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Theorem fta1 24282
Description: The easy direction of the Fundamental Theorem of Algebra: A nonzero polynomial has at most deg(𝐹) roots. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 26-Jul-2014.)
Hypothesis
Ref Expression
fta1.1 𝑅 = (𝐹 “ {0})
Assertion
Ref Expression
fta1 ((𝐹 ∈ (Poly‘𝑆) ∧ 𝐹 ≠ 0𝑝) → (𝑅 ∈ Fin ∧ (♯‘𝑅) ≤ (deg‘𝐹)))

Proof of Theorem fta1
Dummy variables 𝑥 𝑔 𝑓 𝑑 are mutually distinct and distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 eqid 2760 . 2 (deg‘𝐹) = (deg‘𝐹)
2 dgrcl 24208 . . . . 5 (𝐹 ∈ (Poly‘𝑆) → (deg‘𝐹) ∈ ℕ0)
32adantr 472 . . . 4 ((𝐹 ∈ (Poly‘𝑆) ∧ 𝐹 ≠ 0𝑝) → (deg‘𝐹) ∈ ℕ0)
4 eqeq2 2771 . . . . . . 7 (𝑥 = 0 → ((deg‘𝑓) = 𝑥 ↔ (deg‘𝑓) = 0))
54imbi1d 330 . . . . . 6 (𝑥 = 0 → (((deg‘𝑓) = 𝑥 → ((𝑓 “ {0}) ∈ Fin ∧ (♯‘(𝑓 “ {0})) ≤ (deg‘𝑓))) ↔ ((deg‘𝑓) = 0 → ((𝑓 “ {0}) ∈ Fin ∧ (♯‘(𝑓 “ {0})) ≤ (deg‘𝑓)))))
65ralbidv 3124 . . . . 5 (𝑥 = 0 → (∀𝑓 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝})((deg‘𝑓) = 𝑥 → ((𝑓 “ {0}) ∈ Fin ∧ (♯‘(𝑓 “ {0})) ≤ (deg‘𝑓))) ↔ ∀𝑓 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝})((deg‘𝑓) = 0 → ((𝑓 “ {0}) ∈ Fin ∧ (♯‘(𝑓 “ {0})) ≤ (deg‘𝑓)))))
7 eqeq2 2771 . . . . . . 7 (𝑥 = 𝑑 → ((deg‘𝑓) = 𝑥 ↔ (deg‘𝑓) = 𝑑))
87imbi1d 330 . . . . . 6 (𝑥 = 𝑑 → (((deg‘𝑓) = 𝑥 → ((𝑓 “ {0}) ∈ Fin ∧ (♯‘(𝑓 “ {0})) ≤ (deg‘𝑓))) ↔ ((deg‘𝑓) = 𝑑 → ((𝑓 “ {0}) ∈ Fin ∧ (♯‘(𝑓 “ {0})) ≤ (deg‘𝑓)))))
98ralbidv 3124 . . . . 5 (𝑥 = 𝑑 → (∀𝑓 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝})((deg‘𝑓) = 𝑥 → ((𝑓 “ {0}) ∈ Fin ∧ (♯‘(𝑓 “ {0})) ≤ (deg‘𝑓))) ↔ ∀𝑓 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝})((deg‘𝑓) = 𝑑 → ((𝑓 “ {0}) ∈ Fin ∧ (♯‘(𝑓 “ {0})) ≤ (deg‘𝑓)))))
10 eqeq2 2771 . . . . . . 7 (𝑥 = (𝑑 + 1) → ((deg‘𝑓) = 𝑥 ↔ (deg‘𝑓) = (𝑑 + 1)))
1110imbi1d 330 . . . . . 6 (𝑥 = (𝑑 + 1) → (((deg‘𝑓) = 𝑥 → ((𝑓 “ {0}) ∈ Fin ∧ (♯‘(𝑓 “ {0})) ≤ (deg‘𝑓))) ↔ ((deg‘𝑓) = (𝑑 + 1) → ((𝑓 “ {0}) ∈ Fin ∧ (♯‘(𝑓 “ {0})) ≤ (deg‘𝑓)))))
1211ralbidv 3124 . . . . 5 (𝑥 = (𝑑 + 1) → (∀𝑓 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝})((deg‘𝑓) = 𝑥 → ((𝑓 “ {0}) ∈ Fin ∧ (♯‘(𝑓 “ {0})) ≤ (deg‘𝑓))) ↔ ∀𝑓 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝})((deg‘𝑓) = (𝑑 + 1) → ((𝑓 “ {0}) ∈ Fin ∧ (♯‘(𝑓 “ {0})) ≤ (deg‘𝑓)))))
13 eqeq2 2771 . . . . . . 7 (𝑥 = (deg‘𝐹) → ((deg‘𝑓) = 𝑥 ↔ (deg‘𝑓) = (deg‘𝐹)))
1413imbi1d 330 . . . . . 6 (𝑥 = (deg‘𝐹) → (((deg‘𝑓) = 𝑥 → ((𝑓 “ {0}) ∈ Fin ∧ (♯‘(𝑓 “ {0})) ≤ (deg‘𝑓))) ↔ ((deg‘𝑓) = (deg‘𝐹) → ((𝑓 “ {0}) ∈ Fin ∧ (♯‘(𝑓 “ {0})) ≤ (deg‘𝑓)))))
1514ralbidv 3124 . . . . 5 (𝑥 = (deg‘𝐹) → (∀𝑓 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝})((deg‘𝑓) = 𝑥 → ((𝑓 “ {0}) ∈ Fin ∧ (♯‘(𝑓 “ {0})) ≤ (deg‘𝑓))) ↔ ∀𝑓 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝})((deg‘𝑓) = (deg‘𝐹) → ((𝑓 “ {0}) ∈ Fin ∧ (♯‘(𝑓 “ {0})) ≤ (deg‘𝑓)))))
16 eldifsni 4466 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (𝑓 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝}) → 𝑓 ≠ 0𝑝)
1716adantr 472 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((𝑓 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝}) ∧ (deg‘𝑓) = 0) → 𝑓 ≠ 0𝑝)
18 simplr 809 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 (((𝑓 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝}) ∧ (deg‘𝑓) = 0) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ (𝑓 “ {0})) → (deg‘𝑓) = 0)
19 eldifi 3875 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 (𝑓 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝}) → 𝑓 ∈ (Poly‘ℂ))
2019ad2antrr 764 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 (((𝑓 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝}) ∧ (deg‘𝑓) = 0) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ (𝑓 “ {0})) → 𝑓 ∈ (Poly‘ℂ))
21 0dgrb 24221 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 (𝑓 ∈ (Poly‘ℂ) → ((deg‘𝑓) = 0 ↔ 𝑓 = (ℂ × {(𝑓‘0)})))
2220, 21syl 17 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 (((𝑓 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝}) ∧ (deg‘𝑓) = 0) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ (𝑓 “ {0})) → ((deg‘𝑓) = 0 ↔ 𝑓 = (ℂ × {(𝑓‘0)})))
2318, 22mpbid 222 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 (((𝑓 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝}) ∧ (deg‘𝑓) = 0) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ (𝑓 “ {0})) → 𝑓 = (ℂ × {(𝑓‘0)}))
2423fveq1d 6355 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 (((𝑓 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝}) ∧ (deg‘𝑓) = 0) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ (𝑓 “ {0})) → (𝑓𝑥) = ((ℂ × {(𝑓‘0)})‘𝑥))
2519adantr 472 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 ((𝑓 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝}) ∧ (deg‘𝑓) = 0) → 𝑓 ∈ (Poly‘ℂ))
26 plyf 24173 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 (𝑓 ∈ (Poly‘ℂ) → 𝑓:ℂ⟶ℂ)
27 ffn 6206 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 (𝑓:ℂ⟶ℂ → 𝑓 Fn ℂ)
28 fniniseg 6502 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 (𝑓 Fn ℂ → (𝑥 ∈ (𝑓 “ {0}) ↔ (𝑥 ∈ ℂ ∧ (𝑓𝑥) = 0)))
2925, 26, 27, 284syl 19 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 ((𝑓 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝}) ∧ (deg‘𝑓) = 0) → (𝑥 ∈ (𝑓 “ {0}) ↔ (𝑥 ∈ ℂ ∧ (𝑓𝑥) = 0)))
3029biimpa 502 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 (((𝑓 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝}) ∧ (deg‘𝑓) = 0) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ (𝑓 “ {0})) → (𝑥 ∈ ℂ ∧ (𝑓𝑥) = 0))
3130simprd 482 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 (((𝑓 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝}) ∧ (deg‘𝑓) = 0) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ (𝑓 “ {0})) → (𝑓𝑥) = 0)
3230simpld 477 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 (((𝑓 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝}) ∧ (deg‘𝑓) = 0) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ (𝑓 “ {0})) → 𝑥 ∈ ℂ)
33 fvex 6363 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 (𝑓‘0) ∈ V
3433fvconst2 6634 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 (𝑥 ∈ ℂ → ((ℂ × {(𝑓‘0)})‘𝑥) = (𝑓‘0))
3532, 34syl 17 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 (((𝑓 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝}) ∧ (deg‘𝑓) = 0) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ (𝑓 “ {0})) → ((ℂ × {(𝑓‘0)})‘𝑥) = (𝑓‘0))
3624, 31, 353eqtr3rd 2803 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 (((𝑓 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝}) ∧ (deg‘𝑓) = 0) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ (𝑓 “ {0})) → (𝑓‘0) = 0)
3736sneqd 4333 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 (((𝑓 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝}) ∧ (deg‘𝑓) = 0) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ (𝑓 “ {0})) → {(𝑓‘0)} = {0})
3837xpeq2d 5296 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 (((𝑓 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝}) ∧ (deg‘𝑓) = 0) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ (𝑓 “ {0})) → (ℂ × {(𝑓‘0)}) = (ℂ × {0}))
3923, 38eqtrd 2794 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (((𝑓 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝}) ∧ (deg‘𝑓) = 0) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ (𝑓 “ {0})) → 𝑓 = (ℂ × {0}))
40 df-0p 23656 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 0𝑝 = (ℂ × {0})
4139, 40syl6eqr 2812 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (((𝑓 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝}) ∧ (deg‘𝑓) = 0) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ (𝑓 “ {0})) → 𝑓 = 0𝑝)
4241ex 449 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((𝑓 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝}) ∧ (deg‘𝑓) = 0) → (𝑥 ∈ (𝑓 “ {0}) → 𝑓 = 0𝑝))
4342necon3ad 2945 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((𝑓 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝}) ∧ (deg‘𝑓) = 0) → (𝑓 ≠ 0𝑝 → ¬ 𝑥 ∈ (𝑓 “ {0})))
4417, 43mpd 15 . . . . . . . . 9 ((𝑓 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝}) ∧ (deg‘𝑓) = 0) → ¬ 𝑥 ∈ (𝑓 “ {0}))
4544eq0rdv 4122 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝑓 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝}) ∧ (deg‘𝑓) = 0) → (𝑓 “ {0}) = ∅)
4645ex 449 . . . . . . 7 (𝑓 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝}) → ((deg‘𝑓) = 0 → (𝑓 “ {0}) = ∅))
47 dgrcl 24208 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑓 ∈ (Poly‘ℂ) → (deg‘𝑓) ∈ ℕ0)
48 nn0ge0 11530 . . . . . . . . 9 ((deg‘𝑓) ∈ ℕ0 → 0 ≤ (deg‘𝑓))
4919, 47, 483syl 18 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑓 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝}) → 0 ≤ (deg‘𝑓))
50 id 22 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((𝑓 “ {0}) = ∅ → (𝑓 “ {0}) = ∅)
51 0fin 8355 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ∅ ∈ Fin
5250, 51syl6eqel 2847 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((𝑓 “ {0}) = ∅ → (𝑓 “ {0}) ∈ Fin)
5352biantrurd 530 . . . . . . . . 9 ((𝑓 “ {0}) = ∅ → ((♯‘(𝑓 “ {0})) ≤ (deg‘𝑓) ↔ ((𝑓 “ {0}) ∈ Fin ∧ (♯‘(𝑓 “ {0})) ≤ (deg‘𝑓))))
54 fveq2 6353 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((𝑓 “ {0}) = ∅ → (♯‘(𝑓 “ {0})) = (♯‘∅))
55 hash0 13370 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (♯‘∅) = 0
5654, 55syl6eq 2810 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((𝑓 “ {0}) = ∅ → (♯‘(𝑓 “ {0})) = 0)
5756breq1d 4814 . . . . . . . . 9 ((𝑓 “ {0}) = ∅ → ((♯‘(𝑓 “ {0})) ≤ (deg‘𝑓) ↔ 0 ≤ (deg‘𝑓)))
5853, 57bitr3d 270 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝑓 “ {0}) = ∅ → (((𝑓 “ {0}) ∈ Fin ∧ (♯‘(𝑓 “ {0})) ≤ (deg‘𝑓)) ↔ 0 ≤ (deg‘𝑓)))
5949, 58syl5ibrcom 237 . . . . . . 7 (𝑓 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝}) → ((𝑓 “ {0}) = ∅ → ((𝑓 “ {0}) ∈ Fin ∧ (♯‘(𝑓 “ {0})) ≤ (deg‘𝑓))))
6046, 59syld 47 . . . . . 6 (𝑓 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝}) → ((deg‘𝑓) = 0 → ((𝑓 “ {0}) ∈ Fin ∧ (♯‘(𝑓 “ {0})) ≤ (deg‘𝑓))))
6160rgen 3060 . . . . 5 𝑓 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝})((deg‘𝑓) = 0 → ((𝑓 “ {0}) ∈ Fin ∧ (♯‘(𝑓 “ {0})) ≤ (deg‘𝑓)))
62 fveq2 6353 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑓 = 𝑔 → (deg‘𝑓) = (deg‘𝑔))
6362eqeq1d 2762 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑓 = 𝑔 → ((deg‘𝑓) = 𝑑 ↔ (deg‘𝑔) = 𝑑))
64 cnveq 5451 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (𝑓 = 𝑔𝑓 = 𝑔)
6564imaeq1d 5623 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝑓 = 𝑔 → (𝑓 “ {0}) = (𝑔 “ {0}))
6665eleq1d 2824 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑓 = 𝑔 → ((𝑓 “ {0}) ∈ Fin ↔ (𝑔 “ {0}) ∈ Fin))
6765fveq2d 6357 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝑓 = 𝑔 → (♯‘(𝑓 “ {0})) = (♯‘(𝑔 “ {0})))
6867, 62breq12d 4817 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑓 = 𝑔 → ((♯‘(𝑓 “ {0})) ≤ (deg‘𝑓) ↔ (♯‘(𝑔 “ {0})) ≤ (deg‘𝑔)))
6966, 68anbi12d 749 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑓 = 𝑔 → (((𝑓 “ {0}) ∈ Fin ∧ (♯‘(𝑓 “ {0})) ≤ (deg‘𝑓)) ↔ ((𝑔 “ {0}) ∈ Fin ∧ (♯‘(𝑔 “ {0})) ≤ (deg‘𝑔))))
7063, 69imbi12d 333 . . . . . . 7 (𝑓 = 𝑔 → (((deg‘𝑓) = 𝑑 → ((𝑓 “ {0}) ∈ Fin ∧ (♯‘(𝑓 “ {0})) ≤ (deg‘𝑓))) ↔ ((deg‘𝑔) = 𝑑 → ((𝑔 “ {0}) ∈ Fin ∧ (♯‘(𝑔 “ {0})) ≤ (deg‘𝑔)))))
7170cbvralv 3310 . . . . . 6 (∀𝑓 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝})((deg‘𝑓) = 𝑑 → ((𝑓 “ {0}) ∈ Fin ∧ (♯‘(𝑓 “ {0})) ≤ (deg‘𝑓))) ↔ ∀𝑔 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝})((deg‘𝑔) = 𝑑 → ((𝑔 “ {0}) ∈ Fin ∧ (♯‘(𝑔 “ {0})) ≤ (deg‘𝑔))))
7249ad2antlr 765 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (((𝑑 ∈ ℕ0𝑓 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝})) ∧ (deg‘𝑓) = (𝑑 + 1)) → 0 ≤ (deg‘𝑓))
7372, 58syl5ibrcom 237 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (((𝑑 ∈ ℕ0𝑓 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝})) ∧ (deg‘𝑓) = (𝑑 + 1)) → ((𝑓 “ {0}) = ∅ → ((𝑓 “ {0}) ∈ Fin ∧ (♯‘(𝑓 “ {0})) ≤ (deg‘𝑓))))
7473a1dd 50 . . . . . . . . . 10 (((𝑑 ∈ ℕ0𝑓 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝})) ∧ (deg‘𝑓) = (𝑑 + 1)) → ((𝑓 “ {0}) = ∅ → (∀𝑔 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝})((deg‘𝑔) = 𝑑 → ((𝑔 “ {0}) ∈ Fin ∧ (♯‘(𝑔 “ {0})) ≤ (deg‘𝑔))) → ((𝑓 “ {0}) ∈ Fin ∧ (♯‘(𝑓 “ {0})) ≤ (deg‘𝑓)))))
75 n0 4074 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((𝑓 “ {0}) ≠ ∅ ↔ ∃𝑥 𝑥 ∈ (𝑓 “ {0}))
76 eqid 2760 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 (𝑓 “ {0}) = (𝑓 “ {0})
77 simplll 815 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 ((((𝑑 ∈ ℕ0𝑓 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝})) ∧ (deg‘𝑓) = (𝑑 + 1)) ∧ (𝑥 ∈ (𝑓 “ {0}) ∧ ∀𝑔 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝})((deg‘𝑔) = 𝑑 → ((𝑔 “ {0}) ∈ Fin ∧ (♯‘(𝑔 “ {0})) ≤ (deg‘𝑔))))) → 𝑑 ∈ ℕ0)
78 simpllr 817 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 ((((𝑑 ∈ ℕ0𝑓 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝})) ∧ (deg‘𝑓) = (𝑑 + 1)) ∧ (𝑥 ∈ (𝑓 “ {0}) ∧ ∀𝑔 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝})((deg‘𝑔) = 𝑑 → ((𝑔 “ {0}) ∈ Fin ∧ (♯‘(𝑔 “ {0})) ≤ (deg‘𝑔))))) → 𝑓 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝}))
79 simplr 809 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 ((((𝑑 ∈ ℕ0𝑓 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝})) ∧ (deg‘𝑓) = (𝑑 + 1)) ∧ (𝑥 ∈ (𝑓 “ {0}) ∧ ∀𝑔 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝})((deg‘𝑔) = 𝑑 → ((𝑔 “ {0}) ∈ Fin ∧ (♯‘(𝑔 “ {0})) ≤ (deg‘𝑔))))) → (deg‘𝑓) = (𝑑 + 1))
80 simprl 811 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 ((((𝑑 ∈ ℕ0𝑓 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝})) ∧ (deg‘𝑓) = (𝑑 + 1)) ∧ (𝑥 ∈ (𝑓 “ {0}) ∧ ∀𝑔 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝})((deg‘𝑔) = 𝑑 → ((𝑔 “ {0}) ∈ Fin ∧ (♯‘(𝑔 “ {0})) ≤ (deg‘𝑔))))) → 𝑥 ∈ (𝑓 “ {0}))
81 simprr 813 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 ((((𝑑 ∈ ℕ0𝑓 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝})) ∧ (deg‘𝑓) = (𝑑 + 1)) ∧ (𝑥 ∈ (𝑓 “ {0}) ∧ ∀𝑔 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝})((deg‘𝑔) = 𝑑 → ((𝑔 “ {0}) ∈ Fin ∧ (♯‘(𝑔 “ {0})) ≤ (deg‘𝑔))))) → ∀𝑔 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝})((deg‘𝑔) = 𝑑 → ((𝑔 “ {0}) ∈ Fin ∧ (♯‘(𝑔 “ {0})) ≤ (deg‘𝑔))))
8276, 77, 78, 79, 80, 81fta1lem 24281 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 ((((𝑑 ∈ ℕ0𝑓 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝})) ∧ (deg‘𝑓) = (𝑑 + 1)) ∧ (𝑥 ∈ (𝑓 “ {0}) ∧ ∀𝑔 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝})((deg‘𝑔) = 𝑑 → ((𝑔 “ {0}) ∈ Fin ∧ (♯‘(𝑔 “ {0})) ≤ (deg‘𝑔))))) → ((𝑓 “ {0}) ∈ Fin ∧ (♯‘(𝑓 “ {0})) ≤ (deg‘𝑓)))
8382exp32 632 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (((𝑑 ∈ ℕ0𝑓 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝})) ∧ (deg‘𝑓) = (𝑑 + 1)) → (𝑥 ∈ (𝑓 “ {0}) → (∀𝑔 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝})((deg‘𝑔) = 𝑑 → ((𝑔 “ {0}) ∈ Fin ∧ (♯‘(𝑔 “ {0})) ≤ (deg‘𝑔))) → ((𝑓 “ {0}) ∈ Fin ∧ (♯‘(𝑓 “ {0})) ≤ (deg‘𝑓)))))
8483exlimdv 2010 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (((𝑑 ∈ ℕ0𝑓 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝})) ∧ (deg‘𝑓) = (𝑑 + 1)) → (∃𝑥 𝑥 ∈ (𝑓 “ {0}) → (∀𝑔 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝})((deg‘𝑔) = 𝑑 → ((𝑔 “ {0}) ∈ Fin ∧ (♯‘(𝑔 “ {0})) ≤ (deg‘𝑔))) → ((𝑓 “ {0}) ∈ Fin ∧ (♯‘(𝑓 “ {0})) ≤ (deg‘𝑓)))))
8575, 84syl5bi 232 . . . . . . . . . 10 (((𝑑 ∈ ℕ0𝑓 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝})) ∧ (deg‘𝑓) = (𝑑 + 1)) → ((𝑓 “ {0}) ≠ ∅ → (∀𝑔 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝})((deg‘𝑔) = 𝑑 → ((𝑔 “ {0}) ∈ Fin ∧ (♯‘(𝑔 “ {0})) ≤ (deg‘𝑔))) → ((𝑓 “ {0}) ∈ Fin ∧ (♯‘(𝑓 “ {0})) ≤ (deg‘𝑓)))))
8674, 85pm2.61dne 3018 . . . . . . . . 9 (((𝑑 ∈ ℕ0𝑓 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝})) ∧ (deg‘𝑓) = (𝑑 + 1)) → (∀𝑔 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝})((deg‘𝑔) = 𝑑 → ((𝑔 “ {0}) ∈ Fin ∧ (♯‘(𝑔 “ {0})) ≤ (deg‘𝑔))) → ((𝑓 “ {0}) ∈ Fin ∧ (♯‘(𝑓 “ {0})) ≤ (deg‘𝑓))))
8786ex 449 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝑑 ∈ ℕ0𝑓 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝})) → ((deg‘𝑓) = (𝑑 + 1) → (∀𝑔 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝})((deg‘𝑔) = 𝑑 → ((𝑔 “ {0}) ∈ Fin ∧ (♯‘(𝑔 “ {0})) ≤ (deg‘𝑔))) → ((𝑓 “ {0}) ∈ Fin ∧ (♯‘(𝑓 “ {0})) ≤ (deg‘𝑓)))))
8887com23 86 . . . . . . 7 ((𝑑 ∈ ℕ0𝑓 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝})) → (∀𝑔 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝})((deg‘𝑔) = 𝑑 → ((𝑔 “ {0}) ∈ Fin ∧ (♯‘(𝑔 “ {0})) ≤ (deg‘𝑔))) → ((deg‘𝑓) = (𝑑 + 1) → ((𝑓 “ {0}) ∈ Fin ∧ (♯‘(𝑓 “ {0})) ≤ (deg‘𝑓)))))
8988ralrimdva 3107 . . . . . 6 (𝑑 ∈ ℕ0 → (∀𝑔 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝})((deg‘𝑔) = 𝑑 → ((𝑔 “ {0}) ∈ Fin ∧ (♯‘(𝑔 “ {0})) ≤ (deg‘𝑔))) → ∀𝑓 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝})((deg‘𝑓) = (𝑑 + 1) → ((𝑓 “ {0}) ∈ Fin ∧ (♯‘(𝑓 “ {0})) ≤ (deg‘𝑓)))))
9071, 89syl5bi 232 . . . . 5 (𝑑 ∈ ℕ0 → (∀𝑓 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝})((deg‘𝑓) = 𝑑 → ((𝑓 “ {0}) ∈ Fin ∧ (♯‘(𝑓 “ {0})) ≤ (deg‘𝑓))) → ∀𝑓 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝})((deg‘𝑓) = (𝑑 + 1) → ((𝑓 “ {0}) ∈ Fin ∧ (♯‘(𝑓 “ {0})) ≤ (deg‘𝑓)))))
916, 9, 12, 15, 61, 90nn0ind 11684 . . . 4 ((deg‘𝐹) ∈ ℕ0 → ∀𝑓 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝})((deg‘𝑓) = (deg‘𝐹) → ((𝑓 “ {0}) ∈ Fin ∧ (♯‘(𝑓 “ {0})) ≤ (deg‘𝑓))))
923, 91syl 17 . . 3 ((𝐹 ∈ (Poly‘𝑆) ∧ 𝐹 ≠ 0𝑝) → ∀𝑓 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝})((deg‘𝑓) = (deg‘𝐹) → ((𝑓 “ {0}) ∈ Fin ∧ (♯‘(𝑓 “ {0})) ≤ (deg‘𝑓))))
93 plyssc 24175 . . . . 5 (Poly‘𝑆) ⊆ (Poly‘ℂ)
9493sseli 3740 . . . 4 (𝐹 ∈ (Poly‘𝑆) → 𝐹 ∈ (Poly‘ℂ))
95 eldifsn 4462 . . . . 5 (𝐹 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝}) ↔ (𝐹 ∈ (Poly‘ℂ) ∧ 𝐹 ≠ 0𝑝))
96 fveq2 6353 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑓 = 𝐹 → (deg‘𝑓) = (deg‘𝐹))
9796eqeq1d 2762 . . . . . . 7 (𝑓 = 𝐹 → ((deg‘𝑓) = (deg‘𝐹) ↔ (deg‘𝐹) = (deg‘𝐹)))
98 cnveq 5451 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (𝑓 = 𝐹𝑓 = 𝐹)
9998imaeq1d 5623 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝑓 = 𝐹 → (𝑓 “ {0}) = (𝐹 “ {0}))
100 fta1.1 . . . . . . . . . 10 𝑅 = (𝐹 “ {0})
10199, 100syl6eqr 2812 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑓 = 𝐹 → (𝑓 “ {0}) = 𝑅)
102101eleq1d 2824 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑓 = 𝐹 → ((𝑓 “ {0}) ∈ Fin ↔ 𝑅 ∈ Fin))
103101fveq2d 6357 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑓 = 𝐹 → (♯‘(𝑓 “ {0})) = (♯‘𝑅))
104103, 96breq12d 4817 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑓 = 𝐹 → ((♯‘(𝑓 “ {0})) ≤ (deg‘𝑓) ↔ (♯‘𝑅) ≤ (deg‘𝐹)))
105102, 104anbi12d 749 . . . . . . 7 (𝑓 = 𝐹 → (((𝑓 “ {0}) ∈ Fin ∧ (♯‘(𝑓 “ {0})) ≤ (deg‘𝑓)) ↔ (𝑅 ∈ Fin ∧ (♯‘𝑅) ≤ (deg‘𝐹))))
10697, 105imbi12d 333 . . . . . 6 (𝑓 = 𝐹 → (((deg‘𝑓) = (deg‘𝐹) → ((𝑓 “ {0}) ∈ Fin ∧ (♯‘(𝑓 “ {0})) ≤ (deg‘𝑓))) ↔ ((deg‘𝐹) = (deg‘𝐹) → (𝑅 ∈ Fin ∧ (♯‘𝑅) ≤ (deg‘𝐹)))))
107106rspcv 3445 . . . . 5 (𝐹 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝}) → (∀𝑓 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝})((deg‘𝑓) = (deg‘𝐹) → ((𝑓 “ {0}) ∈ Fin ∧ (♯‘(𝑓 “ {0})) ≤ (deg‘𝑓))) → ((deg‘𝐹) = (deg‘𝐹) → (𝑅 ∈ Fin ∧ (♯‘𝑅) ≤ (deg‘𝐹)))))
10895, 107sylbir 225 . . . 4 ((𝐹 ∈ (Poly‘ℂ) ∧ 𝐹 ≠ 0𝑝) → (∀𝑓 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝})((deg‘𝑓) = (deg‘𝐹) → ((𝑓 “ {0}) ∈ Fin ∧ (♯‘(𝑓 “ {0})) ≤ (deg‘𝑓))) → ((deg‘𝐹) = (deg‘𝐹) → (𝑅 ∈ Fin ∧ (♯‘𝑅) ≤ (deg‘𝐹)))))
10994, 108sylan 489 . . 3 ((𝐹 ∈ (Poly‘𝑆) ∧ 𝐹 ≠ 0𝑝) → (∀𝑓 ∈ ((Poly‘ℂ) ∖ {0𝑝})((deg‘𝑓) = (deg‘𝐹) → ((𝑓 “ {0}) ∈ Fin ∧ (♯‘(𝑓 “ {0})) ≤ (deg‘𝑓))) → ((deg‘𝐹) = (deg‘𝐹) → (𝑅 ∈ Fin ∧ (♯‘𝑅) ≤ (deg‘𝐹)))))
11092, 109mpd 15 . 2 ((𝐹 ∈ (Poly‘𝑆) ∧ 𝐹 ≠ 0𝑝) → ((deg‘𝐹) = (deg‘𝐹) → (𝑅 ∈ Fin ∧ (♯‘𝑅) ≤ (deg‘𝐹))))
1111, 110mpi 20 1 ((𝐹 ∈ (Poly‘𝑆) ∧ 𝐹 ≠ 0𝑝) → (𝑅 ∈ Fin ∧ (♯‘𝑅) ≤ (deg‘𝐹)))
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
Syntax hints:  ¬ wn 3  wi 4  wb 196  wa 383   = wceq 1632  wex 1853  wcel 2139  wne 2932  wral 3050  cdif 3712  c0 4058  {csn 4321   class class class wbr 4804   × cxp 5264  ccnv 5265  cima 5269   Fn wfn 6044  wf 6045  cfv 6049  (class class class)co 6814  Fincfn 8123  cc 10146  0cc0 10148  1c1 10149   + caddc 10151  cle 10287  0cn0 11504  chash 13331  0𝑝c0p 23655  Polycply 24159  degcdgr 24162
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1871  ax-4 1886  ax-5 1988  ax-6 2054  ax-7 2090  ax-8 2141  ax-9 2148  ax-10 2168  ax-11 2183  ax-12 2196  ax-13 2391  ax-ext 2740  ax-rep 4923  ax-sep 4933  ax-nul 4941  ax-pow 4992  ax-pr 5055  ax-un 7115  ax-inf2 8713  ax-cnex 10204  ax-resscn 10205  ax-1cn 10206  ax-icn 10207  ax-addcl 10208  ax-addrcl 10209  ax-mulcl 10210  ax-mulrcl 10211  ax-mulcom 10212  ax-addass 10213  ax-mulass 10214  ax-distr 10215  ax-i2m1 10216  ax-1ne0 10217  ax-1rid 10218  ax-rnegex 10219  ax-rrecex 10220  ax-cnre 10221  ax-pre-lttri 10222  ax-pre-lttrn 10223  ax-pre-ltadd 10224  ax-pre-mulgt0 10225  ax-pre-sup 10226  ax-addf 10227
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 197  df-or 384  df-an 385  df-3or 1073  df-3an 1074  df-tru 1635  df-fal 1638  df-ex 1854  df-nf 1859  df-sb 2047  df-eu 2611  df-mo 2612  df-clab 2747  df-cleq 2753  df-clel 2756  df-nfc 2891  df-ne 2933  df-nel 3036  df-ral 3055  df-rex 3056  df-reu 3057  df-rmo 3058  df-rab 3059  df-v 3342  df-sbc 3577  df-csb 3675  df-dif 3718  df-un 3720  df-in 3722  df-ss 3729  df-pss 3731  df-nul 4059  df-if 4231  df-pw 4304  df-sn 4322  df-pr 4324  df-tp 4326  df-op 4328  df-uni 4589  df-int 4628  df-iun 4674  df-br 4805  df-opab 4865  df-mpt 4882  df-tr 4905  df-id 5174  df-eprel 5179  df-po 5187  df-so 5188  df-fr 5225  df-se 5226  df-we 5227  df-xp 5272  df-rel 5273  df-cnv 5274  df-co 5275  df-dm 5276  df-rn 5277  df-res 5278  df-ima 5279  df-pred 5841  df-ord 5887  df-on 5888  df-lim 5889  df-suc 5890  df-iota 6012  df-fun 6051  df-fn 6052  df-f 6053  df-f1 6054  df-fo 6055  df-f1o 6056  df-fv 6057  df-isom 6058  df-riota 6775  df-ov 6817  df-oprab 6818  df-mpt2 6819  df-of 7063  df-om 7232  df-1st 7334  df-2nd 7335  df-wrecs 7577  df-recs 7638  df-rdg 7676  df-1o 7730  df-oadd 7734  df-er 7913  df-map 8027  df-pm 8028  df-en 8124  df-dom 8125  df-sdom 8126  df-fin 8127  df-sup 8515  df-inf 8516  df-oi 8582  df-card 8975  df-cda 9202  df-pnf 10288  df-mnf 10289  df-xr 10290  df-ltxr 10291  df-le 10292  df-sub 10480  df-neg 10481  df-div 10897  df-nn 11233  df-2 11291  df-3 11292  df-n0 11505  df-xnn0 11576  df-z 11590  df-uz 11900  df-rp 12046  df-fz 12540  df-fzo 12680  df-fl 12807  df-seq 13016  df-exp 13075  df-hash 13332  df-cj 14058  df-re 14059  df-im 14060  df-sqrt 14194  df-abs 14195  df-clim 14438  df-rlim 14439  df-sum 14636  df-0p 23656  df-ply 24163  df-idp 24164  df-coe 24165  df-dgr 24166  df-quot 24265
This theorem is referenced by:  vieta1lem2  24285  vieta1  24286  plyexmo  24287  aannenlem1  24302  aalioulem2  24307  basellem4  25030  basellem5  25031  dchrfi  25200
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