MPE Home Metamath Proof Explorer < Previous   Next >
Nearby theorems
Mirrors  >  Home  >  MPE Home  >  Th. List  >  ax-inf Structured version   Visualization version   GIF version

Axiom ax-inf 8700
Description: Axiom of Infinity. An axiom of Zermelo-Fraenkel set theory. This axiom is the gateway to "Cantor's paradise" (an expression coined by Hilbert). It asserts that given a starting set 𝑥, an infinite set 𝑦 built from it exists. Although our version is apparently not given in the literature, it is similar to, but slightly shorter than, the Axiom of Infinity in [FreydScedrov] p. 283 (see inf1 8684 and inf2 8685). More standard versions, which essentially state that there exists a set containing all the natural numbers, are shown as zfinf2 8704 and omex 8705 and are based on the (nontrivial) proof of inf3 8697. This version has the advantage that when expanded to primitives, it has fewer symbols than the standard version ax-inf2 8703. Theorem inf0 8683 shows the reverse derivation of our axiom from a standard one. Theorem inf5 8707 shows a very short way to state this axiom.

The standard version of Infinity ax-inf2 8703 requires this axiom along with Regularity ax-reg 8654 for its derivation (as theorem axinf2 8702 below). In order to more easily identify the normal uses of Regularity, we will usually reference ax-inf2 8703 instead of this one. The derivation of this axiom from ax-inf2 8703 is shown by theorem axinf 8706.

Proofs should normally use the standard version ax-inf2 8703 instead of this axiom. (New usage is discouraged.) (Contributed by NM, 16-Aug-1993.)

Assertion
Ref Expression
ax-inf 𝑦(𝑥𝑦 ∧ ∀𝑧(𝑧𝑦 → ∃𝑤(𝑧𝑤𝑤𝑦)))
Distinct variable group:   𝑥,𝑦,𝑧,𝑤

Detailed syntax breakdown of Axiom ax-inf
StepHypRef Expression
1 vx . . . 4 setvar 𝑥
2 vy . . . 4 setvar 𝑦
31, 2wel 2132 . . 3 wff 𝑥𝑦
4 vz . . . . . 6 setvar 𝑧
54, 2wel 2132 . . . . 5 wff 𝑧𝑦
6 vw . . . . . . . 8 setvar 𝑤
74, 6wel 2132 . . . . . . 7 wff 𝑧𝑤
86, 2wel 2132 . . . . . . 7 wff 𝑤𝑦
97, 8wa 383 . . . . . 6 wff (𝑧𝑤𝑤𝑦)
109, 6wex 1845 . . . . 5 wff 𝑤(𝑧𝑤𝑤𝑦)
115, 10wi 4 . . . 4 wff (𝑧𝑦 → ∃𝑤(𝑧𝑤𝑤𝑦))
1211, 4wal 1622 . . 3 wff 𝑧(𝑧𝑦 → ∃𝑤(𝑧𝑤𝑤𝑦))
133, 12wa 383 . 2 wff (𝑥𝑦 ∧ ∀𝑧(𝑧𝑦 → ∃𝑤(𝑧𝑤𝑤𝑦)))
1413, 2wex 1845 1 wff 𝑦(𝑥𝑦 ∧ ∀𝑧(𝑧𝑦 → ∃𝑤(𝑧𝑤𝑤𝑦)))
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
This axiom is referenced by:  zfinf  8701
  Copyright terms: Public domain W3C validator