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Theorem ghmrn 17720
Description: The range of a homomorphism is a subgroup. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 31-Dec-2014.)
Assertion
Ref Expression
ghmrn (𝐹 ∈ (𝑆 GrpHom 𝑇) → ran 𝐹 ∈ (SubGrp‘𝑇))

Proof of Theorem ghmrn
Dummy variables 𝑎 𝑏 𝑐 are mutually distinct and distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 eqid 2651 . . . 4 (Base‘𝑆) = (Base‘𝑆)
2 eqid 2651 . . . 4 (Base‘𝑇) = (Base‘𝑇)
31, 2ghmf 17711 . . 3 (𝐹 ∈ (𝑆 GrpHom 𝑇) → 𝐹:(Base‘𝑆)⟶(Base‘𝑇))
4 frn 6091 . . 3 (𝐹:(Base‘𝑆)⟶(Base‘𝑇) → ran 𝐹 ⊆ (Base‘𝑇))
53, 4syl 17 . 2 (𝐹 ∈ (𝑆 GrpHom 𝑇) → ran 𝐹 ⊆ (Base‘𝑇))
6 fdm 6089 . . . . 5 (𝐹:(Base‘𝑆)⟶(Base‘𝑇) → dom 𝐹 = (Base‘𝑆))
73, 6syl 17 . . . 4 (𝐹 ∈ (𝑆 GrpHom 𝑇) → dom 𝐹 = (Base‘𝑆))
8 ghmgrp1 17709 . . . . 5 (𝐹 ∈ (𝑆 GrpHom 𝑇) → 𝑆 ∈ Grp)
91grpbn0 17498 . . . . 5 (𝑆 ∈ Grp → (Base‘𝑆) ≠ ∅)
108, 9syl 17 . . . 4 (𝐹 ∈ (𝑆 GrpHom 𝑇) → (Base‘𝑆) ≠ ∅)
117, 10eqnetrd 2890 . . 3 (𝐹 ∈ (𝑆 GrpHom 𝑇) → dom 𝐹 ≠ ∅)
12 dm0rn0 5374 . . . 4 (dom 𝐹 = ∅ ↔ ran 𝐹 = ∅)
1312necon3bii 2875 . . 3 (dom 𝐹 ≠ ∅ ↔ ran 𝐹 ≠ ∅)
1411, 13sylib 208 . 2 (𝐹 ∈ (𝑆 GrpHom 𝑇) → ran 𝐹 ≠ ∅)
15 eqid 2651 . . . . . . . . . 10 (+g𝑆) = (+g𝑆)
16 eqid 2651 . . . . . . . . . 10 (+g𝑇) = (+g𝑇)
171, 15, 16ghmlin 17712 . . . . . . . . 9 ((𝐹 ∈ (𝑆 GrpHom 𝑇) ∧ 𝑐 ∈ (Base‘𝑆) ∧ 𝑎 ∈ (Base‘𝑆)) → (𝐹‘(𝑐(+g𝑆)𝑎)) = ((𝐹𝑐)(+g𝑇)(𝐹𝑎)))
18 ffn 6083 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (𝐹:(Base‘𝑆)⟶(Base‘𝑇) → 𝐹 Fn (Base‘𝑆))
193, 18syl 17 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (𝐹 ∈ (𝑆 GrpHom 𝑇) → 𝐹 Fn (Base‘𝑆))
20193ad2ant1 1102 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((𝐹 ∈ (𝑆 GrpHom 𝑇) ∧ 𝑐 ∈ (Base‘𝑆) ∧ 𝑎 ∈ (Base‘𝑆)) → 𝐹 Fn (Base‘𝑆))
211, 15grpcl 17477 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((𝑆 ∈ Grp ∧ 𝑐 ∈ (Base‘𝑆) ∧ 𝑎 ∈ (Base‘𝑆)) → (𝑐(+g𝑆)𝑎) ∈ (Base‘𝑆))
228, 21syl3an1 1399 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((𝐹 ∈ (𝑆 GrpHom 𝑇) ∧ 𝑐 ∈ (Base‘𝑆) ∧ 𝑎 ∈ (Base‘𝑆)) → (𝑐(+g𝑆)𝑎) ∈ (Base‘𝑆))
23 fnfvelrn 6396 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((𝐹 Fn (Base‘𝑆) ∧ (𝑐(+g𝑆)𝑎) ∈ (Base‘𝑆)) → (𝐹‘(𝑐(+g𝑆)𝑎)) ∈ ran 𝐹)
2420, 22, 23syl2anc 694 . . . . . . . . 9 ((𝐹 ∈ (𝑆 GrpHom 𝑇) ∧ 𝑐 ∈ (Base‘𝑆) ∧ 𝑎 ∈ (Base‘𝑆)) → (𝐹‘(𝑐(+g𝑆)𝑎)) ∈ ran 𝐹)
2517, 24eqeltrrd 2731 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝐹 ∈ (𝑆 GrpHom 𝑇) ∧ 𝑐 ∈ (Base‘𝑆) ∧ 𝑎 ∈ (Base‘𝑆)) → ((𝐹𝑐)(+g𝑇)(𝐹𝑎)) ∈ ran 𝐹)
26253expia 1286 . . . . . . 7 ((𝐹 ∈ (𝑆 GrpHom 𝑇) ∧ 𝑐 ∈ (Base‘𝑆)) → (𝑎 ∈ (Base‘𝑆) → ((𝐹𝑐)(+g𝑇)(𝐹𝑎)) ∈ ran 𝐹))
2726ralrimiv 2994 . . . . . 6 ((𝐹 ∈ (𝑆 GrpHom 𝑇) ∧ 𝑐 ∈ (Base‘𝑆)) → ∀𝑎 ∈ (Base‘𝑆)((𝐹𝑐)(+g𝑇)(𝐹𝑎)) ∈ ran 𝐹)
28 oveq2 6698 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝑏 = (𝐹𝑎) → ((𝐹𝑐)(+g𝑇)𝑏) = ((𝐹𝑐)(+g𝑇)(𝐹𝑎)))
2928eleq1d 2715 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑏 = (𝐹𝑎) → (((𝐹𝑐)(+g𝑇)𝑏) ∈ ran 𝐹 ↔ ((𝐹𝑐)(+g𝑇)(𝐹𝑎)) ∈ ran 𝐹))
3029ralrn 6402 . . . . . . . 8 (𝐹 Fn (Base‘𝑆) → (∀𝑏 ∈ ran 𝐹((𝐹𝑐)(+g𝑇)𝑏) ∈ ran 𝐹 ↔ ∀𝑎 ∈ (Base‘𝑆)((𝐹𝑐)(+g𝑇)(𝐹𝑎)) ∈ ran 𝐹))
3119, 30syl 17 . . . . . . 7 (𝐹 ∈ (𝑆 GrpHom 𝑇) → (∀𝑏 ∈ ran 𝐹((𝐹𝑐)(+g𝑇)𝑏) ∈ ran 𝐹 ↔ ∀𝑎 ∈ (Base‘𝑆)((𝐹𝑐)(+g𝑇)(𝐹𝑎)) ∈ ran 𝐹))
3231adantr 480 . . . . . 6 ((𝐹 ∈ (𝑆 GrpHom 𝑇) ∧ 𝑐 ∈ (Base‘𝑆)) → (∀𝑏 ∈ ran 𝐹((𝐹𝑐)(+g𝑇)𝑏) ∈ ran 𝐹 ↔ ∀𝑎 ∈ (Base‘𝑆)((𝐹𝑐)(+g𝑇)(𝐹𝑎)) ∈ ran 𝐹))
3327, 32mpbird 247 . . . . 5 ((𝐹 ∈ (𝑆 GrpHom 𝑇) ∧ 𝑐 ∈ (Base‘𝑆)) → ∀𝑏 ∈ ran 𝐹((𝐹𝑐)(+g𝑇)𝑏) ∈ ran 𝐹)
34 eqid 2651 . . . . . . 7 (invg𝑆) = (invg𝑆)
35 eqid 2651 . . . . . . 7 (invg𝑇) = (invg𝑇)
361, 34, 35ghminv 17714 . . . . . 6 ((𝐹 ∈ (𝑆 GrpHom 𝑇) ∧ 𝑐 ∈ (Base‘𝑆)) → (𝐹‘((invg𝑆)‘𝑐)) = ((invg𝑇)‘(𝐹𝑐)))
3719adantr 480 . . . . . . 7 ((𝐹 ∈ (𝑆 GrpHom 𝑇) ∧ 𝑐 ∈ (Base‘𝑆)) → 𝐹 Fn (Base‘𝑆))
381, 34grpinvcl 17514 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝑆 ∈ Grp ∧ 𝑐 ∈ (Base‘𝑆)) → ((invg𝑆)‘𝑐) ∈ (Base‘𝑆))
398, 38sylan 487 . . . . . . 7 ((𝐹 ∈ (𝑆 GrpHom 𝑇) ∧ 𝑐 ∈ (Base‘𝑆)) → ((invg𝑆)‘𝑐) ∈ (Base‘𝑆))
40 fnfvelrn 6396 . . . . . . 7 ((𝐹 Fn (Base‘𝑆) ∧ ((invg𝑆)‘𝑐) ∈ (Base‘𝑆)) → (𝐹‘((invg𝑆)‘𝑐)) ∈ ran 𝐹)
4137, 39, 40syl2anc 694 . . . . . 6 ((𝐹 ∈ (𝑆 GrpHom 𝑇) ∧ 𝑐 ∈ (Base‘𝑆)) → (𝐹‘((invg𝑆)‘𝑐)) ∈ ran 𝐹)
4236, 41eqeltrrd 2731 . . . . 5 ((𝐹 ∈ (𝑆 GrpHom 𝑇) ∧ 𝑐 ∈ (Base‘𝑆)) → ((invg𝑇)‘(𝐹𝑐)) ∈ ran 𝐹)
4333, 42jca 553 . . . 4 ((𝐹 ∈ (𝑆 GrpHom 𝑇) ∧ 𝑐 ∈ (Base‘𝑆)) → (∀𝑏 ∈ ran 𝐹((𝐹𝑐)(+g𝑇)𝑏) ∈ ran 𝐹 ∧ ((invg𝑇)‘(𝐹𝑐)) ∈ ran 𝐹))
4443ralrimiva 2995 . . 3 (𝐹 ∈ (𝑆 GrpHom 𝑇) → ∀𝑐 ∈ (Base‘𝑆)(∀𝑏 ∈ ran 𝐹((𝐹𝑐)(+g𝑇)𝑏) ∈ ran 𝐹 ∧ ((invg𝑇)‘(𝐹𝑐)) ∈ ran 𝐹))
45 oveq1 6697 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑎 = (𝐹𝑐) → (𝑎(+g𝑇)𝑏) = ((𝐹𝑐)(+g𝑇)𝑏))
4645eleq1d 2715 . . . . . . 7 (𝑎 = (𝐹𝑐) → ((𝑎(+g𝑇)𝑏) ∈ ran 𝐹 ↔ ((𝐹𝑐)(+g𝑇)𝑏) ∈ ran 𝐹))
4746ralbidv 3015 . . . . . 6 (𝑎 = (𝐹𝑐) → (∀𝑏 ∈ ran 𝐹(𝑎(+g𝑇)𝑏) ∈ ran 𝐹 ↔ ∀𝑏 ∈ ran 𝐹((𝐹𝑐)(+g𝑇)𝑏) ∈ ran 𝐹))
48 fveq2 6229 . . . . . . 7 (𝑎 = (𝐹𝑐) → ((invg𝑇)‘𝑎) = ((invg𝑇)‘(𝐹𝑐)))
4948eleq1d 2715 . . . . . 6 (𝑎 = (𝐹𝑐) → (((invg𝑇)‘𝑎) ∈ ran 𝐹 ↔ ((invg𝑇)‘(𝐹𝑐)) ∈ ran 𝐹))
5047, 49anbi12d 747 . . . . 5 (𝑎 = (𝐹𝑐) → ((∀𝑏 ∈ ran 𝐹(𝑎(+g𝑇)𝑏) ∈ ran 𝐹 ∧ ((invg𝑇)‘𝑎) ∈ ran 𝐹) ↔ (∀𝑏 ∈ ran 𝐹((𝐹𝑐)(+g𝑇)𝑏) ∈ ran 𝐹 ∧ ((invg𝑇)‘(𝐹𝑐)) ∈ ran 𝐹)))
5150ralrn 6402 . . . 4 (𝐹 Fn (Base‘𝑆) → (∀𝑎 ∈ ran 𝐹(∀𝑏 ∈ ran 𝐹(𝑎(+g𝑇)𝑏) ∈ ran 𝐹 ∧ ((invg𝑇)‘𝑎) ∈ ran 𝐹) ↔ ∀𝑐 ∈ (Base‘𝑆)(∀𝑏 ∈ ran 𝐹((𝐹𝑐)(+g𝑇)𝑏) ∈ ran 𝐹 ∧ ((invg𝑇)‘(𝐹𝑐)) ∈ ran 𝐹)))
5219, 51syl 17 . . 3 (𝐹 ∈ (𝑆 GrpHom 𝑇) → (∀𝑎 ∈ ran 𝐹(∀𝑏 ∈ ran 𝐹(𝑎(+g𝑇)𝑏) ∈ ran 𝐹 ∧ ((invg𝑇)‘𝑎) ∈ ran 𝐹) ↔ ∀𝑐 ∈ (Base‘𝑆)(∀𝑏 ∈ ran 𝐹((𝐹𝑐)(+g𝑇)𝑏) ∈ ran 𝐹 ∧ ((invg𝑇)‘(𝐹𝑐)) ∈ ran 𝐹)))
5344, 52mpbird 247 . 2 (𝐹 ∈ (𝑆 GrpHom 𝑇) → ∀𝑎 ∈ ran 𝐹(∀𝑏 ∈ ran 𝐹(𝑎(+g𝑇)𝑏) ∈ ran 𝐹 ∧ ((invg𝑇)‘𝑎) ∈ ran 𝐹))
54 ghmgrp2 17710 . . 3 (𝐹 ∈ (𝑆 GrpHom 𝑇) → 𝑇 ∈ Grp)
552, 16, 35issubg2 17656 . . 3 (𝑇 ∈ Grp → (ran 𝐹 ∈ (SubGrp‘𝑇) ↔ (ran 𝐹 ⊆ (Base‘𝑇) ∧ ran 𝐹 ≠ ∅ ∧ ∀𝑎 ∈ ran 𝐹(∀𝑏 ∈ ran 𝐹(𝑎(+g𝑇)𝑏) ∈ ran 𝐹 ∧ ((invg𝑇)‘𝑎) ∈ ran 𝐹))))
5654, 55syl 17 . 2 (𝐹 ∈ (𝑆 GrpHom 𝑇) → (ran 𝐹 ∈ (SubGrp‘𝑇) ↔ (ran 𝐹 ⊆ (Base‘𝑇) ∧ ran 𝐹 ≠ ∅ ∧ ∀𝑎 ∈ ran 𝐹(∀𝑏 ∈ ran 𝐹(𝑎(+g𝑇)𝑏) ∈ ran 𝐹 ∧ ((invg𝑇)‘𝑎) ∈ ran 𝐹))))
575, 14, 53, 56mpbir3and 1264 1 (𝐹 ∈ (𝑆 GrpHom 𝑇) → ran 𝐹 ∈ (SubGrp‘𝑇))
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
Syntax hints:  wi 4  wb 196  wa 383  w3a 1054   = wceq 1523  wcel 2030  wne 2823  wral 2941  wss 3607  c0 3948  dom cdm 5143  ran crn 5144   Fn wfn 5921  wf 5922  cfv 5926  (class class class)co 6690  Basecbs 15904  +gcplusg 15988  Grpcgrp 17469  invgcminusg 17470  SubGrpcsubg 17635   GrpHom cghm 17704
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1762  ax-4 1777  ax-5 1879  ax-6 1945  ax-7 1981  ax-8 2032  ax-9 2039  ax-10 2059  ax-11 2074  ax-12 2087  ax-13 2282  ax-ext 2631  ax-rep 4804  ax-sep 4814  ax-nul 4822  ax-pow 4873  ax-pr 4936  ax-un 6991  ax-cnex 10030  ax-resscn 10031  ax-1cn 10032  ax-icn 10033  ax-addcl 10034  ax-addrcl 10035  ax-mulcl 10036  ax-mulrcl 10037  ax-mulcom 10038  ax-addass 10039  ax-mulass 10040  ax-distr 10041  ax-i2m1 10042  ax-1ne0 10043  ax-1rid 10044  ax-rnegex 10045  ax-rrecex 10046  ax-cnre 10047  ax-pre-lttri 10048  ax-pre-lttrn 10049  ax-pre-ltadd 10050  ax-pre-mulgt0 10051
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 197  df-or 384  df-an 385  df-3or 1055  df-3an 1056  df-tru 1526  df-ex 1745  df-nf 1750  df-sb 1938  df-eu 2502  df-mo 2503  df-clab 2638  df-cleq 2644  df-clel 2647  df-nfc 2782  df-ne 2824  df-nel 2927  df-ral 2946  df-rex 2947  df-reu 2948  df-rmo 2949  df-rab 2950  df-v 3233  df-sbc 3469  df-csb 3567  df-dif 3610  df-un 3612  df-in 3614  df-ss 3621  df-pss 3623  df-nul 3949  df-if 4120  df-pw 4193  df-sn 4211  df-pr 4213  df-tp 4215  df-op 4217  df-uni 4469  df-iun 4554  df-br 4686  df-opab 4746  df-mpt 4763  df-tr 4786  df-id 5053  df-eprel 5058  df-po 5064  df-so 5065  df-fr 5102  df-we 5104  df-xp 5149  df-rel 5150  df-cnv 5151  df-co 5152  df-dm 5153  df-rn 5154  df-res 5155  df-ima 5156  df-pred 5718  df-ord 5764  df-on 5765  df-lim 5766  df-suc 5767  df-iota 5889  df-fun 5928  df-fn 5929  df-f 5930  df-f1 5931  df-fo 5932  df-f1o 5933  df-fv 5934  df-riota 6651  df-ov 6693  df-oprab 6694  df-mpt2 6695  df-om 7108  df-wrecs 7452  df-recs 7513  df-rdg 7551  df-er 7787  df-en 7998  df-dom 7999  df-sdom 8000  df-pnf 10114  df-mnf 10115  df-xr 10116  df-ltxr 10117  df-le 10118  df-sub 10306  df-neg 10307  df-nn 11059  df-2 11117  df-ndx 15907  df-slot 15908  df-base 15910  df-sets 15911  df-ress 15912  df-plusg 16001  df-0g 16149  df-mgm 17289  df-sgrp 17331  df-mnd 17342  df-grp 17472  df-minusg 17473  df-subg 17638  df-ghm 17705
This theorem is referenced by:  ghmghmrn  17726  ghmima  17728  cayley  17880
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