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Axiom ax-c9 32695
Description: Axiom of Quantifier Introduction. One of the equality and substitution axioms of predicate calculus with equality. Informally, it says that whenever 𝑧 is distinct from 𝑥 and 𝑦, and 𝑥 = 𝑦 is true, then 𝑥 = 𝑦 quantified with 𝑧 is also true. In other words, 𝑧 is irrelevant to the truth of 𝑥 = 𝑦. Axiom scheme C9' in [Megill] p. 448 (p. 16 of the preprint). It apparently does not otherwise appear in the literature but is easily proved from textbook predicate calculus by cases.

This axiom is obsolete and should no longer be used. It is proved above as theorem axc9 2188. (Contributed by NM, 10-Jan-1993.) (New usage is discouraged.)

Assertion
Ref Expression
ax-c9 (¬ ∀𝑧 𝑧 = 𝑥 → (¬ ∀𝑧 𝑧 = 𝑦 → (𝑥 = 𝑦 → ∀𝑧 𝑥 = 𝑦)))

Detailed syntax breakdown of Axiom ax-c9
StepHypRef Expression
1 vz . . . . 5 setvar 𝑧
2 vx . . . . 5 setvar 𝑥
31, 2weq 1822 . . . 4 wff 𝑧 = 𝑥
43, 1wal 1466 . . 3 wff 𝑧 𝑧 = 𝑥
54wn 3 . 2 wff ¬ ∀𝑧 𝑧 = 𝑥
6 vy . . . . . 6 setvar 𝑦
71, 6weq 1822 . . . . 5 wff 𝑧 = 𝑦
87, 1wal 1466 . . . 4 wff 𝑧 𝑧 = 𝑦
98wn 3 . . 3 wff ¬ ∀𝑧 𝑧 = 𝑦
102, 6weq 1822 . . . 4 wff 𝑥 = 𝑦
1110, 1wal 1466 . . . 4 wff 𝑧 𝑥 = 𝑦
1210, 11wi 4 . . 3 wff (𝑥 = 𝑦 → ∀𝑧 𝑥 = 𝑦)
139, 12wi 4 . 2 wff (¬ ∀𝑧 𝑧 = 𝑦 → (𝑥 = 𝑦 → ∀𝑧 𝑥 = 𝑦))
145, 13wi 4 1 wff (¬ ∀𝑧 𝑧 = 𝑥 → (¬ ∀𝑧 𝑧 = 𝑦 → (𝑥 = 𝑦 → ∀𝑧 𝑥 = 𝑦)))
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
This axiom is referenced by:  hbae-o  32706  ax13fromc9  32709  equid1  32711  hbequid  32713  equid1ALT  32729  dvelimf-o  32733  ax5eq  32736
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