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Theorem alephsing 9300
Description: The cofinality of a limit aleph is the same as the cofinality of its argument, so if (ℵ‘𝐴) < 𝐴, then (ℵ‘𝐴) is singular. Conversely, if (ℵ‘𝐴) is regular (i.e. weakly inaccessible), then (ℵ‘𝐴) = 𝐴, so 𝐴 has to be rather large (see alephfp 9131). Proposition 11.13 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 103. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 9-Mar-2013.)
Assertion
Ref Expression
alephsing (Lim 𝐴 → (cf‘(ℵ‘𝐴)) = (cf‘𝐴))

Proof of Theorem alephsing
Dummy variables 𝑓 𝑥 𝑦 are mutually distinct and distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 alephfnon 9088 . . . . . . 7 ℵ Fn On
2 fnfun 6128 . . . . . . 7 (ℵ Fn On → Fun ℵ)
31, 2ax-mp 5 . . . . . 6 Fun ℵ
4 simpl 468 . . . . . 6 ((𝐴 ∈ V ∧ Lim 𝐴) → 𝐴 ∈ V)
5 resfunexg 6623 . . . . . 6 ((Fun ℵ ∧ 𝐴 ∈ V) → (ℵ ↾ 𝐴) ∈ V)
63, 4, 5sylancr 575 . . . . 5 ((𝐴 ∈ V ∧ Lim 𝐴) → (ℵ ↾ 𝐴) ∈ V)
7 limelon 5931 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝐴 ∈ V ∧ Lim 𝐴) → 𝐴 ∈ On)
8 onss 7137 . . . . . . . 8 (𝐴 ∈ On → 𝐴 ⊆ On)
97, 8syl 17 . . . . . . 7 ((𝐴 ∈ V ∧ Lim 𝐴) → 𝐴 ⊆ On)
10 fnssres 6144 . . . . . . 7 ((ℵ Fn On ∧ 𝐴 ⊆ On) → (ℵ ↾ 𝐴) Fn 𝐴)
111, 9, 10sylancr 575 . . . . . 6 ((𝐴 ∈ V ∧ Lim 𝐴) → (ℵ ↾ 𝐴) Fn 𝐴)
12 fvres 6348 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (𝑦𝐴 → ((ℵ ↾ 𝐴)‘𝑦) = (ℵ‘𝑦))
1312adantl 467 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((𝐴 ∈ On ∧ 𝑦𝐴) → ((ℵ ↾ 𝐴)‘𝑦) = (ℵ‘𝑦))
14 alephord2i 9100 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (𝐴 ∈ On → (𝑦𝐴 → (ℵ‘𝑦) ∈ (ℵ‘𝐴)))
1514imp 393 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((𝐴 ∈ On ∧ 𝑦𝐴) → (ℵ‘𝑦) ∈ (ℵ‘𝐴))
1613, 15eqeltrd 2850 . . . . . . . . 9 ((𝐴 ∈ On ∧ 𝑦𝐴) → ((ℵ ↾ 𝐴)‘𝑦) ∈ (ℵ‘𝐴))
177, 16sylan 569 . . . . . . . 8 (((𝐴 ∈ V ∧ Lim 𝐴) ∧ 𝑦𝐴) → ((ℵ ↾ 𝐴)‘𝑦) ∈ (ℵ‘𝐴))
1817ralrimiva 3115 . . . . . . 7 ((𝐴 ∈ V ∧ Lim 𝐴) → ∀𝑦𝐴 ((ℵ ↾ 𝐴)‘𝑦) ∈ (ℵ‘𝐴))
19 fnfvrnss 6532 . . . . . . 7 (((ℵ ↾ 𝐴) Fn 𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑦𝐴 ((ℵ ↾ 𝐴)‘𝑦) ∈ (ℵ‘𝐴)) → ran (ℵ ↾ 𝐴) ⊆ (ℵ‘𝐴))
2011, 18, 19syl2anc 573 . . . . . 6 ((𝐴 ∈ V ∧ Lim 𝐴) → ran (ℵ ↾ 𝐴) ⊆ (ℵ‘𝐴))
21 df-f 6035 . . . . . 6 ((ℵ ↾ 𝐴):𝐴⟶(ℵ‘𝐴) ↔ ((ℵ ↾ 𝐴) Fn 𝐴 ∧ ran (ℵ ↾ 𝐴) ⊆ (ℵ‘𝐴)))
2211, 20, 21sylanbrc 572 . . . . 5 ((𝐴 ∈ V ∧ Lim 𝐴) → (ℵ ↾ 𝐴):𝐴⟶(ℵ‘𝐴))
23 alephsmo 9125 . . . . . 6 Smo ℵ
24 fndm 6130 . . . . . . . 8 (ℵ Fn On → dom ℵ = On)
251, 24ax-mp 5 . . . . . . 7 dom ℵ = On
267, 25syl6eleqr 2861 . . . . . 6 ((𝐴 ∈ V ∧ Lim 𝐴) → 𝐴 ∈ dom ℵ)
27 smores 7602 . . . . . 6 ((Smo ℵ ∧ 𝐴 ∈ dom ℵ) → Smo (ℵ ↾ 𝐴))
2823, 26, 27sylancr 575 . . . . 5 ((𝐴 ∈ V ∧ Lim 𝐴) → Smo (ℵ ↾ 𝐴))
29 alephlim 9090 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝐴 ∈ V ∧ Lim 𝐴) → (ℵ‘𝐴) = 𝑦𝐴 (ℵ‘𝑦))
3029eleq2d 2836 . . . . . . 7 ((𝐴 ∈ V ∧ Lim 𝐴) → (𝑥 ∈ (ℵ‘𝐴) ↔ 𝑥 𝑦𝐴 (ℵ‘𝑦)))
31 eliun 4658 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑥 𝑦𝐴 (ℵ‘𝑦) ↔ ∃𝑦𝐴 𝑥 ∈ (ℵ‘𝑦))
32 alephon 9092 . . . . . . . . . 10 (ℵ‘𝑦) ∈ On
3332onelssi 5979 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑥 ∈ (ℵ‘𝑦) → 𝑥 ⊆ (ℵ‘𝑦))
3433reximi 3159 . . . . . . . 8 (∃𝑦𝐴 𝑥 ∈ (ℵ‘𝑦) → ∃𝑦𝐴 𝑥 ⊆ (ℵ‘𝑦))
3531, 34sylbi 207 . . . . . . 7 (𝑥 𝑦𝐴 (ℵ‘𝑦) → ∃𝑦𝐴 𝑥 ⊆ (ℵ‘𝑦))
3630, 35syl6bi 243 . . . . . 6 ((𝐴 ∈ V ∧ Lim 𝐴) → (𝑥 ∈ (ℵ‘𝐴) → ∃𝑦𝐴 𝑥 ⊆ (ℵ‘𝑦)))
3736ralrimiv 3114 . . . . 5 ((𝐴 ∈ V ∧ Lim 𝐴) → ∀𝑥 ∈ (ℵ‘𝐴)∃𝑦𝐴 𝑥 ⊆ (ℵ‘𝑦))
38 feq1 6166 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑓 = (ℵ ↾ 𝐴) → (𝑓:𝐴⟶(ℵ‘𝐴) ↔ (ℵ ↾ 𝐴):𝐴⟶(ℵ‘𝐴)))
39 smoeq 7600 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑓 = (ℵ ↾ 𝐴) → (Smo 𝑓 ↔ Smo (ℵ ↾ 𝐴)))
40 fveq1 6331 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (𝑓 = (ℵ ↾ 𝐴) → (𝑓𝑦) = ((ℵ ↾ 𝐴)‘𝑦))
4140, 12sylan9eq 2825 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((𝑓 = (ℵ ↾ 𝐴) ∧ 𝑦𝐴) → (𝑓𝑦) = (ℵ‘𝑦))
4241sseq2d 3782 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((𝑓 = (ℵ ↾ 𝐴) ∧ 𝑦𝐴) → (𝑥 ⊆ (𝑓𝑦) ↔ 𝑥 ⊆ (ℵ‘𝑦)))
4342rexbidva 3197 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑓 = (ℵ ↾ 𝐴) → (∃𝑦𝐴 𝑥 ⊆ (𝑓𝑦) ↔ ∃𝑦𝐴 𝑥 ⊆ (ℵ‘𝑦)))
4443ralbidv 3135 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑓 = (ℵ ↾ 𝐴) → (∀𝑥 ∈ (ℵ‘𝐴)∃𝑦𝐴 𝑥 ⊆ (𝑓𝑦) ↔ ∀𝑥 ∈ (ℵ‘𝐴)∃𝑦𝐴 𝑥 ⊆ (ℵ‘𝑦)))
4538, 39, 443anbi123d 1547 . . . . . . 7 (𝑓 = (ℵ ↾ 𝐴) → ((𝑓:𝐴⟶(ℵ‘𝐴) ∧ Smo 𝑓 ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ (ℵ‘𝐴)∃𝑦𝐴 𝑥 ⊆ (𝑓𝑦)) ↔ ((ℵ ↾ 𝐴):𝐴⟶(ℵ‘𝐴) ∧ Smo (ℵ ↾ 𝐴) ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ (ℵ‘𝐴)∃𝑦𝐴 𝑥 ⊆ (ℵ‘𝑦))))
4645spcegv 3445 . . . . . 6 ((ℵ ↾ 𝐴) ∈ V → (((ℵ ↾ 𝐴):𝐴⟶(ℵ‘𝐴) ∧ Smo (ℵ ↾ 𝐴) ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ (ℵ‘𝐴)∃𝑦𝐴 𝑥 ⊆ (ℵ‘𝑦)) → ∃𝑓(𝑓:𝐴⟶(ℵ‘𝐴) ∧ Smo 𝑓 ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ (ℵ‘𝐴)∃𝑦𝐴 𝑥 ⊆ (𝑓𝑦))))
4746imp 393 . . . . 5 (((ℵ ↾ 𝐴) ∈ V ∧ ((ℵ ↾ 𝐴):𝐴⟶(ℵ‘𝐴) ∧ Smo (ℵ ↾ 𝐴) ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ (ℵ‘𝐴)∃𝑦𝐴 𝑥 ⊆ (ℵ‘𝑦))) → ∃𝑓(𝑓:𝐴⟶(ℵ‘𝐴) ∧ Smo 𝑓 ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ (ℵ‘𝐴)∃𝑦𝐴 𝑥 ⊆ (𝑓𝑦)))
486, 22, 28, 37, 47syl13anc 1478 . . . 4 ((𝐴 ∈ V ∧ Lim 𝐴) → ∃𝑓(𝑓:𝐴⟶(ℵ‘𝐴) ∧ Smo 𝑓 ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ (ℵ‘𝐴)∃𝑦𝐴 𝑥 ⊆ (𝑓𝑦)))
49 alephon 9092 . . . . 5 (ℵ‘𝐴) ∈ On
50 cfcof 9298 . . . . 5 (((ℵ‘𝐴) ∈ On ∧ 𝐴 ∈ On) → (∃𝑓(𝑓:𝐴⟶(ℵ‘𝐴) ∧ Smo 𝑓 ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ (ℵ‘𝐴)∃𝑦𝐴 𝑥 ⊆ (𝑓𝑦)) → (cf‘(ℵ‘𝐴)) = (cf‘𝐴)))
5149, 7, 50sylancr 575 . . . 4 ((𝐴 ∈ V ∧ Lim 𝐴) → (∃𝑓(𝑓:𝐴⟶(ℵ‘𝐴) ∧ Smo 𝑓 ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ (ℵ‘𝐴)∃𝑦𝐴 𝑥 ⊆ (𝑓𝑦)) → (cf‘(ℵ‘𝐴)) = (cf‘𝐴)))
5248, 51mpd 15 . . 3 ((𝐴 ∈ V ∧ Lim 𝐴) → (cf‘(ℵ‘𝐴)) = (cf‘𝐴))
5352expcom 398 . 2 (Lim 𝐴 → (𝐴 ∈ V → (cf‘(ℵ‘𝐴)) = (cf‘𝐴)))
54 cf0 9275 . . 3 (cf‘∅) = ∅
55 fvprc 6326 . . . 4 𝐴 ∈ V → (ℵ‘𝐴) = ∅)
5655fveq2d 6336 . . 3 𝐴 ∈ V → (cf‘(ℵ‘𝐴)) = (cf‘∅))
57 fvprc 6326 . . 3 𝐴 ∈ V → (cf‘𝐴) = ∅)
5854, 56, 573eqtr4a 2831 . 2 𝐴 ∈ V → (cf‘(ℵ‘𝐴)) = (cf‘𝐴))
5953, 58pm2.61d1 172 1 (Lim 𝐴 → (cf‘(ℵ‘𝐴)) = (cf‘𝐴))
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
Syntax hints:  ¬ wn 3  wi 4  wa 382  w3a 1071   = wceq 1631  wex 1852  wcel 2145  wral 3061  wrex 3062  Vcvv 3351  wss 3723  c0 4063   ciun 4654  dom cdm 5249  ran crn 5250  cres 5251  Oncon0 5866  Lim wlim 5867  Fun wfun 6025   Fn wfn 6026  wf 6027  cfv 6031  Smo wsmo 7595  cale 8962  cfccf 8963
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1870  ax-4 1885  ax-5 1991  ax-6 2057  ax-7 2093  ax-8 2147  ax-9 2154  ax-10 2174  ax-11 2190  ax-12 2203  ax-13 2408  ax-ext 2751  ax-rep 4904  ax-sep 4915  ax-nul 4923  ax-pow 4974  ax-pr 5034  ax-un 7096  ax-inf2 8702
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 197  df-an 383  df-or 835  df-3or 1072  df-3an 1073  df-tru 1634  df-ex 1853  df-nf 1858  df-sb 2050  df-eu 2622  df-mo 2623  df-clab 2758  df-cleq 2764  df-clel 2767  df-nfc 2902  df-ne 2944  df-ral 3066  df-rex 3067  df-reu 3068  df-rmo 3069  df-rab 3070  df-v 3353  df-sbc 3588  df-csb 3683  df-dif 3726  df-un 3728  df-in 3730  df-ss 3737  df-pss 3739  df-nul 4064  df-if 4226  df-pw 4299  df-sn 4317  df-pr 4319  df-tp 4321  df-op 4323  df-uni 4575  df-int 4612  df-iun 4656  df-br 4787  df-opab 4847  df-mpt 4864  df-tr 4887  df-id 5157  df-eprel 5162  df-po 5170  df-so 5171  df-fr 5208  df-se 5209  df-we 5210  df-xp 5255  df-rel 5256  df-cnv 5257  df-co 5258  df-dm 5259  df-rn 5260  df-res 5261  df-ima 5262  df-pred 5823  df-ord 5869  df-on 5870  df-lim 5871  df-suc 5872  df-iota 5994  df-fun 6033  df-fn 6034  df-f 6035  df-f1 6036  df-fo 6037  df-f1o 6038  df-fv 6039  df-isom 6040  df-riota 6754  df-ov 6796  df-oprab 6797  df-mpt2 6798  df-om 7213  df-1st 7315  df-2nd 7316  df-wrecs 7559  df-smo 7596  df-recs 7621  df-rdg 7659  df-er 7896  df-map 8011  df-en 8110  df-dom 8111  df-sdom 8112  df-fin 8113  df-oi 8571  df-har 8619  df-card 8965  df-aleph 8966  df-cf 8967  df-acn 8968
This theorem is referenced by:  alephom  9609  winafp  9721
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