0 ((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)))‘𝑗) ∧ (𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ (arctan‘(1 − (1 / 𝑛)))) ⇝ (π / 4)) → Σ𝑗 ∈ ℕ0 ((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)))‘𝑗) = (π / 4))
367339, 365, 366syl2anc 694 . . . 4 (⊤ → Σ𝑗 ∈ ℕ0 ((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)))‘𝑗) = (π / 4))
368147, 367breqtrd 4711 . . 3 (⊤ → seq0( + , (𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)))) ⇝ (π / 4))
369368trud 1533 . 2 seq0( + , (𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)))) ⇝ (π / 4)
370 leibpi.1 . . 3 𝐹 = (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ ((-1↑𝑛) / ((2 · 𝑛) + 1)))
371 ovex 6718 . . 3 (π / 4) ∈ V
372370, 17, 371leibpilem2 24713 . 2 (seq0( + , 𝐹) ⇝ (π / 4) ↔ seq0( + , (𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if((𝑘 = 0 ∨ 2 ∥ 𝑘), 0, ((-1↑((𝑘 − 1) / 2)) / 𝑘)))) ⇝ (π / 4))
373369, 372mpbir 221 1 seq0( + , 𝐹) ⇝ (π / 4)
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
Syntax hints:  ¬ wn 3  wb 196  wo 382  wa 383   = wceq 1523  wtru 1524  wcel 2030  wral 2941  {crab 2945  Vcvv 3231  cdif 3604  wss 3607  ifcif 4119   class class class wbr 4685  cmpt 4762  dom cdm 5143  cres 5145  ccom 5147  wf 5922  cfv 5926  (class class class)co 6690  cc 9972  cr 9973  0cc0 9974  1c1 9975   + caddc 9977   · cmul 9979  -∞cmnf 10110   < clt 10112  cle 10113  cmin 10304  -cneg 10305   / cdiv 10722  cn 11058  2c2 11108  4c4 11110  0cn0 11330  cz 11415  cuz 11725  +crp 11870  (,]cioc 12214  [,]cicc 12216  seqcseq 12841  cexp 12900  abscabs 14018  cli 14259  Σcsu 14460  πcpi 14841  cdvds 15027  cnccncf 22726  arctancatan 24636
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1762  ax-4 1777  ax-5 1879  ax-6 1945  ax-7 1981  ax-8 2032  ax-9 2039  ax-10 2059  ax-11 2074  ax-12 2087  ax-13 2282  ax-ext 2631  ax-rep 4804  ax-sep 4814  ax-nul 4822  ax-pow 4873  ax-pr 4936  ax-un 6991  ax-inf2 8576  ax-cnex 10030  ax-resscn 10031  ax-1cn 10032  ax-icn 10033  ax-addcl 10034  ax-addrcl 10035  ax-mulcl 10036  ax-mulrcl 10037  ax-mulcom 10038  ax-addass 10039  ax-mulass 10040  ax-distr 10041  ax-i2m1 10042  ax-1ne0 10043  ax-1rid 10044  ax-rnegex 10045  ax-rrecex 10046  ax-cnre 10047  ax-pre-lttri 10048  ax-pre-lttrn 10049  ax-pre-ltadd 10050  ax-pre-mulgt0 10051  ax-pre-sup 10052  ax-addf 10053  ax-mulf 10054
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 197  df-or 384  df-an 385  df-3or 1055  df-3an 1056  df-tru 1526  df-fal 1529  df-ex 1745  df-nf 1750  df-sb 1938  df-eu 2502  df-mo 2503  df-clab 2638  df-cleq 2644  df-clel 2647  df-nfc 2782  df-ne 2824  df-nel 2927  df-ral 2946  df-rex 2947  df-reu 2948  df-rmo 2949  df-rab 2950  df-v 3233  df-sbc 3469  df-csb 3567  df-dif 3610  df-un 3612  df-in 3614  df-ss 3621  df-pss 3623  df-nul 3949  df-if 4120  df-pw 4193  df-sn 4211  df-pr 4213  df-tp 4215  df-op 4217  df-uni 4469  df-int 4508  df-iun 4554  df-iin 4555  df-br 4686  df-opab 4746  df-mpt 4763  df-tr 4786  df-id 5053  df-eprel 5058  df-po 5064  df-so 5065  df-fr 5102  df-se 5103  df-we 5104  df-xp 5149  df-rel 5150  df-cnv 5151  df-co 5152  df-dm 5153  df-rn 5154  df-res 5155  df-ima 5156  df-pred 5718  df-ord 5764  df-on 5765  df-lim 5766  df-suc 5767  df-iota 5889  df-fun 5928  df-fn 5929  df-f 5930  df-f1 5931  df-fo 5932  df-f1o 5933  df-fv 5934  df-isom 5935  df-riota 6651  df-ov 6693  df-oprab 6694  df-mpt2 6695  df-of 6939  df-om 7108  df-1st 7210  df-2nd 7211  df-supp 7341  df-wrecs 7452  df-recs 7513  df-rdg 7551  df-1o 7605  df-2o 7606  df-oadd 7609  df-er 7787  df-map 7901  df-pm 7902  df-ixp 7951  df-en 7998  df-dom 7999  df-sdom 8000  df-fin 8001  df-fsupp 8317  df-fi 8358  df-sup 8389  df-inf 8390  df-oi 8456  df-card 8803  df-cda 9028  df-pnf 10114  df-mnf 10115  df-xr 10116  df-ltxr 10117  df-le 10118  df-sub 10306  df-neg 10307  df-div 10723  df-nn 11059  df-2 11117  df-3 11118  df-4 11119  df-5 11120  df-6 11121  df-7 11122  df-8 11123  df-9 11124  df-n0 11331  df-xnn0 11402  df-z 11416  df-dec 11532  df-uz 11726  df-q 11827  df-rp 11871  df-xneg 11984  df-xadd 11985  df-xmul 11986  df-ioo 12217  df-ioc 12218  df-ico 12219  df-icc 12220  df-fz 12365  df-fzo 12505  df-fl 12633  df-mod 12709  df-seq 12842  df-exp 12901  df-fac 13101  df-bc 13130  df-hash 13158  df-shft 13851  df-cj 13883  df-re 13884  df-im 13885  df-sqrt 14019  df-abs 14020  df-limsup 14246  df-clim 14263  df-rlim 14264  df-sum 14461  df-ef 14842  df-sin 14844  df-cos 14845  df-tan 14846  df-pi 14847  df-dvds 15028  df-struct 15906  df-ndx 15907  df-slot 15908  df-base 15910  df-sets 15911  df-ress 15912  df-plusg 16001  df-mulr 16002  df-starv 16003  df-sca 16004  df-vsca 16005  df-ip 16006  df-tset 16007  df-ple 16008  df-ds 16011  df-unif 16012  df-hom 16013  df-cco 16014  df-rest 16130  df-topn 16131  df-0g 16149  df-gsum 16150  df-topgen 16151  df-pt 16152  df-prds 16155  df-xrs 16209  df-qtop 16214  df-imas 16215  df-xps 16217  df-mre 16293  df-mrc 16294  df-acs 16296  df-mgm 17289  df-sgrp 17331  df-mnd 17342  df-submnd 17383  df-mulg 17588  df-cntz 17796  df-cmn 18241  df-psmet 19786  df-xmet 19787  df-met 19788  df-bl 19789  df-mopn 19790  df-fbas 19791  df-fg 19792  df-cnfld 19795  df-top 20747  df-topon 20764  df-topsp 20785  df-bases 20798  df-cld 20871  df-ntr 20872  df-cls 20873  df-nei 20950  df-lp 20988  df-perf 20989  df-cn 21079  df-cnp 21080  df-t1 21166  df-haus 21167  df-cmp 21238  df-tx 21413  df-hmeo 21606  df-fil 21697  df-fm 21789  df-flim 21790  df-flf 21791  df-xms 22172  df-ms 22173  df-tms 22174  df-cncf 22728  df-limc 23675  df-dv 23676  df-ulm 24176  df-log 24348  df-atan 24639
This theorem is referenced by:  leibpisum  24715
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