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Theorem fusgreghash2wspv 27315
Description: According to statement 7 in [Huneke] p. 2: "For each vertex v, there are exactly ( k 2 ) paths with length two having v in the middle, ..." in a finite k-regular graph. For directed simple paths of length 2 represented by length 3 strings, we have again k*(k-1) such paths, see also comment of frgrhash2wsp 27312. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 10-Mar-2018.) (Revised by AV, 17-May-2021.) (Proof shortened by AV, 12-Feb-2022.)
Hypotheses
Ref Expression
frgrhash2wsp.v 𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)
fusgreg2wsp.m 𝑀 = (𝑎𝑉 ↦ {𝑤 ∈ (2 WSPathsN 𝐺) ∣ (𝑤‘1) = 𝑎})
Assertion
Ref Expression
fusgreghash2wspv (𝐺 ∈ FinUSGraph → ∀𝑣𝑉 (((VtxDeg‘𝐺)‘𝑣) = 𝐾 → (#‘(𝑀𝑣)) = (𝐾 · (𝐾 − 1))))
Distinct variable groups:   𝐺,𝑎   𝑉,𝑎   𝑤,𝐺,𝑎,𝑣
Allowed substitution hints:   𝐾(𝑤,𝑣,𝑎)   𝑀(𝑤,𝑣,𝑎)   𝑉(𝑤,𝑣)

Proof of Theorem fusgreghash2wspv
Dummy variables 𝑐 𝑑 are mutually distinct and distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 frgrhash2wsp.v . . . . . . 7 𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)
2 fusgreg2wsp.m . . . . . . 7 𝑀 = (𝑎𝑉 ↦ {𝑤 ∈ (2 WSPathsN 𝐺) ∣ (𝑤‘1) = 𝑎})
31, 2fusgr2wsp2nb 27314 . . . . . 6 ((𝐺 ∈ FinUSGraph ∧ 𝑣𝑉) → (𝑀𝑣) = 𝑐 ∈ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) 𝑑 ∈ ((𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) ∖ {𝑐}){⟨“𝑐𝑣𝑑”⟩})
43fveq2d 6233 . . . . 5 ((𝐺 ∈ FinUSGraph ∧ 𝑣𝑉) → (#‘(𝑀𝑣)) = (#‘ 𝑐 ∈ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) 𝑑 ∈ ((𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) ∖ {𝑐}){⟨“𝑐𝑣𝑑”⟩}))
54adantr 480 . . . 4 (((𝐺 ∈ FinUSGraph ∧ 𝑣𝑉) ∧ ((VtxDeg‘𝐺)‘𝑣) = 𝐾) → (#‘(𝑀𝑣)) = (#‘ 𝑐 ∈ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) 𝑑 ∈ ((𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) ∖ {𝑐}){⟨“𝑐𝑣𝑑”⟩}))
61eleq2i 2722 . . . . . . 7 (𝑣𝑉𝑣 ∈ (Vtx‘𝐺))
7 nbfiusgrfi 26321 . . . . . . 7 ((𝐺 ∈ FinUSGraph ∧ 𝑣 ∈ (Vtx‘𝐺)) → (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) ∈ Fin)
86, 7sylan2b 491 . . . . . 6 ((𝐺 ∈ FinUSGraph ∧ 𝑣𝑉) → (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) ∈ Fin)
98adantr 480 . . . . 5 (((𝐺 ∈ FinUSGraph ∧ 𝑣𝑉) ∧ ((VtxDeg‘𝐺)‘𝑣) = 𝐾) → (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) ∈ Fin)
10 eqid 2651 . . . . 5 ((𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) ∖ {𝑐}) = ((𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) ∖ {𝑐})
11 snfi 8079 . . . . . 6 {⟨“𝑐𝑣𝑑”⟩} ∈ Fin
1211a1i 11 . . . . 5 ((((𝐺 ∈ FinUSGraph ∧ 𝑣𝑉) ∧ ((VtxDeg‘𝐺)‘𝑣) = 𝐾) ∧ 𝑐 ∈ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) ∧ 𝑑 ∈ ((𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) ∖ {𝑐})) → {⟨“𝑐𝑣𝑑”⟩} ∈ Fin)
131nbgrssvtx 26281 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) ⊆ 𝑉
1413a1i 11 . . . . . . . . . 10 (((𝐺 ∈ FinUSGraph ∧ 𝑣𝑉) ∧ 𝑐 ∈ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣)) → (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) ⊆ 𝑉)
1514ssdifd 3779 . . . . . . . . 9 (((𝐺 ∈ FinUSGraph ∧ 𝑣𝑉) ∧ 𝑐 ∈ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣)) → ((𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) ∖ {𝑐}) ⊆ (𝑉 ∖ {𝑐}))
16 iunss1 4564 . . . . . . . . 9 (((𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) ∖ {𝑐}) ⊆ (𝑉 ∖ {𝑐}) → 𝑑 ∈ ((𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) ∖ {𝑐}){⟨“𝑐𝑣𝑑”⟩} ⊆ 𝑑 ∈ (𝑉 ∖ {𝑐}){⟨“𝑐𝑣𝑑”⟩})
1715, 16syl 17 . . . . . . . 8 (((𝐺 ∈ FinUSGraph ∧ 𝑣𝑉) ∧ 𝑐 ∈ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣)) → 𝑑 ∈ ((𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) ∖ {𝑐}){⟨“𝑐𝑣𝑑”⟩} ⊆ 𝑑 ∈ (𝑉 ∖ {𝑐}){⟨“𝑐𝑣𝑑”⟩})
1817ralrimiva 2995 . . . . . . 7 ((𝐺 ∈ FinUSGraph ∧ 𝑣𝑉) → ∀𝑐 ∈ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) 𝑑 ∈ ((𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) ∖ {𝑐}){⟨“𝑐𝑣𝑑”⟩} ⊆ 𝑑 ∈ (𝑉 ∖ {𝑐}){⟨“𝑐𝑣𝑑”⟩})
19 simpr 476 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝐺 ∈ FinUSGraph ∧ 𝑣𝑉) → 𝑣𝑉)
20 s3iunsndisj 13753 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑣𝑉Disj 𝑐 ∈ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) 𝑑 ∈ (𝑉 ∖ {𝑐}){⟨“𝑐𝑣𝑑”⟩})
2119, 20syl 17 . . . . . . 7 ((𝐺 ∈ FinUSGraph ∧ 𝑣𝑉) → Disj 𝑐 ∈ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) 𝑑 ∈ (𝑉 ∖ {𝑐}){⟨“𝑐𝑣𝑑”⟩})
22 disjss2 4655 . . . . . . 7 (∀𝑐 ∈ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) 𝑑 ∈ ((𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) ∖ {𝑐}){⟨“𝑐𝑣𝑑”⟩} ⊆ 𝑑 ∈ (𝑉 ∖ {𝑐}){⟨“𝑐𝑣𝑑”⟩} → (Disj 𝑐 ∈ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) 𝑑 ∈ (𝑉 ∖ {𝑐}){⟨“𝑐𝑣𝑑”⟩} → Disj 𝑐 ∈ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) 𝑑 ∈ ((𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) ∖ {𝑐}){⟨“𝑐𝑣𝑑”⟩}))
2318, 21, 22sylc 65 . . . . . 6 ((𝐺 ∈ FinUSGraph ∧ 𝑣𝑉) → Disj 𝑐 ∈ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) 𝑑 ∈ ((𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) ∖ {𝑐}){⟨“𝑐𝑣𝑑”⟩})
2423adantr 480 . . . . 5 (((𝐺 ∈ FinUSGraph ∧ 𝑣𝑉) ∧ ((VtxDeg‘𝐺)‘𝑣) = 𝐾) → Disj 𝑐 ∈ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) 𝑑 ∈ ((𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) ∖ {𝑐}){⟨“𝑐𝑣𝑑”⟩})
2519adantr 480 . . . . . . . 8 (((𝐺 ∈ FinUSGraph ∧ 𝑣𝑉) ∧ ((VtxDeg‘𝐺)‘𝑣) = 𝐾) → 𝑣𝑉)
2625anim1i 591 . . . . . . 7 ((((𝐺 ∈ FinUSGraph ∧ 𝑣𝑉) ∧ ((VtxDeg‘𝐺)‘𝑣) = 𝐾) ∧ 𝑐 ∈ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣)) → (𝑣𝑉𝑐 ∈ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣)))
2726ancomd 466 . . . . . 6 ((((𝐺 ∈ FinUSGraph ∧ 𝑣𝑉) ∧ ((VtxDeg‘𝐺)‘𝑣) = 𝐾) ∧ 𝑐 ∈ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣)) → (𝑐 ∈ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) ∧ 𝑣𝑉))
28 s3sndisj 13752 . . . . . 6 ((𝑐 ∈ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) ∧ 𝑣𝑉) → Disj 𝑑 ∈ ((𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) ∖ {𝑐}){⟨“𝑐𝑣𝑑”⟩})
2927, 28syl 17 . . . . 5 ((((𝐺 ∈ FinUSGraph ∧ 𝑣𝑉) ∧ ((VtxDeg‘𝐺)‘𝑣) = 𝐾) ∧ 𝑐 ∈ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣)) → Disj 𝑑 ∈ ((𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) ∖ {𝑐}){⟨“𝑐𝑣𝑑”⟩})
30 s3cli 13672 . . . . . 6 ⟨“𝑐𝑣𝑑”⟩ ∈ Word V
31 hashsng 13197 . . . . . 6 (⟨“𝑐𝑣𝑑”⟩ ∈ Word V → (#‘{⟨“𝑐𝑣𝑑”⟩}) = 1)
3230, 31mp1i 13 . . . . 5 ((((𝐺 ∈ FinUSGraph ∧ 𝑣𝑉) ∧ ((VtxDeg‘𝐺)‘𝑣) = 𝐾) ∧ 𝑐 ∈ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) ∧ 𝑑 ∈ ((𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) ∖ {𝑐})) → (#‘{⟨“𝑐𝑣𝑑”⟩}) = 1)
339, 10, 12, 24, 29, 32hash2iun1dif1 14600 . . . 4 (((𝐺 ∈ FinUSGraph ∧ 𝑣𝑉) ∧ ((VtxDeg‘𝐺)‘𝑣) = 𝐾) → (#‘ 𝑐 ∈ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) 𝑑 ∈ ((𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) ∖ {𝑐}){⟨“𝑐𝑣𝑑”⟩}) = ((#‘(𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣)) · ((#‘(𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣)) − 1)))
34 fusgrusgr 26259 . . . . . . 7 (𝐺 ∈ FinUSGraph → 𝐺 ∈ USGraph)
351hashnbusgrvd 26480 . . . . . . 7 ((𝐺 ∈ USGraph ∧ 𝑣𝑉) → (#‘(𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣)) = ((VtxDeg‘𝐺)‘𝑣))
3634, 35sylan 487 . . . . . 6 ((𝐺 ∈ FinUSGraph ∧ 𝑣𝑉) → (#‘(𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣)) = ((VtxDeg‘𝐺)‘𝑣))
37 id 22 . . . . . . 7 ((#‘(𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣)) = ((VtxDeg‘𝐺)‘𝑣) → (#‘(𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣)) = ((VtxDeg‘𝐺)‘𝑣))
38 oveq1 6697 . . . . . . 7 ((#‘(𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣)) = ((VtxDeg‘𝐺)‘𝑣) → ((#‘(𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣)) − 1) = (((VtxDeg‘𝐺)‘𝑣) − 1))
3937, 38oveq12d 6708 . . . . . 6 ((#‘(𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣)) = ((VtxDeg‘𝐺)‘𝑣) → ((#‘(𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣)) · ((#‘(𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣)) − 1)) = (((VtxDeg‘𝐺)‘𝑣) · (((VtxDeg‘𝐺)‘𝑣) − 1)))
4036, 39syl 17 . . . . 5 ((𝐺 ∈ FinUSGraph ∧ 𝑣𝑉) → ((#‘(𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣)) · ((#‘(𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣)) − 1)) = (((VtxDeg‘𝐺)‘𝑣) · (((VtxDeg‘𝐺)‘𝑣) − 1)))
41 id 22 . . . . . 6 (((VtxDeg‘𝐺)‘𝑣) = 𝐾 → ((VtxDeg‘𝐺)‘𝑣) = 𝐾)
42 oveq1 6697 . . . . . 6 (((VtxDeg‘𝐺)‘𝑣) = 𝐾 → (((VtxDeg‘𝐺)‘𝑣) − 1) = (𝐾 − 1))
4341, 42oveq12d 6708 . . . . 5 (((VtxDeg‘𝐺)‘𝑣) = 𝐾 → (((VtxDeg‘𝐺)‘𝑣) · (((VtxDeg‘𝐺)‘𝑣) − 1)) = (𝐾 · (𝐾 − 1)))
4440, 43sylan9eq 2705 . . . 4 (((𝐺 ∈ FinUSGraph ∧ 𝑣𝑉) ∧ ((VtxDeg‘𝐺)‘𝑣) = 𝐾) → ((#‘(𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣)) · ((#‘(𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣)) − 1)) = (𝐾 · (𝐾 − 1)))
455, 33, 443eqtrd 2689 . . 3 (((𝐺 ∈ FinUSGraph ∧ 𝑣𝑉) ∧ ((VtxDeg‘𝐺)‘𝑣) = 𝐾) → (#‘(𝑀𝑣)) = (𝐾 · (𝐾 − 1)))
4645ex 449 . 2 ((𝐺 ∈ FinUSGraph ∧ 𝑣𝑉) → (((VtxDeg‘𝐺)‘𝑣) = 𝐾 → (#‘(𝑀𝑣)) = (𝐾 · (𝐾 − 1))))
4746ralrimiva 2995 1 (𝐺 ∈ FinUSGraph → ∀𝑣𝑉 (((VtxDeg‘𝐺)‘𝑣) = 𝐾 → (#‘(𝑀𝑣)) = (𝐾 · (𝐾 − 1))))
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
Syntax hints:  wi 4  wa 383  w3a 1054   = wceq 1523  wcel 2030  wral 2941  {crab 2945  Vcvv 3231  cdif 3604  wss 3607  {csn 4210   ciun 4552  Disj wdisj 4652  cmpt 4762  cfv 5926  (class class class)co 6690  Fincfn 7997  1c1 9975   · cmul 9979  cmin 10304  2c2 11108  #chash 13157  Word cword 13323  ⟨“cs3 13633  Vtxcvtx 25919  USGraphcusgr 26089  FinUSGraphcfusgr 26253   NeighbVtx cnbgr 26269  VtxDegcvtxdg 26417   WSPathsN cwwspthsn 26776
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1762  ax-4 1777  ax-5 1879  ax-6 1945  ax-7 1981  ax-8 2032  ax-9 2039  ax-10 2059  ax-11 2074  ax-12 2087  ax-13 2282  ax-ext 2631  ax-rep 4804  ax-sep 4814  ax-nul 4822  ax-pow 4873  ax-pr 4936  ax-un 6991  ax-inf2 8576  ax-ac2 9323  ax-cnex 10030  ax-resscn 10031  ax-1cn 10032  ax-icn 10033  ax-addcl 10034  ax-addrcl 10035  ax-mulcl 10036  ax-mulrcl 10037  ax-mulcom 10038  ax-addass 10039  ax-mulass 10040  ax-distr 10041  ax-i2m1 10042  ax-1ne0 10043  ax-1rid 10044  ax-rnegex 10045  ax-rrecex 10046  ax-cnre 10047  ax-pre-lttri 10048  ax-pre-lttrn 10049  ax-pre-ltadd 10050  ax-pre-mulgt0 10051  ax-pre-sup 10052
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 197  df-or 384  df-an 385  df-ifp 1033  df-3or 1055  df-3an 1056  df-tru 1526  df-fal 1529  df-ex 1745  df-nf 1750  df-sb 1938  df-eu 2502  df-mo 2503  df-clab 2638  df-cleq 2644  df-clel 2647  df-nfc 2782  df-ne 2824  df-nel 2927  df-ral 2946  df-rex 2947  df-reu 2948  df-rmo 2949  df-rab 2950  df-v 3233  df-sbc 3469  df-csb 3567  df-dif 3610  df-un 3612  df-in 3614  df-ss 3621  df-pss 3623  df-nul 3949  df-if 4120  df-pw 4193  df-sn 4211  df-pr 4213  df-tp 4215  df-op 4217  df-uni 4469  df-int 4508  df-iun 4554  df-disj 4653  df-br 4686  df-opab 4746  df-mpt 4763  df-tr 4786  df-id 5053  df-eprel 5058  df-po 5064  df-so 5065  df-fr 5102  df-se 5103  df-we 5104  df-xp 5149  df-rel 5150  df-cnv 5151  df-co 5152  df-dm 5153  df-rn 5154  df-res 5155  df-ima 5156  df-pred 5718  df-ord 5764  df-on 5765  df-lim 5766  df-suc 5767  df-iota 5889  df-fun 5928  df-fn 5929  df-f 5930  df-f1 5931  df-fo 5932  df-f1o 5933  df-fv 5934  df-isom 5935  df-riota 6651  df-ov 6693  df-oprab 6694  df-mpt2 6695  df-om 7108  df-1st 7210  df-2nd 7211  df-wrecs 7452  df-recs 7513  df-rdg 7551  df-1o 7605  df-2o 7606  df-oadd 7609  df-er 7787  df-map 7901  df-pm 7902  df-en 7998  df-dom 7999  df-sdom 8000  df-fin 8001  df-sup 8389  df-oi 8456  df-card 8803  df-ac 8977  df-cda 9028  df-pnf 10114  df-mnf 10115  df-xr 10116  df-ltxr 10117  df-le 10118  df-sub 10306  df-neg 10307  df-div 10723  df-nn 11059  df-2 11117  df-3 11118  df-n0 11331  df-xnn0 11402  df-z 11416  df-uz 11726  df-rp 11871  df-xadd 11985  df-fz 12365  df-fzo 12505  df-seq 12842  df-exp 12901  df-hash 13158  df-word 13331  df-concat 13333  df-s1 13334  df-s2 13639  df-s3 13640  df-cj 13883  df-re 13884  df-im 13885  df-sqrt 14019  df-abs 14020  df-clim 14263  df-sum 14461  df-vtx 25921  df-iedg 25922  df-edg 25985  df-uhgr 25998  df-ushgr 25999  df-upgr 26022  df-umgr 26023  df-uspgr 26090  df-usgr 26091  df-fusgr 26254  df-nbgr 26270  df-vtxdg 26418  df-wlks 26551  df-wlkson 26552  df-trls 26645  df-trlson 26646  df-pths 26668  df-spths 26669  df-pthson 26670  df-spthson 26671  df-wwlks 26778  df-wwlksn 26779  df-wwlksnon 26780  df-wspthsn 26781  df-wspthsnon 26782
This theorem is referenced by:  fusgreghash2wsp  27318
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