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Theorem ex-natded9.26 27618
Description: Theorem 9.26 of [Clemente] p. 45, translated line by line using an interpretation of natural deduction in Metamath. This proof has some additional complications due to the fact that Metamath's existential elimination rule does not change bound variables, so we need to verify that 𝑥 is bound in the conclusion. For information about ND and Metamath, see the page on Deduction Form and Natural Deduction in Metamath Proof Explorer. The original proof, which uses Fitch style, was written as follows (the leading "..." shows an embedded ND hypothesis, beginning with the initial assumption of the ND hypothesis):
#MPE#ND Expression MPE TranslationND Rationale MPE Rationale
13 𝑥𝑦𝜓(𝑥, 𝑦) (𝜑 → ∃𝑥𝑦𝜓) Given $e.
26 ...| 𝑦𝜓(𝑥, 𝑦) ((𝜑 ∧ ∀𝑦𝜓) → ∀𝑦𝜓) ND hypothesis assumption simpr 471. Later statements will have this scope.
37;5,4 ... 𝜓(𝑥, 𝑦) ((𝜑 ∧ ∀𝑦𝜓) → 𝜓) E 2,y spsbcd 3601 (E), 5,6. To use it we need a1i 11 and vex 3354. This could be immediately done with 19.21bi 2213, but we want to show the general approach for substitution.
412;8,9,10,11 ... 𝑥𝜓(𝑥, 𝑦) ((𝜑 ∧ ∀𝑦𝜓) → ∃𝑥𝜓) I 3,a spesbcd 3671 (I), 11. To use it we need sylibr 224, which in turn requires sylib 208 and two uses of sbcid 3604. This could be more immediately done using 19.8a 2206, but we want to show the general approach for substitution.
513;1,2 𝑥𝜓(𝑥, 𝑦) (𝜑 → ∃𝑥𝜓) E 1,2,4,a exlimdd 2244 (E), 1,2,3,12. We'll need supporting assertions that the variable is free (not bound), as provided in nfv 1995 and nfe1 2183 (MPE# 1,2)
614 𝑦𝑥𝜓(𝑥, 𝑦) (𝜑 → ∀𝑦𝑥𝜓) I 5 alrimiv 2007 (I), 13

The original used Latin letters for predicates; we have replaced them with Greek letters to follow Metamath naming conventions and so that it is easier to follow the Metamath translation. The Metamath line-for-line translation of this natural deduction approach precedes every line with an antecedent including 𝜑 and uses the Metamath equivalents of the natural deduction rules. Below is the final metamath proof (which reorders some steps).

Note that in the original proof, 𝜓(𝑥, 𝑦) has explicit parameters. In Metamath, these parameters are always implicit, and the parameters upon which a wff variable can depend are recorded in the "allowed substitution hints" below.

A much more efficient proof, using more of Metamath and MPE's capabilities, is shown in ex-natded9.26-2 27619.

(Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 9-Feb-2017.) (Revised by David A. Wheeler, 18-Feb-2017.) (Proof modification is discouraged.) (New usage is discouraged.)

Hypothesis
Ref Expression
ex-natded9.26.1 (𝜑 → ∃𝑥𝑦𝜓)
Assertion
Ref Expression
ex-natded9.26 (𝜑 → ∀𝑦𝑥𝜓)
Distinct variable group:   𝑥,𝑦,𝜑
Allowed substitution hints:   𝜓(𝑥,𝑦)

Proof of Theorem ex-natded9.26
StepHypRef Expression
1 nfv 1995 . . 3 𝑥𝜑
2 nfe1 2183 . . 3 𝑥𝑥𝜓
3 ex-natded9.26.1 . . 3 (𝜑 → ∃𝑥𝑦𝜓)
4 vex 3354 . . . . . . . 8 𝑦 ∈ V
54a1i 11 . . . . . . 7 ((𝜑 ∧ ∀𝑦𝜓) → 𝑦 ∈ V)
6 simpr 471 . . . . . . 7 ((𝜑 ∧ ∀𝑦𝜓) → ∀𝑦𝜓)
75, 6spsbcd 3601 . . . . . 6 ((𝜑 ∧ ∀𝑦𝜓) → [𝑦 / 𝑦]𝜓)
8 sbcid 3604 . . . . . 6 ([𝑦 / 𝑦]𝜓𝜓)
97, 8sylib 208 . . . . 5 ((𝜑 ∧ ∀𝑦𝜓) → 𝜓)
10 sbcid 3604 . . . . 5 ([𝑥 / 𝑥]𝜓𝜓)
119, 10sylibr 224 . . . 4 ((𝜑 ∧ ∀𝑦𝜓) → [𝑥 / 𝑥]𝜓)
1211spesbcd 3671 . . 3 ((𝜑 ∧ ∀𝑦𝜓) → ∃𝑥𝜓)
131, 2, 3, 12exlimdd 2244 . 2 (𝜑 → ∃𝑥𝜓)
1413alrimiv 2007 1 (𝜑 → ∀𝑦𝑥𝜓)
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
Syntax hints:  wi 4  wa 382  wal 1629  wex 1852  wcel 2145  Vcvv 3351  [wsbc 3587
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1870  ax-4 1885  ax-5 1991  ax-6 2057  ax-7 2093  ax-9 2154  ax-10 2174  ax-11 2190  ax-12 2203  ax-13 2408  ax-ext 2751
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 197  df-an 383  df-or 835  df-tru 1634  df-ex 1853  df-nf 1858  df-sb 2050  df-clab 2758  df-cleq 2764  df-clel 2767  df-nfc 2902  df-ral 3066  df-rex 3067  df-v 3353  df-sbc 3588
This theorem is referenced by: (None)
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