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Theorem dath 35544
Description: Desargues' Theorem of projective geometry (proved for a Hilbert lattice). Assume each triple of atoms (points) 𝑃𝑄𝑅 and 𝑆𝑇𝑈 forms a triangle (i.e. determines a plane). Assume that lines 𝑃𝑆, 𝑄𝑇, and 𝑅𝑈 meet at a "center of perspectivity" 𝐶. (We also assume that 𝐶 is not on any of the 6 lines forming the two triangles.) Then the atoms 𝐷 = (𝑃 𝑄) (𝑆 𝑇), 𝐸 = (𝑄 𝑅) (𝑇 𝑈), 𝐹 = (𝑅 𝑃) (𝑈 𝑆) are colinear, forming an "axis of perspectivity".

Our proof roughly follows Theorem 2.7.1, p. 78 in Beutelspacher and Rosenbaum, Projective Geometry: From Foundations to Applications, Cambridge University Press (1988). Unlike them, we don't assume 𝐶 is an atom to make this theorem slightly more general for easier future use. However, we prove that 𝐶 must be an atom in dalemcea 35468.

For a visual demonstration, see the "Desargue's Theorem" applet at http://www.dynamicgeometry.com/JavaSketchpad/Gallery.html. The points I, J, and K there define the axis of perspectivity.

See theorem dalaw 35694 for Desargues Law, which eliminates all of the preconditions on the atoms except for central perspectivity. This is Metamath 100 proof #87. (Contributed by NM, 20-Aug-2012.)

Hypotheses
Ref Expression
dath.b 𝐵 = (Base‘𝐾)
dath.l = (le‘𝐾)
dath.j = (join‘𝐾)
dath.a 𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)
dath.m = (meet‘𝐾)
dath.o 𝑂 = (LPlanes‘𝐾)
dath.d 𝐷 = ((𝑃 𝑄) (𝑆 𝑇))
dath.e 𝐸 = ((𝑄 𝑅) (𝑇 𝑈))
dath.f 𝐹 = ((𝑅 𝑃) (𝑈 𝑆))
Assertion
Ref Expression
dath ((((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝐶𝐵) ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅) ∈ 𝑂 ∧ ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈) ∈ 𝑂) ∧ ((¬ 𝐶 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑃)) ∧ (¬ 𝐶 (𝑆 𝑇) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑇 𝑈) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑈 𝑆)) ∧ (𝐶 (𝑃 𝑆) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑇) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑈)))) → 𝐹 (𝐷 𝐸))

Proof of Theorem dath
StepHypRef Expression
1 dath.b . . . . . 6 𝐵 = (Base‘𝐾)
21eleq2i 2842 . . . . 5 (𝐶𝐵𝐶 ∈ (Base‘𝐾))
32anbi2i 609 . . . 4 ((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝐶𝐵) ↔ (𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (Base‘𝐾)))
433anbi1i 1160 . . 3 (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝐶𝐵) ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ↔ ((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (Base‘𝐾)) ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)))
543anbi1i 1160 . 2 ((((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝐶𝐵) ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅) ∈ 𝑂 ∧ ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈) ∈ 𝑂) ∧ ((¬ 𝐶 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑃)) ∧ (¬ 𝐶 (𝑆 𝑇) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑇 𝑈) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑈 𝑆)) ∧ (𝐶 (𝑃 𝑆) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑇) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑈)))) ↔ (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (Base‘𝐾)) ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅) ∈ 𝑂 ∧ ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈) ∈ 𝑂) ∧ ((¬ 𝐶 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑃)) ∧ (¬ 𝐶 (𝑆 𝑇) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑇 𝑈) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑈 𝑆)) ∧ (𝐶 (𝑃 𝑆) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑇) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑈)))))
6 dath.l . 2 = (le‘𝐾)
7 dath.j . 2 = (join‘𝐾)
8 dath.a . 2 𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)
9 dath.m . 2 = (meet‘𝐾)
10 dath.o . 2 𝑂 = (LPlanes‘𝐾)
11 eqid 2771 . 2 ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅) = ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅)
12 eqid 2771 . 2 ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈) = ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈)
13 dath.d . 2 𝐷 = ((𝑃 𝑄) (𝑆 𝑇))
14 dath.e . 2 𝐸 = ((𝑄 𝑅) (𝑇 𝑈))
15 dath.f . 2 𝐹 = ((𝑅 𝑃) (𝑈 𝑆))
165, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15dalem63 35543 1 ((((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝐶𝐵) ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅) ∈ 𝑂 ∧ ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈) ∈ 𝑂) ∧ ((¬ 𝐶 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑃)) ∧ (¬ 𝐶 (𝑆 𝑇) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑇 𝑈) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑈 𝑆)) ∧ (𝐶 (𝑃 𝑆) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑇) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑈)))) → 𝐹 (𝐷 𝐸))
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
Syntax hints:  ¬ wn 3  wi 4  wa 382  w3a 1071   = wceq 1631  wcel 2145   class class class wbr 4786  cfv 6031  (class class class)co 6793  Basecbs 16064  lecple 16156  joincjn 17152  meetcmee 17153  Atomscatm 35072  HLchlt 35159  LPlanesclpl 35300
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1870  ax-4 1885  ax-5 1991  ax-6 2057  ax-7 2093  ax-8 2147  ax-9 2154  ax-10 2174  ax-11 2190  ax-12 2203  ax-13 2408  ax-ext 2751  ax-rep 4904  ax-sep 4915  ax-nul 4923  ax-pow 4974  ax-pr 5034  ax-un 7096
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 197  df-an 383  df-or 837  df-3or 1072  df-3an 1073  df-tru 1634  df-ex 1853  df-nf 1858  df-sb 2050  df-eu 2622  df-mo 2623  df-clab 2758  df-cleq 2764  df-clel 2767  df-nfc 2902  df-ne 2944  df-ral 3066  df-rex 3067  df-reu 3068  df-rab 3070  df-v 3353  df-sbc 3588  df-csb 3683  df-dif 3726  df-un 3728  df-in 3730  df-ss 3737  df-nul 4064  df-if 4226  df-pw 4299  df-sn 4317  df-pr 4319  df-op 4323  df-uni 4575  df-iun 4656  df-br 4787  df-opab 4847  df-mpt 4864  df-id 5157  df-xp 5255  df-rel 5256  df-cnv 5257  df-co 5258  df-dm 5259  df-rn 5260  df-res 5261  df-ima 5262  df-iota 5994  df-fun 6033  df-fn 6034  df-f 6035  df-f1 6036  df-fo 6037  df-f1o 6038  df-fv 6039  df-riota 6754  df-ov 6796  df-oprab 6797  df-preset 17136  df-poset 17154  df-plt 17166  df-lub 17182  df-glb 17183  df-join 17184  df-meet 17185  df-p0 17247  df-p1 17248  df-lat 17254  df-clat 17316  df-oposet 34985  df-ol 34987  df-oml 34988  df-covers 35075  df-ats 35076  df-atl 35107  df-cvlat 35131  df-hlat 35160  df-llines 35306  df-lplanes 35307  df-lvols 35308
This theorem is referenced by:  dath2  35545
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