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Definition df-trkg 25472
Description: Define the class of Tarski geometries. A Tarski geometry is a set of points, equipped with a betweenness relation (denoting that a point lies on a line segment between two other points) and a congruence relation (denoting equality of line segment lengths). Here, we are using the following:
  • for congruence, (𝑥 𝑦) = (𝑧 𝑤) where = (dist‘𝑊)
  • for betweenness, 𝑦 ∈ (𝑥𝐼𝑧), where 𝐼 = (Itv‘𝑊)
With this definition, the axiom A2 is actually equivalent to the transitivity of addition, eqtrd 2758.

Tarski originally had more axioms, but later reduced his list to 11:

  • A1 A kind of reflexivity for the congruence relation (TarskiGC)
  • A2 Transitivity for the congruence relation (TarskiGC)
  • A3 Identity for the congruence relation (TarskiGC)
  • A4 Axiom of segment construction (TarskiGCB)
  • A5 5-segment axiom (TarskiGCB)
  • A6 Identity for the betweenness relation (TarskiGB)
  • A7 Axiom of Pasch (TarskiGB)
  • A8 Lower dimension axiom (DimTarskiG≥‘2)
  • A9 Upper dimension axiom (V ∖ (DimTarskiG≥‘3))
  • A10 Euclid's axiom (TarskiGE)
  • A11 Axiom of continuity (TarskiGB)
Our definition is split into 5 parts:
  • congruence axioms TarskiGC (which metric spaces fulfill)
  • betweenness axioms TarskiGB
  • congruence and betweenness axioms TarskiGCB
  • upper and lower dimension axioms DimTarskiG
  • axiom of Euclid / parallel postulate TarskiGE

So our definition of a Tarskian Geometry includes the 3 axioms for the quaternary congruence relation (A1, A2, A3), the 3 axioms for the ternary betweenness relation (A6, A7, A11), and the 2 axioms of compatibility of the congruence and the betweenness relations (A4,A5).

It does not include Euclid's axiom A10, nor the 2-dimensional axioms A8 (Lower dimension axiom) and A9 (Upper dimension axiom) so the number of dimensions of the geometry it formalizes is not constrained.

Considering A2 as one of the 3 axioms for the quaternary congruence relation is somewhat conventional, because the transitivity of the congruence relation is automatically given by our choice to take the distance as this congruence relation in our definition of Tarski geometries. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 24-Aug-2017.) (Revised by Thierry Arnoux, 27-Apr-2019.)

Assertion
Ref Expression
df-trkg TarskiG = ((TarskiGC ∩ TarskiGB) ∩ (TarskiGCB ∩ {𝑓[(Base‘𝑓) / 𝑝][(Itv‘𝑓) / 𝑖](LineG‘𝑓) = (𝑥𝑝, 𝑦 ∈ (𝑝 ∖ {𝑥}) ↦ {𝑧𝑝 ∣ (𝑧 ∈ (𝑥𝑖𝑦) ∨ 𝑥 ∈ (𝑧𝑖𝑦) ∨ 𝑦 ∈ (𝑥𝑖𝑧))})}))
Distinct variable group:   𝑓,𝑝,𝑖,𝑥,𝑦,𝑧

Detailed syntax breakdown of Definition df-trkg
StepHypRef Expression
1 cstrkg 25449 . 2 class TarskiG
2 cstrkgc 25450 . . . 4 class TarskiGC
3 cstrkgb 25451 . . . 4 class TarskiGB
42, 3cin 3679 . . 3 class (TarskiGC ∩ TarskiGB)
5 cstrkgcb 25452 . . . 4 class TarskiGCB
6 vf . . . . . . . . . 10 setvar 𝑓
76cv 1595 . . . . . . . . 9 class 𝑓
8 clng 25456 . . . . . . . . 9 class LineG
97, 8cfv 6001 . . . . . . . 8 class (LineG‘𝑓)
10 vx . . . . . . . . 9 setvar 𝑥
11 vy . . . . . . . . 9 setvar 𝑦
12 vp . . . . . . . . . 10 setvar 𝑝
1312cv 1595 . . . . . . . . 9 class 𝑝
1410cv 1595 . . . . . . . . . . 11 class 𝑥
1514csn 4285 . . . . . . . . . 10 class {𝑥}
1613, 15cdif 3677 . . . . . . . . 9 class (𝑝 ∖ {𝑥})
17 vz . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 setvar 𝑧
1817cv 1595 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 class 𝑧
1911cv 1595 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 class 𝑦
20 vi . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 setvar 𝑖
2120cv 1595 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 class 𝑖
2214, 19, 21co 6765 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 class (𝑥𝑖𝑦)
2318, 22wcel 2103 . . . . . . . . . . 11 wff 𝑧 ∈ (𝑥𝑖𝑦)
2418, 19, 21co 6765 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 class (𝑧𝑖𝑦)
2514, 24wcel 2103 . . . . . . . . . . 11 wff 𝑥 ∈ (𝑧𝑖𝑦)
2614, 18, 21co 6765 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 class (𝑥𝑖𝑧)
2719, 26wcel 2103 . . . . . . . . . . 11 wff 𝑦 ∈ (𝑥𝑖𝑧)
2823, 25, 27w3o 1071 . . . . . . . . . 10 wff (𝑧 ∈ (𝑥𝑖𝑦) ∨ 𝑥 ∈ (𝑧𝑖𝑦) ∨ 𝑦 ∈ (𝑥𝑖𝑧))
2928, 17, 13crab 3018 . . . . . . . . 9 class {𝑧𝑝 ∣ (𝑧 ∈ (𝑥𝑖𝑦) ∨ 𝑥 ∈ (𝑧𝑖𝑦) ∨ 𝑦 ∈ (𝑥𝑖𝑧))}
3010, 11, 13, 16, 29cmpt2 6767 . . . . . . . 8 class (𝑥𝑝, 𝑦 ∈ (𝑝 ∖ {𝑥}) ↦ {𝑧𝑝 ∣ (𝑧 ∈ (𝑥𝑖𝑦) ∨ 𝑥 ∈ (𝑧𝑖𝑦) ∨ 𝑦 ∈ (𝑥𝑖𝑧))})
319, 30wceq 1596 . . . . . . 7 wff (LineG‘𝑓) = (𝑥𝑝, 𝑦 ∈ (𝑝 ∖ {𝑥}) ↦ {𝑧𝑝 ∣ (𝑧 ∈ (𝑥𝑖𝑦) ∨ 𝑥 ∈ (𝑧𝑖𝑦) ∨ 𝑦 ∈ (𝑥𝑖𝑧))})
32 citv 25455 . . . . . . . 8 class Itv
337, 32cfv 6001 . . . . . . 7 class (Itv‘𝑓)
3431, 20, 33wsbc 3541 . . . . . 6 wff [(Itv‘𝑓) / 𝑖](LineG‘𝑓) = (𝑥𝑝, 𝑦 ∈ (𝑝 ∖ {𝑥}) ↦ {𝑧𝑝 ∣ (𝑧 ∈ (𝑥𝑖𝑦) ∨ 𝑥 ∈ (𝑧𝑖𝑦) ∨ 𝑦 ∈ (𝑥𝑖𝑧))})
35 cbs 15980 . . . . . . 7 class Base
367, 35cfv 6001 . . . . . 6 class (Base‘𝑓)
3734, 12, 36wsbc 3541 . . . . 5 wff [(Base‘𝑓) / 𝑝][(Itv‘𝑓) / 𝑖](LineG‘𝑓) = (𝑥𝑝, 𝑦 ∈ (𝑝 ∖ {𝑥}) ↦ {𝑧𝑝 ∣ (𝑧 ∈ (𝑥𝑖𝑦) ∨ 𝑥 ∈ (𝑧𝑖𝑦) ∨ 𝑦 ∈ (𝑥𝑖𝑧))})
3837, 6cab 2710 . . . 4 class {𝑓[(Base‘𝑓) / 𝑝][(Itv‘𝑓) / 𝑖](LineG‘𝑓) = (𝑥𝑝, 𝑦 ∈ (𝑝 ∖ {𝑥}) ↦ {𝑧𝑝 ∣ (𝑧 ∈ (𝑥𝑖𝑦) ∨ 𝑥 ∈ (𝑧𝑖𝑦) ∨ 𝑦 ∈ (𝑥𝑖𝑧))})}
395, 38cin 3679 . . 3 class (TarskiGCB ∩ {𝑓[(Base‘𝑓) / 𝑝][(Itv‘𝑓) / 𝑖](LineG‘𝑓) = (𝑥𝑝, 𝑦 ∈ (𝑝 ∖ {𝑥}) ↦ {𝑧𝑝 ∣ (𝑧 ∈ (𝑥𝑖𝑦) ∨ 𝑥 ∈ (𝑧𝑖𝑦) ∨ 𝑦 ∈ (𝑥𝑖𝑧))})})
404, 39cin 3679 . 2 class ((TarskiGC ∩ TarskiGB) ∩ (TarskiGCB ∩ {𝑓[(Base‘𝑓) / 𝑝][(Itv‘𝑓) / 𝑖](LineG‘𝑓) = (𝑥𝑝, 𝑦 ∈ (𝑝 ∖ {𝑥}) ↦ {𝑧𝑝 ∣ (𝑧 ∈ (𝑥𝑖𝑦) ∨ 𝑥 ∈ (𝑧𝑖𝑦) ∨ 𝑦 ∈ (𝑥𝑖𝑧))})}))
411, 40wceq 1596 1 wff TarskiG = ((TarskiGC ∩ TarskiGB) ∩ (TarskiGCB ∩ {𝑓[(Base‘𝑓) / 𝑝][(Itv‘𝑓) / 𝑖](LineG‘𝑓) = (𝑥𝑝, 𝑦 ∈ (𝑝 ∖ {𝑥}) ↦ {𝑧𝑝 ∣ (𝑧 ∈ (𝑥𝑖𝑦) ∨ 𝑥 ∈ (𝑧𝑖𝑦) ∨ 𝑦 ∈ (𝑥𝑖𝑧))})}))
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
This definition is referenced by:  axtgcgrrflx  25481  axtgcgrid  25482  axtgsegcon  25483  axtg5seg  25484  axtgbtwnid  25485  axtgpasch  25486  axtgcont1  25487  tglng  25561  f1otrg  25871  eengtrkg  25985
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