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Theorem lcmgcd 15522
Description: The product of two numbers' least common multiple and greatest common divisor is the absolute value of the product of the two numbers. In particular, that absolute value is the least common multiple of two coprime numbers, for which (𝑀 gcd 𝑁) = 1.

Multiple methods exist for proving this, and it is often proven either as a consequence of the fundamental theorem of arithmetic 1arith 15833 or of Bézout's identity bezout 15462; see e.g. https://proofwiki.org/wiki/Product_of_GCD_and_LCM and https://math.stackexchange.com/a/470827. This proof uses the latter to first confirm it for positive integers 𝑀 and 𝑁 (the "Second Proof" in the above Stack Exchange page), then shows that implies it for all nonzero integer inputs, then finally uses lcm0val 15509 to show it applies when either or both inputs are zero. (Contributed by Steve Rodriguez, 20-Jan-2020.)

Assertion
Ref Expression
lcmgcd ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → ((𝑀 lcm 𝑁) · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)) = (abs‘(𝑀 · 𝑁)))

Proof of Theorem lcmgcd
StepHypRef Expression
1 gcdcl 15430 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (𝑀 gcd 𝑁) ∈ ℕ0)
21nn0cnd 11545 . . . . . . 7 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (𝑀 gcd 𝑁) ∈ ℂ)
32mul02d 10426 . . . . . 6 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (0 · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)) = 0)
4 0z 11580 . . . . . . . . . 10 0 ∈ ℤ
5 lcmcom 15508 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ 0 ∈ ℤ) → (𝑁 lcm 0) = (0 lcm 𝑁))
64, 5mpan2 709 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑁 ∈ ℤ → (𝑁 lcm 0) = (0 lcm 𝑁))
7 lcm0val 15509 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑁 ∈ ℤ → (𝑁 lcm 0) = 0)
86, 7eqtr3d 2796 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑁 ∈ ℤ → (0 lcm 𝑁) = 0)
98adantl 473 . . . . . . 7 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (0 lcm 𝑁) = 0)
109oveq1d 6828 . . . . . 6 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → ((0 lcm 𝑁) · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)) = (0 · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)))
11 zcn 11574 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑁 ∈ ℤ → 𝑁 ∈ ℂ)
1211adantl 473 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → 𝑁 ∈ ℂ)
1312mul02d 10426 . . . . . . 7 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (0 · 𝑁) = 0)
1413abs00bd 14230 . . . . . 6 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (abs‘(0 · 𝑁)) = 0)
153, 10, 143eqtr4d 2804 . . . . 5 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → ((0 lcm 𝑁) · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)) = (abs‘(0 · 𝑁)))
1615adantr 472 . . . 4 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑀 = 0) → ((0 lcm 𝑁) · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)) = (abs‘(0 · 𝑁)))
17 simpr 479 . . . . . 6 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑀 = 0) → 𝑀 = 0)
1817oveq1d 6828 . . . . 5 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑀 = 0) → (𝑀 lcm 𝑁) = (0 lcm 𝑁))
1918oveq1d 6828 . . . 4 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑀 = 0) → ((𝑀 lcm 𝑁) · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)) = ((0 lcm 𝑁) · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)))
2017oveq1d 6828 . . . . 5 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑀 = 0) → (𝑀 · 𝑁) = (0 · 𝑁))
2120fveq2d 6356 . . . 4 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑀 = 0) → (abs‘(𝑀 · 𝑁)) = (abs‘(0 · 𝑁)))
2216, 19, 213eqtr4d 2804 . . 3 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑀 = 0) → ((𝑀 lcm 𝑁) · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)) = (abs‘(𝑀 · 𝑁)))
23 lcm0val 15509 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑀 ∈ ℤ → (𝑀 lcm 0) = 0)
2423adantr 472 . . . . . . 7 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (𝑀 lcm 0) = 0)
2524oveq1d 6828 . . . . . 6 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → ((𝑀 lcm 0) · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)) = (0 · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)))
26 zcn 11574 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑀 ∈ ℤ → 𝑀 ∈ ℂ)
2726adantr 472 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → 𝑀 ∈ ℂ)
2827mul01d 10427 . . . . . . 7 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (𝑀 · 0) = 0)
2928abs00bd 14230 . . . . . 6 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (abs‘(𝑀 · 0)) = 0)
303, 25, 293eqtr4d 2804 . . . . 5 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → ((𝑀 lcm 0) · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)) = (abs‘(𝑀 · 0)))
3130adantr 472 . . . 4 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑁 = 0) → ((𝑀 lcm 0) · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)) = (abs‘(𝑀 · 0)))
32 simpr 479 . . . . . 6 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑁 = 0) → 𝑁 = 0)
3332oveq2d 6829 . . . . 5 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑁 = 0) → (𝑀 lcm 𝑁) = (𝑀 lcm 0))
3433oveq1d 6828 . . . 4 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑁 = 0) → ((𝑀 lcm 𝑁) · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)) = ((𝑀 lcm 0) · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)))
3532oveq2d 6829 . . . . 5 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑁 = 0) → (𝑀 · 𝑁) = (𝑀 · 0))
3635fveq2d 6356 . . . 4 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑁 = 0) → (abs‘(𝑀 · 𝑁)) = (abs‘(𝑀 · 0)))
3731, 34, 363eqtr4d 2804 . . 3 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑁 = 0) → ((𝑀 lcm 𝑁) · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)) = (abs‘(𝑀 · 𝑁)))
3822, 37jaodan 861 . 2 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ (𝑀 = 0 ∨ 𝑁 = 0)) → ((𝑀 lcm 𝑁) · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)) = (abs‘(𝑀 · 𝑁)))
39 neanior 3024 . . . . 5 ((𝑀 ≠ 0 ∧ 𝑁 ≠ 0) ↔ ¬ (𝑀 = 0 ∨ 𝑁 = 0))
40 nnabscl 14264 . . . . . . 7 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑀 ≠ 0) → (abs‘𝑀) ∈ ℕ)
41 nnabscl 14264 . . . . . . 7 ((𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ≠ 0) → (abs‘𝑁) ∈ ℕ)
4240, 41anim12i 591 . . . . . 6 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑀 ≠ 0) ∧ (𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ≠ 0)) → ((abs‘𝑀) ∈ ℕ ∧ (abs‘𝑁) ∈ ℕ))
4342an4s 904 . . . . 5 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ (𝑀 ≠ 0 ∧ 𝑁 ≠ 0)) → ((abs‘𝑀) ∈ ℕ ∧ (abs‘𝑁) ∈ ℕ))
4439, 43sylan2br 494 . . . 4 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ ¬ (𝑀 = 0 ∨ 𝑁 = 0)) → ((abs‘𝑀) ∈ ℕ ∧ (abs‘𝑁) ∈ ℕ))
45 lcmgcdlem 15521 . . . . 5 (((abs‘𝑀) ∈ ℕ ∧ (abs‘𝑁) ∈ ℕ) → ((((abs‘𝑀) lcm (abs‘𝑁)) · ((abs‘𝑀) gcd (abs‘𝑁))) = (abs‘((abs‘𝑀) · (abs‘𝑁))) ∧ ((0 ∈ ℕ ∧ ((abs‘𝑀) ∥ 0 ∧ (abs‘𝑁) ∥ 0)) → ((abs‘𝑀) lcm (abs‘𝑁)) ∥ 0)))
4645simpld 477 . . . 4 (((abs‘𝑀) ∈ ℕ ∧ (abs‘𝑁) ∈ ℕ) → (((abs‘𝑀) lcm (abs‘𝑁)) · ((abs‘𝑀) gcd (abs‘𝑁))) = (abs‘((abs‘𝑀) · (abs‘𝑁))))
4744, 46syl 17 . . 3 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ ¬ (𝑀 = 0 ∨ 𝑁 = 0)) → (((abs‘𝑀) lcm (abs‘𝑁)) · ((abs‘𝑀) gcd (abs‘𝑁))) = (abs‘((abs‘𝑀) · (abs‘𝑁))))
48 lcmabs 15520 . . . . 5 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → ((abs‘𝑀) lcm (abs‘𝑁)) = (𝑀 lcm 𝑁))
49 gcdabs 15452 . . . . 5 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → ((abs‘𝑀) gcd (abs‘𝑁)) = (𝑀 gcd 𝑁))
5048, 49oveq12d 6831 . . . 4 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (((abs‘𝑀) lcm (abs‘𝑁)) · ((abs‘𝑀) gcd (abs‘𝑁))) = ((𝑀 lcm 𝑁) · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)))
5150adantr 472 . . 3 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ ¬ (𝑀 = 0 ∨ 𝑁 = 0)) → (((abs‘𝑀) lcm (abs‘𝑁)) · ((abs‘𝑀) gcd (abs‘𝑁))) = ((𝑀 lcm 𝑁) · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)))
52 absidm 14262 . . . . . . 7 (𝑀 ∈ ℂ → (abs‘(abs‘𝑀)) = (abs‘𝑀))
53 absidm 14262 . . . . . . 7 (𝑁 ∈ ℂ → (abs‘(abs‘𝑁)) = (abs‘𝑁))
5452, 53oveqan12d 6832 . . . . . 6 ((𝑀 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℂ) → ((abs‘(abs‘𝑀)) · (abs‘(abs‘𝑁))) = ((abs‘𝑀) · (abs‘𝑁)))
5526, 11, 54syl2an 495 . . . . 5 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → ((abs‘(abs‘𝑀)) · (abs‘(abs‘𝑁))) = ((abs‘𝑀) · (abs‘𝑁)))
56 nn0abscl 14251 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑀 ∈ ℤ → (abs‘𝑀) ∈ ℕ0)
5756nn0cnd 11545 . . . . . . 7 (𝑀 ∈ ℤ → (abs‘𝑀) ∈ ℂ)
5857adantr 472 . . . . . 6 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (abs‘𝑀) ∈ ℂ)
59 nn0abscl 14251 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑁 ∈ ℤ → (abs‘𝑁) ∈ ℕ0)
6059nn0cnd 11545 . . . . . . 7 (𝑁 ∈ ℤ → (abs‘𝑁) ∈ ℂ)
6160adantl 473 . . . . . 6 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (abs‘𝑁) ∈ ℂ)
6258, 61absmuld 14392 . . . . 5 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (abs‘((abs‘𝑀) · (abs‘𝑁))) = ((abs‘(abs‘𝑀)) · (abs‘(abs‘𝑁))))
6327, 12absmuld 14392 . . . . 5 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (abs‘(𝑀 · 𝑁)) = ((abs‘𝑀) · (abs‘𝑁)))
6455, 62, 633eqtr4d 2804 . . . 4 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (abs‘((abs‘𝑀) · (abs‘𝑁))) = (abs‘(𝑀 · 𝑁)))
6564adantr 472 . . 3 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ ¬ (𝑀 = 0 ∨ 𝑁 = 0)) → (abs‘((abs‘𝑀) · (abs‘𝑁))) = (abs‘(𝑀 · 𝑁)))
6647, 51, 653eqtr3d 2802 . 2 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ ¬ (𝑀 = 0 ∨ 𝑁 = 0)) → ((𝑀 lcm 𝑁) · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)) = (abs‘(𝑀 · 𝑁)))
6738, 66pm2.61dan 867 1 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → ((𝑀 lcm 𝑁) · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)) = (abs‘(𝑀 · 𝑁)))
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
Syntax hints:  ¬ wn 3  wi 4  wo 382  wa 383   = wceq 1632  wcel 2139  wne 2932   class class class wbr 4804  cfv 6049  (class class class)co 6813  cc 10126  0cc0 10128   · cmul 10133  cn 11212  cz 11569  abscabs 14173  cdvds 15182   gcd cgcd 15418   lcm clcm 15503
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1871  ax-4 1886  ax-5 1988  ax-6 2054  ax-7 2090  ax-8 2141  ax-9 2148  ax-10 2168  ax-11 2183  ax-12 2196  ax-13 2391  ax-ext 2740  ax-sep 4933  ax-nul 4941  ax-pow 4992  ax-pr 5055  ax-un 7114  ax-cnex 10184  ax-resscn 10185  ax-1cn 10186  ax-icn 10187  ax-addcl 10188  ax-addrcl 10189  ax-mulcl 10190  ax-mulrcl 10191  ax-mulcom 10192  ax-addass 10193  ax-mulass 10194  ax-distr 10195  ax-i2m1 10196  ax-1ne0 10197  ax-1rid 10198  ax-rnegex 10199  ax-rrecex 10200  ax-cnre 10201  ax-pre-lttri 10202  ax-pre-lttrn 10203  ax-pre-ltadd 10204  ax-pre-mulgt0 10205  ax-pre-sup 10206
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 197  df-or 384  df-an 385  df-3or 1073  df-3an 1074  df-tru 1635  df-ex 1854  df-nf 1859  df-sb 2047  df-eu 2611  df-mo 2612  df-clab 2747  df-cleq 2753  df-clel 2756  df-nfc 2891  df-ne 2933  df-nel 3036  df-ral 3055  df-rex 3056  df-reu 3057  df-rmo 3058  df-rab 3059  df-v 3342  df-sbc 3577  df-csb 3675  df-dif 3718  df-un 3720  df-in 3722  df-ss 3729  df-pss 3731  df-nul 4059  df-if 4231  df-pw 4304  df-sn 4322  df-pr 4324  df-tp 4326  df-op 4328  df-uni 4589  df-iun 4674  df-br 4805  df-opab 4865  df-mpt 4882  df-tr 4905  df-id 5174  df-eprel 5179  df-po 5187  df-so 5188  df-fr 5225  df-we 5227  df-xp 5272  df-rel 5273  df-cnv 5274  df-co 5275  df-dm 5276  df-rn 5277  df-res 5278  df-ima 5279  df-pred 5841  df-ord 5887  df-on 5888  df-lim 5889  df-suc 5890  df-iota 6012  df-fun 6051  df-fn 6052  df-f 6053  df-f1 6054  df-fo 6055  df-f1o 6056  df-fv 6057  df-riota 6774  df-ov 6816  df-oprab 6817  df-mpt2 6818  df-om 7231  df-2nd 7334  df-wrecs 7576  df-recs 7637  df-rdg 7675  df-er 7911  df-en 8122  df-dom 8123  df-sdom 8124  df-sup 8513  df-inf 8514  df-pnf 10268  df-mnf 10269  df-xr 10270  df-ltxr 10271  df-le 10272  df-sub 10460  df-neg 10461  df-div 10877  df-nn 11213  df-2 11271  df-3 11272  df-n0 11485  df-z 11570  df-uz 11880  df-rp 12026  df-fl 12787  df-mod 12863  df-seq 12996  df-exp 13055  df-cj 14038  df-re 14039  df-im 14040  df-sqrt 14174  df-abs 14175  df-dvds 15183  df-gcd 15419  df-lcm 15505
This theorem is referenced by:  lcmid  15524  lcm1  15525  lcmgcdnn  15526  nzprmdif  39020
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